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Applied and Computational Statistics

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ISBN: 9783039281763 / 9783039281770 Year: Pages: 104 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-177-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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Research without statistics is like water in the sand; the latter is necessary to reap the benefits of the former. This collection of articles is designed to bring together different approaches to applied statistics. The studies presented in this book are a tiny piece of what applied statistics means and how statistical methods find their usefulness in different fields of research from theoretical frames to practical applications such as genetics, computational chemistry, and experimental design. This book presents several applications of the statistics: A new continuous distribution with five parameters—the modified beta Gompertz distribution; A method to calculate the p-value associated with the Anderson–Darling statistic; An approach of repeated measurement designs; A validated model to predict statement mutations score; A new family of structural descriptors, called the extending characteristic polynomial (EChP) family, used to express the link between the structure of a compound and its properties. This collection brings together authors from Europe and Asia with a specific contribution to the knowledge in regards to theoretical and applied statistics.

Selected Papers from the 2018 41st International Conference on Telecommunications and Signal Processing (TSP)

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ISBN: 9783039210404 / 9783039210411 Year: Pages: 194 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-041-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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This Special Issue contains a series of excellent research works on telecommunications and signal processing, selected from the 2018 41st International Conference on Telecommunications and Signal Processing (TSP) which was held on July 4–6, 2018, in Athens, Greece. The conference was organized in cooperation with the IEEE Region 8 (Europe, Middle East, and Africa), IEEE Greece Section, IEEE Czechoslovakia Section, and IEEE Czechoslovakia Section SP/CAS/COM Joint Chapter by seventeen universities from the Czech Republic, Hungary, Turkey, Taiwan, Japan, Slovak Republic, Spain, Bulgaria, France, Slovenia, Croatia, and Poland, for academics, researchers, and developers, and serves as a premier international forum for the annual exchange and promotion of the latest advances in telecommunication technology and signal processing. The aim of the conference is to bring together both novice and experienced scientists, developers, and specialists, to meet new colleagues, collect new ideas, and establish new cooperation between research groups from universities, research centers, and private sectors worldwide. This collection of 10 papers is highly recommended for researchers, and believed to be interesting, inspiring, and motivating for readers in their further research.

Applied Econometrics

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ISBN: 9783038979265 / 9783038979272 Year: Pages: 222 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-927-2 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Although the theme of the monograph is primarily related to “Applied Econometrics”, there are several theoretical contributions that are associated with empirical examples, or directions in which the novel theoretical ideas might be applied. The monograph is associated with significant and novel contributions in theoretical and applied econometrics; economics; theoretical and applied financial econometrics; quantitative finance; risk; financial modeling; portfolio management; optimal hedging strategies; theoretical and applied statistics; applied time series analysis; forecasting; applied mathematics; energy economics; energy finance; tourism research; tourism finance; agricultural economics; informatics; data mining; bibliometrics; and international rankings of journals and academics.

Keywords

inflation --- postage stamps --- price recovery --- historical time series --- EGARCH --- FHA loan --- home mortgage --- foreclosure --- default and prepayment --- unobserved heterogeneity --- duration models --- competing risks --- earnings forecasts --- earnings announcements --- financial markets --- financial analysts --- nonparametric time series modeling --- nonlinearity --- unified time series algorithm --- exploratory diagnostics --- control environment --- budgetary system and strategies --- operational control --- company performance --- economic growth --- economic freedom --- foreign direct investment --- panel data --- cash payments --- efficiency --- denomination range --- JEL Classification --- E42 --- E58 --- managing of financial health --- risk of bankruptcy --- prediction methods --- post-communist countries --- Misery Index --- inflation --- unemployment --- Probit and Logit models --- Okun’s law --- multivariate regression models --- heavy-tailed data --- Mahalanobis distances --- maximum likelihood estimator --- independent multivariate Student distribution --- uncorrelated multivariate Student distribution --- derivatives market --- economic development --- Granger-causality tests --- vector error correction model (VECM) --- DOLS --- FMOLS --- income inequality --- economic growth --- middle income countries --- Granger causality test --- system GMM --- oil price --- exchange rate --- trade balance --- cointegration --- frequency domain causality --- Nigeria --- Fama-French factor model --- market microstructure --- trading behavior --- panel data factor model --- social network model --- risk spillover --- abnormal returns

Stochastic Processes with Applications

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039217281 / 9783039217298 Year: Pages: 284 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-729-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:10:12
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Stochastic processes have wide relevance in mathematics both for theoretical aspects and for their numerous real-world applications in various domains. They represent a very active research field which is attracting the growing interest of scientists from a range of disciplines.This Special Issue aims to present a collection of current contributions concerning various topics related to stochastic processes and their applications. In particular, the focus here is on applications of stochastic processes as models of dynamic phenomena in research areas certain to be of interest, such as economics, statistical physics, queuing theory, biology, theoretical neurobiology, and reliability theory. Various contributions dealing with theoretical issues on stochastic processes are also included.

Keywords

fusion estimation --- sensor networks --- random parameter matrices --- multiplicative noises --- random delays --- realized volatility --- forecast combinations --- structural breaks --- arithmetic progressions --- first Chebyshev function --- products of primes --- regularly varying functions --- slowly varying functions --- mixed Gaussian process --- small deviations --- exact asymptotics --- loan interest rate regulation --- diffusion model --- first passage time (FPT) --- continuous-time Markov chains --- catastrophes --- bounds --- birth-death process --- rate of convergence --- double-ended queues --- time-non-homogeneous birth-death processes --- catastrophes --- repairs --- transient probabilities --- periodic intensity functions --- time-non-homogeneous jump-diffusion processes --- transition densities --- first-passage-time --- lognormal diffusion process --- exogenous factors --- growth curves --- maximum likelihood estimation --- asymptotic distribution --- first-passage time --- inverse first-passage problem --- diffusion --- mixture of Gaussian laws --- rate of convergence --- total variation distance --- Wasserstein distance --- weighted quadratic variation --- non-Markovian queue --- general bulk service --- multiple vacation --- breakdown and repair --- stand-by server --- re-service --- discrete time stochastic model --- first-passage time --- time between inspections --- host-parasite interaction --- nematode infection --- nonhomogeneous Poisson process --- seasonal environment --- Strang–Marchuk splitting approach --- Cohen and Grossberg neural networks --- random impulses --- mean square stability --- fractional differential-difference equations --- fractional queues --- fractional birth-death processes --- busy period --- two-dimensional signature --- multi-state network --- totally positive of order 2 --- stochastic order --- stochastic process --- reliability --- stochastic orders --- scale family of distributions --- proportional hazard rates --- differential entropy

The Future of Hyperspectral Imaging

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ISBN: 9783039218226 / 9783039218233 Year: Pages: 220 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-823-3 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:39:37
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hyperspectral imaging --- Raman --- fluorescence --- sorting --- quality control --- black polymers --- PZT --- classification --- machine learning --- alternating direction method of multipliers --- Cramer–Rao lower bound --- forward observation model --- linear mixture model --- maximum likelihood --- multiband image fusion --- total variation --- fingerprints --- blood detection --- age determination --- hyperspectral imaging --- lossless compression --- multitemporal hyperspectral images --- information theoretic analysis --- predictive coding --- hyperspectral imaging --- plant phenotyping --- disease detection --- spectral tracking --- time series --- hyperspectral imaging --- principal component analysis --- oxygen saturation --- wound healing --- diabetic foot ulcer --- Raman spectroscopy --- chemical imaging --- compressive detection --- spatial light modulators (SLM) --- digital micromirror device (DMD) --- digital light processor (DLP) --- optimal binary filters --- Chemometrics --- multivariate data analysis --- compressive sensing --- hyperspectral imaging --- multiplexing system --- liquid crystal --- three-dimensional imaging --- integral imaging --- remote sensing --- point target detection --- CS-MUSI --- hyperspectral --- video --- imaging --- coastal dynamics --- moving vehicle imaging --- bi-directional reflectance distribution function (BRDF) --- hemispherical conical reflectance factor (HCRF) --- stereo imaging --- digital elevation model --- Virginia Coast Reserve Long Term Ecological Research (VCR LTER) --- Hyperspectral imaging --- painting samples --- retouching pigments --- watercolours --- multivariate analysis --- potatoes --- sprouting --- primordial leaf count --- hyperspectral imaging --- spectroscopy --- fusion --- wavelength selection --- PLSR --- interval partial least squares --- deep learning --- hyperspectral imaging --- neural networks --- machine learning --- image processing --- hyperspectral imaging --- medical imaging by HSI --- HSI for biology --- remote sensing --- hyperspectral microscopy --- fluorescence hyperspectral imaging --- Raman hyperspectral imaging --- infrared hyperspectral imaging --- statistical methods for HSI --- hyperspectral data mining and compression --- statistical methods for HSI --- hyperspectral data mining and compression

Sustainable Built Environment and Urban Growth Management

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ISBN: 9783039281862 / 9783039281879 Year: Pages: 242 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-187-9 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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Nowadays, the sustainable built environment planning in most cities has come to a turning point as the growth in traffic and population has become a serious concern and put tremendous pressure on both the environment and people in these cities. It is therefore important to find new ways or lifestyles—such as compact city, transit-oriented development (TOD) formulations—that are more flexible, inclusive, and sustainable. Furthermore, for the sustainable built environment and urban growth management, not only should the growth management principles—which include smart growth, sustainable growth, and inclusive growth—be taken into account but innovative/smart planning strategies—such as mixed use design, green transport, and new urbanism—are also utilized in planning sustainable built environments in order to prevent the urban sprawl development that has occurred.

Keywords

construction materials --- green supply chain --- integrated carbon policy --- interactive strategy --- low carbon --- CO2 emissions --- transport --- urban block --- urban design --- ecological well-being changes --- rural-urban land conversion --- transformation factors --- urban residents --- rural residents --- China --- renovation extent --- energy retrofitting --- rent affordability --- tenure --- energy performance certificate --- decision support --- embodied environmental impact --- apartment building --- major building material --- life-cycle assessment --- place attachment --- commercial types --- commercial activities --- social bonding --- physical activities --- resilience quantification --- resilience engineering --- multiple threat assessment --- urban form --- Maximum Likelihood Classification --- Support Vector Machines --- Artificial Neural Networks --- significant transitions --- urban growth --- Nayarit (Mexico) --- behavior --- built environment --- green tourism --- intention --- sustainability --- environmentally responsible interior design --- sustainable interior design --- environmental activation of interior elements --- indoor environment quality --- resource use --- energy use --- interior space utilization --- buildings --- sharing --- digitalization --- social performance --- social performance evaluation --- fuzzy analytical hierarchy process --- empirical study --- driving factors --- farmland price-value distortion --- GIS --- price:value ratio --- quantile regression --- spatial spectrum --- green belt --- urban growth --- land cover --- urban living environment --- climate change --- surface temperature --- air quality --- atmospheric concentration --- conservation --- sustainable use --- urban growth management --- sustainable built environment --- quality of life (QoL) --- smart city &amp --- big data

Entropy Applications in Environmental and Water Engineering

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038972228 Year: Pages: 512 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-223-5 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Engineering --- General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-21 15:50:41
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Entropy theory has wide applications to a range of problems in the fields of environmental and water engineering, including river hydraulic geometry, fluvial hydraulics, water monitoring network design, river flow forecasting, floods and droughts, river network analysis, infiltration, soil moisture, sediment transport, surface water and groundwater quality modeling, ecosystems modeling, water distribution networks, environmental and water resources management, and parameter estimation. Such applications have used several different entropy formulations, such as Shannon, Tsallis, Reacutenyi Burg, Kolmogorov, Kapur, configurational, and relative entropies, which can be derived in time, space, or frequency domains. More recently, entropy-based concepts have been coupled with other theories, including copula and wavelets, to study various issues associated with environmental and water resources systems. Recent studies indicate the enormous scope and potential of entropy theory in advancing research in the fields of environmental and water engineering, including establishing and explaining physical connections between theory and reality. The objective of this Special Issue is to provide a platform for compiling important recent and current research on the applications of entropy theory in environmental and water engineering. The contributions to this Special Issue have addressed many aspects associated with entropy theory applications and have shown the enormous scope and potential of entropy theory in advancing research in the fields of environmental and water engineering.

Keywords

complexity --- streamflow --- water level --- composite multiscale sample entropy --- trend --- Poyang Lake basin --- four-parameter exponential gamma distribution --- principle of maximum entropy --- precipitation frequency analysis --- methods of moments --- maximum likelihood estimation --- flood frequency analysis --- generalized gamma (GG) distribution --- principle of maximum entropy (POME) --- entropy theory --- principle of maximum entropy (POME) --- GB2 distribution --- flood frequency analysis --- non-point source pollution --- ANN --- entropy weighting method --- data-scarce --- multi-events --- spatio-temporal variability --- soil water content --- entropy --- arid region --- joint entropy --- NDVI --- temperature --- precipitation --- groundwater depth --- Hei River basin --- turbulent flow --- canopy flow --- randomness --- coherent structures --- Shannon entropy --- Kolmogorov complexity --- entropy --- information transfer --- optimization --- radar --- rainfall network --- water resource carrying capacity --- forewarning model --- entropy of information --- fuzzy analytic hierarchy process --- projection pursuit --- accelerating genetic algorithm --- entropy production --- conditional entropy production --- stochastic processes --- scaling --- climacogram --- turbulence --- water resources vulnerability --- connection entropy --- changing environment --- set pair analysis --- Anhui Province --- cross-entropy minimization --- land suitability evaluation --- spatial optimization --- monthly streamflow forecasting --- Burg entropy --- configurational entropy --- entropy spectral analysis time series analysis --- entropy --- water monitoring --- network design --- hydrometric network --- information theory --- entropy applications --- hydrological risk analysis --- maximum entropy-copula method --- uncertainty --- Loess Plateau --- entropy --- water engineering --- Tsallis entropy --- principle of maximum entropy --- Lagrangian function --- probability distribution function --- flux concentration relation --- uncertainty --- information --- informational entropy --- variation of information --- continuous probability distribution functions --- confidence intervals --- precipitation --- variability --- marginal entropy --- crop yield --- Hexi corridor --- flow duration curve --- Shannon entropy --- entropy parameter --- modeling --- spatial and dynamics characteristic --- hydrology --- tropical rainfall --- statistical scaling --- Tsallis entropy --- multiplicative cascades --- Beta-Lognormal model --- rainfall forecast --- cross entropy --- ant colony fuzzy clustering --- combined forecast --- information entropy --- mutual information --- kernel density estimation --- ENSO --- nonlinear relation --- scaling laws --- power laws --- water distribution networks --- robustness --- flow entropy --- entropy theory --- frequency analysis --- hydrometeorological extremes --- Bayesian technique --- rainfall --- entropy ensemble filter --- ensemble model simulation criterion --- EEF method --- bootstrap aggregating --- bagging --- bootstrap neural networks --- El Niño --- ENSO --- neural network forecast --- sea surface temperature --- tropical Pacific --- entropy --- cross elasticity --- mean annual runoff --- water resources --- resilience --- quaternary catchment --- complement --- substitute --- entropy theory --- complex systems --- hydraulics --- hydrology --- water engineering --- environmental engineering

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