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El modo de ser aristocrático. El caso de la oligarquía chilena hacia 1900

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789568416072 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 158 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_617559 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Ariadna Ediciones
Subject: Political Science --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-17 03:30:42
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Detailed description of the lifestyle of groups of high Chilean society in the late 19th and early 20th century, and its social and political role

Chapter: Soccer Fitness (Book chapter)

Book title: Science and Football VIII

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ISBN: 9781138947061 9781315670300 Year: Pages: 12 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2017-09-27 11:02:13
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The present chapter will provide an overview of the existing literature and a description of the relationship between the training elements of Soccer Fitness, the training-induced effects of Soccer Fitness on cardiovascular, metabolic and musculoskeletal fitness, and the potential of Soccer Fitness for the prevention and treatment of lifestyle diseases

Guiden till Spaniensverige

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Book Series: Anthropology & Society ISBN: 9789176350560 9789176350591 9789176350577 9789176350584 Year: Pages: 196 DOI: 10.16993/bao Language: Swedish
Publisher: Stockholm University Press
Subject: Social and Public Welfare --- Anthropology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:11
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"""Guiden till Spaniensverige"" (The Guide to Spanish-Sweden) is an ethnographic account on the mobilisation of a social community of Swedish migrants who otherwise belongs to the diverse networks of lifestyle migrants or resident tourists in Southern Spain. The book is based on interviews with people who are engaged in Scandinavian associations/clubs or in other ways involved in practices which are associated with a Swedish community in Costa Blanca and Costa del Sol, which are two main destinations for lifestyle migrants in Spain. In addition the analysis is based on the discursive material that the social clubs, and to some extent other organisations and networks, are using in the service to their members. The book demonstrates how the practices of the large Scandinavian social clubs, but also other organisations like the Swedish church and some of the business associations, are operating at the locus of an ethnic and transnationalised form of community-making. The offering of a home-like social arena with social and cultural activities are privileging the Swedish language and the Swedish origin. This study concludes that the social practices employed by the clubs are guiding potential members to a social space in which preferably ‘senior’ Swedish migrants meet, socialise, and, to some extent, also consume in ‘Swedish’. The book argues that the practices of the social clubs reveal the contours and infrastructure of a lifestyle diaspora in which a comfortable life in Spain – but in Swedish and with maintained relations with the Swedish society – is accentuated and given priority."

Glocal Pharma

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Global Connections ISBN: 9781315585185 9781472481634 9781317126799 9781317126782 9781317126775 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9781315585185 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:23
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The Open Access version of this book, available at http://www.tandfebooks.com, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license. An exploration of how global pharmaceutical products are localized - of what happens when they become ‘glocal’ - this book examines the tensions that exist between a global pharmaceutical market and the locally bounded discourses and regulations encountered as markets are created for new drugs in particular contexts. Employing the case study of the emergence, representation and regulation of Viagra in the Swedish market, Glocal Pharma offers analyses of commercial material, medical discourses and legal documents to show how a Swedish, Viagra-consuming subject has been constructed in relation to the drug and how Viagra is imagined in relation to the Swedish man. Engaging with debates about pharmaceuticalization, the authors consider the ways in which new identities are created around drugs, the redefinition of health problems as sites of pharmaceutical treatment and changes in practices of governance to reflect the entrance of pharmaceuticals to the market. With attention to ‘local’ contexts, it reveals elements in the nexus of pharmaceutcalization that are receptive to cultural elements as new products become embedded in local markets. An empirically informed study of the the ways in which the presence of a drug can alter the concept of a disease and its treatment, understandings of who suffers from it and how to cure it - both locally and internationally - this book will appeal to scholars of sociology and science and technology studies with interests in globalization, pharmaceuticals, gender and the sociology of medicine.

Keywords

swedish --- health --- care --- system --- erectile --- dysfunction --- pharmaceutical --- benefits --- scheme --- lifestyle

Work-Life Balance: Essential or Ephemeral?

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889452545 Year: Pages: 75 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-254-5 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Pediatrics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 16:16:44
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Burn-out and suicide rates among physicians and scientists in academic medicine are at an all-time high and jeopardize the future of our entire profession. In the last 4 years alone, burn-out rates among physicians have increased by 25%. In a recent 2017 Medscape publication, burn-out rates in Critical Care physicians ranked in 9th place and Pediatricians ranked 13th among 27 subspecialties. Astonishingly, over 50% of the participants reported burn-out symptoms, with clear race and gender disparities. While men generally report higher burn-out rates than women, it is important to emphasize that response rates from women in these surveys were notoriously low and may not represent the complete picture. These numbers are even more dismal for tenured academic faculty at research-extensive universities. In this group, emotional exhaustion (i.e. high burn-out) is reported at 35% with a clear association with age and lower burn-out levels in the older tenured faculty. While no gender or racial/ethnic differences were found in this particular group, higher levels of burn-out were identified in individuals with financial responsibilities beyond a spouse and child. While it is comforting to note the increasing public interest and research activities in this field, successful approaches to ameliorate the burden and consequences of physician burn-out are still inadequately developed. Academic centers increasingly offer some type of work-life balance program to their employees but, unfortunately, these programs are frequently adopted from corporate business models and remain largely ineffective in the academic environment. It should be evident to most administrators that the stressors of academic clinicians and scientists substantially differ from those of corporate employees. Based on these observations and over 75 years of combined experience in academic medicine amongst the three editors of this Research Topic, we collected 26 manuscripts from 22 authors at different career stages and different genders, ethnicities, marital status and subspecialties to identify and stratify common and specific stressors and therapeutic approaches to ameliorate burn-out and achieve work-life balance in academic medicine. We are confident that each reader will identify with at least one, if not several, of the authors’ opinions, experiences and approaches to attain greater work-life balance and thereby avoid the consequences of burn-out in modern academic medicine.

Keywords

work-life balance --- stress --- Suicide --- academic --- physician --- Career --- Family --- lifestyle --- Health --- Well-being

Conserving health in early modern culture: Bodies and environments in Italy and England

Authors: ---
Book Series: Social Histories of Medicine ISBN: 9781526113474 Year: Pages: 344 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 095760
Subject: Medicine (General) --- History --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:31

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"Conserving health in early modern culture explores the impact of ideas about healthy living in early modern England and Italy. The attention of medical historians has largely been focussed on the study of illness and medical treatment, yet prevention was one of the cornerstones of early modern medicine. According to Galenic-Hippocratic thought, the preservation of health depended on the careful management of the so-called six ‘Non-Naturals’: the air one breathed; food and drink; excretions; sleep; movement and rest; and emotions. Drawing on visual, material and textual sources, the contributors show the pervasiveness of the preventive paradigm in early modern culture and society. In particular it becomes apparent that concern for the non-naturals informed lay people’s daily lives and routines as well as stimulating innovation in material culture and painting, and influencing discourses in fields as diverse as geology, natural philosophy and religion.&#xD;&#xD;At the same time the volume challenges the common assumption that health advice was a uniform and stable body of knowledge, showing instead that models of healthy living were tailored to different genders, age-groups and categories of patients; they also varied over time and depended on the geographical context. In particular, significant differences emerge between what was regarded as beneficial or harmful to health in England and Italy.&#xD;&#xD;As well as showing the value of a comparative perspective of study, this interdisciplinary volume will appeal to a wide readership, interested not just in health practices, but in print culture, histories of women, infancy, the environment and of art and material culture."

Optimizing Exercise for the Prevention and Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889455140 Year: Pages: 115 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-514-0 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Internal medicine --- Science (General) --- Physiology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:42
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This eBook contains a collection of peer-reviewed original and review articles published in either Frontiers in Endocrinology or Frontiers in Physiology focused on the research topic Optimizing Exercise for the Prevention and Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes.

Treue zum Stil

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: X-Texte zu Kultur und Gesellschaft ISBN: 9783839402054 Year: Pages: 148 DOI: 10.14361/9783839402054 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-11 11:21:24
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Im Auftauchen neuer Spiele und Bewegungsweisen in städtischen Räumen zeigen sich gesellschaftliche Veränderungsprozesse. In neuen Sportarten wie Triathlon und Inlinehockey entstehen Welten, in denen alte Grenzen zerfließen, bewährte Haltungen aufgegeben und institutionalisierte Ordnungen umgearbeitet werden. Hier bilden sich Gemeinschaften aus, in denen Zugehörigkeit immer wieder aufs Neue über das Vorführen von Bewegungen, Geräten, Kleidung und Musik hergestellt wird. Diese Gemeinschaften orientieren sich an den Merkmalen eines gemeinsamen Stils. Nicht die Leistung, nicht der Dienst an der Mannschaft bildet das Credo der neuen Spiele, sondern die Treue zum Stil. Die Autoren entwickeln am Beispiel neuer urbaner Lebensstile und performativer Praktiken eine Theorie des Wandels von Gesellschaft im Medium von Spiel, Körper und Bewegung.

Mitte in Deutschland

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Book Series: Studien des Göttinger Instituts für Demokratieforschung zur Geschichte politischer und gesellschaftlicher Kontroversen ISBN: 9783837627282 9783839427286 Year: DOI: 10.14361/transcript.9783839427286 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103321
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:58
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Was ist die Mitte der Gesellschaft und was erwartet sie von der Zukunft? Wie bewertet sie Politik im Allgemeinen sowie Politiker, politische Prozesse und Entscheidungen im Besonderen? Anhand welcher Maßstäbe fällt sie ihre Urteile? Auf Basis einer umfangreichen qualitativen Erhebung wird die soziale Mitte in dieser Studie erstmals systematisch analysiert. Stine Marg erörtert nicht nur die Fokusgruppe als Methode der Sozialwissenschaft, sondern präsentiert ebenso überraschende Erkenntnisse über die Wertvorstellungen und Erwartungen "der Mitte".

Biographische Wechselwirkungen

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Book Series: Gender Studies ISBN: 9783839407677 Year: Pages: 310 DOI: 10.14361/9783839407677 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Gender Studies
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-11 11:21:07
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Der gesellschaftliche Blick auf binationale Paare in Deutschland ist ambivalent: Er bewegt sich zwischen den Polen der Idealisierung (als Symbole einer multikulturellen Gesellschaft) und der Ablehnung (als Symbole für das »Fremdgehen« deutscher Frauen). Doch wie gestalten binationale Paare ihre Paarbiographien? Die vorliegende Studie analysiert Formen biographischen Lernens der Paare und wirft Licht auf die Bedeutung von Konstruktionen »kultureller Differenz« und von Geschlechterbeziehungen. Sie zeigt, dass sich durch die binationale Partnerschaft Möglichkeiten der Realisierung von Lebensentwürfen eröffnen, die herkömmliche Geschlechterbeziehungen herausfordern und erweitern.

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