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Turning over a New Leaf

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ISBN: 9789087281557 Year: DOI: 10.5117/9789087281557 Language: English
Publisher: Leiden University Press Grant: Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek
Subject: History --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 23:15:31
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Books before print – manuscripts – were modified continuously throughout the medieval period. Focusing on the ninth and twelfth centuries, this volume explores such material changes as well as the varying circumstances under which handwritten books were produced, used and collected. An important theme is the relationship between the physical book and its users. Can we reflect on reading practices through an examination of the layout of a text? To what extent can we use the contents of libraries to understand the culture of the book? The volume explores such issues by focusing on a broad palette of texts and through a detailed analysis of manuscripts from all corners of Europe.

Jewish Manuscript Cultures. New Perspectives

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Book Series: Studies in Manuscript Cultures ISSN: 2365-970X ISBN: 9783110546422 9783110546545 Year: Volume: 13 Pages: x, 484 DOI: 10.1515/9783110546422 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-19 17:50:17
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Hebrew manuscripts are considered to be invaluable documents and artefacts of Jewish culture and history. Research on Hebrew manuscript culture is progressing rapidly and therefore its topics, methods and questions need to be enunciated and reflected upon.The case studies assembled in this volume explore various fields of research on Hebrew manuscripts. They show paradigmatically the current developments concerning codicology and palaeography, book forms like the scroll and codex, scribes and their writing material, patrons, collectors and censors, manuscript and book collections, illuminations and fragments, and, last but not least, new methods of material analysis applied to manuscripts.The principal focus of this volume is the material and intellectual history of Hebrew book cultures from antiquity to the Middle Ages and Early Modern Period, its intention being to heighten and sharpen the reader’s understanding of Jewish social and cultural history in general.

The Masorah of Elijah ha-Naqdan

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Book Series: Materiale Textkulturen ISSN: 2198-6940 ISBN: 9783110417920 9783110425314 Year: Volume: 11 DOI: 10.1515/9783110417920 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Religion --- History --- Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-05 16:49:05
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Following Levita’s statement, the Masorah transmitted by medieval illuminated manuscripts was generally considered as less significant for the study of the biblical and masoretical knowledge in the Jewish world. The biblical codices produced in Ashkenaz were considerably disregarded compared to Spanish codices. Challenging this assertion, this work engages in a reflection on the link between the standard Eastern tradition and the Ashkenazic biblical text-culture of the 13th century. Élodie Attia provides an edition of thirteen cases taken from MS Vat. Ebr. 14, offering the oldest series of Masoretic notes written inside figurative and ornamental designs. Its critical apparatus offers an unprecedented comparison with the oldest Eastern and Ashkenazic sources to evaluate if the scribe paid more attention to aesthetic details than to the textual contents. In an unexpected way, the Masoretic notes of Elijah ha-Naqdan, even written in figurative forms, show a close philological link with the Masorah of the eastern Tiberian sources and prove that the presence of figurative elements neither represents a loss nor a distortion of Masoretic knowledge, but rather illustrates a development in the Masoretic tradition.

Digital Samaritans: Rhetorical Delivery and Engagement in the Digital Humanities

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ISBN: 9780472072804 9780472052806 9780472900077 9780472121335 Year: Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
Subject: Electrical and Nuclear Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-01 16:56:17
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Digital Samaritans explores rhetorical delivery and cultural sovereignty in the digital humanities. The exigence for the book is rooted in a practical digital humanities project based on the digitization of manuscripts in diaspora for the Samaritan community, the smallest religious/ethnic group of 770 Samaritans split between Mount Gerizim in the Palestinian Authority and in Holon, Israel. Based on interviews with members of the Samaritan community and archival research, Digital Samaritans explores what some Samaritans want from their diaspora of manuscripts, and how their rhetorical goals and objectives relate to the contemporary existential and rhetorical situation of the Samaritans as a living, breathing people.How does the circulation of Samaritan manuscripts, especially in digital environments, relate to their rhetorical circumstances and future goals and objectives to communicate their unique cultural history and religious identity to their neighbors and the world? Digital Samaritans takes up these questions and more as it presents a case for collaboration and engaged scholarship situated at the intersection of rhetorical studies and the digital humanities.

Visions of the End in Medieval Spain. Catalogue of Illustrated Beatus Commentaries on the Apocalypse and Study of the Geneva Beatus

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789462980624 Year: DOI: 10.5117/9789462980624 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: History of arts
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-08 11:01:15
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Never before have all twenty-nine illustrated copies of the Beatus Commentaries on the Apocalypse been brought together for comparative analysis in a single volume. John Williams, renowned expert on the Commentaries, offers here his updated considerations on the material, revising and summing up a lifetime of study on these strikingly illuminated manuscripts. Dating from the early to central Middle Ages, the Spanish phenomenon of the Commentary on the Apocalypse responded to differing monastic needs within the shifting context of the Middle Ages. The volume also presents an in-depth study of the recently discovered Geneva Beatus. One of only three Commentaries written outside the Iberian Peninsula, this manuscript closely follows a Spanish model but was written in a Beneventan script and painted in a style dramatically different from the original.

Studies on Greek and Coptic Majuscule Scripts and Books

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Book Series: Studies in Manuscript Cultures ISSN: 2365-9696 ISBN: 9783110575446 Year: Volume: 15 Pages: 276 DOI: 10.1515/9783110575446 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Added to DOAB on : 2018-12-19 16:52:49

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The volume contains a critical review of data, results and open problems concerning the principal Greek and Coptic majuscule bookhands, based on previous research of the author, revised and updated to offer an overview of the different graphic phenomena. Although the various chapters address the history of different types of scripts, their juxtaposition allows us to identify common issues of the comparative method of palaeography.

One-Volume Libraries: Composite and Multiple-Text Manuscripts

Authors: ---
Book Series: Studies in Manuscript Cultures ISSN: 2365-970X ISBN: 9783110496956 9783110495591 Year: Volume: 9 Pages: xxxii, 354 DOI: 10.1515/9783110496956 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Library and Information Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-25 13:25:21
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Composite and multiple-text manuscripts are traditionally studied for their individual texts, but recent trends in codicology have paved the way for a more comprehensive approach: Manuscripts are unique artefacts which reveal how they were produced and used as physical objects. While multiple-text manuscripts codicologically are to be considered as production units, i.e. they were originally planned and realized in order to carry more than one text, composites consist of formerly independent codicological units and were put together at a later stage with intentions that might be completely different from those of its original parts. Both sub-types of manuscripts are still sometimes called "miscellanies", a term relating to the texts only. The codicological difference is important for reconstructing why and how these manuscripts which in many cases resemble (or contain) a small library were produced and used. Contributions on the manuscript cultures of China, India, Africa, the Islamic world and European traditions lead not only to the conclusion that "one-volume libraries" have been produced in many manuscript cultures, but allow also for the identification of certain types of uses.

Ars Edendi Lecture Series, vol. IV

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Studia Latina Stockholmiensia ISBN: 9789176350393 9789176350362 9789176350379 9789176350386 Year: Pages: 228 DOI: 10.16993/baj Language: English
Publisher: Stockholm University Press
Subject: Computer Science --- Social Sciences --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-29 13:23:16
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"The Ars Edendi Lectures have been organized by the research programme at Stockholm University funded by Riksbankens Jubileumsfond during the years 2008-2015, with a focus on editorial methods for dynamic textual traditions of medieval Greek and Latin texts. This fourth volume gathers contributions both on the fundamentals of editing, as in Glenn Most ‘What is a critical edition?’, and looking at specifics such as marginalia (Teeuwen), errors (Maggioni), musical notation (Atkinson). Two papers focus on digital tools in editing Greek (Dendrinos) and Latin and early Romance (Robinson) texts. Richard Janko describes the challenges in making out words in Herculaneum papyri. Both traditional and innovative approaches are contemplated in this rich and varied collection by leading experts in the field of editing."

The Writing System of Scribe Zhou. Evidence from Late Pre-imperial Chinese Manuscripts and Inscriptions (5th-3rd Centuries BCE)

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Book Series: Studies in Manuscript Cultures ISSN: 2365-970X ISBN: 9783110459302 9783110459319 Year: Volume: 4 Pages: xiv, 328 DOI: 10.1515/9783110459302 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-25 16:51:02
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This book investigates the nature of regional variation in the early Chinese writing system through bamboo manuscripts and inscriptions dating from the late pre-imperial China (5th-3rd centuries BCE). Diachronic and synchronic comparisons of graphic details show that none of the well-recognized regional varieties developed independently from one another. Furthermore, differences in graphic components can be accounted for as alternations of graphs that are compatible in their semantic or phonetic values. The phonological systems underlying various regional orthographies unanimously point to a single coherent sound system with some mixture of dialect pronunciations. This strongly suggests that all the late pre-imperial regional scripts derived from a kind of orthographic meta-system based on one spoken standard language. This orthography and its phonological systems should reasonably be dated to ca. 9th century BCE, just about the time when the earliest known Chinese lexicography "Book of Scribe Zhou" (ca. 830 BCE) was written. The conclusions of this book have further implications on reading and understanding manuscript texts in general as well as on using them as data for linguistic studies.

Die Kalenderbriefe des Georg Albrecht Hamberger - im Kontext der Kalenderreform von 1700

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ISBN: 9783863950941 Year: Pages: 197 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Mathematics --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-17 04:22:17
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Mit der päpstlichen Bulle „Inter Gravissimas“ wurde 1582 der nach Papst Gregor XIII. benannte Gregorianische Kalender eingeführt. In Deutschland wurde dieser Kalender anfangs nur von katholisch regierten Ländern übernommen. Die protestantischen lehnten ihn grundsätzlich - weil vom Papst angeordnet - ab. Das führte zum Paradoxon einer doppelten Kalenderführung in Deutschland während des gesamten 17. Jahrhunderts. Nachdem die Spaltung der Zeitrechnung und des Kalenderwesens in Deutschland über ein Jahrhundert angedauert hatte, wurde von den evangelischen Reichständen auf dem Immerwährenden Reichstag in Regensburg im September 1699 eine Kalenderreform beschlossen und im Jahr 1700 umgesetzt. Die in dieser Edition anlässlich seines 350. Geburtstages veröffentlichten Briefe und Manuskripte des Mathematikers Georg Albrecht Hamberger stammen aus den Jahren 1699 und 1700 und stehen im Zusammenhang mit seinen Aktivitäten im Zuge der Kalenderreform von 1700.

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