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Mining Goes Digital

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Book Series: Proceedings in Earth and geosciences ISBN: 9780367336042 9780429320774 Year: Pages: 780 DOI: 10.1201/9780429320774 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-08 11:21:11
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The abbreviation “APCOM” stands for “Applications for Computers and Operations Research&#xD;in the Minerals Industry”. When the conference started in 1964, it was an informal meeting&#xD;of scientists from different universities in the USA together with the “Society of Mining&#xD;Engineers” (SME) of the United States. During the years the APCOM conference was&#xD;performed in a mostly bi-annual rhythm. Up to today APCOM maintained its original logo&#xD;formed around a punch card clearly remembering the historic origin of the conference from&#xD;the times prior to the revolution caused by the era of semiconductors.&#xD;In the beginning, APCOM focused on the optimization of geostatistics and resource&#xD;estimation and a number of methods used in these fields were initially presented and discussed&#xD;on APCOM conferences. This field still today is an important part of any APCOM.&#xD;During the years, information technology has dramatically developed, new algorithmic&#xD;methods evolved and the entire fields of electronic communication, machine automation,&#xD;autonomous machines and process optimization developed. Consequently, today, APCOM&#xD;is much more than a meeting of specialists in geostatistics and resource estimation: The&#xD;APCOM has expanded to a conference covering all kinds of Information and Communication&#xD;Technology in the mineral industry: Already in 2005 on the conference in Tuscon/AZ, the&#xD;term “Mining Process Optimization” was presented as the next paradigm shift in mining&#xD;after mechanization and automation, which marked another example of the continued&#xD;innovative impact of the APCOM. Well ahead of the current discussions about “Digital&#xD;Transformation”.&#xD;

Keywords

Computers --- mineral industry --- mining

Gendering the Field

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Book Series: Asia-Pacific Environment Monograph ISBN: 9781921862175 Year: Pages: 230 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459251 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Gender Studies
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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The chapters in this book offer concrete examples from all over the world to show how community livelihoods in mineral-rich tracts can be more sustainable by fully integrating gender concerns into all aspects of the relationship between mining practices and mine affected communities. By looking at the mining industry and the mine-affected communities through a gender lens, the authors indicate a variety of practical strategies to mitigate the impacts of mining on women’s livelihoods without undermining women’s voice and status within the mine-affected communities. The term ‘field’ in the title of this volume is not restricted to the open-cut pits of large scale mining operations which are male-dominated workplaces, or with mining as a masculine, capital-intensive industry, but also connotes the wider range of mineral extractive practices which are carried out informally by women and men of artisanal communities at much smaller geographical scales throughout the mineral-rich tracts of poorer countries.

L'alun de Méditerranée

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ISBN: 9782903189846 9782918887379 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Publications du Centre Jean Bérard
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-04 14:01:13
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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« La grande histoire a longtemps oublié l’alun, parce qu’il était un personnage discret, comme elle a longtemps négligé de s’intéresser au blé, à l’huile, et en général à tout ce qui est indispensable à la vie quotidienne » déclarait Jean Delumeau au début de la conclusion de son ouvrage L’alun de Rome, paru en 1962. C’est qu’une fois identifiée la place centrale de cette substance pour l’industrie textile, et dans une moindre mesure pour la mégisserie, voire la métallurgie, il était relative...

Power, Culture, Economy (CAEPR 30)

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Book Series: Research Monograph ISBN: 9781921536878 Year: Pages: 243 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459470 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Economics --- Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
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Research over the past decade in health, employment, life expectancy, child mortality, and household income has confirmed that Indigenous Australians are still Australia’s most disadvantaged group. Those residing in communities in regional and remote Australia are further disadvantaged because of the limited formal economic opportunities there. In these areas mining developments may be the major—and sometimes the only—contributors to regional economic development. However Indigenous communities have gained only relatively limited long-term economic development benefits from mining activity on land that they own or over which they have property rights of varying significance. Furthermore, while Indigenous people may place high value on realising particular non-economic benefits from mining agreements, there may be only limited capacity to deliver such benefits. This collection of papers focuses on three large, ongoing mining operations in Queensland, Western Australia and the Northern Territory under two statutory regimes—the Aboriginal Land Rights (Northern Territory) Act 1976 and the Native Title Act 1993. The authors outline the institutional basis to greater industry involvement while describing and analysing the best practice principles that can be utilised both by companies and Indigenous community organisations. The research addresses questions such as:&#xD;&#xD;What factors underlie successful investment in community relations and associated agreement governance and benefit packages for Indigenous communities?&#xD;&#xD;How are economic and non-economic flows monitored?&#xD;&#xD;What are the values and aspirations which Indigenous people may bring to bear in their engagement with mining developments?&#xD;&#xD;What more should companies and government do to develop the capacity and sustainability of local Indigenous organisations?&#xD;&#xD;What mining company strategies build community capacity to deal with impacts of mining? Are these adequate?&#xD;&#xD;How to prepare for sustainable futures for Indigenous Australians after mine closure?&#xD;&#xD;This research was conducted under an Australian Research Council Linkage Project, with Rio Tinto and the Committee for Economic Development of Australia as Industry Partners.

From soil to seed: micronutrient movement into and within the plant

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889193516 Year: Pages: 193 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-351-6 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Nutrition and Food Sciences --- Medicine (General) --- Botany --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-10 08:14:32
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In all living organisms, essential micronutrients are cofactors of many ubiquitous proteins that participate in crucial metabolic pathways, but can also be toxic when present in excessive concentrations. In order to achieve correct homeostasis, plants need to control uptake of metals from the environment, their distribution to organs and tissues, and their subcellular compartmentalization. They also have to avoid deleterious accumulation of metals and metalloids such as Cd, As and Al. These multiple steps are controlled by their transport across various membrane structures and their storage in different organelles. Thus, integration of these transport systems required for micronutrient trafficking within the plant is necessary for physiological processes to work efficiently. To cope with the variable availability of micronutrients, plants have evolved an intricate collection of physiological and developmental processes, which are under tight control of short- and long-range signaling pathways. Understanding how plants perceive and deal with different micronutrient concentrations, from regulation to active transport, is important to completing the puzzle of plant metal homeostasis. This is an essential area of research, with several implications for plant biology, agriculture and human nutrition. There is a rising interest in developing plants that efficiently mobilize specific metals and prosper in soils with limited micronutrient availability, as well as those that can selectively accumulate beneficial micronutrients in the edible parts while avoiding contaminants such as Cd and As. However, there is still an important gap in our understanding of how nutrients reach the seeds and the relative contribution of each step in the long pathway from the rhizosphere to the seed. Possible rate-limiting steps for micronutrient accumulation in grains should be the primary targets of biotechnological interventions aiming at biofortification. Over the last 10 years, many micronutrient uptake- and transport-related processes have been identified at the molecular and physiological level. The systematic search for mutants and transcriptional responses has allowed analysis of micronutrient-signaling pathways at the cellular level, whereas physiological approaches have been particularly useful in describing micronutrient-signaling processes at the organ and whole-plant level. Large-scale elemental profiling using high-throughput analytical methodologies and their integration with both bioinformatics and genetic tools, along with metal speciation, have been used to decipher the functions of genes that control micronutrients homeostasis. In this research topic, we will follow the pathway of metal movement from the soil to the seed and describe the suggested roles of identified gene products in an effort to understand how plants acquire micronutrients from the soil, how they partition among different tissues and subcellular organelles, and how they regulate their deficiency and overload responses. We also highlight the current work on heavy metals and metalloids uptake and accumulation, the studies on metal selectivity in transporters and the cross-talk between micro and macronutrients. Thus, we believe a continued dialogue and sharing of ideas amongst plant scientists is critical to a better understanding of metal movement into and within the plant.

Large-scale Mines and Local-level Politics

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781760461492 Year: Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Economics --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-05 11:02:28
License: ANU Press

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Despite the difference in their populations and political status, New Caledonia and Papua New Guinea have comparable levels of economic dependence on the extraction and export of mineral resources. For this reason, the costs and benefits of large-scale mining projects for indigenous communities has been a major political issue in both jurisdictions, and one that has come to be negotiated through multiple channels at different levels of political organisation. The ‘resource boom’ that took place in the early years of the current century has only served to intensify the political contests and conflicts that surround the distribution of social, economic and environmental costs and benefits between community members and other ‘stakeholders’ in the large-scale mining industry. However, the mutual isolation of Anglophone and Francophone scholars has formed a barrier to systematic comparison of the relationship between large-scale mines and local-level politics in Papua New Guinea and New Caledonia, despite their geographical proximity. This collection of essays represents an effort to overcome this barrier, but is also intended as a major contribution to the growth of academic and political debate about the social impact of the large-scale mining industry in Melanesia and beyond.

Lihir Destiny

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Book Series: Asia-Pacific Environment Monograph ISBN: 9781921666858 Year: Pages: 229 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459359 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
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The people of the Lihir Islands in Papua New Guinea have long held visions of a prosperous new future, often referred to by local leaders as the ‘Lihir Destiny’. When large-scale gold mining activities commenced on the main island of Lihir in 1995, many hoped that this new world had finally arrived. The Lihir Destiny provides a nuanced account of the social structural and cultural transformations engendered by large-scale resource extraction. Tracing the history of Lihirian engagement with outside forces, from the colonial period through to recent mining activities, this book brings new light to bear on the bigger question of what ‘development’ means in contemporary Melanesia. The Lihir Destiny explores how Lihirian leaders devised future plans for a cultural revolution based upon the maximisation of mining activities and the influential philosophies of the Personal Viability movement. However, reaching the ‘Lihir Destiny’ is no simple affair, and many Lihirians find themselves negotiating divergent formulations of culture, sociality and economic engagement. The Lihir Destiny will appeal to readers interested in the social impacts of large-scale resource development, the processes of cultural continuity and change and the ways in which modernity is configured in local terms.

Virtuous Waters

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ISBN: 9780520291737 9780520965393 Year: Pages: 226 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.48 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Anthropology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-09 11:01:52
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Virtuous Waters is a pathbreaking and innovative study of bathing, drinking and other everyday engagements with a wide range of waters across five centuries in Mexico. Casey Walsh uses political ecology to bring together an analysis of shifting scientific, religious and political understandings of waters and a material history of social formations, environments, and infrastructures. The book shows that while modern concepts and infrastructures have come to dominate both the hydrosphere and the scholarly literature on water, longstanding popular understandings and engagements with these heterogeneous liquids have been reproduced as part of the same process. Attention to these dynamics can help us comprehend and confront the water crisis that is coming to a head in the twenty-first century.

Criticality of the Rare Earth Elements: Current and Future Sources and Recycling

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ISBN: 9783038970170 9783038970187 Year: Pages: VIII, 164 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-10 13:38:18
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Rare earth elements (REE) are critical to our modern way of life, although potential primary and secondary sources of these elements and the economics of the REE sector remain somewhat poorly understood. This Special Issue focuses on furthering our understanding of the criticality and potential sources of rare earth elements as well as the economics of the REE sector. The papers in this Special Issue provide further insight into the full life cycle of REE, information that is vital to ensuring the existence of sustainable sources of these critical elements into the future.

Consideration of Abiotic Natural Resources in Life Cycle Assessments

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ISBN: 9783038975458 / 9783038975465 Year: Pages: 174 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-546-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-28 11:06:31
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The book contains a collection of articles dealing with how the extraction of mineral resources can be considered in environmental analyses such as Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). The consumption of resources, e.g., metals, is increasing strongly worldwide. This is associated with more energy use; environmental pollution; and social, economic, and political consequences. An increase is also expected for the coming decades. At the same time, modern products and technologies, even in the field of renewable energies, require a large number of critical raw materials. A crucial question here is the exhaustibility of natural resources. What is the relevance of resource depletion today? Must a geological shortage of metals be expected in the foreseeable future? How could such a thing be considered in the LCA of products and weighed against other environmental aspects? The articles in question have been written over the past three years by leading experts in both geology and environmental sciences and show the breadth of the controversial discussion.

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