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Coronal Magnetometry

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889452200 Year: Pages: 172 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-220-0 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Astronomy (General) --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-13 14:57:01
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Abstract

Magnetism defines the complex and dynamic solar corona. It determines the magnetic loop structure that dominates images of the corona, and stores the energy necessary to drive coronal eruptive phenomena and flare explosions. At great heights the corona transitions into the ever-outflowing solar wind, whose speed and three-dimensional morphology are controlled by the global coronal magnetic field. Coronal magnetism is thus at the heart of any understanding of the nature of the corona, and essential for predictive capability of how the Sun affects the Earth. Coronal magnetometry is a subject that requires a concerted effort to draw together the different strands of research happening around the world. Each method provides some information about the field, but none of them can be used to determine the full 3D field structure in the full volume of the corona. Thus, we need to combine them to understand the full picture. The purpose of this Frontiers Research Topic on Coronal Magnetometry is to provide a forum for comparing and coordinating these research methods, and for discussing future opportunities.

Recent Developments of Nanofluids

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ISBN: 9783038428336 9783038428343 Year: Pages: VIII, 150 Language: Englisch
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Mathematics --- Physics (General) --- Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-08-24 15:50:37
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Over the past two decades, there has been increased attention in the research of nanofluid due to its widely expanded domain in many industrial and technological applications. Major advances in the modeling of key topics such as nanofluid, MHD, heat transfer, convection, porous media, Newtonian/non-Newtonian fluids have been made and finally published in the special issue on recent developments in nanofluids for Applied Sciences. The present attempt is to edit the special issue in a book form. Although, this book is not a formal textbook even than it will definitely be useful for research students and university teachers in overcoming the difficulties occurring in the said topic while dealing with the nonlinear governing equations. On one side the real world problems in mathematics, physics, biomechanics, engineering and other disciplines of sciences are mostly described by the set of nonlinear equations whereas on the other hand, it is often more difficult to get an analytic solution or even a numerical one. This book has successfully handled this challenging job with latest techniques. In addition the findings of the simulation are logically realistic and meet the standard of sufficient scientific value.

Continuous Casting

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ISBN: 9783039213214 / 9783039213221 Year: Pages: 250 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-322-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- Chemical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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Continuous casting is an industrial process whereby molten metal is solidified into a semi-finished billet, bloom, or slab for subsequent rolling in finishing mills; it is the most frequently used process to cast not only steel, but also aluminium and copper alloys. Since its widespread introduction for steel in the 1950s, it has evolved to achieve improved yield, quality, productivity and cost efficiency. It allows lower-cost production of metal sections with better quality, due to the inherently lower costs of continuous, standardized production of a product, as well as providing increased control over the process through automation. Nevertheless, challenges remain and new ones appear, as ways are sought to minimize casting defects and to cast alloys that could originally only be cast via other means. This Special Issue of the journal ""Metals"" consists of 14 research articles that cover many aspects of experimental work and theoretical modelling related to the ongoing development of continuous casting processes.

Keywords

slab continuous casting --- hybrid simulation model --- uneven secondary cooling --- numerical simulation --- molten steel flow --- solidification --- inclusion motion --- inclusion entrapment --- billet continuous casting --- swirling flow tundish --- multiphase flow --- heat transfer --- mold --- continuous casting --- numerical simulation --- round bloom --- continuous casting --- final electromagnetic stirring --- electromagnetic field --- polycrystalline model --- pores --- inclusions --- mechanism --- beam blank --- crystal --- propagation --- asymptotic analysis --- numerical simulation --- continuous casting --- air mist spray cooling --- continuous casting --- heat flux --- HTC --- secondary cooling --- thin-slab cast direct-rolling --- austenite grain coarsening --- grain growth control --- liquid core reduction --- secondary cooling --- two-phase pinning --- annular argon blowing --- upper nozzle --- flow behavior --- argon gas distribution --- tundish --- continuous casting --- bulge deformation --- thermomechanical coupling --- segmented roller --- finite element analysis --- steel tundish --- baffle --- flow field --- velocity --- PIV --- multi-source information fusion --- data stream --- continuous casting --- roll gap value --- prediction --- global optimization --- support vector regression --- variational mode decomposition --- empirical mode decomposition --- support vector regression --- mold level --- continuous casting --- magnetohydrodynamics --- fluid flow --- bubbles --- inclusions --- entrapment --- entrainment --- heat transfer --- solidification --- slab mold --- continuous casting --- n/a

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