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Distributed Energy Storage Devices in Smart Grids

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ISBN: 9783039284344 / 9783039284351 Year: Pages: 148 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-435-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Abstract

Energy storage systems have been recognized as viable solutions for implementing the smart grid paradigm, but have created challenges in terms of load levelling, integrating renewable and intermittent sources, voltage and frequency regulation, grid resiliency, improving power quality and reliability, reducing energy import during peak demand periods, and so on. In particular, distributed energy storage addresses a wide range of the above potential issues, and it is gaining attention from customers, utilities, and regulators. Distributed energy storage has considerable potential for reducing costs and improving the quality of electric services. However, installation costs and lifespan are the main drawbacks to the wide diffusion of this technology. In this context, a serious challenge is the adoption of new techniques and strategies for the optimal planning, control, and management of grids that include distributed energy storage devices. Regulatory guidance and proactive policies are urgently needed to ensure a smooth rollout of this technology. This book collects recent contributions of methodologies applied to the integration of distributed energy storage devices in smart power systems. Several areas of research (optimal siting and sizing of energy storage systems, adaption of energy storage systems to load leveling and harmonic compensation, integration for electric vehicles, and optimal control systems) are investigated in the contributions collected in this book.

Analysis and Design of Hybrid Energy Storage Systems

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ISBN: 9783039286867 / 9783039286874 Year: Pages: 180 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-687-4 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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The most important environmental challenge today's society is facing is to reduce the effects of CO2 emissions and global warming. Such an ambitious challenge can only be achieved through a holistic approach, capable of tackling the problem from a multidisciplinary point of view. One of the core technologies called to play a critical role in this approach is the use of energy storage systems. These systems enable, among other things, the balancing of the stochastic behavior of Renewable Sources and Distributed Generation in modern Energy Systems; the efficient supply of industrial and consumer loads; the development of efficient and clean transport; and the development of Nearly-Zero Energy Buildings (nZEB) and intelligent cities. Hybrid Energy Storage Systems (HESS) consist of two (or more) storage devices with complementary key characteristics, that are able to behave jointly with better performance than any of the technologies considered individually. Recent developments in storage device technologies, interface systems, control and monitoring techniques, or visualization and information technologies have driven the implementation of HESS in many industrial, commercial and domestic applications. This Special Issue focuses on the analysis, design and implementation of hybrid energy storage systems across a broad spectrum, encompassing different storage technologies (including electrochemical, capacitive, mechanical or mechanical storage devices), engineering branches (power electronics and control strategies; energy engineering; energy engineering; chemistry; modelling, simulation and emulation techniques; data analysis and algorithms; social and economic analysis; intelligent and Internet-of-Things (IoT) systems; and so on.), applications (energy systems, renewable energy generation, industrial applications, transportation, Uninterruptible Power Supplies (UPS) and critical load supply, etc.) and evaluation and performance (size and weight benefits, efficiency and power loss, economic analysis, environmental costs, etc.).

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)

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ISBN: 9783039214532 9783039214549 Year: Pages: 230 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-454-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Climate change, urban air quality, and dependency on crude oil are important societal challenges. In the transportation sector especially, clean and energy efficient technologies must be developed. Electric vehicles (EVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) have gained a growing interest in the vehicle industry. Nowadays, the commercialization of EVs and PHEVs has been possible in different applications (i.e., light duty, medium duty, and heavy duty vehicles) thanks to the advances in energy storage systems, power electronics converters (including DC/DC converters, DC/AC inverters, and battery charging systems), electric machines, and energy efficient power flow control strategies. This book is based on the Special Issue of the journal Applied Sciences on “Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)”. This collection of research articles includes topics such as novel propulsion systems, emerging power electronics and their control algorithms, emerging electric machines and control techniques, energy storage systems, including BMS, and efficient energy management strategies for hybrid propulsion, vehicle-to-grid (V2G), vehicle-to-home (V2H), grid-to-vehicle (G2V) technologies, and wireless power transfer (WPT) systems.

Keywords

battery power --- convex optimization --- dynamic programming --- engine-on power --- plug-in hybrid electric vehicle --- simulated annealing --- electric vehicle --- open-end winding --- dual inverter --- voltage vector distribution --- power sharing --- energy management --- range-extender --- CO2 --- air quality --- mobility needs --- LCA --- Paris Agreement --- hybrid energy storage system --- lithium-ion battery --- lithium-ion capacitor --- lifetime model --- power distribution --- state of health estimation --- adaptive neuron-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) --- group method of data handling (GMDH) --- artificial neural network (ANN) --- electric vehicles (EVs) --- capacity degradation --- lithium-ion battery --- time-delay input --- interleaved multiport converte --- multi-objective genetic algorithm --- hybrid electric vehicles --- losses model --- wide bandgap (WBG) technologies --- Energy Storage systems --- LCA --- Well-to-Wheel --- electric vehicle --- plug-in hybrid --- electricity mix --- consequential --- attributional --- marginal --- system modelling --- energy system --- meta-analysis --- parallel hybrid electric vehicle --- regenerative braking --- fuel consumption characteristics --- energy efficiency --- state of charge --- lithium polymer battery --- electric vehicle --- Plugin Hybrid electric vehicle --- Li-ion battery --- modelling --- measurements --- state of charge --- strong track filter --- modified one-state hysteresis model --- Li(Ni1/3Co1/3Mn1/3)O2 battery --- energy management strategy --- Markov decision process (MDP) --- plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) --- Q-learning (QL) --- reinforcement learning (RL) --- novel propulsion systems --- emerging power electronics --- including wide bandgap (WBG) technology --- emerging electric machines --- efficient energy management strategies for hybrid propulsion systems --- energy storage systems --- life-cycle assessment (LCA)

Power Electronics in Renewable Energy Systems

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039210442 9783039210459 Year: Pages: 604 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-045-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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This book offers a collection of 30 scientific papers which address the problems associated with the use of power electronic converters in renewable energy source-based systems. Relevant problems associated with the use of power electronic converters to integrate renewable energy systems to the power grid are presented. Some of the covered topics relate to the integration of photovoltaic and wind energy generators into the rest of the system, and to the use of energy storage to mitigate power fluctuations, which are a characteristic of renewable energy systems. The book provides a good overview of the abovementioned topics.

Keywords

modular multilevel converter --- battery energy storage system --- state-of-charge balancing --- second-life battery --- multi-energy complementary --- microgrid --- demand response --- operation optimization --- electricity price --- peak-current-mode control --- dynamic modeling --- duty-ratio constraints --- discontinuous conduction mode --- FACTS devices --- active power filter --- static compensator --- control strategies --- grid-connected converter --- SPWM --- SVM --- maximum power point tracking --- open circuit voltage --- perturb and observe --- thermoelectric generator --- two-stage photovoltaic power --- virtual synchronous generator --- adaptive-MPPT (maximum power point tracking) --- improved-VSG (virtual synchronous generator) --- power matching --- failure zone --- governor --- frequency regulation --- inverter --- voltage-type control --- static frequency characteristics --- grid-connected converter --- adaptive resonant controller --- PLL --- impedance analysis --- distorted grid --- digital signal processor (DSP) TMS320F28335 --- grid-connected inverter --- internal model --- linear quadratic regulator --- LCL filter --- photovoltaic systems --- multilevel power converter --- soft switching --- selective harmonic mitigation --- phase shifted --- voltage cancellation --- adaptive control --- sliding mode control --- speed control --- wind energy system --- microgrid (MG) --- droop control --- washout filter --- hardware in the loop (HIL) --- active front-end converter --- back-to-back converter --- permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) --- THD --- type-4 wind turbine --- wind energy system --- Opal-RT Technologies® --- synchronization --- adaptive notch filter (ANF) --- phase-locked loop (PLL) --- wind power prediction --- phase space reconstruction --- multivariate linear regression --- cloud computing --- time series --- multiple VSGs --- oscillation mitigation --- coordinated control --- small-signal and transient stability --- coordination control --- energy storage --- grid support function --- inertia --- photovoltaic --- virtual synchronous generator --- weak grid --- parallel inverters --- oscillation suppression --- notch filter --- impedance reshaping --- boost converter --- peak-current-mode control --- dynamic modeling --- discontinuous operation mode --- doubly-fed induction generator --- short-circuit fault --- frequency regulation --- variable power tracking control --- improved additional frequency control --- variable coefficient regulation --- inertia and damping characteristics --- generator speed control --- electrical power generation --- turbine and generator --- grid-connected converter --- organic Rankine cycle --- renewable energy --- multiport converter (MPC) --- single ended primary inductor converter (SEPIC) --- multi-input single output (MISO) --- renewable power system --- coupled oscillators --- virtual impedance --- synchronization --- power converters --- droop control --- virtual admittance --- distributed generation --- energy --- renewable energy --- microgrids --- Energy Internet --- energy router --- microgrid --- electric vehicle --- PV --- battery-energy storage --- DC-AC power converters --- impedance emulation --- stability analysis --- power-hardware-in- the-loop --- photovoltaic generators --- maximum power point tracking --- step size --- perturbation frequency --- source and load impedance --- transient dynamics --- stability --- grid synchronization --- power electronics --- power grid --- inverter --- grid-connected --- microgrid --- experiment --- modules --- synchronverter --- power ripple elimination --- resonant controller --- unbalanced power grid --- ROCOF --- PLL --- error --- low inertia --- VSC --- n/a

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