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Militärsiedlungen und Territorialherrschaft in der Antike

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Book Series: Topoi – Berlin Studies of the Ancient World/Topoi – Berliner Studien der Alten Welt ISSN: 2191-5806 ISBN: 9783110222845 Year: Volume: 3 Pages: viii, 158 DOI: 10.1515/9783110222845 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-15 12:22:54
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Abstract

In a series of case studies, the contributions assess the extent to which in the Ancient World control over large territories relied on the settlement of active or retired soldiers. The central question is that of the link between the historical situation of the foundation, those involved, and the location of the settlement on the one hand and, on the other, the strategic importance which can be derived from these factors for the domination of territories on land and sea, roads, frontiers, other towns, a previous population etc.; in other words the connection between spatial conditions and historical events.

Democracy and Power : The Delhi Lectures

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ISBN: 9782821876286 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:39
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Noam Chomsky visited India in 1996 and 2001 and spoke on a wide range of subjects, from democracy and corporate propaganda to the nature of the world order and the role of intellectuals in society. He captivated audiences with his lucid challenge to dominant political analyses, the engaging style of his talks and his commitment to social equality as well as individual freedom. Chomsky's early insights into the workings of power in the modern world remain timely and compelling. Published for the first time, this series of lectures also provides the reader with an invaluable introduction to the essential ideas of one of the leading thinkers of our time.

Keywords

military --- democracy --- information

Fighting for a Living

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ISBN: 9789089644527 Year: Pages: 690 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_468734 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103409
Subject: History --- Performing Arts
Added to DOAB on : 2014-08-12 11:01:14
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Fighting for a Living investigates the circumstances that have produced starkly different systems of recruiting and employing soldiers in different parts of the globe over the last 500 years. It does so on the basis of a wide range of case studies taken from Europe, Africa, America, the Middle East and Asia. The novelty of "Fighting for a Living" is that it is not military history in the traditional sense (concentrating at wars and battles or on military technology) but that it looks at military service and warfare as forms of labour, and at the soldiers as workers. Military employment offers excellent opportunities for this kind of international comparison. Where many forms of human activity are restricted by the conditions of nature or the stage of development of a given society, organized violence is ubiquitous. Soldiers, in one form or another, are always part of the picture, in any period and in every region. Nevertheless, Fighting for a Living is the first study to undertake a systematic comparative analysis of military labour. It therefore speaks to two distinct, and normally quite separate, communities: that of labour historians and that of military historians. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

The "Democratic Soldier"

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Book Series: SSR Papers ISBN: 9781911529361 Year: Pages: 64 DOI: 10.5334/bbt Language: English
Publisher: Ubiquity Press
Subject: Sociology --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-05 11:21:04
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Since the end of the Cold War almost all European countries have reformed their armed forces, focusing on downsizing, internationalization and professionalization. This paper examines how these changes in security sector governance have affected the normative model underlying the militaryâ&#128;&#153;s relationship to democracy, using the image of the â&#128;&#156;democratic soldierâ&#128;&#157;. Drawing on a comparative analysis of 12 post-socialist, traditional and consolidated democracies in Europe, the different dimensions of the national conception of soldiering are analysed based on the official norms that define a countryâ&#128;&#153;s military and the ways in which individual members of the armed forces see their role. Cases converge around the new idea of professional soldiering as a merging of civilian skills with military virtues in the context of the militaryâ&#128;&#153;s new post-Cold War missions. Yet despite this convergence, research also shows that specific aspects of national traditions and context continue to influence the actual practice of soldiering in each case. The contradictions that result between these old and new visions of the role of the military and the soldier illustrate the tensions that exist between political goals and defence reform dynamics.&#xD;

History As Policy: Framing the debate on the future of Australia's defence policy

Authors: ---
Book Series: Canberra Papers on Strategy and Defence ISBN: 9781921313561 Year: Pages: 201 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459265 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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The fortieth anniversary of the Strategic and Defence Studies Centre’s founding provided the opportunity to assemble many of Australia’s leading analysts and commentators to review some of the more significant issues that should define Australian defence policy. In the first 20 years after its establishment, SDSC scholars played a prominent role in shaping the ideas and aspirations that eventually found official expression in the 1987 Defence of Australia White Paper. This policy sustained a coherent balance between strategy, force structure and budgets for well over a decade. In recent years, however, the cumulative effects of the end of the Cold War and watershed events like the East Timor experience; the attacks on New York and Washington, D.C., in September 2001; the Bali bombings in October 2002; and the invasion of Iraq in March 2003 have fractured the former consensus on defence policy. These developments have eroded acceptance of the core judgements underpinning defence policy. This has led to a more tenuous connection between some recent major equipment acquisitions and declared policy.&#xD;&#xD;The unravelling of the consensus on the ‘defence of Australia’ policy means that we must again undertake a balanced, long-term assessment of the nature of Australia’s strategic interests. Only by doing so can we determine the kinds of armed forces that would contribute most effectively to protecting those interests. The papers collected in this volume are not informed by a common view of where Australia should focus its defence policy, but all address themes that should figure prominently in this difficult but essential task.

Fiji: A Place called home

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ISBN: 9781925022049 Year: Pages: 220 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_515953 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2015-02-01 11:01:25
License: ANU Press

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Abstract

Daryl Tarte writes emotively, in great detail, about his personal experience of growing up on a remote island during the colonial era, when races were segregated, and white people lived an elite existence.

Keywords

politics --- military coup --- race relations --- fiji

The General's Goose

Author:
ISBN: 9781760461270 Year: Pages: 384 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Sociology --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-10 11:01:50
License: ANU Press

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His admirers said he was a charismatic leader with a dazzling smile, a commoner following an ancient tradition of warrior service on behalf of an indigenous people who feared marginalisation at the hands of ungrateful immigrants. One tourist pleaded with him to stage a coup in her backyard; in private parties around the capital, Suva, infatuated women whispered ‘coup me baby’ in his presence. It was so easy to overlook the enormity of what he had done in planning and implementing Fiji’s first military coup, to be seduced by celebrity, captivated by the excitement of the moment, and plead its inevitability as the final eruption of long-simmering indigenous discontent. A generation would pass before the consequences of the actions of Fiji’s strongman of 1987, Sitiveni Rabuka, would be fully appreciated but, by then, the die had been well and truly cast. The major general did not live happily ever after. No nirvana followed the assertion of indigenous rights. If anything, misadventure became his country’s most enduring contemporary trait. This is Fiji’s very human story.

Crown and Sword

Author:
ISBN: 9781760461553 Year: Pages: 364 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Law --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-09 11:02:05
License: ANU Press

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Abstract

The Australian Defence Force, together with military forces from a number of western democracies, have for some years been seeking out and killing Islamic militants in Iraq, Syria and Afghanistan, detaining asylum seekers for periods at sea or running the judicial systems of failed states. It has also been ready to conduct internal security operations at home. The domestic legal authority cited for this is often the poorly understood concept of executive power, which is power that derives from executive and not parliamentary authority. In an age of legality where parliamentary statutes govern action by public officials in the finest detail, it is striking that these extreme exercises of the use of force often rely upon an elusive legal basis. This book seeks to find the limits to the exercise of this extraordinary power.

Moskaus Spuren in Ostdeutschland 1945 bis 1949. Aktenerschließung und Forschungspläne

Authors: ---
Book Series: Zeitgeschichte im Gespräch ISSN: 2190-2054 ISBN: 9783110402605 Year: Volume: 22 Pages: 151 DOI: 10.1515/9783110402605 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-21 17:56:44
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Abstract

As research conditions in Russian archives began to improve in the mid-1990s, empirical studies were undertaken in Germany on Soviet occupation policy in Germany and on the Soviet military administration. This volume discusses important projects, cites deficiencies, and outlines future perspectives, thereby providing an initial assessment of the research.

Transforming Hawai'i

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ISBN: 9781760461737 9781760461737 Year: DOI: 10.22459/TH.06.2018 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Sociology --- Political Science --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-04 11:01:02
License: ANU Press

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This study examines the role of coercion in the unification of the Hawaiian Islands by Kamehameha I between 1782 and 1812 at a time of increasing European contact. Three interrelated themes in Hawaiian political evolution are examined: the balance between coercion and consent; the balance between general structural trends and specific individual styles of leadership and historical events; and the balance between indigenous and European factors. The resulting synthesis is a radical reinterpretation of Hawaiian warfare that treats it as an evolving process heavily imbued with cultural meaning. Hawaiian history is also shown to be characterised by fluid changing circumstances, including crucial turning points when options were adopted that took elements of Hawaiian society on paths of development that proved decisive for political unification. These watershed moments were neither inevitable nor predictable. Perhaps the greatest omission in the standard discourse on the political evolution of Hawaiian society is the almost total exclusion of modern indigenous Hawaiian scholarship on this topic. Modern historians from the Hawai‘inuiākea School of Hawaiian Knowledge at the University of Hawaii at Mānoa argue that political leadership and socioeconomic organisation were much more concensus-based than is usually allowed for. Above all, this study finds modern indigenous Hawaiian studies a much better fit with the historical evidence than more conventional scholarship.&#xD;

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