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The Struggle of the Shi‘is in Indonesia

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Book Series: - ISBN: 9781925021295 9781925021301 Year: Volume: - Pages: - DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_462194 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2014-01-13 12:34:05
License: ANU Press

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The Struggle of the Shi‘is in Indonesia is a pioneering work. It is the first comprehensive scholarly examination in English of the development of Shiism in Indonesia. It focuses primarily on the important period between 1979 and 2004 – a period of nearly a quarter of a century that saw the notable dissemination of Shi’i ideas and a considerable expansion of the number of Shi’i adherents in Indonesia. Since Islam in Indonesia is overwhelmingly Sunni, this development of Shiism in a predominantly Sunni context is a remarkable phenomenon that calls for careful, critical investigation. There is also an important examination of the principal ideas underlying the Madhab Ahl al-Bayt, the Imamate and Imam Madhi, Ja‘fari jurisprudence and ritual piety. Appropriately, in his discussion, Zulkifli provides a succinct outline of contrasts with Sunni ideas and practice. He also examines the publishing efforts that underpinned the dissemination of Shi’i ideas and the founding of IJABI (Ikatan Jamaah Ahlul Bait Indonesia) in July 2000 for the propagation of Ahl al-Bayt teachings. Given the Indonesian context, Zulkifli is also concerned with Sunni reactions to these Shi’i developments – a story that continues to unfold to the present. This book as a work of great value and significance for the continuing understanding of the richness and complexity of Indonesian Islam.

Keywords

islam --- indonesia --- shiite --- minorities

Elmadağ

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ISBN: 9782906053830 9782362450327 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Institut français d’études anatoliennes
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-17 15:07:11
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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The focus of this research is to analyze the social and spatial transformations of a bounded area, the neighborhood of Elmadağ, whose most noteworthy factor has been the perpetual migration flows since its emergence as a neighborhood in the 19th century. According to the authors, the functional transformation Elma­dağ is currently going through needs the explanations history can provide in order to be apprehended in full. Interdisciplinary, the research blends sociological, anthro­pological...

Law and Religious Minorities in Medieval Societies

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Religion and Law in Medieval Christian and Muslim Societies ISBN: 9782503566948 9782503566979 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.1484/M.RELMIN-EB.5.108940 Language: English|French|Spanish;
Publisher: Brepols Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 249416
Subject: Religion --- Archaeology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-07 11:01:59
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This volume shows through the use of legal sources that law was used to try to erect boundaries between communities in order to regulate or restrict interaction between the faithful and the non-faithful; and at the same time shows how these boundaries were repeatedly transgressed and negotiated. Muslim law developed a clear legal cadre for dhimmīs, inferior but protected non-Muslim communities (in particular Jews and Christians) and Roman Canon law decreed a similar status for Jewish and Muslim communities in Europe. Yet the theoretical hierarchies between faithful and infidel were constantly brought into question in the daily interactions between men and women of different faiths in streets, markets, bath-houses, law courts, etc. The twelve essays in this volume explore these tensions and attempts to resolve them. These contributions show that law was used to try to erect boundaries between communities in order to regulate or restrict interaction between the faithful and the non-faithful—and at the same time how these boundaries were repeatedly transgressed and negotiated. These essays explore also the possibilities and the limits of the use of legal sources for the social historian.

The Challenge of Minority Integration. Politics and Policies in the Nordic Nations

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783110441116 9783110456141 Year: Pages: 216 DOI: 10.1515/9783110441116 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-06 12:19:04
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How is solidarity achieved in highly diverse societies - particularly those that have been until recently characterized by rather homogeneous populations? What are the implications of growing levels of diversity on existing social arrangements? These two fundamental questions are explored in this edited collection, which examines the challenges of minority integration in four Nordic countries: Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden. These nations represent paradigmatic examples of social democratic welfare states that place a premium on a robust package of social rights, combined with policies aimed at reducing levels of class-based inequality and promoting gender equity. All four of these nations have witnessed growing levels of diversity due to immigration and three of them have been forced to rethink their policies concerning the indigenous Sámi, as well as old minority groups. Two introductory chapters, by Thomas Hylland Eriksen and Peter Kivisto, serve as a conceptual framework for the seven case studies that follow, and which, from a variety of perspectives and with differing emphases, analyze the evolving realities in these nations today. Taken together, they offer evidence of the critical issues surrounding attempts to achieve solidarity while valorizing diversity.

Grass-roots Justice in Ethiopia

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ISBN: 9789994480821 9782821872349 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Centre français des études éthiopiennes
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-15 10:56:58
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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This book presents a timely review of the relations between the formal and customary justice systems in Ethiopia, and offers recommendations for legal reform. The book provides cases studies from all the Region of Ethiopia based on field research on the working of customary dispute resolution (CDR) institutions, their mandates, compositions, procedures and processes. The cases studies also document considerable unofficial linkages with the state judicial system, and consider the advantages as...

The Legal status of ḏimmī-s in the Islamic West

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782503548548 9782503548890 Year: Pages: 416 DOI: 10.1484/M.RELMIN-EB.6.09070802050003050408050408 Language: English|French|Spanish;
Publisher: Brepols Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 249416
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-01 11:01:52
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The first monograph devoted to the legal status of religious minorities status accorded to dimmī-s ( Jews and Christians) in the Muslim law in the medieval Muslim west (the Maghreb and Muslim Spain). The articles in this volume provide numerous examples of the richness and complexity of interreligious relations in Medieval Islam and the reactions of jurists to those relations. The studies brought together in this volume provide an important contribution to the history of ḏimmī-s in the medieval dār al-islām, and more generally to the legal history of religious minorities in medieval societies. The central question addressed is the legal status accorded to ḏimmī-s (Jews and Christians) in the Muslim law in the medieval Muslim west (the Maghreb and Muslim Spain). The scholars whose work is brought together in these pages have dealt with a rich and complex variety of legal sources. Many of the texts are from the Mālikī legal tradition; they include fiqh, fatwā-s, ḥisba manuals. These texts function as the building blocks of the legal framework in which jurists and rulers of Maghrebi and Peninsular societies worked. The very richness and complexity of these texts, as well as the variety of responses that they solicited, refute the textbook idea of a monolithic ḏimmī system, supposedly based on the Pact of ‘Umar, applied throughout the Muslim world. In fact when one looks closely at the early legal texts or chronicles from both the Mashreq and the Maghreb, there is little evidence for a standard, uniform ḏimmī system, but rather a wide variety of local adaptations. The articles in this volume provide numerous examples of the richness and complexity of interreligious relations in Medieval Islam and the reactions of jurists to those relations.

Burdened By Race

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ISBN: 9781919895147 9781920499426 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_628130 Language: English
Publisher: UCT Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100292
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-28 11:01:31
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Since its emergence in the late 19th century, coloured identity has been pivotal to racial thinking in southern Africa. The nature of colouredness is a highly emotive and controversial issue as it embodies many of the racial antagonisms, ambiguities and derogations prevalent in the subcontinent. Throughout their existence coloured communities have had to contend with being marginal minorities stigmatised as the insalubrious by-products of miscegenation. Burdened By Race showcases recent innovative research and writing on coloured identity in southern Africa. Drawing on a wide range of disciplines and applying fresh theoretical insights, the book brings new levels of understanding to processes of coloured self-identification. It examines diverse manifestations of colouredness, using interlinking themes and case studies from South Africa, Zimbabwe, Zambia and Malawi to present analyses that challenge and overturn much of the conventional wisdom around identity in the current literature.

Religious Minorities in Christian, Jewish and Muslim Law (5th - 15th centuries)

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Religion and Law in Medieval Christion and Muslim Societies ISBN: 9782503565712 9782503567099 Year: Pages: 454 DOI: 10.1484/M.RELMIN-EB.5.109274 Language: English|French
Publisher: Brepols Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 249416
Subject: Religion --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-07 11:01:52
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The fruit of a sustained and close collaboration between historians, linguists and jurists working on the Christian, Muslim and Jewish societies of the Middle Ages, this book explores the theme of religious coexistence (and the problems it poses) from a resolutely comparative perspective. The authors concentrate on a key aspect of this coexistence: the legal status attributed to Jews and Muslims in Christendom and to dhimmīs in Islamic lands. What are the similarities and differences, from the point of view of the law, between the indigenous religious minority and the foreigner? What specific treatments and procedures in the courtroom were reserved for plaintiffs, defendants or witnesses belonging to religious minorities? What role did the law play in the segregation of religious groups? In limiting, combating, or on the contrary justifying violence against them? Through these questions, and through the innovative comparative method applied to them, this book offers a fresh new synthesis to these questions and a spur to new research.

Religious minorities, integration and the State; État, minorités religieuses et intégration

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Religion and Law in Medieval Christian and Muslim Societies ISBN: 9782503564999 Year: Pages: 230 Language: English|French
Publisher: Brepols Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 249416
Subject: Religion --- Archaeology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-07 11:02:38
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Judaism, Christianity and Islam have coexisted in Europe for over 1300 years. The three monotheistic faiths differ in demography, in the moment of their arrival on the continent and in the unequal relations they maintain with power: Christianity was chosen by a large number of inhabitants and became — in spite of important differences according to place and time —a religion of state. The organization of the continent into states and the divisions within Christianity often placed minorities in an unstable and at times painful situation. This partially explains the fight against "heresies", the wars of religions, the expulsion of Jews from several European kingdoms (as well as the expulsion of Muslims from Sicily and the Iberian peninsula), the "Jewish question" in the 19th century up until the Holocaust. Since the 20th century, the debates concerning Islam and concerning public expression of religion are shaped in part by this past. The 13 studies gathered in this volume explore the ways in which states have treated their religious minorities. We study various policies — repression, supervision, integration, tolerance, secularization, indifference — as well as the many ways in which minorities have accommodated the majority’s demands. The relation is by no means one-sided: on the contrary, state policies have created resistance, negotiation (on the legal, political, and cultural fronts) or compromise. Through these precise and original examples, we can see how the protagonists (states, religious institutions, the elite, the faithful) interact, try to convince or influence each other in order to transform practices, invent and implement common norms and grounds, all the while knowing the confessional dimension of "religious" majority and minority does not fully embrace the identity of each citizen in full.

Chapter 8 Categorising What We Study and What We Analyse, and the Exercise of Interpretation (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9783319768618 9783319768618 Year: Pages: 17 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-76861-8_8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 283601
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-02 11:01:01
License: Springer

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A lot of qualitative researchers have a healthy wariness about straightforward categorisation&#xD;and modelling endeavours undertaken by quantitative researchers. Too&#xD;often, variables and measurements are too rigid in quantitative analysis to take stock&#xD;of all the complexity and context-dependency of human behaviour, attitudes and&#xD;identities. In the worst-case scenario for migration studies, this leads to oversimplification,&#xD;essentialisation and culturalism. In line with King et al. (1994), I would,&#xD;however, in this chapter, like to plead for qualitative researchers to take into account&#xD;that, in terms of challenges of validity and reliability, we have a lot to learn from&#xD;each other. Acknowledging that qualitative research has its distinctive advantages&#xD;(Brady and Collier 2004), I will argue that choices in categorisation, case selection&#xD;and research design are of crucial importance, perhaps even more in qualitative&#xD;studies than in quantitative studies, even if in both methodological traditions we are&#xD;confronted with similar challenges. Being transparent and reflecting on the consequences&#xD;of our choices of categorisation, analysis and interpretation is of crucial&#xD;importance. It is too easy to think that qualitative research would, by definition, be&#xD;better equipped in doing justice to the phenomena we wish to study in the field of&#xD;migration, especially if our research focusses on migrants.&#xD;

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