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Dialogues in Music Therapy and Music Neuroscience: Collaborative Understanding Driving Clinical Advances

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889451371 Year: Pages: 179 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-137-1 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Neurology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-06 13:27:36
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Music is a complex, dynamic stimulus with an un-paralleled ability to stimulate a global network of neural activity involved in attention, emotion, memory, communication, motor co-ordination and cognition. As such, it provides neuroscience with a highly effective tool to develop our understanding of brain function, connectivity and plasticity. Increasingly sophisticated neuroimaging technologies have enabled the expanding field of music neuroscience to reveal how musical experience, perception and cognition may support neuroplasticity, with important implications for the rehabilitation and assessment of those with acquired brain injuries and neurodegenerative conditions. Other studies have indicated the potential for music to support arousal, attention and emotional regulation, suggesting therapeutic applications for conditions including ADHD, PTSD, autism, learning disorders and mood disorders. In common with neuroscience, the music therapy profession has advanced significantly in the past 20 years. Various interventions designed to address functional deficits and health care needs have been developed, alongside standardised behavioural assessments. Historically, music therapy has drawn its evidence base from a number of contrasting theoretical frameworks. Clinicians are now turning to neuroscience, which offers a unifying knowledge base and frame of reference to understand and measure therapeutic interventions from a biomedical perspective. Conversely, neuroscience is becoming more enriched by learning about the neural effects of ‘real world’ clinical applications in music therapy. While neuroscientific imaging methods may provide biomarking evidence for the efficacy of music therapy interventions it also offers important tools to describe time-locked interactive therapy processes and feeds into the emerging field of social neuroscience. Music therapy is bound to the process of creating and experiencing music together in improvisation, listening and reflection. Thus the situated cognition and experience of music developing over time and in differing contexts is of interest in time series data. We encouraged researchers to submit papers illustrating the mutual benefits of dialogue between music therapy and other disciplines important to this field, particularly neuroscience, neurophysiology, and neuropsychology. The current eBook consists of the peer reviewed responses to our call for papers.

Music and Disorders of Consciousness: Emerging Research, Practice and Theory

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889450992 Year: Pages: 83 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-099-2 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Neurology --- Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-06 13:27:36
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Music processing in severely brain-injured patients with disorders of consciousness has been an emergent field of interest for over 30 years, spanning the disciplines of neuroscience, medicine, the arts and humanities. Disorders of consciousness (DOC) is an umbrella term that encompasses patients who present with disorders across a continuum of consciousness including people who are in a coma, in vegetative state (VS)/have unresponsive wakefulness syndrome (UWS), and in minimally conscious state (MCS). Technological developments in recent years, resulting in improvements in medical care and technologies, have increased DOC population numbers, the means for investigating DOC, and the range of clinical and therapeutic interventions under validation. In neuroimaging and behavioural studies, the auditory modality has been shown to be the most sensitive in diagnosing awareness in this complex population. As misdiagnosis remains a major problem in DOC, exploring auditory responsiveness and processing in DOC is, therefore, of central importance to improve therapeutic interventions and medical technologies in DOC. In recent years, there has been a growing interest in the role of music as a potential treatment and medium for diagnosis with patients with DOC, from the perspectives of research, clinical practice and theory. As there are almost no treatment options, such a non-invasive method could constitute a promising strategy to stimulate brain plasticity and to improve consciousness recovery. It is therefore an ideal time to draw together specialists from diverse disciplines and interests to share the latest methods, opinions, and research on this topic in order to identify research priorities and progress inquiry in a coordinated way. This Research Topic aimed to bring together specialists from diverse disciplines involved in using and researching music with DOC populations or who have an interest in theoretical development on this topic. Specialists from the following disciplines participated in this special issue: neuroscience; medicine; music therapy; clinical psychology; neuromusicology; and cognitive neuroscience.

Sound, Music and Movement in Parkinson's Disease

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889450794 Year: Pages: 176 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-079-4 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Neurology --- Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-06 13:27:36
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Recent years have brought new insights to the understanding of Parkinson’s disease, impact of exercise and sound displays in rehabilitation and movement facilitation. There is growing evidence that auditory signals in the environment can provide a temporal template for movement and change the mode of motor control from intrinsic to extrinsic; habitual to goal-directed, enabling enhanced motor performance in patients. In addition, forced exercise rate studies show that exercising at the pace of healthy adults can have potential neuroprotective benefits for patients. Many research groups have explored the use of auditory cues (such as rhythmical auditory training) in improving gait and upper limb movement parameters. Cues are usually either intermittent (metronome) or continuous (dynamic sound displays). Similarly, dance based interventions suggest that patients benefit from additional sensory information (i.e. the temporal structure embedded in music and proprioceptive information from a dancing partner) that facilities movement. On the contrary, studies dedicated to auditory perception and motor timing report an impaired ability of patients to perceive and synchronise with complex rhythmical structures (i.e. causing an inability to play musical instruments). With the growth of modern technology and the increasing portability of hi-specification devices (such as smart phones), new research questions on the design of interventions are beginning to emerge as we strive for more efficient therapeutic approaches. In this Research Topic we wanted to bring together top scientists from the movement disorder, motor control and sound related studies along with therapists. That way, we can engage in cross-disciplinary and challenging scientific debate about future rehabilitation avenues and frontiers for Parkinson’s disease patients.

Implementing Pediatric Integrative Medicine in Practice

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ISBN: 9783038977629 9783038977636 Year: Pages: 204 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-763-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Pediatrics --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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This Special Issue provides an overview of pediatric integrative medicine, an emerging field that blends conventional and evidence based complementary therapies with an emphasis on preventive health and wellbeing.

Keywords

burnout --- pediatrics --- residents --- preventive lifestyle behaviors --- resilience --- headache --- migraine --- integrative medicine --- complementary therapies --- pediatric --- mind-body --- clinic model --- multidisciplinary --- implementation --- mindful eating --- obesity --- adolescents --- Kneipp --- kindergarten --- PIMR --- pediatric integrative nursing --- program development --- pediatric blood and marrow transplant --- integrative medicine --- hypnosis --- mindfulness --- biofeedback --- acupuncture --- yoga --- guided imagery --- self-regulation --- complementary --- education --- pediatric integrative medicine --- vision --- clinical practice --- education --- advocacy --- complementary therapies --- qualitative --- mindfulness --- meditation --- chronic illness --- adolescents --- eHealth --- integrative medicine --- pediatrics --- clinical practice --- n/a --- infant --- premature --- pain --- acupuncture --- skin-to-skin contact --- sucrose --- massage --- musical therapy --- breastfeeding --- Integrative therapies --- art therapy --- music therapy --- yoga therapy --- acupuncture --- pastoral care --- creative arts therapy --- pediatrics --- opioid therapy --- weaning of opioids --- withdrawal --- assessment of withdrawal --- pediatric --- integrative medicine --- academic medicine --- multidisciplinary pain management strategies --- opioid reduction therapy --- non-pharmacological therapy --- cognitive behavioral therapy --- hypnosis --- mindfulness-based stress reduction --- acupuncture --- pain rehabilitation

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