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Recent Advances in Novel Materials for Future Spintronics

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ISBN: 9783038979760 / 9783038979777 Year: Pages: 152 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-977-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Abstract

As we all know, electrons carry both charge and spin. The processing of information in conventional electronic devices is based only on the charge of electrons. Spin electronics, or spintronics, uses the spin of electrons, as well as their charge, to process information. Metals, semiconductors, and insulators are the basic materials that constitute the components of electronic devices, and these types of materials have been transforming all aspects of society for over a century. In contrast, magnetic metals, half-metals (including zero-gap half-metals), magnetic semiconductors (including spin-gapless semiconductors), dilute magnetic semiconductors, and magnetic insulators are the materials that will form the basis for spintronic devices. This book aims to collect a range of papers on novel materials that have intriguing physical properties and numerous potential practical applications in spintronics.

Colloids and Interfaces in Oil Recovery

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ISBN: 9783039211067 / 9783039211074 Year: Pages: 234 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-107-4 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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It is well-known that colloid and interface science and petroleum production are inextricably linked. Whether in the reservoir, with its porous structure, or during recovery, crude oil is intimately associated with rock surfaces and with water, often in the form of emulsions. This situation leads to highly complex systems, comprising multiple colloids and interfaces, which require to be optimized if oil is to be recovered efficiently, both in terms of economic cost and with due concern for the environment. This book contains a compilation of contemporary research topics which illustrate various aspects of the importance of colloids and interfaces in crude oil recovery through modifying conditions between the rock, crude oil, and water in the reservoir, in order to achieve improved oil recovery. The specific topics covered relate both to conventional oils, in which waterflooding is the most common secondary and tertiary means of recovery, and to non-conventional heavy oil and natural bitumen, which require thermal recovery methods, owing to their high viscosity.

Marine Bioactive Peptides: Structure, Function, and Therapeutic Potential

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ISBN: 9783039215324 / 9783039215331 Year: Pages: 442 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-533-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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This Special Issue Book, “Marine Bioactive Peptides: Structure, Function, andTherapeutic Potential"" includes up-to-date information regarding bioactivepeptides isolated from marine organisms. Marine peptides have been found invarious phyla, and their numbers have grown in recent years. These peptidesare diverse in structure and possess broad-spectrum activities that have greatpotential for medical applications. Various marine peptides are evolutionaryancient molecular factors of innate immunity that play a key role in host defense.A plethora of biological activities, including antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral,anticancer, anticoagulant, endotoxin-binding, immune-modulating, etc., makemarine peptides an attractive molecular basis for drug design. This Special IssueBook presents new results in the isolation, structural elucidation, functionalcharacterization, and therapeutic potential evaluation of peptides found inmarine organisms. Chemical synthesis and biotechnological production of marinepeptides and their mimetics is also a focus of this Special Issue Book.

Keywords

sea cucumber --- ACE-inhibitory peptide --- molecular docking --- structure-activity relationship --- plastein reaction --- Gracilariopsis lemaneiformis --- ACE-inhibitory activity --- peptide --- molecular docking --- SHRs --- prostate cancer --- Anthopleura anjunae oligopeptide --- DU-145 cells --- PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway --- cod skin --- NA-inhibitory peptide --- influenza virus --- neuraminidase --- molecular docking --- adsorption --- host defense peptide --- antimicrobial peptide --- anti-LPS factor --- host?microbe relationship --- functional diversity --- invertebrate immunity --- crustacean --- antimicrobial activity --- antimicrobial peptide --- polychaeta --- innate immunity --- BRICHOS domain --- recombinant peptide --- ?-helix --- Rana-box --- nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) --- antimicrobial peptide --- cytotoxicity --- ?-hairpin --- polyphemusins --- tachyplesins --- cell death --- signaling pathways --- Neptunea arthritica cumingii --- multi-functional peptides --- antioxidant activity --- ACE-inhibitory activity --- anti-diabetic activity --- Arenicola marina --- antimicrobial peptides --- arenicin --- complement --- C3a --- acid-sensing ion channel --- animal models --- pain relief --- toxin --- Ugr 9-1 --- APETx2 --- hairtail (Trichiurus japonicas) --- muscle --- peptide --- antioxidant activity --- half-fin anchovy hydrolysates --- Maillard reaction products --- antibacterial peptide --- identification --- self-production of hydrogen peroxide --- membrane damage --- Perinereis aibuhitensis --- decapeptide --- lung cancer --- cell proliferation --- apoptosis --- conotoxins --- conopeptides --- computational studies --- molecular dynamics --- machine learning --- docking --- review --- drug design --- ion channels --- Conus --- conotoxin --- transcriptome sequencing --- phylogeny --- venom duct --- abalone --- peptide --- vasculogenic mimicry --- metastasis --- MMPs --- HIF-1? --- dexamethasone --- myotube atrophy --- protein synthesis --- proteolytic system --- Pyropia yezoensis peptide --- PYP15 --- QAGLSPVR --- antihypertensive effect --- Caco-2 cell monolayer --- transport routes --- oyster zinc-binding peptide --- peptide-zinc complex --- caco-2 cells --- intestinal absorption --- zinc bioavailability --- Chlorella pyrenoidosa protein hydrolysate (CPPH) --- Chlorella pyrenoidosa protein hydrolysate-calcium chelate (CPPH-Ca) --- calcium absorption --- gene expression --- gut microbiota --- cone snails --- conotoxins --- ion channels --- function --- structure --- marine peptides --- arenicin-1 --- molecular symmetry --- structure–activity relationship --- antibacterial --- cytotoxic --- chemical synthesis --- molecular dynamics --- tilapia --- HUVEC --- angiotensin II --- NF-?B --- Nrf2 --- endothelial dysfunction --- conotoxin --- cone snail --- Conus --- Conus ateralbus --- Kalloconus --- n/a

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