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Engineering Systems Integration

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ISBN: 9781439852880 Year: Pages: 406 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-29 23:59:09
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Dreamers may envision our future, but it is the pragmatists who build it. Solve the right problem in the right way, mankind moves forward. Solve the right problem in the wrong way or the wrong problem in the right way, however clever or ingenious the solution, neither credits mankind. Instead, this misfire demonstrates a failure to appreciate a crucial step in pragmatic problem solving: systems integration. The first book to address the underlying premises of systems integration and how to exposit them in a practical and productive manner, Engineering Systems Integration: Theory, Metrics, and Methods looks at the fundamental nature of integration, exposes the subtle premises to achieve integration, and posits a substantial theoretical framework that is both simple and clear. Offering systems managers and systems engineers the framework from which to consider their decisions in light of systems integration metrics, the book isolates two basic questions, 1) Is there a way to express the interplay of human actions and the result of system interactions of a product with its environment?, and 2) Are there methods that combine to improve the integration of systems? The author applies the four axioms of General Systems Theory (holism, decomposition, isomorphism, and models) and explores the domains of history and interpretation to devise a theory of systems integration, develop practical guidance applying the three frameworks, and formulate the mathematical constructs needed for systems integration. The practicalities of integrating parts when we build or analyze systems mandate an analysis and evaluation of existing integrative frameworks of causality and knowledge. Integration is not just a word that describes a best practice, an art, or a single discipline. The act of integrating is an approach, operative in all disciplines, in all we see, in all we do.

Keywords

Engineering --- Integration --- Methods --- Metrics --- Systems --- Theory

Translationspolitik für Regional- oder Minderheitensprachen

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Book Series: TRANSÜD. Arbeiten zur Theorie und Praxis des Übersetzens und Dolmetschens ISBN: 9783732905133 9783732994861 Year: Pages: 510 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_1005798 Language: German
Publisher: Frank & Timme
Subject: Science (General) --- Languages and Literatures --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-05 11:21:15
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A reasonable evolution model is indispensable for the comprehensibility and justification of translation policy decisions. On the one hand, this model should take into account the general objectives of protecting a regional or minority language and, on the other, the findings of translation studies and the best practices of the translation industry. On the basis of these assumptions, the author derives possible lines of development for the various areas of translation policy with the help of the maturity model derived from organisational management. He also develops a comprehensive evaluation procedure: the Translation Policy Metrics Model (TPM). The exemplary implementation of this model is based on the example of the minority region of South Tyrol using two surveys, several personal interviews with leading personalities in the field of translation as well as by examining the existing sources of legislation. Peter Sandrini is a research assistant at the Institute for Translation Studies at the University of Innsbruck. His research focuses on legal translation, translation technology and terminology (www.petersandrini.net).

Flexible Electronics: Fabrication and Ubiquitous Integration

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ISBN: 9783038978282 9783038978299 Year: Pages: 160 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-829-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Flexible Electronics platforms are increasingly used in the fields of sensors, displays, and energy conversion with the ultimate goal of facilitating their ubiquitous integration in our daily lives. Some of the key advantages associated with flexible electronic platforms are: bendability, lightweight, elastic, conformally shaped, nonbreakable, roll-to-roll manufacturable, and large-area. To realize their full potential, however, it is necessary to develop new methods for the fabrication of multifunctional flexible electronics at a reduced cost and with an increased resistance to mechanical fatigue. Accordingly, this Special Issue seeks to showcase short communications, research papers, and review articles that focus on novel methodological development for the fabrication, and integration of flexible electronics in healthcare, environmental monitoring, displays and human-machine interactivity, robotics, communication and wireless networks, and energy conversion, management, and storage.

Joseph Fourier 250th Birthday. Modern Fourier Analysis and Fourier Heat Equation in Information Sciences for the XXIst century

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ISBN: 9783038977469 Year: Pages: 260 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-747-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 11:17:10
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For the 250th birthday of Joseph Fourier, born in 1768 in Auxerre, France, this MDPI Special Issue will explore modern topics related to Fourier Analysis and Heat Equation. Modern developments of Fourier analysis during the 20th century have explored generalizations of Fourier and Fourier–Plancherel formula for non-commutative harmonic analysis, applied to locally-compact, non-Abelian groups. In parallel, the theory of coherent states and wavelets has been generalized over Lie groups. One should add the developments, over the last 30 years, of the applications of harmonic analysis to the description of the fascinating world of aperiodic structures in condensed matter physics. The notions of model sets, introduced by Y. Meyer, and of almost periodic functions, have revealed themselves to be extremely fruitful in this domain of natural sciences. The name of Joseph Fourier is also inseparable from the study of the mathematics of heat. Modern research on heat equations explores the extension of the classical diffusion equation on Riemannian, sub-Riemannian manifolds, and Lie groups. In parallel, in geometric mechanics, Jean-Marie Souriau interpreted the temperature vector of Planck as a space-time vector, obtaining, in this way, a phenomenological model of continuous media, which presents some interesting properties. One last comment concerns the fundamental contributions of Fourier analysis to quantum physics: Quantum mechanics and quantum field theory. The content of this Special Issue will highlight papers exploring non-commutative Fourier harmonic analysis, spectral properties of aperiodic order, the hypoelliptic heat equation, and the relativistic heat equation in the context of Information Theory and Geometric Science of Information.

Biodiversity and Protected Areas

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ISBN: 9783038977322 9783038977339 Year: Pages: 196 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-733-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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Biodiversity and Protected Areas assembles twelve topics from around the world, illustrating the complexities and promise of addressing the biodiversity crisis. Authors from Mongolia, Africa, India, Canada, Iraq, and the United States dwell on particular aspects and challenges relevant to those regions. Lessons and approaches from interesting localities, coupled with global analyses give the reader a synthetic view of emerging problems. The opportunities for understanding common issues across different geographies abound, such as comparing local conservation in sub-Saharan Africa with a distribution of very small protected areas in Massachusetts. Several topics will be of immediate interest to policymakers. The book is illustrated with numerous color maps and figures and the authors strove for clear, uncomplicated writing. The editors provide an overview of chapters, placing them in the context of other biodiversity and protected area literature. Students and conservationists attempting to broaden their views of biodiversity and protected areas should find this collection to be interesting.

Thermal and Electro-thermal System Simulation

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ISBN: 9783039217366 9783039217373 Year: Pages: 222 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-737-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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With increasing power levels and power densities in electronics systems, thermal issues are becoming more and more critical. The elevated temperatures result in changing electrical system parameters, changing the operation of devices, and sometimes even the destruction of devices. To prevent this, the thermal behavior has to be considered in the design phase. This can be done with thermal end electro-thermal design and simulation tools. This Special Issue of Energies, edited by two well-known experts of the field, Prof. Marta Rencz, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, and by Prof. Lorenzo Codecasa, Politecnico di Milano, collects twelve papers carefully selected for the representation of the latest results in thermal and electro-thermal system simulation. These contributions present a good survey of the latest results in one of the most topical areas in the field of electronics: The thermal and electro-thermal simulation of electronic components and systems. Several papers of this issue are extended versions of papers presented at the THERMINIC 2018 Workshop, held in Stockholm in the fall of 2018. The papers presented here deal with modeling and simulation of state-of-the-art applications that are highly critical from the thermal point of view, and around which there is great research activity in both industry and academia. Contributions covered the thermal simulation of electronic packages, electro-thermal advanced modeling in power electronics, multi-physics modeling and simulation of LEDs, and the characterization of interface materials, among other subjects.

Cognitive Aspects of Human-Computer Interaction for GIS

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ISBN: 9783039215683 9783039215690 Year: Pages: 196 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-569-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:10:12
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The book is dealing with recent progress in human–computer interaction (HCI) related to geographic information science (GIS). The Editorial starts with an overview about the evolution of the Internet and first HCI concepts and stimulates recent HCI developments using 3D and 4D apps, running on all mobile devices with OS Android, iOS, Linus, and Windows. Eight research articles present the state-of-the-art in HCI–GIS-related issues, starting with gender and age differences in using indoor maps via the estimation of building heights from space to an efficient visualization method for polygonal data with dynamic simplification. The review article deals with progress and challenges on entity alignment of geographic knowledge bases.

Differential Geometry

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ISBN: 9783039218004 9783039218011 Year: Pages: 166 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-801-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:10:12
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The present book contains 14 papers published in the Special Issue “Differential Geometry” of the journal Mathematics. They represent a selection of the 30 submissions. This book covers a variety of both classical and modern topics in differential geometry. We mention properties of both rectifying and affine curves, the geometry of hypersurfaces, angles in Minkowski planes, Euclidean submanifolds, differential operators and harmonic forms on Riemannian manifolds, complex manifolds, contact manifolds (in particular, Sasakian and trans-Sasakian manifolds), curvature invariants, and statistical manifolds and their submanifolds (in particular, Hessian manifolds). We wish to mention that among the authors, there are both well-known geometers and young researchers. The authors are from countries with a tradition in differential geometry: Belgium, China, Greece, Japan, Korea, Poland, Romania, Spain, Turkey, and United States of America. Many of these papers were already cited by other researchers in their articles. This book is useful for specialists in differential geometry, operator theory, physics, and information geometry as well as graduate students in mathematics.

Keywords

Euclidean submanifold --- position vector field --- concurrent vector field --- concircular vector field --- rectifying submanifold --- T-submanifolds --- constant ratio submanifolds --- Ricci soliton --- Kähler–Einstein metrics --- compact complex surfaces --- pinching of the curvatures --- statistical manifolds --- Hessian manifolds --- Hessian sectional curvature --- scalar curvature --- Ricci curvature --- Minkowski plane --- Minkowskian length --- Minkowskian angle --- Minkowskian pseudo-angle --- L2-harmonic forms --- Hodge–Laplacian --- manifold with singularity --- L2-Stokes theorem --- capacity --- k-th generalized Tanaka–Webster connection --- non-flat complex space form --- real hypersurface --- lie derivative --- shape operator --- conical surface --- developable surface --- generalized 1-type Gauss map --- cylindrical hypersurface --- inextensible flow --- lightlike surface --- ruled surface --- Darboux frame --- C-Bochner tensor --- generalized normalized ?-Casorati curvature --- Sasakian manifold --- slant --- invariant --- anti-invariant --- trans-Sasakian 3-manifold --- Reeb flow symmetry --- Ricci operator --- Sasakian statistical manifold --- conjugate connection --- Casorati curvature --- framed rectifying curves --- singular points --- framed helices --- centrodes --- circular rectifying curves --- statistical structure --- affine hypersurface --- affine sphere --- conjugate symmetric statistical structure --- sectional ?-curvature --- complete connection --- symplectic curves --- circular helices --- symplectic curvatures --- Frenet frame

Towards Sustainable Global Food Systems. Conceptual and Policy Analysis of Agriculture, Food and Environment Linkages

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038978145 9783038978152 Year: Pages: 356 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-815-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-09 17:16:14
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One of the major knowledge challenges in the domain of Resilient and Sustainable Food Systems refers to the integration of perspectives on consumption, patterns that support public health, inclusive value chains, and environmentally sustainable food production. While there is a long record of the analysis of separate interventions, this special issue generates integrated insights, provides cross-cutting perspectives, and outlines practical and policy solutions that address these global challenges.The collection of papers promotes the view that sustainable food systems require thorough insights into the structure and dynamics of agri-food production systems, the drivers for integrating food value chains and markets, and key incentives for supporting healthier consumer choices. On the production side, potential linkages between agricultural commercialization and intensification and their effects for food security and nutritional outcomes are analyzed. Value Chains are assessed for their contribution to improving exchange networks and markets for food products that simultaneously support efficiency, circularity, and responsiveness. Individual motives and market structures for food consumption need to be understood in order to be able to outline suitable incentives to enhance healthy dietary choice.The contributed papers focus on interfaces between food system activities and processes of adaptive change that are critical for overcoming key constraints and trade-offs between sustainable food and healthy diets.

Keywords

agricultural impacts --- climate change impacts --- integrated assessment model --- CGE model --- Ostrea edulis --- native oyster restoration --- North Sea --- site selection --- pilot study --- offshore wind farms --- sustainability --- food systems --- nutrition --- public-private cooperation --- corporate values --- sanitary control --- food safety --- prosperity --- sustainable development --- alternative agri-food networks --- transition theories --- grassroots innovations --- socio-technical systems --- agroecology --- ecovillages --- social movements --- certification --- organic agriculture --- Participatory Guarantee Systems --- Spain --- alternative certification systems --- food systems --- metrics --- interdisciplinarity --- sustainable food and nutrition security --- food system assessment --- participatory approach --- SUSFANS --- agribusiness cluster --- commercialization --- sustainable intensification --- dairy value chain --- farming system --- service arrangements --- Ethiopia --- Kenya --- sustainable diets --- diet adoption --- sustainable food system --- intention-behavior gap --- citizen participation --- innovation workshop --- Agricultural commercialization --- food and nutrition security --- salutogenesis --- life course perspective --- food systems --- multi-level --- positive deviance --- Myanmar --- social innovation --- agricultural commercialization --- nutrition sensitive transformation --- Myanmar --- vegetable consumption --- food choice motives --- knowledge --- self-efficacy --- socio-economic classes --- food environment --- Nigeria --- sustainable development goals --- sustainability assessment --- agricultural sustainability --- food security --- LCA broadening --- LCA deepening --- food systems --- interdisciplinary research --- feedbacks &amp --- interlinkages --- food policy --- 3I Approach --- value chain development --- participatory approach --- context-specific interventions --- behavioural change --- postharvest losses --- tomato --- Nigeria --- supply chain --- raffia basket --- plastic crate --- systems approach --- conceptual framework --- food loss practices --- food loss causes --- food loss solutions --- supply-chain stages --- literature --- socio-economic indicators --- tomato --- Nigeria --- adoption --- conservation agriculture --- social capital --- count outcome models --- pca --- marginal treatment effects --- Nigeria --- food security --- CGE model --- nutrition --- diet diversity --- land substitution --- agricultural intensification --- baseline projections --- commercialization --- Vietnam --- food system --- fertilizer use --- caloric intake --- dietary diversity Vietnam Living Standards Survey (VLSS)

New types of Neutrosophic Set/Logic/Probability, Neutrosophic Over-/Under-/Off-Set, Neutrosophic Refined Set, and their Extension to Plithogenic Set/Logic/Probability, with Applications

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ISBN: 9783039219384 9783039219391 Year: Pages: 714 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-939-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:39:37
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This book contains 37 papers by 73 renowned experts from 13 countries around the world, on following topics: neutrosophic set; neutrosophic rings; neutrosophic quadruple rings; idempotents; neutrosophic extended triplet group; hypergroup; semihypergroup; neutrosophic extended triplet group; neutrosophic extended triplet semihypergroup and hypergroup; neutrosophic offset; uninorm; neutrosophic offuninorm and offnorm; neutrosophic offconorm; implicator; prospector; n-person cooperative game; ordinary single-valued neutrosophic (co)topology; ordinary single-valued neutrosophic subspace; ?-level; ordinary single-valued neutrosophic neighborhood system; ordinary single-valued neutrosophic base and subbase; fuzzy numbers; neutrosophic numbers; neutrosophic symmetric scenarios; performance indicators; financial assets; neutrosophic extended triplet group; neutrosophic quadruple numbers; refined neutrosophic numbers; refined neutrosophic quadruple numbers; multigranulation neutrosophic rough set; nondual; two universes; multiattribute group decision making; nonstandard analysis; extended nonstandard analysis; monad; binad; left monad closed to the right; right monad closed to the left; pierced binad; unpierced binad; nonstandard neutrosophic mobinad set; neutrosophic topology; nonstandard neutrosophic topology; visual tracking; neutrosophic weight; objectness; weighted multiple instance learning; neutrosophic triangular norms; residuated lattices; representable neutrosophic t-norms; De Morgan neutrosophic triples; neutrosophic residual implications; infinitely ?-distributive; probabilistic neutrosophic hesitant fuzzy set; decision-making; Choquet integral; e-marketing; Internet of Things; neutrosophic set; multicriteria decision making techniques; uncertainty modeling; neutrosophic goal programming approach; shale gas water management system.

Keywords

single-valued neutrosophic soft number and its operations --- SVN soft weighted arithmetic averaging operator --- SVN soft weighted geometric averaging operator --- decision-making --- optimization solution --- sampling plan --- producer’s risk’ --- consumer’s risk --- sample size --- decision making --- neutrosophic set --- Q-neutrosophic set --- Q-neutrosophic soft set --- soft set --- Neutrosophic compound orthogonal neural network --- Neutrosophic number --- Neutrosophic function --- Function approximation --- triangular neutrosophic cubic fuzzy number --- Einstein t-norm --- arithmetic averaging operator --- Multi-attribute decision making --- numerical application --- neutrosophic statistical interval method --- classical statistics --- fuzzy logic --- producer’s risk --- consumer’s risk --- neutrosophic cubic weighted geometric operator (NCWG) --- neutrosophic cubic ordered weighted geometric operator (NCOWG) --- neutrosophic cubic Einstein weighted geometric operator (NCEWG) --- neutrosophic cubic Einstein ordered weighted geometric operator (NCEOWG) --- multi-attribute decision making --- single-valued neutrosophic set --- aggregation --- TOPSIS --- single-valued neutrosophic linguistic set --- distance measure --- combined weighted average --- MAGDM --- low-carbon supplier selection --- weighted geometric operator --- weighted average operator --- neutrosophic cubic sets --- multi-attribute decision-making (MADM) --- neutrosophic cubic hybrid weighted arithmetic and geometric aggregation operator (NCHWAGA) --- neutrosophic sets --- cubic sets --- soft sets --- neutrosophic cubic soft sets --- neutrosophic cubic soft expert system --- multicriteria decision-making --- neutrosophic extended triplet group --- generalized neutrosophic extended triplet group --- quasi-completely regular semigroup --- clifford semigroup --- prostate cancer --- neutrosophic statistics --- dietary fat level --- neutrosophic regression --- neutrosophic correlation --- single valued neutrosophic sets --- logarithmic operational laws --- logarithmic aggregation operators --- MCGDM problems --- complex neutrosophic set --- complex neutrosophic soft expert set --- fuzzy parameterized single valued neutrosophic soft expert set --- single valued neutrosophic set --- soft expert set --- decision making --- membership function --- neutrosophic set --- neutrosophic soft rough --- relations --- rough set approximation --- soft set --- neutrosophic time series --- triangular neutrosophic number --- neutrosophic logical relationship --- neutrosophic logical relationship groups --- smart port --- simplified neutrosophic set --- single-valued neutrosophic set --- exponential similarity measure --- port evaluation --- nonstandard analysis --- extended nonstandard analysis --- open and closed monads to the left/right --- pierced and unpierced binads --- MoBiNad set --- infinitesimals --- infinities --- nonstandard reals --- standard reals --- nonstandard neutrosophic lattices of first type (as poset) and second type (as algebraic structure), nonstandard neutrosophic logic --- extended nonstandard neutrosophic logic --- nonstandard arithmetic operations --- nonstandard unit interval --- nonstandard neutrosophic infimum --- nonstandard neutrosophic supremum --- intuitionistic fuzzy parameters --- uncertainty modeling --- neutrosophic goal programming approach --- shale gas water management system --- e-marketing --- Internet of Things --- neutrsophic set --- multi-criteria decision making techniques --- probabilistic neutrosophic hesitant fuzzy set (PNHFS) --- decision-making --- Choquet integral --- neutrosophic extended triplet group --- neutrosophic quadruple numbers --- neutrosophic set --- BNHWA aggregation operator --- BNHOWA aggregation operator --- BNHHA aggregation operator --- score function --- accuracy function --- certainty function --- group decision making --- non-standard analysis --- extended non-standard analysis --- monad --- binad --- left monad closed to the right --- right monad closed to the left --- pierced binad --- unpierced binad --- non-standard neutrosophic mobinad set --- neutrosophic topology --- non-standard neutrosophic topology --- neutrosophic sets --- neutrosophic triangular norms --- residuated lattices --- representable neutrosophic t-norms --- De Morgan neutrosophic triples --- neutrosophic residual implications --- infinitely ?-distributive --- visual tracking --- neutrosophic weight --- objectness --- weighted multiple instance learning --- supply chain sustainability metrics --- plithogeny --- aggregation operations --- neutrosophic set --- quality function deployment --- multi-granulation neutrosophic rough set --- non-dual --- two universes --- multi-attribute group decision making --- neutrosophic extended triplet group --- neutrosophic quadruple numbers --- refined neutrosophic numbers --- refined neutrosophic quadruple numbers --- neutrosophic set --- fuzzy numbers --- neutrosophic numbers --- neutrosophic symmetric scenarios --- performance indicators --- financial assets --- simplified neutrosophic hesitant fuzzy set --- multi-attribute decision-making --- maximizing deviation --- TOPSIS --- single valued neutrosophic set --- covering --- symmetric relation --- graph representation --- matrix representation --- paper defect diagnosis --- ordinary single valued neutrosophic (co)topology --- ordinary single valued neutrosophic subspace --- ?-level --- ordinary single valued neutrosophic neighborhood system --- ordinary single valued neutrosophic base --- ordinary single valued neutrosophic subbase --- neutrosophic offset --- uninorm --- neutrosophic offuninorm --- neutrosophic offnorm --- neutrosophic offconorm --- implicator --- prospector --- n-person cooperative game --- hypergroup --- semihypergroup --- neutrosophic extended triplet group --- neutrosophic extended triplet semihypergroup (NET-semihypergroup) --- NET-hypergroup --- neutrosophic rings --- neutrosophic quadruple rings --- idempotents --- neutrosophic extended triplet group --- neutrosophic set

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