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The Social Structure of the First Crusade

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Book Series: The Medieval Mediterranean ISBN: 9789004166653 9789047445029 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Brill Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100640
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-16 00:08:19
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This books provides a detailed analysis of the social structure of the First Crusade (1096 – 1099) along with an original assessment of the sociology of its contemporary or near contemporary sources.

Studi confraternali: orientamenti, problemi, testimonianze

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Book Series: Reti Medievali E-Book ISBN: 9788884539380 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_347513 Language: Italian
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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This book is a collection of articles by Italian and foreign scholars designed to offer an overview of the processes and issues involved in the history of the confraternity movement, as yielded by studies in the historical, social, legal, literary and artistic spheres in the course of the twentieth century. The articles deal with the historical context of western Europe, and more specifically with Italy, in the period comprised between the Middle Ages and the early Modern Age. The collection is divided into four sections: Individuals and groups, which explores the emergence of an interest in confraternity communities in disciplines addressing the history of social groups, of the rural world, of women and of young people. The legal and institutional framework deals with issues of legitimacy and institutional structure. The economics of charity analyses the relations between the confraternities and the hospital structures, the procedures for the administration of the assets, and the strategies of governance underlying the policies of aid of which the confraternities were the principal instrument. Finally, the section Theatrical, musical, artistic and documentary evidence is devoted to the sources that have handed down evidence of the operation of the confraternities.

dôNrm'-lä-püsl

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780692374511 Year: Pages: 102 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0183.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:32
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There have been many iterations of the Joan of Arc story: “testimonies,” books, and films have attempted to capture the drama of one of history’s most famous gender warriors. But few, if any, have been undertaken by an author who met her subject matter with such recognition and insight, a fellow warrior, a rebel in kind. kari edwards, a transgender activist and key figure in the Bay Area experimental writing scene of the late 1990s and early 2000s, was provocative and prescient in her concern for the way that language inflects, inflicts, and regulates gender norms. Her persistent efforts to break linguistic binaries and barriers have given her texts an ongoing urgency after her untimely death in 2006. This book brings to life an important document discovered in the late poet’s archive at the Poetry Collection at the University of Buffalo. The several notebooks and partial typescript (as well as various plans and notes) of edwards’ unfinished dôNrm’-lä-püsl, uncovered by Tina Žigon, offer an intriguing glimpse of a major new direction in edwards’ work, one in which her avant-garde instincts are channeled through rigorous research on this medieval figure. In this retelling – better to say “remixing” – of Joan of Arc’s fateful trial and martyrdom, we find the major theme so richly laced throughout edwards’ oeuvre: the courageous (but also depressingly mundane) struggle against the stifling regulation of language, appearance, and norms. edwards’s Joan of Arc, even in its incomplete and abbreviated form (which Žigon calls a “possible version” of edwards’s manuscript), offers an exciting engagement with one of the medieval period’s most challenging and mysterious figures.

Make and Let Die: Untimely Sovereignties

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780988234048 Year: Pages: 258 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0136.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:36
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his collection of essays by one of medieval studies’ most brilliant historians argues that the analysis and critique of biopower, as conventionally defined by Michel Foucault and then widely assumed in much contemporary theory of sovereignty, is a sovereign mode of temporalization caught up in the very time-machine it ostensibly seeks to expose and dismantle. For Michel Foucault, biopower (epitomized in his maxim “to make live and to let die”) is the defining sign of the modern, and he famously argued that the task of political philosophy was to cut off the head of the classical (premodern) sovereign, the one “who made die and let live.” Entrapped by his supersessionary thinking on the question, Foucault argued that the maxim of “to make live and let die” of modern sovereignty superseded a premodern sovereignty characterized by the contrasting power “to make die and let live.” The essays collected in Biddick’s book (some reprinted and some published here for the first time) argue that Foucault spoke too soon about the supposed “then” of the classical sovereign and the modern “now,” and this became painfully apparent in his analysis of Nazism in his later lectures, Society Must be Defended. There Foucault groped to articulate an anguishing paradox: How could it be that the Nazis, as the ultimate biopolitical sovereign machine, would insist on an archaic (premodern) mode of sovereignty in their death camps? Here is how he posed the question in that lecture: “How can the power of death, the function of death, be exercised in a political system centered upon biopower?” Foucault left this question hanging.

Mittelalterliche Eliten und Kulturtransfer östlich der Elbe - interdisziplinäre Beiträge zu Archäologie und Geschichte im mittelalterlichen Ostmitteleuropa

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783941875104 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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The different written and archaeological sources give a very heterogeneous picture of the social and religious structures in Eastern Middle Europe. Recent developments in modern archaeological and historical research have shown new approaches to the analysis of elites. In every society there is a leading minority, who cumulates both wealth and prestige and is characterized by an elevated social rank, reputation and acceptance. An external marker of these elites is especially the superregional transfer of certain items, but also of the culturally encoded value systems. The present study asks whether this notion of cultural transfer, developed in the context of modern history, can be applied as well to the study of mutual influences between the elites of medieval Western and Eastern Middle Europe. It also raises the question if this terminology is equally useful for the analysis of written and material sources, and to what extent it might open a new perspective on the rich but as yet often unexplored history of the lands east of the Elbe river.

The Black Death and Later Plague Epidemics in the Scandinavian Countries: Perspectives and Controversies

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ISBN: 9788376560472 9783110368154 Year: Pages: 736 DOI: 10.1515/9788376560472 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-18 15:15:40
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This monograph represents an expansion and deepening of previous works by Ole J. Benedictow - the author of highly esteemed monographs and articles on the history of plague epidemics and historical demography. In the form of a collection of articles, the author presents an in-depth monographic study on the history of plague epidemics in Scandinavian countries and on controversies of the microbiological and epidemiological fundamentals of plague epidemics.

Women in Mongol Iran

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ISBN: 9781474415477 9781474423403 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_627004 Language: English
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100041
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-07 11:02:07
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Explores the political, economic and religious role of women in the Mongol empireThis book shows the development of women’s status in the Mongol Empire from its original homeland in Mongolia up to the end of the Ilkhanate of Iran in 1335. Taking a thematic approach, the chapters show a coherent progression of this development and contextualise the evolution of the role of women in medieval Mongol society. The arrangement serves as a starting point from where to draw comparison with the status of Mongol women in the later period. Exploring patterns of continuity and transformation in the status of these women in different periods of the Mongol Empire as it expanded westwards into the Islamic world, the book offers a view on the transformation of a nomadic-shamanist society from its original homeland in Mongolia to its settlement in the mostly sedentary-Muslim Iran in the mid-13th century.

Killing and Being Killed

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Book Series: Mainzer Historische Kulturwissenschaften ISBN: 9783839437834 9783837637830 Year: Pages: 272 DOI: 10.14361/9783839437834 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-02 11:01:45
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What bodily experiences did fighters make through their lifetime and especially in violent conflicts? How were the bodies of fighters trained, nourished, and prepared for combat? How did they respond to wounds, torture and the ubiquitous risk of death? The articles present examples of body techniques of fighters and their perception throughout the Middle Ages. The geographical scope ranges from the Anglo-Scottish borderlands over Central Europe up to the Mediterranean World. This larger framework enables the reader to trace the similarities and differences of the cultural practice of "Killing and Being Killed" in various contexts. Contributions by Iain MacInnes, Alastair J. Macdonald, Bogdan-Petru Maleon, and others.

Ensaios sobre património alimentar luso-brasileiro

Authors: ---
Book Series: DIAITA: Scripta & Realia ISSN: 21836523 ISBN: 9789892608853 Year: Pages: 390 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-0886-0 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-12 17:47:50
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They were received and adapted in the Brazilian culture. The work is organized in four parts, each one with several chapters, approaching food heritage from Classical Antiquity to the present. Part I concerns eating practices and hospitality in the Greek and Roman worlds, the two great civilization founders of Europe. The main goal of its chapters is to demonstrate that some contemporary food habits are very strongly connected to a Classical Mediterranean heritage. The underlining of these cultural bounds between nowadays food culture and its past allows us to understand the real importance of food on the shaping of everybody’s cultural identity. Part II focus on food in the Middle Ages, particularly on its moral and religious issues. The social contexts considered are the king’s table and the monastic communities, because those are the most well documented realities we have. Part III discusses the transition from the Middle Ages to the Modern Era, taking as example, once again, the food habits of the royal family and also of a university college. With the Portuguese Discoveries came a great impulse on sugar production and, consequently, on the manufacturing, commerce and consumption of sweets, a thematic central on this part. Part IV is dedicated to the contribution of Portuguese heritage in structuring a discourse on Brazilian cuisine and to the early appearance on the Brazilian colonial society of myths, beliefs, and taboos concerning breastfeeding (a field of research usually marginal on Food History).

Odisseia de Sabores da Lusofonia

Authors: ---
Book Series: DIAITA: Scripta & Realia ISSN: 21836525 ISBN: 9789892610856 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-1086-3 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-12 17:47:50
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The book investigates how the Portuguese Culinary Heritage (mainly from Portugal and Brazil) offers a wide range of tastes originating from the travels (long, uncertain and frequently painful) of the Portuguese to unknown or only scantily-known lands from the start of the Discovery Era (15th and 16th centuries) to the most recent migratory waves (20th century). Settlers and emigrants carried in their trunks a wide range of souvenirs, among which culinary recipes may be included. Although the new lands produced high expectations, homesickness with regard to their culture and costumes was never absent. The book is divided into two parts. Part I deals with the Greco-Roman and Medieval cultural roots of Portuguese food (Chapters 1 and 2). Part II, with nine chapters, deal with the multicultural encounters between Portuguese, Brazilians and other populations. The Portuguese-African dialogue started in the 15th and 16th centuries (Chapter 3). Two complementary comments are discussed: the first comprises the integration and adaptation of the Portuguese Food Recipes in Portuguese America of the 16th and 17th centuries (Chapter 4) and the second deals with the inclusion of products from the Americas during the Modern Age (Chapter 5). Five studies are devoted to the history of food in the state of Paraná (Supply in Chapter 6; Gender Issues in Chapter 7; Immigration in Chapter 9; Regional Recipes in Chapter 10), to the regional gastronomy in contemporary Brazilian food history (in the state of Piauí in Chapter 11) and to a revision of the chapter called ‘Ementa Portuguesa’ from Câmara Cascudo´s book História da Alimentação no Brasil (Chapter 8).

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