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La Conférence de sept Parfums

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ISBN: 9788899982683 DOI: 10.4000/books.aaccademia.2507 Language: French
Publisher: Accademia University Press
Subject: Bibliography
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:23
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« Au début des années 1980, à l’occasion des fêtes du mois de Shaban au cours desquelles guérisseurs, voyantes et voyants de la confrérie gnawa – on les appelle mokadma et mokaddem – de Marrakech renouvellent et parfument leurs autels dédiés aux génies et, lorsque c’est possible, leur garde-robe, j’avais rituellement offert au mokaddem Laïachi Hamshish une choukara, une de ces besaces brodées que quelques vieux Marocains portent encore sous leur djellaba. Je demandai à Laïachi de me céder son ancien sac en échange du nouveau, ce qui le fit bien rire. Il s’exécuta volontiers après avoir transféré dans la besace neuve son sepsi et sa blague à kif, quelques pièces de monnaie, deux cauris, une carte d’identité écornée et un paquet de cigarettes Casa Sport à moitié vide. Des années plus tard, au cours de la dernière lila où Laïachi officia dans les semaines précédant sa mort, il me contraignit à entrer dans la raba, l’espace consacré dédié à la montée et la descente des génies, et à danser toute la nuit. Un cadeau d’adieu, en quelque sorte. Depuis lors, j’ai vécu sur quatre continents et dans mon bocage natal mayennais quelques aventures marquantes liées à ce monde de forces. Autant de secrets parfumés que j’ai précautionneusement mussés dans la choukara de Laïachi jusqu’à aujourd’hui. » Jerzy Grotowski, la forêt polonaise, le chant du tambour, la danse avec les génies gnawa au Maroc, la forêt sacrée d’Oshogbo au Nigéria, les guérisseurs de la Mayenne : dans cette Conférence des sept parfums, Pierre Guicheney nous conte par fragments qui sont autant de découvertes une vie de voyage dans quelques régions invisibles du monde visible.

Keywords

travel --- Grotowski --- Morocco --- Nigeria

Claiming spaces for acts of citizenship: recent experiences of activists in Morocco (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781788111126 9781788111133 Year: Pages: 24 DOI: 10.4337/9781788111133.00011 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Political Science --- History --- Migration --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2018-10-10 11:00:22
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Since October 2016 and starting in the northern Rif region, Morocco has witnessed popular protests fuelled by a widespread sense of hogra, i.e. deprivation of dignity due to nepotism, corruption and marginalisation. These protests can be considered a revival of the spirit of the February 20 Movement (F20M) of 2011, which led to the adoption of a new Constitution. Based on interviews with activists in Rabat, Casablanca and Tangier, this chapter addresses the following questions: How did these activists keep the spirit of the F20M alive? How are their ‘acts of citizenship’ (Engin Isin) helping them to claim public spaces? How do they understand the concept of citizenship as compared to how it is used in the state’s discourse? What are the state’s reactions to their activities, and how do the groups in turn respond to them? Finally, what, if anything, does the 2011 Constitution mean to these activists?

Mistrust

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Book Series: Malinowski Monographs ISBN: 9780997367522 Year: Language: English
Publisher: HAU Books Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101684
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-16 11:02:30
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Trust occupies a unique place in contemporary discourse. Seen as both necessary and good, it is variously depicted as enhancing the social fabric, lowering crime rates, increasing happiness, and generating prosperity. It allows for complex political systems, permits human communication, underpins financial instruments and economic institutions, and holds society itself together. There is scant space within this vision for a nuanced discussion of mistrust. With few exceptions, it is treated as little more than a corrosive absence. This monograph, instead, proposes an ethnographic and conceptual exploration of mistrust as a legitimate epistemological stance in its own right. It examines the impact of mistrust on practices of conversation and communication, friendship and society, as well as politics and cooperation, and suggests that suspicion, doubt, and uncertainty can also ground ways of organizing human society and cooperating with others.

Um Islão Prático

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ISBN: 9791036516283 DOI: 10.4000/books.etnograficapress.1146 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Etnográfica Press
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:31
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Através da análise do dia-a-dia das mulheres de um bairro popular numa cidade marroquina, pretende-se demonstrar como o Islão é constantemente reinterpretado e apropriado, juntamente com outros elementos culturais, na reconstrução de uma identidade feminina urdida em jogos sociais intensos - contrariando-se, assim, os habituais estereótipos da "mulher muçulmana reclusa". O argumento principal é o de que só através da observação dos contextos domésticos e informais, nos quais as mulheres tecem as suas relações sociais, é possível aceder as noções de pessoa, self e comunidade e compreender os processos pelos quais os papéis religiosos e de género são reinventados através de uma bricolage que recicla tradição e modernidade. Este argumento e sustentado etnograficamente por uma descrição do ritmo anual da vida doméstica e do bairro, bem como pelo acompanhamento de celebrações religiosas e nacionais. O levamento etnográfico estende-se dos ritos a outras performances comunicativas (como as matinées em torno da televisão e do vídeo), das muitas outras ocasiões e formas de sociabilidade (visitas, actividades quotidianas, pequenas trocas e empréstimos, participação e papéis dos parentes, amigos e vizinhos) a observância do equilíbrio delicado da decência, religiosidade e honra adequadas a cada momenta social e temporal. Este itinerário etnográfico pretende demonstrar coma as noções de pessoa e comunidade são estabilizadas e mantidas pela repetição quotidiana de gestos, cenas e fórmulas, ao mesmo tempo que os seus limites são constantemente actualizados em cada encontro com amigos, vizinhos, parentes ou antropólogos. Finalmente, argumenta-se que existem no Islão dispositivos compatíveis com a modernidade, no que respeita ao corpo e ao self entendidos coma projectos individuais e racionais, ao mesmo tempo que se demonstra coma o "regateamento da realidade", num contexto de pobreza e poupança simbólica, reinscreve as referências modernizadoras num idioma de mobilidade social. O recurso a comparações fora do contexto marroquino imediato permite situar este trabalho no âmbito mais alargado dos estudos interpretativos urbanos e sobre a globalização.

Keywords

genre --- social identity --- Islam --- tradition --- modernity --- Morocco --- ethnography

Chapter 4 - Quarantine in Ceuta and Malta in the travel writings of the late-eighteenth-century Moroccan ambassador Ibn Uthmân Al-Meknassî (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Social Histories of Medicine ISBN: 9781526127365 Year: Pages: 18 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: European Commission’s OpenAIRE project
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Social Sciences --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-17 11:02:33
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This chapter examines the writings of the renowned late-eighteenth-century Moroccan ambassador Ibn Uthmân Al-Meknassî, the first known traveller from his country to leave an account of European quarantine as experienced during his two diplomatic missions in Spain’s Ceuta (1779) and Malta’s Valletta (1782). It shows that quarantine, on the one hand, acted as a marker of otherness by which Ibn Othman was identified as a Muslim, though this was not a uniform process, owing to the fact that significant differences existed in the degree of alterity experienced in Spain and Malta, and indeed other parts of the Mediterranean. The subjective opinion on quarantine, on the other hand, was also one of the means through which Ibn Uthmân situated himself within Makhzen (Moroccan government) elites at a time when a division between those who declared themselves in favour of European-style modernisation and those who advocated a rejection of European novelties was already visible.

The Governance of International Migration

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ISBN: 9789462982765 9789048532803 Year: DOI: 10.5117/9789462982765 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-05 09:51:02
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As concern about immigration has grown within Europe in recent years, the European Union has brought pressure to bear on countries that are allegedly not sufficiently governing irregular migration with and within their borders. This book looks at that issue in Turkey and Morocco, showing how it affects migrants in these territories, and how migrant illegality has been produced by law, practiced and negotiated by the state, other civil society actors, and by migrants themselves. Ayen Üstübici focuses on a number of different aspects of migrant illegality, such as experiences of deportation, participation in economic life, and access to health care and education, in order to reveal migrants' strategies and the various ways they seek to legitimise their stay.

Realizing Islam

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ISBN: 9781469660844 9781469660844 Year: Pages: 307 DOI: 10.5149/9781469660844_Wright Language: English
Publisher: The University of North Carolina Press Grant: Andrew W. Mellon Foundation
Subject: Religion --- History --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-29 23:59:00
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The Tijaniyya is the largest Sufi order in West and North Africa. In this unprecedented analysis of the Tijaniyya's origins and development in the late eighteenth century, Zachary Valentine Wright situates the order within the broader intellectual history of Islam in the early modern period. Introducing the group's founder, Ahmad al-Tijani (1737 - 1815), Wright focuses on the wider network in which al-Tijani traveled, revealing it as a veritable global Islamic revival whose scholars commanded large followings, shared key ideas, and produced literature read widely throughout the Muslim world. They were linked through chains of knowledge transmission from which emerged vibrant discourses of renewal in the face of perceived social and political corruption. Wright argues that this constellation of remarkable Muslim intellectuals, despite the uncertainly of the age, promoted personal verification in religious learning. With distinctive concern for the notions of human actualization and a universal human condition, the Tijaniyya emphasized the importance of the realization of Muslim identity. Since its beginnings in North Africa in the eighteenth century, the Tijaniyya has quietly expanded its influence beyond Africa, with significant populations in the Middle East, Southeast Asia, and North America.

Earth Observation, Remote Sensing and Geoscientific Ground Investigations for Archaeological and Heritage Research

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ISBN: 9783039211937 9783039211944 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-194-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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This book collects 15 papers written by renowned scholars from across the globe that showcase the forefront research in Earth observation (EO), remote sensing (RS), and geoscientific ground investigations to study archaeological records and cultural heritage.Archaeologists, anthropologists, geographers, remote sensing, and archaeometry experts share their methodologies relying on a wealth of techniques and data including, but not limited to: very high resolution satellite images from optical and radar space-borne sensors, air-borne surveys, geographic information systems (GIS), archaeological fieldwork, and historical maps.A couple of the contributions highlight the value of noninvasive and nondestructive laboratory analyses (e.g., neutron diffraction) to reconstruct ancient manufacturing technologies, and of geological ground investigations to corroborate hypotheses of historical events that shaped cultural landscapes.Case studies encompass famous UNESCO World Heritage Sites (e.g., the Nasca Lines in Peru), remote and yet-to-discover archaeological areas in tropical forests in central America, European countries, south Asian changing landscapes, and environments which are arid nowadays but were probably full of woody vegetation in the past.Finally, the reader can learn about the state-of-the-art of education initiatives to train site managers in the use of space technologies in support of their activities, and can understand the legal aspects involved in the application of EO and RS to address current challenges of African heritage preservation.

Keywords

analytic hierarchy process (AHP) --- archaeology --- predictive model --- tumuli --- remote sensing --- multi-criteria --- Saharan Morocco --- airborne laser scanning --- orthophotographs --- archaeological survey --- field reconnaissance --- Arran --- national archaeological mapping programme --- synthetic aperture radar --- subsurface imaging --- microwave penetration --- archaeology --- arid environments --- remote sensing --- Oman --- e-learning --- Earth observation --- education --- capacity development --- cultural and natural heritage --- UNESCO --- photogrammetry --- RPAS --- UAV --- Peru --- geoglyph Pista --- mapping --- drones --- remote sensing --- free satellite imagery --- GoogleEarth --- Bing Maps --- archaeological fieldwork --- arid environments --- basalt desert --- landscape accessibility --- Harra --- Jordan --- archaeological landscapes --- settlements --- historical maps --- Survey of India --- Archaeological Survey of India --- heritage --- colonial studies --- remote sensing --- historical landscapes --- landscape archaeology --- settlements --- colonial studies --- river morphology --- Indus --- floods --- remote sensing --- satellite --- Sentinel-2 --- surface survey --- Roman archaeology --- Sumerian pottery --- neutron techniques --- neutron diffraction --- chemometric analysis --- Mega El Niño --- pampa of Nazca --- Cuenca Pisco --- Rio Grande de Nazca --- grain-size --- volcaniclastic layer --- stratigraphy --- petrography --- Lidar --- GIS --- Mesoamerica --- Archaeology --- Caves --- Landscape --- Ritual --- Visualization --- Maya --- Belize --- Sacred --- automated detection --- OBIA --- LiDAR --- Difference Map --- field monument --- Burial Mound --- Motte-and-Bailey castle --- Ridge and Furrow --- space law --- disaster and conservation management --- Geographic Information System (GIS) --- international boundaries --- Africa --- Cameroon-Nigeria Mixed Commission --- satellite imagery --- Boundary Demarcation --- international law --- relict boundaries --- Earth Observation --- remote sensing --- optical --- SAR --- drone --- airborne LiDAR --- GIS --- OBIA --- neutron diffraction --- archaeological prospection --- pattern recognition --- archaeometry --- geological mapping

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