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A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture. Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja – Critical Edition

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Book Series: Beyond Boundaries ISSN: 25104446 ISBN: 9783110621051 Year: Volume: 3 Pages: 152 DOI: 10.1515/9783110621051 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-06 16:06:17
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This volume is the first in-depth study of a recently discovered Sanskrit dharani spell text from around the 5th century CE surviving in two palm-leaf and three paper manuscript compendia from Nepal. This rare Buddhist scripture focuses on the ritual practice of thaumaturgic weather control for successful agriculture through overpowering mythical Nagas. Traditionally, these serpentine beings are held responsible for the amount of rainfall. The six chapters of the Vajratundasamayakalparaja present the vidyadhara spell-master as a ritualist who uses mandalas, mudras and other techniques to gain mastery over the Nagas and thus control the rains. By subjugating the Nagas, favourable weather and good crops are guaranteed. This links this incantation tradition to economic power and the securing of worldly support for the Buddhist community.

Keywords

Nepal --- Indology --- Incantation --- Sanskrit

A grammar of Yakkha

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Book Series: Studies in Diversity Linguistics ISBN: 9783946234111 9783946234128 9783946234135 Year: Pages: 601 + xvi DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_603340 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-10 14:32:46
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This grammar provides the first comprehensive grammatical description of Yakkha, a Sino-Tibetan language of the Kiranti branch. Yakkha is spoken by about 14,000 speakers in eastern Nepal, in the Sankhuwa Sabha and Dhankuta districts. The grammar is based on original fieldwork in the Yakkha community. Its primary source of data is a corpus of 13,000 clauses from narratives and naturally-occurring social interaction which the author recorded and transcribed between 2009 and 2012. Corpus analyses were complemented by targeted elicitation. The grammar is written in a functional-typological framework. It focusses on morphosyntactic and semantic issues, as these present highly complex and comparatively under-researched fields in Kiranti languages. The sequence of the chapters follows the well-established order of phonological, morphological, syntactic and discourse-structural descriptions. These are supplemented by a historical and sociolinguistic introduction as well as an analysis of the complex kinship terminology. Topics such as verbal person marking, argument structure, transitivity, complex predication, grammatical relations, clause linkage, nominalization, and the topography-based orientation system have received in-depth treatment. Wherever possible, the structures found were explained in a historical-comparative perspective in order to shed more light on how their particular properties have emerged.

The gilded Buddha - The traditional art of the Newar metal casters in Nepal

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ISBN: 9783906897066 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 328 DOI: 10.19218/3906897066 Language: English
Publisher: LIBRUM Publishers & Editors LLC
Subject: Archaeology --- Mining and Metallurgy --- Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2017-09-05 16:25:55
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This book celebrates in words and images the traditional metal crafts practised for over a thousand years by the creators of religious Buddhist statues in Nepal. The skills of these artisans are nurtured with deep respect for tradition, regarding religion, iconography and technology. Wax modellers, mould makers, casters, fire-gilders and chasers are among the specialists of the Newar ethnic group, whose work is characterised to this day by a melding of age-old technology, great skill, religious observance and contemplation. There are numerous books and exhibition catalogues dedicated to Buddhist art and iconography but little was available about the craft of the artists who turn the religious imagery into metal casts. This book fills this gap, with a thoroughly documented and historical account of the development of this “archaic” technology. The well-informed text and comprehensive photographic coverage constitute the only up-to-date account and full documentation of an art that is 1300 years old but dying out: the “ritual” production of Buddhist statues in the lost wax casting technique.The author, Dr. Alex Furger, is an archaeologist who has studied ancient metallurgy and metalworking techniques over the past four decades. He spent twenty-five years at the head of the Roman site of Augusta Raurica and lives in Basel (Switzerland). He is the author of over 130 articles in scientific journals and twelve books in the field of culture history. The fieldwork for this book led him repeatedly to Nepal, where he met and interviewed dozens of craftsmen in their workshops.This book is addressed to readers interested in culture history, travellers to Asia, collectors of statues of Buddha, (avocational) metalworkers, historians of technology, Buddhists, ethnologists, archaeologists, art historians, scholars of Asia and to libraries and museums.

Der vergoldete Buddha - Traditionelles Kunsthandwerk der Newar-Giesser in Nepal

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ISBN: 9783906897059 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 328 DOI: 10.19218/3906897059 Language: German
Publisher: LIBRUM Publishers & Editors LLC
Subject: Archaeology --- Mining and Metallurgy --- Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2017-09-05 16:30:44
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Dieses Buch handelt in Wort und Bild vom traditionellen Metallhandwerk, das die Schöpfer religiöser buddhistischer Statuen in Nepal seit über 1000 Jahren ausüben. Die kunsthandwerklichen Fertigkeiten werden mit grossem Bewusstsein für die Tradition gepflegt – sowohl in religiöser und ikonographischer als auch in technologischer Hinsicht. Die der Volksgruppe der Newar angehörenden Spezialisten sind Wachsmodelleure, Formenbauer, Giesser, Ziseleure und Feuervergolder. Ihre Arbeit zeichnet sich – teilweise bis heute – durch eine innige Mischung aus uralter Technologie, grossem Geschick, Religiosität und Kontemplation aus.Bücher und Ausstellungskataloge zur buddhistischen Religion, Kunst und Ikonographie gibt es sehr viele. Zum handwerklichen Aspekt der Künstler, welche die religiösen Bildnisse im Metallguss schaffen, fehlte jedoch eine umfassende Dokumentation mit einem historischen Rückblick auf die Entwicklung dieser «archaischen» Technologien. Der fundierte Text und der umfangreiche Bildteil stellen die einzige aktuelle und komplette Dokumentation eines wohl aussterbenden, 1300 Jahre alten Kunsthandwerks dar: der «rituellen» Herstellung von buddhistischen Statuen im cire-perdue-Guss («Wachsausschmelz-verfahren»).Der Autor Dr. Alex R. Furger ist Archäologe und erforscht seit vier Jahrzehnten die antike Metallurgie und alte metallverarbeitende Techniken. Während 25 Jahren hat er die Römerstadt Augusta Raurica geleitet und lebt in Basel (Schweiz). Er ist Autor von über 130 Artikeln in Fachzeitschriften und zwölf kulturgeschichtlichen Büchern. Für die Feldstudien zu diesem Band war er wiederholt in Nepal und hat dort Dutzende von Kunsthandwerkern in ihren Werkstätten besucht und befragt.

Patrons of Women

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ISBN: 9781845457686 9781789206418 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104863
Subject: Gender Studies
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-26 11:21:03
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Assuming women’s empowerment would accelerate the pace of social change in rural Nepal, the World Bank urged the Nepali government to undertake a “Gender Activities Project” within an ongoing long-term water-engineering scheme. The author, an anthropologist specializing in bureaucratic organizations and gender studies, was hired to monitor the project. Analyzing her own experience as a “development expert,” she demonstrates how the professed goal of “women’s empowerment” is a pretext for promoting the interests of local elites. She demonstrates how a project intended to benefit women fails to provide them with any of the promised resources.

Keywords

Anthropology --- Gender --- Studies --- Women --- Development studies --- Anthropology --- Asia --- Nepal --- World --- Bank --- Economics

The Politics of Language Contact in the Himalaya

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ISBN: 9781783747047/ 9781783747061 Year: Pages: 200 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0169
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-22 14:35:07
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This highly original and timely collection brings together case studies from salient areas of the Himalayan region to explore the politics of language contact. Promoting a linguistically and historically grounded perspective, The Politics of Language Contact in the Himalaya offers nuanced insights into language and its relation to power in this geopolitically complex region.Edited by respected scholars in the field, the collection comprises five new research contributions by established and early-career researchers who have been significantly engaged in the Himalayan region. Grounded in a commitment to theoretically informed area studies, and covering Tibet (China), Assam (India), and Nepal, each case study is situated within contemporary debates in sociolinguistics, political science, and language policy and planning. Bridging disciplines and transcending nation-states, the volume offers a unique contribution to the study of language contact and its political implications.The Politics of Language Contact in the Himalaya is essential reading for researchers in the fields of language policy and planning, applied linguistics, and language and literary education. The detailed introduction and concluding commentary make the collection accessible to all social scientists concerned with questions of language, and the volume as a whole will be of interest to scholars in anthropology, sociolinguistics, political science and Asian studies.

Célébrer le pouvoir : Dasaĩ, une fête royale au Népal

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782735118663 DOI: 10.4000/books.editionsmsh.6331 Language: French
Publisher: Éditions de la Maison des sciences de l’homme
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:29
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Par son aspect sanglant, son déploiement exubérant de rituels et son usage politique, Dasaῖ, la fête nationale du Népal, est une mise en scène particulièrement frappante du pouvoir. Quand débute Dasaῖ, le monde est vide, le temps est arrêté. A l'issue des dix jours de cérémonies, toute la société renaît autour du roi, de son chapelain et de la Déesse. Des danses, des chants, des festins et des beuveries célèbrent alors ce renouveau. Ce recueil de textes offre une approche contextuelle et comparée des variantes de ce culte officiel qui est seule à même d'en dévoiler le sens général. Chaque chapitre forme un tout et enrichit la connaissance historique et sociale du Népal. Entre sources indiennes et histoire himalayenne, la portée politique du rituel a engendré le développement de formes locales spécifiques. Dasaῖ a participé au processus d'unification des royaumes himalayens qui constituèrent l'État-nation népalais. La fête célèbre la Déesse et son triomphe sur les forces démoniaques. Ce drame cosmique sert de trame aux représentations de la souveraineté. La reconsécration du roi qui clôt chaque année la cérémonie révèle une conception contractuelle de l'autorité royale. Les conflits latents de la société hindoue, entre classe royale et sacerdotale, entre le roi des rois et ses vassaux, s'y expriment également. Parler d'histoire politique au travers d'un rituel, c'est aussi, dans le cas du Népal, éclairer les relations qu'entretiennent les minorités – religieuses ou tribales – avec le pouvoir central, s'appropriant ses symboles, s'y soumettant ou s'y opposant.

Emotions, Senses, Spaces: Ethnographic Engagements and Intersections

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781925261271 Year: DOI: 10.20851/emotions Language: English
Publisher: University of Adelaide Press
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-09-28 11:01:18
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This volume draws together three core concerns for the social sciences: the senses and embodiment, emotions, and space and place. The chapters engage with intersections between space, sense and emotion through a range of experiences and activities including dance, bullfights, healing ceremonies, celebrations and music. The authors herein critically examine diverse contexts, in and through which relations between sensate bodies, spaces and places, and emotions are constituted. The chapters draw on long-term ethnographic fieldwork from which the authors critically engage with their material on a fundamental level and contribute to contemporary debates about the nature and experience of emotions, the sensing body, and spaces and places.

Masonry Buildings: Research and Practice

Authors:
ISBN: 9783039213733 / 9783039213740 Year: Pages: 202 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-374-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Construction
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Masonry is a construction material that has been used throughout the years as a structural or non-structural component in buildings. Masonry can be described as a composite material made up of different units and diverse types of arrangements, with or without mortar, that is used in many ancient public buildings, as well as with the latest technologies being applied in construction. Research in multiple relevant fields, as well as crossing structural with non-structural needs, is crucial for understanding the qualities of existent buildings and to develop new products and construction technologies. This book addresses and promotes the discussion related to the different topics addressing the use of masonry in the construction sciences and in practice, including theory and research, numerical approaches and technical applications in new works, and repair actions and interventions in the built environment, connecting theory and application across topics from academia to industry.

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