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Reducing the Seismic Vulnerability of Existing Buildings: Assessment and Retrofit

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ISBN: 9783039212576 / 9783039212583 Year: Pages: 182 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-258-3 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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Abstract

Devastating seismic events occurring all over the world keep raising the awareness of the scientific, technical and political communities to the need of identifying assets at risk and developing more effective and cost-efficient seismic risk mitigation strategies. Significant advances in earthquake engineering research have been achieved with the rise of new technologies and techniques with potential use in risk assessment, management and mitigation. Nevertheless, there is still much to be done, particularly with regard to existing buildings, most of them built without anti-seismic provisions. The wide variety of construction and structural systems, associated with the complex behaviour of their materials, greatly limit the application of current codes and building standards to the existing building stock. To tackle this issue, there is a fundamental need for developing multidisciplinary research that can lead to the development of more sophisticated and reliable methods of analysis, as well as to improved seismic retrofitting techniques compliant with buildings conservation principles. This book intends to contribute to the aforementioned goal by stimulating the exchange of ideas and knowledge on the assessment and reduction of the seismic vulnerability of existing buildings. 10 high quality contributions authored by international experts from Italy, Portugal, Morocco, Nepal, Czech Republic and Spain are included herein. All contributions pursue the protection of existing buildings by considering the most updated methods and advanced solutions emerging from different fields of expertise.

Non-destructive Testing of Materials in Civil Engineering

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ISBN: 9783039216901 / 9783039216918 Year: Pages: 448 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-691-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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Abstract

This book was proposed and organized as a means to present recent developments in the field of nondestructive testing of materials in civil engineering. For this reason, the articles highlighted in this editorial relate to different aspects of nondestructive testing of different materials in civil engineering—from building materials to building structures. The current trend in the development of nondestructive testing of materials in civil engineering is mainly concerned with the detection of flaws and defects in concrete elements and structures, and acoustic methods predominate in this field. As in medicine, the trend is towards designing test equipment that allows one to obtain a picture of the inside of the tested element and materials. From this point of view, interesting results with significance for building practices have been obtained

Keywords

non-destructive testing --- masonry structures --- strengthening --- ultrasonic tomography --- adhesion assessment --- autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) --- compressive strength --- shape and size of specimen --- moisture of AAC --- ultrasonic testing --- gantry crane --- RMF technique --- civil engineering --- fibre-cement boards --- non-destructive testing --- acoustic emission --- degree of degradation --- thermovision --- active thermography --- thermal contrast --- defect detection --- location of inclusions --- non-destructive testing --- materials research --- building partition --- cement-based composites --- fiber cement boards --- durability --- ultrasound measurements --- spun concrete --- micro-computed tomography --- nanoindentation --- deconvolution --- mathematical morphology --- non-destructive evaluation --- structural damage --- natural frequency --- singular value truncation --- multiple feedbacks --- data noise --- NDT methods --- rebar location --- eddy-current method --- GPR method --- concrete --- concrete mix design --- concrete strength prediction --- data mining --- machine learning --- timber structures --- non-destructive methods --- ultrasonic wave --- stress wave --- drilling resistance --- X-ray micro-computed tomography --- waste brick dust --- adsorption --- lead --- cesium --- surface complexation --- precipitation --- solid-state NMR spectroscopy --- Lamb waves --- scanning laser vibrometry --- adhesive joints --- non-destructive testing --- damage detection --- excitation frequency --- nondestructive testing --- thermography --- monitoring of structures --- reinforced concrete chimney --- corrosion processes --- service life of a structure --- viscoelastic parameters --- creep test --- fatigue tests --- asphalt mixtures --- Burgers model --- four point bending beam --- pattern recognition --- acoustic emission --- Structural Health Monitoring --- brittle fracture --- diagnostics --- non-destructive testing --- reinforced concrete grandstand stadium --- vibration analysis --- crowd-induced excitation --- structural tuning --- concrete slabs and floorings --- horizontal casting --- compressive strength --- ultrasonic tests --- fibre-cement boards --- non-destructive testing --- acoustic emission --- artificial neural networks --- SEM --- non-destructive method --- damage --- mercury intrusion porosimetry --- X-ray computed tomography --- acoustic emission AE --- acoustic spectrum --- quasi brittle cement composites --- destruction process --- resistance measurement --- wood moisture sensing --- non-destructive testing --- moisture safety --- cellulose fibre cement boards --- microstructure --- nanoindentation --- SEM-EDS analysis --- temperature --- concrete elements --- concrete strength --- reinforced concrete tanks --- concrete corrosion --- sulphate corrosion --- ultrasound tests --- rebound hammer --- SilverSchmidt --- concrete --- compressive strength --- non-destructive testing --- non-destructive testing --- diagnostic --- acoustic methods --- ultrasound --- building materials --- defects

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MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (2)


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CC by-nc-nd (2)


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eng (2)


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2019 (2)

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