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"Helden und Denker" der Pädagogik im Spiegel ihrer Fachlexika von 1774 bis 1945

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ISBN: 9783863953577 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2018-1091 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-18 11:01:02

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Wer sind die Helden und Denker in Pädagogik und Erziehungswissenschaft, wer ihre Heldinnen und Denkerinnen? Welche Personen werden in den Nachschlagewerken der Disziplin – in ihren Wissensspeichern – mit eigenem Lemma vorgestellt? Welche Konjunkturen und Kanonisierungsprozesse lassen sich beobachten? Die vorliegende Arbeit untersucht die Personenlemmata in allen 29 deutschsprachigen, alphabetisch sortierten, allgemeinpädagogischen Fachlexika bis zur Mitte des 20. Jahrhunderts. In einem quantitativen Teil analysiert sie systematisch-vergleichend die Lexika und ihre Personenlemmata nach verschiedenen Kategorien. In einem qualitativen Teil werden für vier Personen – Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher, Wilhelm Rein und Helene Lange – sowie die Gruppe der ersten in Lexika genannten Frauen Wandel und Kontinuität in der lexikografischen Rezeption und Darstellung vertieft analysiert. Die Arbeit bietet eine Rekonstruktion des Wissens über Personen in den historischen Nachschlagewerken der Disziplin und Anschlussmöglichkeiten für aktuelle Forschung.

Keywords

lexicography --- lexicon --- pedagogy --- person

Complex Lexical Units. Compounds and Multi-Word Expressions

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Book Series: Konvergenz und Divergenz ISBN: 9783110632446 Year: Volume: 9 Pages: 363 DOI: 10.1515/9783110632446 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-12-19 16:52:49
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The volume explores compounds and multi-word expressions and their interrelation regarding their status in lexicon and grammar in a variety of European languages, including a contrastive overview with a focus on German. It brings together insights from word-formation theory, phraseology and theory of grammar and aims to contribute to the understanding of the lexicon, both from a language-specific and cross-linguistic perspective.

Nation et nations au Moyen Âge : XLIVe Congrès de la SHMESP (Prague, 23 mai-26 mai 2013)

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ISBN: 9791035101503 DOI: 10.4000/books.psorbonne.21594 Language: French
Publisher: Éditions de la Sorbonne
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:41
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Il peut sembler paradoxal, au moment où l'histoire globale semble conquérir chaque jour un terrain plus vaste, quelle qu'en soit la période, de réfléchir encore à la « nation ». Toutefois, en réponse à une mondialisation vécue comme la dissolution d'entités et d'identités historiques spécifiques et durables, la nation semble ici et là accomplir un retour qui ne pouvait laisser les médiévistes indifférents, tant il est vrai que c'est souvent au Moyen Âge, prétend-on, que les nations modernes se seraient formées. Cependant, le mot « nation » a été à ce point investi de sens nouveaux depuis au moins le xviiie siècle que parler des nations au Moyen Âge suppose un aller-retour permanent entre Moyen Âge et modernité, exige de prêter attention à la manière dont des processus territoriaux, politiques, étatiques et aristocratiques qui appartiennent en propre à l'ethnogenèse médiévale ont été rétroactivement « nationalisés » au sens moral, affectif, guerrier et idéologique du terme.

Word Knowledge and Word Usage. A Cross-Disciplinary Guide to the Mental Lexicon

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs [TiLSM] ISSN: 1861-4302 ISBN: 9783110440577 Year: Volume: 337 Pages: 725 DOI: 10.1515/9783110440577 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-08 10:43:30
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Word storage and processing define a multi-factorial domain of scientific inquiry whose thorough investigation goes well beyond the boundaries of traditional disciplinary taxonomies, to require synergic integration of a wide range of methods, techniques and empirical and experimental findings. The present book intends to approach a few central issues concerning the organization, structure and functioning of the Mental Lexicon, by asking domain experts to look at common, central topics from complementary standpoints, and discuss the advantages of developing converging perspectives. The book will explore the connections between computational and algorithmic models of the mental lexicon, word frequency distributions and information theoretical measures of word families, statistical correlations across psycho-linguistic and cognitive evidence, principles of machine learning and integrative brain models of word storage and processing. Main goal of the book will be to map out the landscape of future research in this area, to foster the development of interdisciplinary curricula and help single-domain specialists understand and address issues and questions as they are raised in other disciplines.

A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9781783748150/9781783748174 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 586 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0188 Language: English, Old Swedish, Old Icelandic, Old Norwegian, Old Danish, Old Gutnish and Old Faroese
Publisher: Open Book Publishers Grant: he Royal Swedish Academy of Letters, History and Antiquities, the Magnus Bergvalls Stiftelse and the Stiftelsen Konung Gustaf VI Adolfs fond för svensk kultur
Subject: Linguistics --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-22 18:10:32
License: CC-BY-4.0

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This volume is an indispensable resource for scholars and students of medieval Scandinavia. This polyglot dictionary draws on the vast and vibrant range of vernacular legal terminology found in medieval Scandinavian texts – terminology which yields valuable insights into the quotidian realities of crime and retribution; the processes, application and execution of laws; and the cultural and societal concerns underlying the development and promulgation of such laws.Legal texts constitute an unparalleled – and often untapped – source of information for those studying the literature, languages and history of medieval and Viking Age Scandinavia. The Lexicon is a welcome contribution to the study of medieval Scandinavia on two counts: firstly, it makes accessible a wealth of vernacular historical documents for an English-speaking audience. Secondly, it presents legal terminologies that span the languages and geographies of medieval Scandinavia, drawing on twenty-five legal texts composed in Old Swedish, Old Icelandic, Old Norwegian, Old Danish, Old Gutnish and Old Faroese. By collating and juxtaposing legal terms, the Lexicon thus offers its readers a fascinating, comprehensive window into the legal milieu of medieval Scandinavia as a unified whole.It is in this respect that A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law differs from the other major lexica that came before it: where relevant, it gathers closely related terms from multiple Nordic languages beneath single headwords within single entries. This approach illuminates the differences (and similarities) in usage of specific lexical items and legal concepts across geographic areas and through time.This dictionary contains over 6000 Nordic headwords, and is laid out as a standard reference work. It is easily navigable, with a clear structure to each entry, providing English equivalents; textual references; phrases in which headwords frequently appear; cross-references to aid readers in locating synonyms or cognate terms within the lexicon; and references to published works. Roughly one quarter of the headwords supply semantic analysis and detailed information on the textual and historical contexts within which a term might appear, which help the reader to engage with the broader legal concepts underlying specific terms. The Lexicon is thus designed to provide its readers not only with succinct single definitions of Norse legal terms, but with a sense of the wider Scandinavian legal landscape and worldview within which these concepts were developed.

Learning a non-native language in a naturalistic environment: Insights from behavioural and neuroimaging research

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889196395 Year: Pages: 150 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-639-5 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-16 10:34:25
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It is largely accepted in the relevant literature that successful learning of one or more non-native languages is affected by a number of factors that are independent of the target language(s) per se; these factors include the age of acquisition (AoA) of the target language(s), the type and amount of formal instruction the learners have received, as well as the amount of language use that the learners demonstrate. Recent experimental evidence suggests that one crucial factor for efficient native-like performance in the non-native language is the amount of naturalistic exposure, or immersion, that the learners receive to that language. This can be broadly defined as the degree to which language learners use their non-native language outside the classroom and for their day-to-day activities, and usually presupposes that the learners live in an environment where their non-native language is exclusively or mostly used. Existing literature has suggested that linguistic immersion can be beneficial for lexical and semantic acquisition in a non-native language, as well as for non-native morphological and syntactic processing. More recent evidence has also suggested that naturalistic learning of a non-native language can also have an impact on the patterns of brain activity underlying language processing, as well as on the structure of brain regions that are involved, expressed as changes in the grey matter structure. This Research Topic brings together studies on the effects of learning and speaking a non-native language in a naturalistic environment. These include more efficient or “native-like” processing in behavioural tasks tapping on language (lexicon, morphology, syntax), as well as changes in the brain structure and function, as revealed by neuroimaging studies.

Phonology in the Bilingual and Bidialectal Lexicon

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889452101 Year: Pages: 185 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-210-1 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-13 14:57:01
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A conversation between two people can only take place if the words intended by each speaker are successfully recognized. Spoken word recognition is at the heart of language comprehension. This automatic and smooth process remains a challenge for models of spoken word recognition. Both the process of mapping the speech signal onto stored representations for words, and the format of the representation themselves are subject to debate. So far, existing research on the nature of spoken word representations has focused mainly on native speakers. The picture becomes even more complex when looking at spoken word recognition in a second language. Given that most of the world’s speakers know and use more than one language, it is crucial to reach a more precise understanding of how bilingual and multilingual individuals encode spoken words in the mental lexicon, and why spoken word recognition is more difficult in a second language than in the native language. Current models of native spoken word recognition operate under two assumptions: (i) that listeners’ perception of the incoming speech signal is optimal; and (ii) that listeners’ lexical representations are accurate. As a result, lexical representations are easily activated, and intended words are successfully recognized. However, these assumptions are compromised when applied to a later-learned second language. For a variety of reasons (e.g., phonetic/phonological, orthographic), second language users may not perceive the speech signal optimally, and they may still be refining the motor routines needed for articulation. Accordingly, their lexical representations may differ from those of native speakers, which may in turn inhibit their selection of the intended word forms. Second language users also have to solve a larger selection challenge—having words in more than one language to choose from. Thus, for second language users, the links between perception, lexical representations, orthography, and production are all but clear. Even for simultaneous bilinguals, important questions remain about the specificity and interdependence of their lexical representations and the factors influencing cross-language word activation. This Frontiers Research Topic seeks to further our understanding of the factors that determine how multilinguals recognize and encode spoken words in the mental lexicon, with a focus on the mapping between the input and lexical representations, and on the quality of lexical representations.

The Impact of the Illyrian Movement on the Croatian Lexicon

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Book Series: Slavistische Beitraege ISBN: 9783876903927 Year: Pages: 291 DOI: 10.3726/b12729 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:31:53
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In der Reihe Slavistische Beiträge werden vor allem slavistische Dissertationen des deutschsprachigen Raums sowie vereinzelt auch amerikanische, englische und russische publiziert. Darüber hinaus stellt die Reihe ein Forum für Sammelbände und Monographien etablierter Wissenschafter/innen dar.

Le livre sur les calculs effectués avec des bâtonnets : Un manuscrit du – iie siècle excavé à Zhangjiashan

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ISBN: 9782858313099 DOI: 10.4000/books.pressesinalco.18815 Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’Inalco
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:40
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L’ouvrage présente, traduit et commente le Suan shu shu 算數書, un manuscrit chinois du – IIe siècle excavé pendant l’hiver 1983-84. Sa découverte a bouleversé les connaissances sur les sources anciennes des mathématiques en Chine. La traduction et ses commentaires permettent de mieux comprendre le texte et son contexte, ils mettent en résonnance l’archéologie des textes excavés, le chinois ancien, l’histoire des mathématiques et la vie en Chine sous les Han. La traduction française est accompagnée du texte original, de sa transcription pinyin et d’un mot-à-mot.

Sentiment Analysis for Social Media

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039285723 / 9783039285730 Year: Pages: 152 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-573-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:56
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Sentiment analysis is a branch of natural language processing concerned with the study of the intensity of the emotions expressed in a piece of text. The automated analysis of the multitude of messages delivered through social media is one of the hottest research fields, both in academy and in industry, due to its extremely high potential applicability in many different domains. This Special Issue describes both technological contributions to the field, mostly based on deep learning techniques, and specific applications in areas like health insurance, gender classification, recommender systems, and cyber aggression detection.

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