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The Licit Life of Capitalism

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ISBN: 9781478090243 9781478004578 9781478003915 9781478003656 Year: Pages: 344 DOI: 10.1215/9781478090243 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-28 11:21:03
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The Licit Life of Capitalism is both an account of a specific capitalist project—U.S. oil companies working off the shores of Equatorial Guinea—and a sweeping theorization of more general forms and processes that facilitate diverse capitalist projects around the world. Hannah Appel draws on extensive fieldwork with managers and rig workers, lawyers and bureaucrats, the expat wives of American oil executives and the Equatoguinean women who work in their homes, to turn conventional critiques of capitalism on their head, arguing that market practices do not merely exacerbate inequality; they are made by it. People and places differentially valued by gender, race, and colonial histories are the terrain on which the rules of capitalist economy are built. Appel shows how the corporate form and the contract, offshore rigs and economic theory are the assemblages of liberalism and race, expertise and gender, technology and domesticity that enable the licit life of capitalism—practices that are legally sanctioned, widely replicated, and ordinary, at the same time as they are messy, contested, and, arguably, indefensible.

Agriculture, peasantry and poverty in Turkey in the neo-liberal age

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ISBN: 9789086861927 9789086867486 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.3920/978-90-8686-748-6 Language: English
Publisher: Wageningen Academic Publishers Grant: Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 23:01:31
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This book investigates recent policies introduced into Turkey which are designed to reduce state activities and open up the country to international investment and trade. This is done in the context of the UNs Millennium Development Goals continuing to stretch into the distant future amid the ongoing instability of the global financial system and economic pressures on the West. The focus is on agriculture and the major effects of a deliberate restructuring of an agrarian economy as seen through the lens of the peasant, the village and poverty. This unique socioeconomic review of Turkey, which is generally thought to be a contemporary success story of the neo-liberal paradigm, argues for a new understanding of the destructive effects of global capitalism. Some issues addressed are the effects on Turkey's countryside as its agricultural sector has been catapulted onto the world market, how farming has changed and what this has meant for small-scale enterprises. Also discussed is how rural communities have fared, capital relations have been transformed in the process and the impact this has had on the nation's poor. Finally, the ways in which neo-liberalism has guided government's response to the new social needs is discussed along with how Turkey's experience parallels similar developments worldwide. This serves as a window to the reality of development at a time when the philosophy for growth underpinning development is facing an increasingly profound crisis of confidence worldwide.

L’Émergence de revendications libertariennes en Asie du Sud-Est : (Indonésie, Malaisie, Singapour et Philippines)

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ISBN: 9782355960093 DOI: 10.4000/books.irasec.957 Language: French
Publisher: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:36
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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L'idée de ce travail a germé au printemps 2009, au hasard d'une librairie de Kuala Lumpur. Au rayon philosophie politique, la présence improbable des œuvres complètes d'Ayn Rand, mieux représentée que tous les auteurs classiques, avait aiguisé ma curiosité à l'égard des lecteurs de cette philosophe et romancière russo-américaine. À l'origine d'un courant philosophique qu'elle nomme « objectivisme », Ayn Rand défend une conception exaltée de l'individu libéré de toute contrainte sociale. Bien que sa philosophie soit contestée et loin d'être la seule défense contemporaine des libertés individuelles, elle reste une référence pour nombre d'individualistes radicaux à travers le monde. Son succès, confirmé par la présence des romans Atlas Shrugged et The Fountainhead sur l'étagère des meilleures ventes, indiquait la présence de lecteurs attirés par des convictions individualistes et universalistes dans une région dont l'approche contemporaine en théorie politique est dominée par les théoriciens communautariens qui estiment que les idéologies nées en Occident, du libéralisme au marxisme, ne sont pas exportables.

What Holds Europe Together?

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ISBN: 9789637326486 9786155053993 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Central European University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-19 15:18:48
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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The book addresses contemporary developments in European identity politics as part of a larger historical trajectory of a common European identity based on the idea of 'solidarity.' The authors explain the special sense in which Europeans perceive their obligations to their less fortunate compatriots, to the new East European members, and to the world at large. An understanding of this notion of 'solidarity' is critical to understanding the specific European commitment to social justice and e...

Building a National Literature

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ISBN: 9780801496226 Year: Pages: 376 Language: English
Publisher: Cornell University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-10-26 08:56:43
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Building a National Literature boldly takes issue with traditional literary criticism for its failure to explain how literature as a body is created and shaped by institutional forces. Peter Uwe Hohendahl approaches literary history by focusing on the material and ideological structures that determine the canonical status of writers and works. He examines important elements in the making of a national literature, including the political and literary public sphere, the theory and practice of literary criticism, and the emergence of academic criticism as literary history. Hohendahl considers such key aspects of the process in Germany as the rise of liberalism and nationalism, the delineation of the borders of German literature, the idea of its history, the understanding of its cultural function, and the notion of a canon of major and minor authors.

The Indigenous State: Race, Politics, and Performance in Plurinational Bolivia

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ISBN: 9780520294035 9780520967304 9780520967304 9780520967304 Year: Pages: 242 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.31 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-11 11:02:03
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In 2005, Bolivians elected their first indigenous president, Evo Morales. Ushering in a new “democratic cultural revolution,” Morales promised to overturn neoliberalism and inaugurate a new decolonized society. In this perceptive new book, Nancy Postero examines the successes and failures that have followed in the ten years since Morales’s election. While the Morales government has made many changes that have benefited Bolivia’s majority indigenous population, it has also consolidated power and reinforced extractivist development models. In the process, indigeneity has been transformed from a site of emancipatory politics to a site of liberal nationstate building. By carefully tracing the political origins and practices of decolonization among activists, government administrators, and ordinary citizens, Postero makes an important contribution to our understanding of the meaning and impact of Bolivia’s indigenous state.

Hayek, Mill and the Liberal Tradition

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Book Series: Routledge Studies in the History of Economics ISBN: 9780415779340 Year: Pages: 192 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: OAPEN-UK
Subject: Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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This book considers the relationship between Hayek and Mill, taking issues with Hayek’s criticism of Mill and providing a broader perspective of the liberal tradition. Featuring contributions from the likes of Ross Emmett, Leon Montes and Robert Garnett, these chapters ask whether Hayek had an accurate reading of the ideas of Mill and Smith, as well as considering themes such as sympathy and analytical egalitarianism that play a large part in the liberal tradition, but less in work of Hayek These chapters argue that addition of these key ideas to the Hayekian corpus leads to a far broader understanding of the liberal tradition than that provided by Hayek Introduction, Andrew Farrant , 1.Hayek and the Liberal Tradition, 1. Is Friedrich Hayek rowing Adam Smith’s boat, Leon Montes , 2. F. A. Hayek’s Sympathetic Agents, David M. Levy and Sandra Peart , 3. Discussion and the Evolution of Institutions in a Liberal Democracy: Frank Knight Joins the Debate, Ross Emmett , 2. Pushing the Boundaries of the Liberal Tradition? , 4. Hayek, Mill, and the Problem of Institutional Change?, Andrew Farrant , 5. A Socialist Spontaneous Order, Theodore A. Burczak , 6. Hayek and Philanthropy: A Classical Liberal Road Not (Yet) Taken, Robert Garnett

Struggle over Identity

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ISBN: 9789639776685 9786155211843 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Central European University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-19 15:18:48
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Rejecting the cliché about “weak identity and underdeveloped nationalism,” Bekus argues for the co-existence of two parallel concepts of Belarusianness—the official and the alternative one—which mirrors the current state of the Belarusian people more accurately and allows for a different interpretation of the interconnection between the democratization and nationalization of Belarusian society. The book describes how the ethno-symbolic nation of the Belarusian nationalists, based on the cult...

Die Politik der Echokammer

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Book Series: Studien des Göttinger Instituts für Demokratieforschung zur Geschichte politischer und gesellschaftlicher Kontroversen ISBN: 9783837636079 9783839436073 Year: DOI: 10.14361/9783839436073 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103365
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:58
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In den USA stehen sich heute zwei politische Lager - Demokraten und Republikaner, Liberale und Konservative - in existenzieller Feindschaft gegenüber. Doch was erklärt den tiefen ideologischen Graben, der das Land durchzieht? In seinem Buch zeigt Torben Lütjen, wie die USA in ein Land politischer Echokammern zerfielen: virtuelle und soziale Räume, die vor allem von Gleichgesinnten bevölkert werden und sich durch das Fehlen von Widerspruch ideologisch radikalisiert haben. Der Blick geht dabei vor allem nach Wisconsin, in den Mittleren Westen der USA: Hier verkörpert sich in zwei extremen Parteihochburgen von Demokraten und Republikanern paradigmatisch der Konflikt, der die modernen USA prägt.

Pierre Rosanvallon's Political Thought

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Bamberger Beiträge zur Linguistik ISBN: 9783839446522 Year: Pages: 248 DOI: 10.14361/9783839446522 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-28 11:21:02
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The work of Pierre Rosanvallon has increasingly found itself at the center of debates in democratic and political theory – although only few of his numerous monographs have thus far been translated from French. This interdisciplinary volume, the first comprehensive collection on his political thought in English, seeks to lay the groundwork for the study of this eminent political thinker and historian. Following a hitherto untranslated opening essay by Rosanvallon, the chapters – written from a variety of disciplinary perspectives including political theory, political science, philosophy, and history – cover a wide range of topics from the history of democracy to sovereignty, populism, and the function of the press in liberal democratic regimes.

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