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Japanese Electoral Politics

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Book Series: Nissan Institute/Routledge Japanese Studies ISBN: 9780203458501 9780415311403 9781134385959 9781134385942 9781134385904 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203458501 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science --- Sociology --- History --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:20
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The old Japanese single-party system collapsed in 1993, but a new system has not yet fully evolved. Following the most significant party reform in Japanese history, this book analyses the most recent national elections, examining voter behaviour and how it is influenced. It provides a comprehensive overview of Japanese politics from 1955 to 1993 and a detailed historical study of events leading up to the 1996 and 2000 elections, before presenting statistical analysis of the elections themselves. The authors then look to the future, anticipating what form the new political system will take. Japanese Electoral Politics contains four very detailed case studies and a wealth of new data. It will appeal to students and researchers of Japanese politics and elections and electoral systems.

Keywords

lop --- candidate --- single --- member --- districts --- nfp --- party --- system --- house --- councillors

Conflict and Change in EU Budgetary Politics

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Book Series: Routledge Advances in European Politics ISBN: 9780203002766 9780415356794 9780415499170 9781134249732 9781134249725 9781134249688 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203002766 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:28
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Why did the European Union experience a stark variation in the levels of conflict between the late 1970s, when budgetary disputes dominated European politics, and the 1990s, when political actors were able to settle upon budgetary agreements without major conflicts? This book responds to this key question with a two-step argument: Its first part shows that decision-making rules can be regarded as a key determinant of the level of conflict in EU budgetary politics. It details far-reaching reform in 1988 reduced conflict, because it introduced an institutional setting for multiannual budget planning that corrected the deficiencies of the original budget treaty. Having identified institutional change as the trigger for the reduction of conflict, the second part of this study focuses on the 1988 reform. It shows how a number of ‘reproduction mechanisms’ prevented major institutional change in the 1970s and early 1980s. When these ‘reproduction mechanisms’ lost force, a reform became possible and a new institutional setting emerged in 1988. These findings deliver a sharp insight into the interplay between rules and conflict in the still evolving political system of the EU. Moreover, by identifying precise conditions for the occurrence of institutional change, and by linking political performance of institutions to their stability this is a significant contribution to institutionalist research in social science. This book is an excellent resource for students and scholars of the European Union, Political Science, International Relations, Public Policy and Public Finance.

Keywords

procedure --- member --- state --- multi-annual --- plan --- institutional --- setting --- decision --- making --- bargaining

Relations between Immigration and Integration Policies in Europe

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Routledge Advances in European Politics ISBN: 9780367208431 9780429263736 Year: Pages: 248 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-20 11:21:03
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"Written from a pan-European perspective, this book examines the decision-making processes in immigration and integration policies in Europe across decades, focusing on several key moments of Europe’s postwar history. The analysis of factors taken into consideration by states in key moments of immigration policy (re)formulation shows that Europe is moving away from rational, economic arguments towards more political ones. This book contributes to the theoretical and practical debate regarding immigration and integration policies by arguing that – contrary to assumptions – immigration policy should not be treated as having precedence before integration policy. It also reflects on the growing anti-immigration sentiments as well as the securitisation and criminalisation of migration issues that are fuelled by right-wing politics. This book will be of key interest both to students and scholars of migration, the European Union, European integration, social policy, public policy, international relations, European studies, law, economics, sociology and to professionals, policy-makers, think tanks and associations in NGOs, the EU and other IOs."

The Legal Effects of EU Agreements

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Book Series: Oxford Studies in European Law ISBN: 9780199606610 Year: Pages: 399 DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606610.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: OAPEN-UK
Subject: Law --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-21 22:37:29
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Examining the legal effects of EU concluded treaties, this book provides an analysis of this increasingly important and rapidly growing area of EU law. The EU has concluded more than 1,000 treaties including recently its first human rights treaty (the UN Rights of Persons with Disability Convention). These agreements are regularly invoked in litigation in the Courts of the member states and before the EU courts in Luxembourg but their ramifications for the EU legal order and that of the member states remains underexplored. Through analysis of over 300 cases, the book finds evidence of a twin-track approach whereby the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) adopts a maximalist approach to Treaty enforcement, where EU agreements are invoked in challenges to member state level action whilst largely insulating EU action from meaningful review vis-à-vis agreements. The book also reveals novel findings regarding the use of EU agreements in EU level litigation including: the types and which specific EU agreements (including the types of provisions) have arisen in litigation; the nature of the proceedings (preliminary rulings or direct actions) and the number of occasions in which they have been addressed in challenges to member state or EU action and the outcomes; who has been litigating (individuals, institutions, or member states) and which domestic courts have been referring questions to the CJEU. The significance of the judicial developments in this area are situated within the context of the domestic constitutional ramifications for member state legal orders thus revealing a neglected dimension in the constitutionalization debates, which traditionally emphasized the ramifications of internal EU law for the domestic constitutional order without expressly accommodating the constitutional significance of this external category of EU law nor the different challenges that this poses domestically.

International Cooperation for Enhancing Nuclear Safety, Security, Safeguards and Non-proliferation–60 Years of IAEA and EURATOM: Proceedings of the XX Edoardo Amaldi Conference, Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, Rome, Italy, October 9-10, 2017

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Springer Proceedings in Physics ISSN: 0930-8989 ISBN: 9783662573655 9783662573662 Year: Volume: 206 Pages: 220 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-57366-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: European Commission
Subject: Nuclear Physics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-29 11:14:44
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This open access book examines key aspects of international cooperation to enhance nuclear safety, security, safeguards, and non-proliferation, thereby assisting in development and maintenance of the verification regime and fostering progress toward a nuclear weapon-free world. The book opens by addressing important political, institutional, and legal dimensions. Current challenges are discussed and attempts made to identify possible solutions and future improvements. Subsequent sections consider scientific developments that have the potential to increase the effectiveness of implementation of international regimes, particularly in critical areas, technology foresight, and the ongoing evaluation of current capabilities. The closing sections examine scientific and technical challenges and discuss the role of international cooperation and actions of the scientific community in leading the world toward peace and security. The book – which celebrates 60 years of IAEA Atoms for Peace and Development and the EURATOM Treaty – comprises contributions presented at the XX Edoardo Amaldi Conference, where eminent scientists, diplomats, and policymakers were able to compare national perspectives and update international collaborations.

International Cooperation for Enhancing Nuclear Safety, Security, Safeguards and Non-proliferation

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Springer Proceedings in Physics ISBN: 9783030429133 Year: Pages: 222 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-42913-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Mathematics --- Agriculture (General) --- Political Science --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-14 09:27:41
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This open access book examines key aspects of international cooperation to enhance nuclear safety, security, safeguards, and nonproliferation, thereby assisting in development and maintenance of the verification regime and fostering progress toward a nuclear weapon-free world. Current challenges are discussed and attempts made to identify possible solutions and future improvements, considering scientific developments that have the potential to increase the effectiveness of implementation of international regimes, particularly in critical areas, technology foresight, and the ongoing evaluation of current capabilities.

New Trends in Recycled Aggregate Concrete

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039211401 9783039211418 Year: Pages: 280 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-141-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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This book is the result of a Special Issue published in Applied Sciences, entitled “New Trends in Recycled Aggregate Concrete"". It identifies emerging research areas within the field of recycled aggregate concrete and contributes to the increased use of this eco-efficient material.Its contents are organised in the following sections: Upscaling the use of recycled aggregate concrete in structural design; Large scale applications of recycled aggregate concrete; Long-term behaviour of recycled aggregate concrete; Performance of recycled aggregate concrete in very aggressive environments; Reliability of recycled aggregate concrete structures; Life cycle assessment of recycled aggregate concrete; New applications of recycled aggregate concrete.

Keywords

reactive power concrete --- shrinkage --- creep --- steel fibre --- model --- compressive strength --- models --- geological nature of aggregates --- quality of aggregates --- concrete --- recycled aggregates --- seismic load --- strain rate --- fiber-reinforced concrete --- dynamic mechanical property --- recycled aggregate quality --- bond strength --- shear behavior --- aggregate interlock mechanism --- size effect --- ready-mixed concrete --- recycled concrete aggregates --- returned concrete --- concrete sludge fines --- soil stabilization --- recycled aggregate --- recycled aggregate concrete --- artificial neural networks --- aggregate characteristic --- input variable --- recycled concrete --- aggregate --- mixture proportioning --- flexural behavior --- recycling --- heavyweight waste glass --- cyclic load --- reinforced concrete member --- recycled aggregate concrete (RAC) --- steel reinforced recycled aggregate concrete (SRRAC) --- elevated temperature --- residual properties --- recycled coarse aggregate concrete --- nylon fiber --- mechanical properties --- permeability --- microstructure --- foam concrete --- cellular concrete --- ceramic foam --- modulus --- crushing --- energy absorbing --- CT --- foam structure --- foam stability --- recycled aggregate --- concrete --- life cycle assessment --- environmental impact --- recycled concrete aggregate --- crumb rubber --- crushed glass --- compressive strength --- tensile splitting strength --- water absorption --- concrete --- aggregates --- fly-ash --- silica fume --- blast-furnace slag --- mechanical properties --- water absorption --- reinforced concrete --- recycled aggregate concrete --- columns --- seismic performance --- numerical analysis --- variable sensitivity --- recycled aggregate --- concrete --- construction waste --- mechanical characteristics --- durable characteristics --- n/a

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