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The Universe, Life and Everything...Dialogues on our Changing Understanding of Reality

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789462987401 Year: Pages: 128 DOI: 10.5117/9789462987401 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-11 11:01:56
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The way we understand the world we live in is changing. Our traditional understanding is being challenged by developments in physics, including quantum mechanics, and our inability to explain certain complex phenomena such as consciousness. In this book, scholars from a variety of backgrounds discuss how our understanding of our world is expanding to include such phenomena.

Keywords

reality --- meaning --- science --- consciousness

Greek and Latin Expressions of Meaning : The Classical Origins of a Modern Metaphor

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ISBN: 9782821897106 DOI: 10.4000/books.chbeck.1609 Language: English
Publisher: C.H.Beck
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:27
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Verbs and nouns of meaning in ancient Greek and Latin are polysemous, just as in the case of the English verb “to mean". Andreas T. Zanker considers how the ancient vocabulary could be used in different ways and investigates its development over time. In the first part of the book, Zanker argues for the role of metaphorical and metonymical transference in the creation of expressions of meaning; Greek and Roman authors used the same verbs to describe what inanimate things, including words and texts, meant/signified as they did of human beings in the act of meaning/signifying something. In the second part of the book, the author focuses on certain metaphorical extensions of this vocabulary and argues that they have implications for modern discussions of meaning, particularly in literary criticism.

Keywords

Greek --- Latin --- linguistics --- meaning

Was bedeutet Ordnung? Was ordnet Bedeutung? Zu bedeutungskonstituierenden Ordnungsleistungen in Geschriebenem

Authors: ---
Book Series: Materiale Textkulturen ISSN: 2198-6940 ISBN: 9783110419665 9783110425307 Year: Volume: 10 Pages: x, 301 DOI: 10.1515/9783110419665 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2015-06-24 12:49:14
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What does order mean - what orders meaning? These are at once elementary and complex questions for the theoretical and praxeological self-definition of the textual and visual sciences. The collected essays in this volume seek answers from a wide variety of disciplinary and methodological perspectives in relation to both ancient and modern objects. They engage in a dialogue between the notions of “classical” philology and “modern” literary theory.

Live A/V in Australia

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ISBN: 9781863654302 Year: Pages: 32 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5130/978-1-86365-430-2 Language: English
Publisher: UTS ePRESS
Subject: Media and communication --- Performing Arts --- Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-07 03:48:10
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Live AV in Australia by Grayson Cooke documents the diverse emerging national community of practice involved in live audiovisual performance. In a series of video interviews with practitioners around the country a picture emerges of a vibrant performance scene that draws on the aesthetic traditions of music, cinema and new media art.This book is a part of the MediaObject series.

Chapter 8: Participant-created documents as an elicitation tool (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781315177274 Year: Pages: 22 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Social Sciences --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-13 11:01:03
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Elicitation interviews are where participants are either shown items or asked to bring items to the interview in order to shape the direction of the conversation. This approach is often referred to as being part of ‘visual methods’. The chapter focuses in particular on when participants are asked to either bring everyday documents, such as photographs, or when they are asked to create a new document, with both sources serving as a ‘topic guide’ during interviews, which are directed by the participant. The advantage of this method over many documentary analysis methods is the presence of the author and the ability for the researcher to ask the author questions. This allows us to more easily establish meaning than in participant-absent documentary analysis. A detailed case study is presented of the research that aimed to understand health behaviours, such as smoking and drinking alcohol, during pregnancy. Ten women from deprived areas living on low incomes took part in elicitation interviews. Techniques of elicitation included life-history timelining (drawing a timeline of their life), collaging or using a paper template with thought bubbles to describe what it was like being pregnant, and sandboxing (that is, creating an image or scene using sand and a range of everyday items). Data was analysed using a narrative analysis, which is used to consider change over time. Guidance is provided on how to undertake narrative analysis. The findings highlighted a wide range of barriers and facilitators to abstain from alcohol and smoking during pregnancy, which were related to life circumstances. The key challenges of using such a method, including the ethical implications, are discussed. An exercise with additional data is provided to consolidate learning.

Inquisitive Semantics

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Oxford Surveys in Semantics and Pragmatics ISBN: 9780198814788 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198814788.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Subject: Philosophy --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-14 11:21:02
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There is an age-old tradition in linguistics and philosophy to identify the meaning of a entence with its truth-conditions. This can be explained by the fact that linguistic and philosophical investigations are usually carried out in a logical framework that was originally designed to characterize valid reasoning. Indeed, in order to determine whether an argument is valid, it suffices to know the truth-conditions of the premises and conclusion. However, argumentation is neither the sole, nor the primary function of language. One task that language more widely and ordinarily fulfils is to enable the exchange of information between conversational participants. Inquisitive semantics is a new logical framework for the analysis of this fundamental usage of language. Information exchange can be seen as a process of raising and resolving issues. Inquisitive semantics provides a new formal notion of issues, which makes it possible to model various concepts that are crucial for the analysis of linguistic information exchange in a more refined and more principled way than has been possible in previous frameworks. This book provides a detailed exposition of inquisitive semantics, and demonstrates its benefits with a range of applications in the semantic analysis of questions, coordination, modals, conditionals, and intonation.&#xD;

The Challenges of the Humanities, Past, Present, and Future

ISBN: 9783038420545 9783038420552 Year: Pages: 244 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Added to DOAB on : 2015-10-22 07:25:39
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From Meaning of Working to Meaningful Lives: The Challenges of Expanding Decent Work

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889199709 Year: Pages: 165 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-970-9 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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This Research Topic explores issues that are central to the continued relevance of organizational and vocational psychology, and equally central to the well-being of individuals and communities. The cohering theme of this publication revolves around the question of how people can establish meaningful lives and meaningful work experiences in light of the many challenges that are reducing access to decent work. Another essential contextual factor that is explored in this volume is the Decent Work Agenda (International Labour Organization, 2008), which represents an initiative by the International Labour Organization. In this book, we hope to enrich the Decent Work Agenda by infusing the knowledge and perspectives of psychology into contemporary discourses about work, and well-being. Another inspiration for this project emerged from the UNESCO Chair in Lifelong guidance and counseling, recently established in Poland in 2013 under the leadership of Jean Guichard, which has focused on advancing research and policy advocacy about decent work. This new era calls for an innovative perspective in constructing decent work and decent lives: the passage from the paradigm of motivation to the paradigm of meaning, where the sustainability of the decent life project is anchored to a meaningful construction. During this period when work is changing so rapidly, leaving people yearning for a sense of connection and meaning, it’s fundamental to create a framework for an explicitly psychological analysis of decent work.

Experimental Affinities in Music

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Book Series: Orpheus Institute Series ISBN: 9789462700611 9789461661883 Year: Pages: 252 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_587990 Language: English
Publisher: Leuven University Press Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 313419
Subject: Music
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-09 11:01:19
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Experimental Affinities in Music brings together diverse artistic, musicological, historical, and philosophical essays, enhancing a broad discourse on artistic experimentation, and exploring various experimental attitudes in music composed between the thirteenth and twentieth centuries. The golden thread running through the different chapters is the quest for inherently experimental musical practices, a quest pursued from interrogating, descriptive, or challenging perspectives, and always in relation to concrete music examples.&#xD;&#xD;Experimental is taken as an adventurous compositional, interpretive, or performative attitude that can cut across different ages and styles. Affinities suggest connectors and connections, convergences, contiguities, and adjacencies that are found in and through a diversity of approaches and topics. &#xD;&#xD;The texts share a common genesis: the lectures of the International Orpheus Academies for Music and Theory convened by Luk Vaes (2011) and Paulo de Assis (2012, 2013). The affinities found in this volume include essays by Lydia Goehr, Felix Diergarten, Mark Lindley, Martin Kirnbauer, Edward Wickham, Lawrence Kramer, Hermann Danuser, and Thomas Christensen, as well as interviews with pianist Leon Fleisher, with pianist-composer Frederic Rzewski, and with composer Helmut Lachenmann.&#xD;(publishing partner ‘Orpheus Institute’)

Zombies in Western Culture: A Twenty-First Century Crisis

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ISBN: 9781783743285 9781783743308 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 104 DOI: http://doi.org/10.11647/OBP.0113 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-15 19:26:00
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Why has the zombie become such a pervasive figure in twenty-first-century popular culture? John Vervaeke, Christopher Mastropietro and Filip Miscevic seek to answer this question by arguing that particular aspects of the zombie, common to a variety of media forms, reflect a crisis in modern Western culture.The authors examine the essential features of the zombie, including mindlessness, ugliness and homelessness, and argue that these reflect the outlook of the contemporary West and its attendant zeitgeists of anxiety, alienation, disconnection and disenfranchisement. They trace the relationship between zombies and the theme of secular apocalypse, demonstrating that the zombie draws its power from being a perversion of the Christian mythos of death and resurrection. Symbolic of a lost Christian worldview, the zombie represents a world that can no longer explain itself, nor provide us with instructions for how to live within it.The concept of 'domicide' or the destruction of home is developed to describe the modern crisis of meaning that the zombie both represents and reflects. This is illustrated using case studies including the relocation of the Anishinaabe of the Grassy Narrows First Nation, and the upheaval of population displacement in the Hellenistic period. Finally, the authors invoke and reformulate symbols of the four horseman of the apocalypse as rhetorical analogues to frame those aspects of contemporary collapse that elucidate the horror of the zombie.Zombies in Western Culture: A Twenty-First Century Crisis is required reading for anyone interested in the phenomenon of zombies in contemporary culture. It will also be of interest to an interdisciplinary audience including students and scholars of culture studies, semiotics, philosophy, religious studies, eschatology, anthropology, Jungian studies, and sociology.

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