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Taiwan and China

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ISBN: 9780520295988 9780520968707 Year: Pages: 320 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.38 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-03 11:01:49
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China's relation to Taiwan has been in constant contention since the founding of the People's Republic of China in October 1949 and the creation of the defeated Kuomintang (KMT) exile regime on the island two months later. The islands autonomous sovereignty has continually been challenged, initially because of the KMT's insistence that it continue to represent not just Taiwan but all of China and later because Taiwan refused to cede sovereignty to the then-dominant power that had arisen on the other side of the Taiwan Strait. One thing that makes Taiwan so politically difficult and yet so intellectually fascinating is that it is not merely a security problem, but a ganglion of interrelated puzzles. The optimistic hope of the Ma Ying-jeou administration for a new era of peace and cooperation foundered on a landslide victory by the Democratic Progressive Party, which has made clear its intent to distance Taiwan from China's political embrace. The Taiwanese are now waiting with bated breath as the relationship tautens. Why did detente fail, and what chance does Taiwan have without it? Contributors to this volume focus on three aspects of the evolving quandary: nationalistic identity, social economy, and political strategy.

Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers and mm-Wave Wireless Links for Converged Access Networks

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Book Series: Karlsruhe Series in Photonics and Communications / Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute of Photonics and Quantum Electronics (IPQ) ISSN: 18651100 ISBN: 9783731502555 Year: Volume: 14 Pages: XI, 246 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000042844 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:01
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Future access networks are converged optical-wireless networks, where fixed-line and wireless services share the same infrastructure. In this book, semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOA) and mm-wave wireless links are investigated, and their use in converged access networks is explored: SOAs compensate losses in the network, and thereby extend the network reach. Millimeter-wave wireless links substitute fiber links when cabling is not economical.

Emotion and Aging: Recent Evidence from Brain and Behavior

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889194254 Year: Pages: 164 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-425-4 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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Emotions play a central role in every human life, from the moment we are born until we die. They prepare the body for action, guide decisions, and highlight what should be noticed and remembered. Since emotions are central to daily functioning and well-being, it is important to understand the extent to which aging affects the perception of, attention to, memory for, as well as experience and regulation of emotions. An early scientific view of how people's emotions are affected by aging argued that aging led to a deterioration of emotional function. This theory, represented by for example Carl Jung (1875-1961), claimed that old age is a period of life when people feel an increased emotional sameness and less emotional energy. According to this scientific view, the aging emotional landscape was bleached, barren, and flattened. Current psychological research, however, shows that emotion is rather a psychological domain that is relatively unaffected by the aging process or even improves with age, in contrast to most cognitive functions. For example, even though there is evidence that aging is associated with deficits in emotion recognition, various emotional functions seem to remain intact or become better with age, such as the ability to regulate one’s emotions or the extent of experiencing positive emotions. However, more research is needed to determine brain and behavior related, quantitative and qualitative age-related changes of different aspects of emotion processing and emotional functioning. In the current Frontiers research topic we aim to present exciting new findings related to the effects of healthy aging on both more perceptually driven bottom-up as well as more cognitively driven top-down aspects of emotions. In particular, questions such as the following need to be raised and addressed: What neural and behavioral processes are underlying age differences in emotion perception and memory for emotional information? Are there differences between how older and younger adults experience and regulate their emotions, and what drives these differences? Is there a gradual reduction or more of a qualitative change of our emotional experiences over the life cycle, from the turbulent childhood and youth to the mellower old age? And what aspects of age-related changes in emotional processing can be explained by age-related changes in the brain, and which are more affected by other factors such as changes in other body systems, in experiential processes, or in overall life goals?

The High Luminosity Large Hadron Collider:The New Machine for Illuminating the Mysteries of Universe

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Book Series: Advanced Series on Directions in High Energy Physics ISSN: 17931339 ISBN: 9789814675475 Year: Volume: 24 Pages: 408 DOI: 10.1142/9581 Language: English
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Co.
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-30 02:05:43
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This book provides a broad introduction to the physics and technology of the High Luminosity Large Hadron Collider (HL-LHC). This new configuration of the LHC is one of the major accelerator projects for the next 20 years and will give new life to the LHC after its first 15-year operation. Not only will it allow more precise measurements of the Higgs boson and of any new particles that might be discovered in the next LHC run, but also extend the mass limit reach for detecting new particles. The HL-LHC is based on the innovative accelerator magnet technologies capable of generating 11–13 Tesla fields, with effectiveness enhanced by use of the new Achromatic Telescopic Squeezing scheme, and other state-of-the-art accelerator technologies, such as superconducting compact RF crab cavities, advanced collimation concepts, and novel power technology based on high temperature superconducting links.The book consists of a series of chapters touching on all issues of technology and design, and each chapter can be read independently. The first few chapters give a summary of the whole project, of the physics motivation and of the accelerator challenges. The subsequent chapters cover the novel technologies, the new configurations of LHC and of its injectors as well as the expected operational implications. Altogether, the book brings the reader to the heart of technologies for the leading edge accelerator and gives insights into next generation hadron colliders.Contents:Foreword (S Myers)Preface (O Brüning and L Rossi)Introduction to the HL-LHC Project (L Rossi and O Brüning)The Physics Landscape of the High Luminosity LHC (M Mangano)The HL-LHC Machine (I Bejar, O Brüning, P Fessia, L Rossi, R Tomas and M Zerlauth)The HL-LHC Accelerator Physics Challenges (S Fartoukh and F Zimmermann)Interface with Experimental Detector in the High Luminosity Run (H Burkhardt)Superconducting Magnet Technology for the Upgrade (E Todesco, G Ambrosio, P Ferracin, J M Rifflet, G L Sabbi, M Segreti, T Nakamoto, R van Weelderen and Q Xu)Crab Cavity Development (R Calaga, E Jensen, G Burt and A Ratti)Powering the Hi-Luminosity Triplets (A Ballarino and J P Burnet)Cryogenics for HL-LHC (L Tavian, K Brodzinski, S Claudet, G Ferlin, U Wagner and R van Weelderen)The "Environmental" Challenges: Impact of Radiation on Machine Components (M Brugger, F Cerutti and L S Esposito)Radiation Protection Considerations (C Adorisio, S Roesler, C Urscheler and H Vincke)Machine Protection with a 700 MJ Beam (T Baer, R Schmidt, J Wenninger, D Wollmann and M Zerlauth)Cleaning Insertions and Collimation Challenges (S Redaelli, R B Appleby, A Bertarelli, R Bruce, J M Jowett, A Lechner and R Losito)Long-Range Beam–Beam Compensation Using Wires (F Zimmermann and H Schmickler)Impedance and Component Heating (E Métral, F Caspers, N Mounet, T Pieloni and B Salvant)Challenges and Plans for the Proton Injectors (R Garoby)New Injectors: The Linac4 Project and the New H– Source (J Lettry and M Vretenar)Challenges and Plans for the Ion Injectors (D Manglunki)Challenges and Plans for Injection and Beam Dump (M Barnes, B Goddard, V Mertens and J Uythoven)Beam Instrumentation and Diagnostics for the LHC Upgrade (E Bravin, B Dehning, R Jones and T Lefevre)Heavy-Ion Operation of HL-LHC (J M Jowett, M Schaumann and R Versteegen)Implications for Operations (G Arduini, M Lamont, T Pieloni and G Rumolo)Readership: Researchers and graduates in accelerator physics and engineering.

Advanced DSP Techniques for High-Capacity and Energy-Efficient Optical Fiber Communications

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ISBN: 9783039217922 9783039217939 Year: Pages: 150 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-793-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-07 09:08:26
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The rapid proliferation of the Internet has been driving communication networks closer and closer to their limits, while available bandwidth is disappearing due to an ever-increasing network load. Over the past decade, optical fiber communication technology has increased per fiber data rate from 10 Tb/s to exceeding 10 Pb/s. The major explosion came after the maturity of coherent detection and advanced digital signal processing (DSP). DSP has played a critical role in accommodating channel impairments mitigation, enabling advanced modulation formats for spectral efficiency transmission and realizing flexible bandwidth. This book aims to explore novel, advanced DSP techniques to enable multi-Tb/s/channel optical transmission to address pressing bandwidth and power-efficiency demands. It provides state-of-the-art advances and future perspectives of DSP as well.

Geometry of Submanifolds and Homogeneous Spaces

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ISBN: 9783039280001 9783039280018 Year: Pages: 128 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-001-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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The present Special Issue of Symmetry is devoted to two important areas of global Riemannian geometry, namely submanifold theory and the geometry of Lie groups and homogeneous spaces. Submanifold theory originated from the classical geometry of curves and surfaces. Homogeneous spaces are manifolds that admit a transitive Lie group action, historically related to F. Klein's Erlangen Program and S. Lie's idea to use continuous symmetries in studying differential equations. In this Special Issue, we provide a collection of papers that not only reflect some of the latest advancements in both areas, but also highlight relations between them and the use of common techniques. Applications to other areas of mathematics are also considered.

Central Places and Un-Central Landscapes. Political Economies and Natural Resources in the Longue Durée

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ISBN: 9783038976783 Year: Pages: 314 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-679-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Archaeology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 10:34:31
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Modern developments of Fourier analysis during the 20th century have explored generalizations of Fourier and Fourier–Plancherel formula for non-commutative harmonic analysis, applied to locally-compact, non-Abelian groups. In parallel, the theory of coherent states and wavelets has been generalized over Lie groups. One should add the developments, over the last 30 years, of the applications of harmonic analysis to the description of the fascinating world of aperiodic structures in condensed matter physics. The notions of model sets, introduced by Y. Meyer, and of almost periodic functions, have revealed themselves to be extremely fruitful in this domain of natural sciences.

Keywords

Cyprus --- Bronze Age --- site location --- resource procurement --- metals trade --- political economy --- connectivity --- central places --- central flow theory --- nodal points --- central place --- social networks --- landscape archaeology --- settlement location --- interaction --- hunting --- eschatia --- bird hunting --- landscape archaeology --- Populonia --- settlement organization --- supply basin --- central place --- hilltop fortresses --- liminal landscape --- connectivity --- viewshed analysis --- sacred areas --- South-Eastern Provence --- Marseille --- Arles --- centrality --- gateways --- ancient port cities --- trading mechanisms --- political economy --- Cyprus --- Bronze Age --- water --- materiality --- new materialisms --- entanglements --- assemblages --- networks --- central place theory --- Byzantine bath-houses --- medieval Crete --- Byzantine settlements of eastern Crete --- urban culture of Byzantium --- church architecture --- Secular Byzantine architecture --- Byzantine Mochlos --- Timacum Minus --- Moesia Superior --- central place theory --- centrality --- Roman urbanism --- settlement status --- Roman mining --- Cypriot archaeology --- Mediterranean archaeology --- landscape archaeology --- central places --- sacred space --- political power --- economy --- religion --- ideology --- ancient sanctuaries --- byzantine and medieval Peloponnese --- byzantine and medieval port towns --- central place theory --- networks --- economy --- trade links --- Cyprus --- Roman archaeology --- Roman imperialism --- island and coastal archaeology --- identity --- urbanism --- central place theory --- connectivity --- maritime cultural landscapes --- Cyprus --- landscape archaeology --- surface survey --- river valley --- settlement organisation --- aridity --- marginality --- landscape archaeology --- Marmarica (NW-Egypt) --- Hauran (Syria/Jordan) --- Graeco-Roman period --- spatial scales in networks --- network relationship qualities --- interaction --- resource management

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