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Instruments for New Music: Sound, Technology, and Modernism

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ISBN: 9780520288027 9780520963122 Year: Pages: 250 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.7 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Media and communication --- Music
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-14 11:01:15
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Player pianos, radio-electric circuits, gramophone records, and optical sound film—these were the cutting-edge acoustic technologies of the early twentieth century, and for many musicians and artists of the time, these devices were also the implements of a musical revolution. Instruments for New Music traces a diffuse network of cultural agents who shared the belief that a truly modern music could be attained only through a radical challenge to the technological foundations of the art. Centered in Germany during the 1920s and 1930s, the movement to create new instruments encompassed a broad spectrum of experiments, from the exploration of microtonal tunings and exotic tone colors to the ability to compose directly for automatic musical machines. This movement comprised composers, inventors, and visual artists, including Paul Hindemith, Ernst Toch, Jörg Mager, Friedrich Trautwein, László Moholy-Nagy, Walter Ruttmann, and Oskar Fischinger. Patteson’s fascinating study combines an artifact-oriented history of new music in the early twentieth century with an astute revisiting of still-relevant debates about the relationship between technology and the arts.

Elektrische Klangmaschinen

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ISBN: 9783205775935 Year: Pages: 348 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437138 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3859
Subject: Music
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:48:37
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The publication deals with the time of pioneers in building "electrical musical instruments" in German speaking countries. It is based on a research project funded by the Austrian National Bank's "Jubilaeumsfonds" (project number 9382), where the popularisation of these instruments was in focus. Starting with the first attempts the development in the respective region is examined for the time between 1920 and 1945 using carefully investigated documents. After a short description of the roots going back to the 19th century the documentation continues with a critical evaluation of the constructions and their presentation in the 1920ties (especially Joerg Mager and Lev Termen and the reaction of experts and the public). Electro-optic and electromagnetic sound generation was invented in that time as well but appeared later on. There are examples for both principles in Austria and Germany reaching back to the 1920ties. A representative survey of press reports show the different estimations of the usability of electrical musical instruments by technicians, musicians and the public. The following decade is treated in several parts due to the political development in Germany. The first two years are mainly marked by the invention of the Trautonium, the Neo-Bechstein-piano, the Elektrochord and the Hellertion. This was the time when Berlin turned out as a centre for "electrical music", especially by activities of the "Rundfunkversuchsstelle" (radio research institute) at the University of Music and the Heinrich-Hertz-Institute. The first major public presentations at the Berlin Radio Shows took place in this time as well. After the year 1933 not only the political situation changed but the cultural preconditions for the usage of electrical instruments as well. The political convergence with the NS regime and the goodwill of the "ministry of public enlightenment and propaganda" played an important role. It turned out by the following development that the Trautonium, the electric organs by Vierling and the Hellertion by Bruno Helberger were used for official occasions. Vierling's "Grosstonorgel" was used during the Olympic games, on the other hand the development of Edwin Welte's light-tone organ was stopped for he was married with a Jewish woman. The work of Oskar Sala plays an important role in the area of conflict between technology, politics and music. As no detailed documentation of the work of Joerg Mager (who claimed to be the leading person in electro-music research) is available till now, this will be discussed in a separate chapter. A short description of the consequences after 1945 is followed by a detailed appendix: data of concerts, sound recordings, technical documentations and more than 600 patents. The book is based on extensive and original material, as it turned out by studying of secondary literature that many details are based on not provable sources. The facts are carefully documented using footnotes, the book is meant as a fundamental collection of sources for further scientific research.

Musical Haptics

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Book Series: Springer Series on Touch and Haptic Systems ISSN: 2192-2977 ISBN: 9783319583150 9783319583167 Year: Pages: 285 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-58316-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Zurich University of the Arts
Subject: Music --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-29 12:48:17
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This open access book offers an original interdisciplinary overview of the role of haptic feedback in musical interaction. Divided into two parts, part I examines the tactile aspects of music performance and perception, discussing how they affect user experience and performance in terms of usability, functionality and perceived quality of musical instruments. Part II presents engineering, computational, and design approaches and guidelines that have been applied to render and exploit haptic feedback in digital musical interfaces.Musical Haptics introduces an emerging field that brings together engineering, human-computer interaction, applied psychology, musical aesthetics, and music performance. The latter, defined as the complex system of sensory-motor interactions between musicians and their instruments, presents a well-defined framework in which to study basic psychophysical, perceptual, and biomechanical aspects of touch, all of which will inform the design of haptic musical interfaces. Tactile and proprioceptive cues enable embodied interaction and inform sophisticated control strategies that allow skilled musicians to achieve high performance and expressivity. The use of haptic feedback in digital musical interfaces is expected to enhance user experience and performance, improve accessibility for disabled persons, and provide an effective means for musical tuition and guidance.

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