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Aino Kallas

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Book Series: Studia Fennica Litteraria ISBN: 9789522227874 9789522227508 9789522222602 Year: Pages: 259 DOI: 10.21435/sflit.4 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS Grant: Jane and Aatos Erkko Foundation grant and SKS
Subject: Languages and Literatures --- History --- Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-09 11:01:57
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"The collection, first one ever on Aino Kallas in English, highlights her significance to the artistic and intellectual horizons of modernity of Finland and Estonia as well as those of Scandinavia and Europe. In the 1920s and 30s, Aino Kallas became an internationally renowned author and a selection of her work was translated into English. For her, participating in the immediate cultural debates in Estonia and Finland was a priority, yet her whole oeuvre is a negotiation between her more immediate contexts and the leading conceptual frameworks of aesthetics, geniality, knowledge, subjectivity, race, sexuality, nature, etc., circling in Europe at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century. Containing articles focusing on the question of female voice and echoes of feminist ecological thought in her fiction, a contrapuntal reading of her fiction and that of Isak Dinesen, her unknown manuscript “Bathseba”, the implications of existentialist thought for her work, Kallas’ engagement in her cultural criticism and life writings with decadent modernism, issues of race and heredity, subjectivity and borders, travel, ageing, her interpretation of Goethe, and the iconography of Kallas, the collection features the work of today’s leading Aino Kallas scholars in Finland and in Estonia. "

Keywords

modernization --- diaries --- ageing --- mourning --- poetry --- biography

Her Own Worth: Negotiations of Subjectivity in the Life Narrative of a Female Labourer

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Book Series: Studia Fennica Ethnologica ISBN: 9789522226099 9789522227539 9789522226181 Year: Pages: 218 DOI: 10.21435/sfe.16 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS Grant: Jane and Aatos Erkko Foundation and SKS
Subject: Ethnology --- Gender Studies --- Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-09-27 11:01:41
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"In this study, I examine the life narrative of a female factory labourer, Elsa Koskinen (née Kiikkala, born in 1927). I analyze her account of her experiences related to work, class and gender because I seek to gain a better understanding of how changes in these aspects of life influenced the ways in which she saw her own worth at the time of the interviews and how she constructed her subjectivity. Elsa’s life touches upon many of the core aspects of 20th-century social change: changes in women’s roles, the entrance of middle- class women into working life, women’s increasing participation in the public sphere, feminist movements, upward social mobility, the expansion of the middle class, the growth of welfare and the appearance of new technologies. What kind of trajectory did Elsa take in her life? What are the key narratives of her life? How does her narrative negotiate the shifting cultural ideals of the 20th century? A life story, a retrospective evaluation of a life lived, is one means of constructing continuity and dealing with the changes that have affected one’s life, identity and subjectivity. In narrating one’s life, the narrator produces many different versions of her/him self in relation to other people and to the world. These dialogic selves and their relations to others may manifest internal contradictions. Contradictions may also occur in relation to other narratives and normative discourses. Both of these levels, subjective meaning making and the negotiation of social ideals and collective norms, are embedded in life narratives.&#xD;My interest in this study is in the ways in which gender and class intersect with paid labour in the life of an ordinary female factory worker. I approach gender, class and work from both an experiential and a relational perspective, considering the power of social relationships and subject formations that shape individual life at the micro-level. In her narratives Elsa discusses ambivalence related to gendered ideals, social class, and especially the phenomenon of social climbing as well as technological advance.&#xD;I approach Elsa’s life and narratives ethnographically. The research material was acquired in a long-standing interview process and the analysis is based on reflexivity of the dialogic knowledge production and contextualization of Elsa’s experiences. In other words I analyze Elsa’s narratives in their situational but also socio-cultural and historical contexts. Specific episodes in one’s life and other significant events constitute smaller narrative entities, which I call micro-narratives. The analysis of micro-narratives, key dialogues and cultural ideals embedded in the interview dialogues offers perspectives on experiences of social change and the narrator’s sense of self"

The Limits of Patriarchy: How Female Networks of Pilfering and Gossip Sparked the First Debates on Rural Gender Rights in the 19th-Century Finnish-Language Press

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Book Series: Studia Fennica Ethnologica ISBN: 9789522223272 9789522227928 9789522227584 Year: Pages: 263 DOI: 10.21435/sfe.13 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS Grant: Helsinki University Library and SKS
Subject: Anthropology --- History --- Social Sciences --- Sociology --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-09-27 11:01:47
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"In the mid-19th century, letters to newspapers in Finland began to condemn a practice known as home thievery, in which farm mistresses pilfered goods from their farms to sell behind the farm master’s back. Why did farm mistresses engage home thievery and why were writers so harsh in their disapproval of it? Why did many men in their letters nonetheless sympathize with women’s pilfering? What opinions did farm daughters express? This book explores theoretical concepts of agency and power applied to the 19th-century context and takes a closer look at the family patriarch, resistance to patriarchal power by farm mistresses and their daughters, and the identities of those Finnish men who already in the 1850s and 1860s sought to defend the rights of rural farm women."

After the "Socialist Spring"

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Book Series: Monographs in German History ISBN: 9781845455521 9781789201086 9781789201086 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102873
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-07 11:21:02
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Drawing on a broad range of archival material from state and SED party sources as well as Stasi files and individual farm records along with some oral history interviews, this book provides a thorough investigation of the transformation of the rural sector from a range of perspectives. Focusing on the region of Bezirk Erfurt, the author examines on the one hand how East Germans responded to the end of private farming by resisting, manipulating but also participating in the new system of rural organization. However, he also shows how the regime sought via its representatives to implement its aims with a combination of compromise and material incentive as well as administrative pressure and other more draconian measures. The reader thus gains valuable insight into the processes by which the SED regime attained stability in the 1970s and yet was increasingly vulnerable to growing popular dissatisfaction and economic stagnation and decline in the 1980s, leading to its eventual collapse.

Which Socialism, Whose Détente?

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ISBN: 9789637326943 9786155211263 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Central European University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-19 15:18:48
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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This study analyzes the impact of the Czechoslovak crisis of 1968–1969 on the two major communist parties in the West: the Italian and French ones. Discusses the central strategic and ideological tensions which these parties needed to deal with: domestic belonging versus allegiance to the world communist movement, doctrinal orthodoxy in a context of rapid societal changes, and the question of revolution and reform. These key problems were situated in different contexts: the crisis in the “wor...

Globalization and Nationalism

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ISBN: 9789639776531 9789633860069 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Central European University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-19 15:18:48
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Argues for an original, unorthodox conception about the relationship between globalization and contemporary nationalism. While the prevailing view holds that nationalism and globalization are forces of clashing opposition, Sabanadze establishes that these tend to become allied forces. Acknowledges that nationalism does react against the rising globalization and represents a form of resistance against globalizing influences, but the Basque and Georgian cases prove that globalization and nation...

Die Gesellschaft der Nachhaltigkeit -- Umrisse eines Forschungsprogramms

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783839441947 9783837641943 9783732841943 Year: Pages: 150 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-02 11:01:45
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Sustainability has become a leading principle of social change that combines different objectives – be it green capitalism based on ecological modernization or a socio-ecological transformation that could ring in a post-capitalist era. The social dimensions of sustainability as well as the paradoxes relating to a sustainable development in global capitalism are examined in this programmatic text by Sighard Neckel and his research team in Hamburg. Basic sociological perspectives of sustainability are the subject, as are prospects of concrete fields of a critical-reflexive social research on the social conflicts centering around sustainability.

Sustainability through the Lens of Environmental Sociology

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ISBN: 9783038426608 9783038426615 Year: Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-22 12:23:07
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Our planet is undergoing radical environmental and social changes. Sustainability has now been put into question by, for example, our consumption patterns, loss of biodiversity, depletion of resources, and exploitative power relations. With apparent ecological and social limits to globalization and development, current levels of consumption are unsustainable, inequitable, and inaccessible to the majority of humans. Understanding and attaining sustainability is a crucial matter at a time when our planet is in peril—environmentally, economically, socially, and politically. Since its official inception in the 1970s, environmental sociology has provided a powerful lens to understanding the challenges, possibilities and modes of sustainability.Most chapters in this book were published as peer-reviewed articles in Sustainability in its special issue “Sustainability through the Lens of Environmental Sociology”, providing an environmental sociology approach to understanding and achieving the widely used notion of “sustainability.” This edited collection covers, among other topics, the inherent discursive formations of environmental sociology, conceptual tools and paradoxes, competing theories and practices, and their complex implications on our society at large. Chapters in this book specifically focus on how sustainable development has been understood through different theoretical lenses in environmental sociology, such as ecological modernization, policy/reformist sustainable development, and critical structural approaches (such as the treadmill of production, ecological Marxism, metabolic rift theory, etc.); and how sustainable development has been practiced in, or by, various stakeholders, such as states, corporations, and local communities, for various ends, through the use of specific case studies, showing, for example, the discursive shifts, dynamic formations, and diverse contours of sustainable development.The range of relevant topics includes:• Environmental sociology as a field of inquiry for sustainability • Historical context of sustainable development in environmental sociology• Nature-society relationship in environmental sociology• Theories/approaches to sustainability discourse in environmental sociology• Environmentalism/environmental movements for sustainability• Empirical cases (such as climate change, biodiversity, food, certification, etc.) through the lens of environmental sociology

Das Hegemonieprojekt der ökologischen Modernisierung

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Book Series: Edition Politik ISBN: 9783837632330 9783839432334 Year: DOI: 10.14361/9783839432334 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103336
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:57
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Ökologische Modernisierung gilt als Leitprinzip zeitgemäßer Umweltpolitik. Die ökomodernen Kernforderungen nach "Sustainable Development" und "Green Economy" zielen auf eine fortschreitende Entwicklung, die um eine Nachhaltigkeitskomponente ergänzt werden soll. Anhand von #on("i")#Carbon Capture and Storage#off("i")# (CCS) fragt Timmo Krüger nach den aktuellen Dynamiken in den Kämpfen um die Hegemonie in der internationalen Klimapolitik. Er zeigt: Da CCS-Technologien auf der fossilen und zentralisierten Energieinfrastruktur basieren, spitzt sich hier die Frage zu, inwieweit es zur adäquaten Bearbeitung der ökologischen Krise einer umfassenden Transformation gesellschaftlicher Strukturen bedarf.

A Tale of Two Villages

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ISBN: 9789639776784 9789633860076 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Central European University Press
Subject: Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-19 15:18:48
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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This dramatic story of land and power from twentieth-century Eastern Europe is set in two extraordinary villages: a rebel village, where peasants fought the advent of Communism and became its first martyrs, and a model village turned forcibly into a town, Dictator Ceauşescu’s birthplace. The two villages capture among themselves nearly a century of dramatic transformation and social engineering, ending up with their charged heritage in the present European Union. ""One of Romania’s foremost s...

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