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Cloud-Based Benchmarking of Medical Image Analysis

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ISBN: 9783319496443 Year: DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-49644-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Medical technology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-19 16:06:14
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This book presents the VISCERAL project benchmarks for analysis and retrieval of 3D medical images (CT and MRI) on a large scale, which used an innovative cloud-based evaluation approach where the image data were stored centrally on a cloud infrastructure and participants placed their programs in virtual machines on the cloud. The book presents the points of view of both the organizers of the VISCERAL benchmarks and the participants.The book is divided into five parts. Part I presents the cloud-based benchmarking and Evaluation-as-a-Service paradigm that the VISCERAL benchmarks used. Part II focuses on the datasets of medical images annotated with ground truth created in VISCERAL that continue to be available for research. It also covers the practical aspects of obtaining permission to use medical data and manually annotating 3D medical images efficiently and effectively. The VISCERAL benchmarks are described in Part III, including a presentation and analysis of metrics used in evaluation of medical image analysis and search. Lastly, Parts IV and V present reports by some of the participants in the VISCERAL benchmarks, with Part IV devoted to the anatomy benchmarks and Part V to the retrieval benchmark.This book has two main audiences: the datasets as well as the segmentation and retrieval results are of most interest to medical imaging researchers, while eScience and computational science experts benefit from the insights into using the Evaluation-as-a-Service paradigm for evaluation and benchmarking on huge amounts of data.

Keywords

Medical imaging

Medical and Biological Image Analysis

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Book Series: Biomedical Engineering ISSN: 26315343 ISBN: 9781789233308 9781789233315 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 134 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.72065 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Performing Arts --- Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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This book deals with medical image analysis methods. In particular, it contains two significant chapters on image segmentation as well as some selected examples of the application of image analysis and processing methods. Despite the significant development of information technology methods used in modern image analysis and processing algorithms, the segmentation process remains open. This is mainly due to intra-patient variability and/or scene diversity. Segmentation is equally difficult in the case of ultrasound imaging and depends on the location of the probe or the contact force. Regardless of the imaging method, segmentation must be tailored for a specific application in almost every case. These types of application areas for various imaging methods are included in this book.

Endoscopy - Novel Techniques and Recent Advancements

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ISBN: 9781789851250 9781789851267 Year: Pages: 150 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.74359 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Performing Arts --- Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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Endoscopic techniques are widely used for screening, diagnostic and therapeutic maneuvers in all groups of patients and for a large spectrum of complaints. The availability of basic iterations of endoscopic techniques made screening programs for various diseases viable in most parts of the world, while the advent of modern techniques opens new perspectives for rapid and correct diagnosis. Going beyond normal human vision, innovative techniques opened the prospect of in-situ pathology. Endoscopic ultrasound has made incredible progress in recent years. Reaching the smaller orifices by endoscopy was a major step forward in the surveillance of previously inaccessible lesions. Investigatory techniques were complemented by advances in therapy, with novel applications in many major areas of medicine.

Bestimmung zeitabhängiger Blutdruckfelder aus Strömungsdaten der Magnetresonanztomographie

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ISBN: 9783731503354 Year: Pages: VII, 208 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000045315 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:02
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In cardiovascular diagnostics, blood pressure computation from flow data acquired by magnetic resonance imaging is considered promising. Accordingly, this work describes a method for the computation of complete spatiotemporal blood pressure fields in the human aorta. Key issues are the robust pressure computation from noisy input data, the application of regularized blood flow models, the combination of spatial and temporal blood pressure information, and the experimental evaluation.

Diseases of the Brain, Head and Neck, Spine 2020–2023

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Book Series: IDKD Springer Series ISBN: 9783030384906 Year: Pages: 254 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-38490-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Surgery
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-16 23:57:37
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This open access book offers an essential overview of brain, head and neck, and spine imaging. Over the last few years, there have been considerable advances in this area, driven by both clinical and technological developments. Written by leading international experts and teachers, the chapters are disease-oriented and cover all relevant imaging modalities, with a focus on magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography. The book also includes a synopsis of pediatric imaging. IDKD books are rewritten (not merely updated) every four years, which means they offer a comprehensive review of the state-of-the-art in imaging. The book is clearly structured and features learning objectives, abstracts, subheadings, tables and take-home points, supported by design elements to help readers navigate the text. It will particularly appeal to general radiologists, radiology residents, and interventional radiologists who want to update their diagnostic expertise, as well as clinicians from other specialties who are interested in imaging for their patient care.

In Vivo Imaging in Pharmacological Research

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889452378 Year: Pages: 222 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-237-8 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Therapeutics --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-13 14:57:01
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The discovery and development of a biological active molecule with therapeutic properties is an ever increasing complex task, highly unpredictable at the early stages and marked, in the end, by high rates of failure. As a consequence, the overall process leading to the production of a successful drug is very costly. The improvement of the net outcome in drug discovery and development would require, amongst other important factors, a good understanding of the molecular events that characterize the disease or pathology in order to better identify likely targets of interest, to optimize the interaction of an active agent (small molecule or macromolecule of natural or synthetic origin) with those targets, and to facilitate the study of the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and toxicity of an active agent in suitable models and in human subjects. The objective of this Research Topic is to highlight new developments and applications of imaging techniques with the objective of performing pharmacological studies in vivo, in animal models and in humans. In the domain of drug discovery, the pharmacological and biomedical questions constitute the center of attention. In this sense, it is fundamental to keep in mind the strengths and limitations of each analytical or imaging technique. At the end, the judicious application of the technique with the aim of supporting the search for answers to manifold questions arising during a long and painstaking path provides a continuous role for imaging within the complex area of drug discovery and development.

Phase-Contrast and Dark-Field Imaging

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ISBN: 9783038972846 9783038972853 Year: Pages: 146 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-285-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Physics (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-08 11:33:34
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The intent of this Special Issue is to provide a framework with which scientists in several different disciplines, related to phase-contrast and dark-field imaging, can illustrate their ideas and results. The articles are reviews or very recent scientific reports; they address newcomers in the field, as well as experts and professors in fields of X-ray physics, electron, and phase-contrast X-ray imaging.

Electromagnetic Technologies for Medical Diagnostics. Fundamental Issues, Clinical Applications and Perspectives

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ISBN: 9783038976769 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-677-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 10:34:31
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The content of this Special Issue will highlight papers exploring non-commutative Fourier harmonic analysis, spectral properties of aperiodic order, the hypoelliptic heat equation, and the relativistic heat equation in the context of Information Theory and Geometric Science of Information.

The Future of Hyperspectral Imaging

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ISBN: 9783039218226 9783039218233 Year: Pages: 220 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-823-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:39:37
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Keywords

hyperspectral imaging --- Raman --- fluorescence --- sorting --- quality control --- black polymers --- PZT --- classification --- machine learning --- alternating direction method of multipliers --- Cramer–Rao lower bound --- forward observation model --- linear mixture model --- maximum likelihood --- multiband image fusion --- total variation --- fingerprints --- blood detection --- age determination --- hyperspectral imaging --- lossless compression --- multitemporal hyperspectral images --- information theoretic analysis --- predictive coding --- hyperspectral imaging --- plant phenotyping --- disease detection --- spectral tracking --- time series --- hyperspectral imaging --- principal component analysis --- oxygen saturation --- wound healing --- diabetic foot ulcer --- Raman spectroscopy --- chemical imaging --- compressive detection --- spatial light modulators (SLM) --- digital micromirror device (DMD) --- digital light processor (DLP) --- optimal binary filters --- Chemometrics --- multivariate data analysis --- compressive sensing --- hyperspectral imaging --- multiplexing system --- liquid crystal --- three-dimensional imaging --- integral imaging --- remote sensing --- point target detection --- CS-MUSI --- hyperspectral --- video --- imaging --- coastal dynamics --- moving vehicle imaging --- bi-directional reflectance distribution function (BRDF) --- hemispherical conical reflectance factor (HCRF) --- stereo imaging --- digital elevation model --- Virginia Coast Reserve Long Term Ecological Research (VCR LTER) --- Hyperspectral imaging --- painting samples --- retouching pigments --- watercolours --- multivariate analysis --- potatoes --- sprouting --- primordial leaf count --- hyperspectral imaging --- spectroscopy --- fusion --- wavelength selection --- PLSR --- interval partial least squares --- deep learning --- hyperspectral imaging --- neural networks --- machine learning --- image processing --- hyperspectral imaging --- medical imaging by HSI --- HSI for biology --- remote sensing --- hyperspectral microscopy --- fluorescence hyperspectral imaging --- Raman hyperspectral imaging --- infrared hyperspectral imaging --- statistical methods for HSI --- hyperspectral data mining and compression --- statistical methods for HSI --- hyperspectral data mining and compression

Magnetic Nanoparticles

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ISBN: 9783039282685 9783039282692 Year: Pages: 406 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-269-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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The present book covers all research areas related to magnetic nanoparticles, magnetic nanorods, and other magnetic nanospecies, their preparation, characterization, and various applications, specifically emphasizing biomedical applications. The chapters written by the leading experts cover different subareas of the science and technology related to various magnetic nanospecies—providing broad coverage of this multifaceted area and its applications. The different topics addressed in this book will be of great interest to the interdisciplinary community active in the area of nanoscience and nanotechnology. It is hoped that this collection and its various chapters will be important and beneficial for researchers and students working in various areas related to bionanotechnology, materials science, biosensor applications, medicine, and many others. Furthermore, this book is aimed at attracting young scientists and introducing them to this field, in addition to providing newcomers with an enormous collection of literature references.

Keywords

cellulase immobilization --- magnetic nanoparticles --- stability --- functionalized nanoparticles --- green chemistry --- magnetic nanoparticles --- enzyme immobilization --- controlled drug delivery --- supporting materials --- iron oxide nanoclusters --- superparticles --- magnetically responsive photonic crystals --- collective behaviors --- magnetic separation --- bioimaging --- magnetic Janus particles --- (bio)sensing --- static --- self-propelled --- magnetic nanoparticles --- iron oxide --- pharmaceutics --- magnetism --- therapy --- development --- nanotechnology --- magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) --- cancer biomarkers --- MNPs synthesis --- MNPs functionalization --- sensors --- cancer detection --- cancer treatment --- cancer screening --- magnetic/targeted drug delivery --- optical sensor --- magnetic nanoparticle --- imaging --- surface plasmon resonance --- surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy --- fluorescence spectroscopy --- near infrared spectroscopy --- extracellular vesicles --- superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles --- magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) --- magnetic nanoparticles --- magnetic nanowires --- magnetic nanotubes --- core-shell composition --- biosensors --- Magnetic bead --- marine toxin --- toxin capture --- toxin detection --- antibody --- aptamer --- immunoassay --- immunosensor --- electrochemical biosensor --- magnetic nanoparticles --- surface functionalization --- immobilization support --- separation probe --- analytical platform --- food safety --- magnetic particles --- sensor --- biomarkers --- cells/cancer cells --- food analytes --- pathogens --- pharmaceuticals --- real sample matrices --- optical --- electrochemical --- surface sensitive methods --- NiCu magnetic nanoparticles --- physical and chemical methods --- surface modification --- biomedicine --- magnetic hyperthermia --- curie temperature --- magnetic hyperthermia --- cancer --- nanoparticles --- magnetic relaxation --- magnetic anisotropy --- heat generation --- multifunctional nanoparticles --- graphene oxide --- photothermal therapy --- magnetic nanoparticle systems --- bio-ferrofluids --- nanomedicine --- single core --- multi-core --- synthesis --- functional coating --- physical-chemical properties --- structural characterization --- magnetorheology --- magnetic nanoparticles --- nanocarriers --- controlled drug delivery --- high-resolution medical imaging --- cancer biomarkers --- circulating cancer cells --- fluorescent probes --- magnetite --- superparamagnetism --- biodetection --- magnetofection --- imaging --- therapy --- tissue engineering --- n/a

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