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"Helden und Denker" der Pädagogik im Spiegel ihrer Fachlexika von 1774 bis 1945

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ISBN: 9783863953577 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-18 11:01:02

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Wer sind die Helden und Denker in Pädagogik und Erziehungswissenschaft, wer ihre Heldinnen und Denkerinnen? Welche Personen werden in den Nachschlagewerken der Disziplin – in ihren Wissensspeichern – mit eigenem Lemma vorgestellt? Welche Konjunkturen und Kanonisierungsprozesse lassen sich beobachten? Die vorliegende Arbeit untersucht die Personenlemmata in allen 29 deutschsprachigen, alphabetisch sortierten, allgemeinpädagogischen Fachlexika bis zur Mitte des 20. Jahrhunderts. In einem quantitativen Teil analysiert sie systematisch-vergleichend die Lexika und ihre Personenlemmata nach verschiedenen Kategorien. In einem qualitativen Teil werden für vier Personen – Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher, Wilhelm Rein und Helene Lange – sowie die Gruppe der ersten in Lexika genannten Frauen Wandel und Kontinuität in der lexikografischen Rezeption und Darstellung vertieft analysiert. Die Arbeit bietet eine Rekonstruktion des Wissens über Personen in den historischen Nachschlagewerken der Disziplin und Anschlussmöglichkeiten für aktuelle Forschung.

Keywords

lexicography --- lexicon --- pedagogy --- person

Complex Lexical Units. Compounds and Multi-Word Expressions

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Book Series: Konvergenz und Divergenz ISBN: 9783110632446 Year: Volume: 9 Pages: 363 DOI: 10.1515/9783110632446 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-12-19 16:52:49
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The volume explores compounds and multi-word expressions and their interrelation regarding their status in lexicon and grammar in a variety of European languages, including a contrastive overview with a focus on German. It brings together insights from word-formation theory, phraseology and theory of grammar and aims to contribute to the understanding of the lexicon, both from a language-specific and cross-linguistic perspective.

Learning a non-native language in a naturalistic environment: Insights from behavioural and neuroimaging research

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889196395 Year: Pages: 150 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-639-5 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-16 10:34:25
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It is largely accepted in the relevant literature that successful learning of one or more non-native languages is affected by a number of factors that are independent of the target language(s) per se; these factors include the age of acquisition (AoA) of the target language(s), the type and amount of formal instruction the learners have received, as well as the amount of language use that the learners demonstrate. Recent experimental evidence suggests that one crucial factor for efficient native-like performance in the non-native language is the amount of naturalistic exposure, or immersion, that the learners receive to that language. This can be broadly defined as the degree to which language learners use their non-native language outside the classroom and for their day-to-day activities, and usually presupposes that the learners live in an environment where their non-native language is exclusively or mostly used. Existing literature has suggested that linguistic immersion can be beneficial for lexical and semantic acquisition in a non-native language, as well as for non-native morphological and syntactic processing. More recent evidence has also suggested that naturalistic learning of a non-native language can also have an impact on the patterns of brain activity underlying language processing, as well as on the structure of brain regions that are involved, expressed as changes in the grey matter structure. This Research Topic brings together studies on the effects of learning and speaking a non-native language in a naturalistic environment. These include more efficient or “native-like” processing in behavioural tasks tapping on language (lexicon, morphology, syntax), as well as changes in the brain structure and function, as revealed by neuroimaging studies.

Phonology in the Bilingual and Bidialectal Lexicon

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889452101 Year: Pages: 185 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-210-1 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-13 14:57:01
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A conversation between two people can only take place if the words intended by each speaker are successfully recognized. Spoken word recognition is at the heart of language comprehension. This automatic and smooth process remains a challenge for models of spoken word recognition. Both the process of mapping the speech signal onto stored representations for words, and the format of the representation themselves are subject to debate. So far, existing research on the nature of spoken word representations has focused mainly on native speakers. The picture becomes even more complex when looking at spoken word recognition in a second language. Given that most of the world’s speakers know and use more than one language, it is crucial to reach a more precise understanding of how bilingual and multilingual individuals encode spoken words in the mental lexicon, and why spoken word recognition is more difficult in a second language than in the native language. Current models of native spoken word recognition operate under two assumptions: (i) that listeners’ perception of the incoming speech signal is optimal; and (ii) that listeners’ lexical representations are accurate. As a result, lexical representations are easily activated, and intended words are successfully recognized. However, these assumptions are compromised when applied to a later-learned second language. For a variety of reasons (e.g., phonetic/phonological, orthographic), second language users may not perceive the speech signal optimally, and they may still be refining the motor routines needed for articulation. Accordingly, their lexical representations may differ from those of native speakers, which may in turn inhibit their selection of the intended word forms. Second language users also have to solve a larger selection challenge—having words in more than one language to choose from. Thus, for second language users, the links between perception, lexical representations, orthography, and production are all but clear. Even for simultaneous bilinguals, important questions remain about the specificity and interdependence of their lexical representations and the factors influencing cross-language word activation. This Frontiers Research Topic seeks to further our understanding of the factors that determine how multilinguals recognize and encode spoken words in the mental lexicon, with a focus on the mapping between the input and lexical representations, and on the quality of lexical representations.

The Impact of the Illyrian Movement on the Croatian Lexicon

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Book Series: Slavistische Beitraege ISBN: 9783876903927 Year: Pages: 291 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:31:53
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In der Reihe Slavistische Beiträge werden vor allem slavistische Dissertationen des deutschsprachigen Raums sowie vereinzelt auch amerikanische, englische und russische publiziert. Darüber hinaus stellt die Reihe ein Forum für Sammelbände und Monographien etablierter Wissenschafter/innen dar.

Wissenschafterinnen in und aus Österreich

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ISBN: 9783205994671 Year: Pages: 870 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_473963 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3359
Added to DOAB on : 2014-05-09 16:28:06
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In the present bio - bibliographic collection the life and work of female scientists, working in Austria or being originally from Austria, have been the center of research. The temporal focus extends primarily from the turn of the century to the post-war period. The first generation of female scientists at the Universities of Vienna, Graz and Innsbruck were explored. The first generation of women who achieved a habilitation in Austria, as well as the first female lecturers and professors were collected in their completeness. Those "classical" science careers can be compared with those of men.However, a detailed consideration was also given to the non- academic area. From a total of 331 lexicon articles about one-third is dedicated to the medical, psychological and therapeutic field. Due to the historical turning points of the two world wars persecution, flight, emigration and also re-migration of the female scientists move into the focus of numerous of the individual biographies. The question of similarities and differences, according to different living conditions and opportunities to those who remained in Austria, is obvious.Beyond the individual biographical aspect, a historic impression about cultural and political trends and their impact on scientific research and teaching is provided. Especially from a feminist perspective, the lexicon is a desideratum, as it is the first time that in Austria the participation of women in the production and placement of science during the considered period got comprehensively researched and documented.With the help of the variety of the textual contributions the overall concern was to depict the wide emancipation movement in the fields of education and the sciences rather than the history of a few female scientists working in specific fields. Clearly the multiple dimensions in which women could develop their scientific abilities were a focal point thus the personal and private life circumstances got rather set aside to provide the interested reader with a comprehensive interpretation of their scientific contributions.The numerous biographies written by authors specialized in the relevant areas grant an insight into a fascinating diversity of horizons of experiences and life patterns as well as into the scientific interest, which determined their various scientific careers.This women-specific lexicon introduces an alternative perspective on the Austrian history of science, where female contributions so far were mainly under-represented. Eventually the lexicon due to its interdisciplinarity and its representation of the forced exile of many female scientists, achieves to contribute to a broader understanding of the interconnectedness of the Austrian tradition of science with the inter/national culture- as well as the science transfer.

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