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Revolutionizing a world

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781911576631 Year: Pages: 336 DOI: 10.14324/ 9781911576631 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: History --- Archaeology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-01 11:01:59
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This book investigates the long-term continuity of large-scale states and empires, and its effect on the Near East’s social fabric, including the fundamental changes that occurred to major social institutions. Its geographical coverage spans, from east to west, modern-day Libya and Egypt to Central Asia, and from north to south, Anatolia to southern Arabia, incorporating modern-day Oman and Yemen. Its temporal coverage spans from the late eighth century BCE to the seventh century CE during the rise of Islam and collapse of the Sasanian Empire. The authors argue that the persistence of large states and empires starting in the eighth/seventh centuries BCE, which continued for many centuries, led to new socio-political structures and institutions emerging in the Near East. The primary processes that enabled this emergence were large-scale and long-distance movements, or population migrations. These patterns of social developments are analysed under different aspects: settlement patterns, urban structure, material culture, trade, governance, language spread and religion, all pointing at movement as the main catalyst for social change. This book’s argument is framed within a larger theoretical framework termed as ‘universalism’, a theory that explains many of the social transformations that happened to societies in the Near East, starting from the Neo-Assyrian period and continuing for centuries. Among other influences, the effects of these transformations are today manifested in modern languages, concepts of government, universal religions and monetized and globalized economies.

Keywords

empire --- state --- near east --- universalism

Chapter Udug (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9783110346602 Year: Language: German|English|French
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 323596
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-20 11:21:18

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Assyriology; Mesopotamia; Ancient Near East

Chapter Uterus (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9783110408966 Year: Language: German|English|French
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 323596
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-21 11:21:04

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Assyriology; Mesopotamia; Ancient Near East

The Archaeology of Political Spaces. The Upper Mesopotamian Piedmont in the Second Millennium BCE

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Book Series: Topoi – Berlin Studies of the Ancient World/Topoi – Berliner Studien der Alten Welt ISSN: 2191-5806 ISBN: 9783110266405 9783110370348 Year: Volume: 12 Pages: viii, 226 DOI: 10.1515/9783110266405 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Archaeology --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-13 08:48:53
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This book, consisting of 12 contributions, amalgamates the most recent results from archaeological research in the Upper Mesopotamian piedmont. Under the growing influence of expanding territorial states which had become established during the 2nd millennium BC, this region experienced a substantial change in social and political life during that time. The discussion is centered around settlement shapes, developments in the material culture, as well as written documents that attest to this change. In summary, this book emphasizes the significant roll of archaeological research in the reconstruction of models concerning the formation and transformation of political space in the ancient world.

Balkan und Naher Osten

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ISBN: 9783205786245 Year: Pages: 474 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437205 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4206
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:39
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The Balkans and the Near East share millennia of a shared history, which stretches from sedentarization in early history to the 20th century. In the Neolithic period, in Mesopotamia and in the Balkans basic techniques and skills were developed on which Europe and the Islamic world could be based later on. Thus, for example, in the centres of "Ancient Europe" - in the middle basin of the Danube River - already in the 5th millennium people experimented with early script systems, long before the first cuneiform texts in Mesopotamia and the hieroglyph texts in ancient Egypt became in use. &#xD;The "division of labour" between the various scholarly disciplines in the fields of Balkan studies and Near (Middle) East studies resulted in the separation of a shared history into a Southeast European or Balkan history on the one hand and a history of the Near (Middle) East on the other hand. It is therefore the aim of the monograph to unite the separated histories to a joint one. Since this cannot be done by the simple operation of adding up two histories, the volume opens new perspectives. &#xD;A comparable historiographical piece of work does not yet exist. The geographical space covered by the text extends between Bosnia in the west, the Iraq in the east and the Arabic Peninsula and Egypt in the south. The composition of the material is based on regional and temporal comparison. Specifically, temporal comparison constitutes a great challenge, because approximately 10,000 years are covered. &#xD;The book is organized by topics and comprises 17 chapters, 455 manuscript pages and approximately 120 graphs and photographs. Conceptualized as an introductory text, the book may also interest a wider public. The style of writing is generally intelligible and addresses for instance the burning contemporary tensions between Islam and Europe. In addition, topics such as history of religion, historical-anthropological, economic, cultural as well as questions of gender relations are addressed on a principal basis. &#xD;&#xD;

Von der bronzezeitlichen Geschichte zur modernen Antikenrezeption - Vorträge aus dem Sommersemester 2008 und Wintersemester 2008/09

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Syngramma. Vorträge aus dem Althistorischen Seminar ISBN: 9783863950262 Year: Pages: 213 DOI: 10.17875/gup2012-503 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Archaeology --- History --- Linguistics --- Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 21:20:13
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Der erste Band der Schriftenreihe „Syngramma“ umfasst Vorträge aus dem Sommersemester 2008 sowie Wintersemester 2008/09, die im Rahmen der altertumswissenschaftlichen Vortragsreihe am Althistorischen Seminar der Georg-August-Universität Göttingen präsentiert worden sind. Die thematische Spannweite der einzelnen Beiträge reicht in diesem Band geographisch von der eurasischen Seidenstraße bis zu dem prominenten Kampfplatz von Kalkriese (mit Spuren einer römisch-germanischen Auseinandersetzung in der augusteischen Ära) und chronologisch von den Zeiten des bronzezeitlichen Westkleinasien und des hethitischen Großreiches bis zur Rezeptionsgeschichte der „klassischen Antike“ im 18. Jahrhundert.

Andere Blicke

Author:
ISBN: 9783205789529 Year: Pages: 362 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_453609 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 69
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-21 22:37:37
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The ‘pictorial turn’ has had significant impact on the human, cultural, religious and social sciences since the middle of the 1990s; theory construction has been primarily oriented towards the western world. This is why one of the primary aims of this volume is the enlargement of theory construction by a different point of view – the Balkan and the Near Eastern one. The central research question of the thesis is that photography opened the door to the visual culture of the West.

CyberResearch on the Ancient Near East and Eastern Mediterranean

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Digital Biblical Studies ISBN: 9789004346741 9789004375086 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 488 Language: English
Publisher: Brill Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101546
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-31 11:01:04
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CyberResearch on the Ancient Near East and Neighboring Regions provides case studies on archaeology, objects, cuneiform texts, and online publishing, digital archiving, and preservation. Eleven chapters present a rich array of material, spanning the fifth through the first millennium BCE, from Anatolia, the Levant, Mesopotamia, and Iran. Customized cyber- and general glossaries support readers who lack either a technical background or familiarity with the ancient cultures. Edited by Vanessa Bigot Juloux, Amy Rebecca Gansell, and Alessandro Di Ludovico, this volume is dedicated to broadening the understanding and accessibility of digital humanities tools, methodologies, and results to Ancient Near Eastern Studies. Ultimately, this book provides a model for introducing cyber-studies to the mainstream of humanities research.

How to be an Assyriologist? : Inaugural Lecture delivered on Thursday 2 October 2014

Author:
ISBN: 9782722604575 DOI: 10.4000/books.cdf.4922 Language: English
Publisher: Collège de France
Subject: History --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:23
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Unlike works inherited from Greek or Roman Antiquity, writings from Mesopotamian civilization all come from excavations. Assyriologists work with clay tablets engraved with cuneiform characters. They piece together fragments of texts and organize them chronologically and geographically to gradually construct not only a political but also a social, economic and cultural history of Mesopotamia. The task is immense, and requires a multidisciplinary approach combining archaeology, epigraphy, philology, and history.

Außergerichtliche Konfliktlösung in der Antike

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Global Perspectives on Legal History ISBN: 9783944773087 9783944773186 Year: Pages: 182 DOI: 10.12946/gplh9 Language: German|English
Publisher: Max Planck Institute for European Legal History
Subject: Law --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-17 11:21:03
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"Antiquity is often utilized as a reference to provide a historical dimension for contemporary phenomena. This also holds true for the prevailing scientific discourse on alternative or adequate remedies of dispute resolution. In this context, historical perspectives seem to be in vogue as narratives to legitimize one or another role model, whereas studies on practical examples from ancient legal orders tend not to be given serious consideration in the current debate.&#xD;Just as in the case of contemporary legal research, ancient legal history also distinguishes litigation at court from other mechanisms of conflict resolution. Nevertheless, where do the boundaries of judicial and extra-judicial mechanisms of dispute resolution lie within the framework of ancient societies? Are they alternatives in a narrower sense? Is there evidence for concerning the reason there was no (or at least no exclusive) judicial decision? This volume offers a selection of studies of pertinent illustrative material pertaining to these questions. While the relevant sources stemming from the prehistorical period, the Ancient Near East, Hellenistic Egypt and Classical Roman law may vary greatly, this just serves to widen our perspective on ancient times.&#xD;Heidi Peter-Röcher focuses on strategies of conflict resolution in prehistoric times corresponding to different forms of violence. Hans Neumann, Susanne Paulus, Lena Fijałkowska and Alessandro Hirata delve into case studies situated in the Ancient Near East from Sumerian to Neo-Babylonian times. Three other contributions examine Graeco-Roman Antiquity: Marc Depauw considers non-Greek, i.e., demotic, material from a Hellenistic kingdom, Anna Seelentag embraces the phenomenon of public clamour in the Roman Republic, and Christine Lehne-Gstreinthaler provides a fresh look at the classical arbitration from the perspective of ancient legal history."&#xD;

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