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Research Integration Using Dialogue Methods

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ISBN: 9781921536755 Year: Pages: 165 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459494 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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Research on real-world problems—like restoration of wetlands, the needs of the elderly, effective disaster response and the future of the airline industry—requires expert knowledge from a range of disciplines, as well as from stakeholders affected by the problem and those in a position to do something about it. This book charts new territory in taking a systematic approach to research integration using dialogue methods to bring together multiple perspectives. It links specific dialogue methods to particular research integration tasks. Fourteen dialogue methods for research integration are classified into two groups:&#xD;&#xD;1. Dialogue methods for understanding a problem broadly: integrating judgements&#xD;&#xD;2. Dialogue methods for understanding particular aspects of a problem: integrating visions, world views, interests and values.&#xD;&#xD;The methods are illustrated by case studies from four research areas: the environment, public health, security and technological innovation.

Keywords

research --- methodology

Flexible Pedagogy, Flexible Practice: Notes from the Trenches of Distance Education

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Book Series: Issues in Distance Education ISSN: 19194390 ISBN: 9781926836201 9781926836218 9781926836621 Year: Pages: 360 Language: English
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2012-03-29 16:37:58
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Flexibility has become a watchword in modern education, but its implementation is by no means a straightforward matter. Flexible Pedagogy, Flexible Practice sheds light on the often taken-for-granted assumptions that inform daily practice and examines the institutional dynamics that help and hinder efforts towards flexibility. The collection is international in scope, drawing on the experience of specialists in distance education from North America, the United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand, South Africa, Singapore, and Japan. Contributors to the volume were asked to reflect candidly and critically on questions that include: •What precisely is flexible learning? •Who or what is driving the flexibility agenda, and for whose benefit? And •who or what is resisting it? •What challenges must be overcome in order to achieve flexibility, and what are some of the compromises it can entail? In addressing these and other issues, the authors offer a wealth of theoretical insights and a frank assessment of their practical experience. Their report from the trenches will be invaluable to anyone seeking to broaden the reach of higher education. “Essentially, the book is about what happens when the canonical concept collides with the ‘rough terrains of practice,’ and in addressing this question, it succeeds admirably. . . . And there’s more – much more – from the thirty-three contributors, in addition to the insightful ‘wrap-around’ provided by the editors. . . . Your thinking will be both challenged and informed.” —David Murphy (read the rest of the review at David Murphy’s Occasional Blog)

TA 30 - Archaeological Science Under a Microscope

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Book Series: Terra Australis ISBN: 9781921536854 Year: Pages: 270 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459754 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Archaeology
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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These highly varied studies, spanning the world, demonstrate how much modern analyses of microscopic traces on artifacts are altering our perceptions of the past. Ranging from early humans to modern kings, from ancient Australian spears or Mayan pots to recent Maori cloaks, the contributions demonstrate how starches, raphides, hair, blood, feathers, resin and DNA have become essential elements in archaeology’s modern arsenal for reconstructing the daily, spiritual, and challenging aspects of ancient lives and for understanding human evolution. The book is a fitting tribute to Tom Loy, the pioneer of residue studies and gifted teacher who inspired and mentored these exciting projects.

Keywords

australia --- archaeology --- methodology

Crossroads between contrastive linguistics, translation studies and machine translation

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Book Series: Translation and Multilingual Natural Language Processing ISBN: 9783946234265 9783946234982 Year: Pages: 214 DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1019701 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-16 11:02:00
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Contrastive Linguistics (CL), Translation Studies (TS) and Machine Translation (MT) have common grounds: They all work at the crossroad where two or more languages meet. Despite their inherent relatedness, methodological exchange between the three disciplines is rare. This special issue touches upon areas where the three fields converge. It results directly from a workshop at the 2011 German Association for Language Technology and Computational Linguistics (GSCL) conference in Hamburg where researchers from the three fields presented and discussed their interdisciplinary work. While the studies contained in this volume draw from a wide variety of objectives and methods, and various areas of overlaps between CL, TS and MT are addressed, the volume is by no means exhaustive with regard to this topic. Further cross-fertilisation is not only desirable, but almost mandatory in order to tackle future tasks and endeavours, and this volume is committed to bringing these three fields even closer together.

The empirical base of linguistics: Grammaticality judgments and linguistic methodology

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Book Series: Classics in Linguistics ISBN: 9783946234036 9783946234043 Year: Pages: 244 + xix DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_603356 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-25 11:01:19
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Throughout much of the history of linguistics, grammaticality judgments – intuitions about the well-formedness of sentences – have constituted most of the empirical base against which theoretical hypothesis have been tested. Although such judgments often rest on subtle intuitions, there is no systematic methodology for eliciting them, and their apparent instability and unreliability have led many to conclude that they should be abandoned as a source of data.

Kontextualisering

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Book Series: Basic Readings in Culture and Aesthetics ISBN: 9789176350881 9789176350911 9789176350898 9789176350904 Year: Pages: 215 DOI: 10.16993/baw Language: Swedish
Publisher: Stockholm University Press
Subject: History of arts --- Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-16 11:21:02
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"This book is about a concept which is constantly used in many different ways, but also one of the most common concepts in humanities: context. However, the significance and use of this concept shifts between disciplines, and sometimes within the same discipline.&#xD;All chapters in this edited volume address a concrete situation where this concept is used. The authors demonstrate how it can be applied in interpretations of images, buildings and places from different historical periods, and how it affects the ability to create meaning and knowledge. The interpretative action thus entails different forms of contextualisation.&#xD;The book is primarily addressed to students of art history and others who take an interest in questions of visuality and visual practices. Offering not only a theoretical understanding of the concept, it strives to point out ways and possibilities of the practical use of contextualisation.&#xD;This book constitutes the second volume of Theoretical Applications in Art History, which forms part of the series Basic Readings in Culture and Aesthetics."&#xD;

Le sexe de l'enquête : Approches sociologiques et anthropologiques

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ISBN: 9782847887303 DOI: 10.4000/books.enseditions.3946 Language: French
Publisher: ENS Éditions
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:31
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Plus sensibles en France à la dimension de la classe et de l’origine des acteurs de l’enquête, les approches méthodologiques en sciences humaines ont jusqu’aux années 2000 négligé celles du sexe et de l’orientation sexuelle. La dimension sexuée des interactions retient cependant davantage l’attention que par le passé. Cet ouvrage restitue des expériences de sociologues et d’anthropologues hommes et femmes. Il explore les manières dont se construit le genre au cours de l’enquête et interroge le tissage continu des relations de confiance entre enquêteurs et enquêtés. Les identités de sexe soutiennent-elles des formes de complicité ? La différence sexuée produit-elle des effets attendus ? L’érotisation des rapports de terrain affecte-t-elle la recherche ? Bien loin de produire des recettes, Le sexe de l’enquête plaide pour un examen critique des configurations relationnelles, sans naturaliser le sexe, sans négliger non plus les autres catégories (âge, génération, classe, race, etc.) influençant la définition des échanges. Il interprète aussi l’enquête comme un ordre politique, mettant en scène la visibilité et l’invisibilité relatives des sexes sociaux.

Keywords

anthropology --- gender --- sociology --- methodology --- survey

Zwischen Authentizität und Fiktion

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ISBN: 9783412208875 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_437198 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4304
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:34
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The main focus of this study is a methodological analysis of private letters written by Spanish emigrants from the Americas to their relatives and friends back in Europe, with an intensive discussion about the interaction and blurring between the public and the private spheres in private correspondences, kept and preserved in a public space (the archive). Questions of source criticism and a detailed assessment of the scientific production on the topics of letter writing and private correspondences in general, and emigrant-letters, specially, constitute the first part of the study. Emigrant letters from the colonial period can be found in a wide array of archival sources. Private archives of noble families, merchant houses and merchant institutions often hold large vaults of correspondence of some prominent member, but also public archives in Spain provides several types of documents containing private letters: notarial records and files from court cases do contain a good number of letters. A very important source for Spanish emigrant letters, because they were written by the greatest number of different letter writers, stem from solicitations for emigration licences, which were required by Spanish subjects in order to legally cross the Atlantic Ocean. Depending on the varying contexts of their archiving, the analysis of the letters' contents requires different methods and peculiar precautions and aspects have to be reflected to reach an acceptable degree of hermeneutical understanding of each single text. The private and intimate, innate to the form of private or familiar letters as a genre, stand in a fascinating contrast to the manifold public contexts present from the production of the letter itself, to the transport, reshipment, lecture, all the way to its archiving (and lecture by the modern scholar). The central corpus of analysis are the mentioned letters from emigration solicitudes, commonly called cartas de llamada or recruitment letters. With their help, hopeful solicitors tried to prove that their husbands wanted them in order to reunite in their new home, or that a relative (quite often an uncle or cousin) wanted them to come and had work to offer. Letters of this type were also the basis of the most important existing edition of emigrant letters by Enrique Otte from 1988, a work which is generally considered the spark that triggered interest in such letters as historical sources within the historiography of Spanish America. His work, which was limited to the years 1540-1614, was followed by several other editions of emigrant letters, some of them also using cartas de llamada. However, none of these editions offered a systematical comparison of the existing editions or tried to exhaustively identify the archival series containing such letters. Most editions also made very limited use of the documents surrounding the letters in the solicitudes. Last - but not least - one has to state a complete chaos concerning the practice and standards for the edition of the original documents, which differ considerably - methodologically and qualitatively. This study, thus, also makes an effort to develop a solid basis for possible future editions. Searching in the Archivo General de Indias in Seville, 1213 hitherto unknown and unpublished letters could be added to the 1017 cartas de llamada already published in other editions. This study analysis this closed corpus quantitatively in demographic and temporal-spatial aspects and qualitatively tries to answer question about the use of the letters in the keeping-up of familiar ties and organization of chain-emigration. Special attention is also given to the communicative behaviour of the emigrants, which is studied both qualitatively - by taking a look at the strategies employed to secure the transoceanic contact despite the many obstacles like wars, shipwrecking, and lack of infrastructure - and quantitatively - by comparing the time needed for full circuits of correspondence, freq

A History of the Case Study

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9780719099434 9781526106117 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_626386 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100056
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-31 11:02:28
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This volume tells the story of the case study genre at a time when it became the genre par excellence for discussing human sexuality across the humanities and the life sciences. A History of the Case Study takes the reader on a transcontinental journey from the imperial world of fin-de-siècle Central Europe to the interwar metropolises of Weimar Germany, and to the United States of America in the post-war years. Foregrounding the figures of case study pioneers, and highlighting their radical engagements with the genre, the work scrutinises the case writing practices of Sigmund Freud and his predecessor sexologist Richard von Krafft-Ebing; writers such as Leopold von Sacher-Masoch and Weimar intellectuals such as Erich Wulffen. There result new insights into the continuing legacy of such writers, and into the agency increasingly claimed by the readerships that emerged with the development of modernity—from readers who self-identified as masochists, to conmen and female criminals.

Human Remains and Mass Violence

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Book Series: Human Remains and Violence ISBN: 9780719096501 9781526125026 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_628394 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 283617
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-05 11:01:48
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This book outlines for the first time in a single volume the theoretical and methodological tools for a study of human remains resulting from episodes of mass violence and genocide. Despite the highly innovative and contemporary research into both mass violence and the body, the most significant consequence of conflict - the corpse - remains absent from the scope of existing research.Why have human remains hitherto remained absent from our investigation, and how do historians, anthropologists and legal scholars, including specialists in criminology and political science, confront these difficult issues? By drawing on international case studies including genocides in Rwanda, the Khmer Rouge, Argentina, Russia and the context of post-World War II Europe, this ground-breaking edited collection opens new avenues of research.Multidisciplinary in scope, this volume will appeal to readers interested in an understanding of mass violence's aftermath.

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