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Sovereign Justice

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ISBN: 9783110245738 9783110245745 Year: Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100218
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-31 11:02:14
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Over the past years global justice has established itself as one of the new and most promising frontiers of political theory. Sovereign Justice collects valuable contributions from scholars of both continental and analytic tradition, and aims to investigate into the relationship between global justice and the nation state. It deals with the moral relevance of national boundaries and cosmopolitanism, and takes into account the most influential traditions that shape current approaches to the subject, especially those descending from Rawls and Kant.

The Philosophy of Human Rights

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ISBN: 9783110263398 9783110263886 Year: Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100222
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-31 11:02:20
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The notion of "human rights" is widely used in political and moral debates. The core idea, that all human beings have some inalienable basic rights, is appealing and has an important practical function: It allows moral criticism of various wrongs and calls for action in order to prevent them. The articles in this collection take up a tension between the wide political use of human rights claims and some intellectual skepticism about them. In particular, three major issues call for clarification: the questions of how to justify human rights, how to determine their scope and the corresponding obligations, and how to overcome the tension between universal normative claims and particular moralities.

Kants Einleitung in die Rechtslehre von 1784 - Immanuel Kants Rechtsbegriff in der Moralvorlesung „Mrongovius II“ und der Naturrechtsvorlesung „Feyerabend“ von 1784 sowie in der „Metaphysik der Sitten“ von 1797

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ISBN: 9783863950699 Year: Pages: 137 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-17 04:22:18
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1797 erscheint mit den Metaphysischen Anfangsgründen der Rechtslehre Immanuel Kants rechtsphilosophisches Hauptwerk. Nicht selten begegnet man daher der Auffassung, Kants Rechtsphilosophie entstamme im Wesentlichen seiner Spätphase und sei überdies nur schwer mit der kritischen Moralphilosophie der 1780er Jahre in Einklang zu bringen. Vor diesem Hintergrund widmet sich die vorliegende Untersuchung dem Vergleich des kantischen Rechtsbegriffs, wie er 1797 in der Einleitung in die Rechtslehre vorgestellt wird, mit Kants Ausführungen in den Vorlesungsnachschriften Moral-Mrongovius II und Naturrecht-Feyerabend aus dem Jahre 1784. Dabei kann nachgewiesen werden, dass der Rechtsbegriff von 1797 bereits 1784 ausgearbeitet war. Mehr noch: Es zeigt sich, dass Kants Rechtsbegriff nicht nur bereits in der Phase seiner kritischen Moralphilosophie vorlag, sondern vielmehr in einem Guss mit ihr konzipiert wurde und wie diese auf dem kritischen Freiheitsbegriff basiert.

Metaethics from a First Person Standpoint: An Introduction to Moral Philosophy

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ISBN: 9781783741991 9781783742004 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 132 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0087 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-05 11:54:42
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Metaethics from a First Person Standpoint addresses in a novel format the major topics and themes of contemporary metaethics, the study of the analysis of moral thought and judgement. Metathetics is less concerned with what practices are right or wrong than with what we mean by ‘right’ and ‘wrong.’Looking at a wide spectrum of topics including moral language, realism and anti-realism, reasons and motives, relativism, and moral progress, this book engages students and general readers in order to enhance their understanding of morality and moral discourse as cultural practices. Catherine Wilson innovatively employs a first-person narrator to report step-by-step an individual’s reflections, beginning from a position of radical scepticism, on the possibility of objective moral knowledge. The reader is invited to follow along with this reasoning, and to challenge or agree with each major point. Incrementally, the narrator is led to certain definite conclusions about ‘oughts’ and norms in connection with self-interest, prudence, social norms, and finally morality. Scepticism is overcome, and the narrator arrives at a good understanding of how moral knowledge and moral progress are possible, though frequently long in coming. Accessibly written, Metaethics from a First Person Standpoint presupposes no prior training in philosophy and is a must-read for philosophers, students and general readers interested in gaining a better understanding of morality as a personal philosophical quest.

Internationale Gerechtigkeit und institutionelle Verantwortung

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ISBN: 9783110615876 Year: Pages: 438,00 DOI: 10.1515/9783110615876 Language: German / English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-27 13:08:38
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What are the implications of globalization for moral behavior? What would global practices look like that were just for all in principle? Is it possible to generalize the basic principles of social justice as they prevail in democratic countries? Or instead, do other, possibly weaker levels of moral responsibility exist at the global level that promote global social justice based on different sets of principles?

Preserving and Exhibiting Media Art

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Book Series: Framing Film ISBN: 9789048513833 9789089642912 Year: Pages: 448 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-23 11:21:12
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This vibrantly illustrated introduction to the emerging field of the preservation and presentation of media art brings together the contributions of authors from all over Europe and the United States. This volume can serve as a textbook for students in advanced degree programs in media art and museum studies, as well as an invaluable introduction for general readers. A potent combination of incisive scholarly articles and focused case studies, Preserving and Exhibiting Media Art offers a comprehensive overview of the history, theory, and practical skills of preserving media art.

Foundations for Moral Relativism: Second Expanded Edition

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ISBN: 9781783740345 9781783740338 Year: Pages: 156 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0086 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-04 15:55:54
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In this new edition of Foundations for Moral Relativism a distinguished moral philosopher tames a bugbear of current debate about cultural difference. J. David Velleman shows that different communities can indeed be subject to incompatible moralities, because their local mores are rationally binding. At the same time, he explains why the mores of different communities, even when incompatible, are still variations on the same moral themes. The book thus maps out a universe of many moral worlds without, as Velleman puts it, "moral black holes". The six self-standing chapters discuss such diverse topics as online avatars and virtual worlds, lying in Russian and truth-telling in Quechua, the pleasure of solitude and the fear of absurdity. Accessibly written, this book presupposes no prior training in philosophy.

Cyborg Mind

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ISBN: 9781789200140 9781789200157 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104786
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-06 11:21:02
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Should people hardwire computers into their brains, enabling their minds to directly access cyberspace? What advantages and risks would this represent? Would this create a new humanity? These questions have been considered and discussed in science fiction for decades, but technology is beginning to make such developments seem remarkably plausible. This book examines what is currently taking place in this fast-developing sector of society while looking at future prospects. In so doing it seeks to integrate technological and scientific developments, political debate as well as philosophical interrogation while involving ethicists, policy makers, journalists, and practitioners. It is the first extensive study on a topic that is certain to significantly impact the 21st century and beyond. It opens the first door to this important debate.

Museum of Nonhumanity

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ISBN: 9781950192113 9781950192120 Year: Pages: 281 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0252.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-24 11:21:12
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Museum of Nonhumanity is the catalogue for a full-size touring museum that presents the history of the distinction between humans and animals, and the way that this artificial boundary has been used to oppress human and nonhuman beings over long historical periods. Throughout history, declaring a group to be nonhuman or subhuman has been an effective tool for justifying slavery, oppression, medical experimentation, genocide, and other forms of violence against those deemed “other.” Conversely, differentiating humans from other species has paved the way for the abuse of natural resources and other animals. Museum of Nonhumanity approaches animalization as a nexus that connects xenophobia, sexism, racism, transphobia, and the abuse of nature and other animals. The touring museum hosts lecture programs in which local civil rights and animal rights organizations, academics, artists, and activists propose paths to a more inclusive society through intersectional approaches. The museum also hosts a pop-up book shop and a vegan café. As a temporary, utopian institution, Museum of Nonhumanity stands as a monument to the call to make animalization history.

Refugees and the Ethics of Forced Displacement

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ISBN: 9780415712613 9781315883854 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102662
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-26 11:21:03
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This book is a philosophical analysis of the ethical treatment of refugees and stateless people, a group of people who, though extremely important politically, have been greatly under theorized philosophically. The limited philosophical discussion of refugees by philosophers focuses narrowly on the question of whether or not we, as members of Western states, have moral obligations to admit refugees into our countries. This book reframes this debate and shows why it is important to think ethically about people who will never be resettled and who live for prolonged periods outside of all political communities. Parekh shows why philosophers ought to be concerned with ethical norms that will help stateless people mitigate the harms of statelessness even while they remain formally excluded from states.

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