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At the edges of states; Dynamics of state formation in the Indonesian borderlands

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Book Series: Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde ISBN: 9789067183741 9789004253469 Year: Volume: 275/2 Pages: 356 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_411390 Language: English
Publisher: Brill Grant: Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 23:18:40
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Set in West Kalimantan, Indonesian Borneo, this study explores the shifting relationships between border communities and the state along the political border with East Malaysia. The book rests on the premises that remote border regions offer an exciting study arena that can tell us important things about how marginal citizens relate to their nation-state. The basic assumption is that central state authority in the Indonesian borderlands has never been absolute, but waxes and wanes, and state rules and laws are always up for local interpretation and negotiation. In its role as key symbol of state sovereignty, the borderland has become a place were central state authorities are often most eager to govern and exercise power. But as illustrated, the borderland is also a place were state authority is most likely to be challenged, questioned and manipulated as border communities often have multiple loyalties that transcend state borders and contradict imaginations of the state as guardians of national sovereignty and citizenship. (...) Michael Eilenberg (1975) is Assistant Professor of Anthropology at Aarhus University. His research focuses on issues of state formation, sovereignty, and agrarian expansion in frontier regions of Southeast Asia. (...) “Eilenberg’s rich insights could not have been achieved without years spent developing trust and experiencing firsthand the ambiguity of a border as a zone of opportunity as well as control. The analysis of the border elite who combine traditional authority with bureaucratic once, charisma with force, and legal practices with illegal ones throws into sharp relief a set of practices that are found not only on the fringes of the Indonesian nation, but on the fringes of its cities as well. Anyone interested in understanding how power works in Indonesia should read this book”. Tania Murray Li, Toronto University (...) “This pioneering study of state formation ‘at the margins’ forms a perfect demonstration of the promise of borderland studies. Eilenberg argues convincingly that borderlands – and the international borders that run through them – are critical sites for understanding shifting state-society relations. His book provides a powerful analysis of the local historical contexts of resource struggles, state policies and social strategies in what many consider to be a remote and insignifcant Indonesian borderland. Eilenberg makes us realize how the unpredictable dynamics of such borderland societies affect entire nation-states”. Willem van Schendel, Amsterdam University

Vietnam’s Post-1975 Agrarian Reforms

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ISBN: 9781760461959 Year: Pages: 322 DOI: 10.22459/VPAR.04.2018 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Law --- Political Science --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-16 11:01:53
License: ANU Press

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This book investigates why collectivised farming failed in south Vietnam after 1975. Despite the strong will of the new regime to implement collectivisation, the effort was uneven, misapplied and subverted. After only 10 years of trying, the regime annulled the policy. Focusing on two case studies—Quảng Nam province in the Central Coast region and An Giang province in the Mekong Delta—and based on extensive evidence, this study argues that the reasons for variations in implementation and the failure and reversal of the policy were twofold: regional differences and local politics.

Reform and Revolt in the City of Dreaming Spires

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ISBN: 9781912656134 9781912656127 9781912656141 9781912656158 Year: Pages: 354 DOI: 10.16997/book28 Language: English
Publisher: University of Westminster Press Grant: University of Westminster
Subject: Political Science --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-18 12:10:57
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Books about Oxford have generally focused on the University rather than the city. This original book on the local politics of Oxford City from 1830 to 1980 is based on a comprehensive analysis of primary sources and tells the story of the city’s progressive politics. The book traces this history from Chartism and electoral reform in the mid-nineteenth century, through the early years of socialism to the impact of communism in the interwar period, the struggle between nuclear disarmers and Gaitskellites in the 1960s and the impact of the new revolutionary left in the late 1970s. Throughout the narrative, the book contrasts the two approaches of those engaged in progressive politics, those who focused on the politics of reform and improved government and those who preferred the politics of revolt, protest and revolutionary rhetoric. The author argues that a central feature of this history has been the co-existence and interaction of working- and middle- class elements. It rediscovers a rich heritage, a fascinating story and offers a rare wide-ranging chronological narrative of local UK city politics. Through its extensive quotes from primary sources, the book presents a vivid picture of local politics over 150 years.

La politique au quotidien : L’agenda et l’emploi du temps d’une femme politique

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ISBN: 9782847887600 DOI: 10.4000/books.enseditions.6987 Language: French
Publisher: ENS Éditions
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:31
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Que font exactement les femmes et les hommes politiques ? Comment s’organisent leurs activités quotidiennes ? En quoi consiste le travail des dirigeants politiques ? Que savons-nous de l’emploi du temps réel de nos représentants ? Cet ouvrage propose de répondre à ces questions relatives à la vie des démocraties représentatives à partir d’une enquête de sociologie politique inédite menée entre 2010 et 2013. Cette recherche invite à une plongée scientifique au cœur du quotidien de la politique, un univers paradoxalement méconnu. L’exploration porte ici sur l’agenda personnel d’une élue française d’aujourd’hui, une vice-présidente de conseil régional. Le livre décrit ainsi de l’intérieur l’activité politique pour en saisir les mutations contemporaines : la rationalisation et la collectivisation du travail politique, l’importance de l’agenda comme instrument d’organisation et outil de communication, l’emprise croissante des technologies de l’information dans le travail politique, la saturation du temps de travail des élus, mais aussi la construction d’une plus grande disponibilité sur le territoire et d’une certaine transparence. L’enquête révèle enfin comment, en démocratie, les contraintes temporelles des trajectoires politiques personnelles affectent l’action publique, quand l’agenda finit parfois par être utilisé davantage pour préparer les conquêtes électorales futures que pour mettre en œuvre la politique dont l’élu a la charge. Illustration de couverture : © Hélène Robert

Integration and Resettlement of Refugees and Forced Migrants

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ISBN: 9783039281305 9783039281312 Year: Pages: 110 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-131-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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Since 2017, the United States and Europe—among many other refugee-hosting countries—have made significant changes in their refugee policies. New visa restrictions, travel bans, and other regulations were imposed by national governments. At the local level, towns and cities responded in different ways: some resisted national policy by declaring themselves “sanctuary cities”, while others supported exclusionary policies. These different responses influenced refugees’ ability to settle and become integrated. The Refugees in Towns (RIT) project at Tufts University explores local urban integration experiences, drawing on the knowledge and perspectives of refugees and citizens in towns around the world. Since 2017, more than 30 RIT case studies have deepened our local knowledge about the factors that enable or obstruct integration, and the ways in which migrants and hosts co-exist, adapt, and struggle with integration. In this Special Issue, seven articles explore urban integration in towns in Europe (Frankfurt-Rödelheim, Germany; Newcastle, UK; Ambertois, France; Italy’s cities; and Belgrade, Serbia) and in North America: Bhutanese refugee-hosting US cities, and Antigonish, Canada. The papers explore how refugees and citizens interact; the role of officials and politicians in enabling or obstructing integration; the social, economic, and cultural impact of migration; and the ways—inclusive or exclusive—locals have responded.

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