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Roots - The Hidden Provider

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889452446 Year: Pages: 243 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-244-6 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Botany
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 16:16:44
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Plant Nutrient Dynamics in Stressful Environments

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ISBN: 9783038970644 Year: Pages: 172 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-064-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-20 11:19:35
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Abstract

The papers included in this special issue cover a broad range of aspects ranging from genetics and breeding to crop production in the field. Climate change, intensified agriculture, modifications of land use, or pollution are often accompanied by larger fluctuations including extreme events. The growing world’s population and nutrient deficiencies in agricultural products for human or animal nutrition, or pollutants in harvested products in some regions (quality of yield), are important points to be integrated in a comprehensive analysis aimed at supporting agriculture on the way into a challenging future. It is therefore necessary to develop suitable models to identify potentials and risks. Instabilities (e.g., caused by climatic factors or pests) should be detected as early as possible to initiate corrections in the nutrient supply or in other growth conditions. Sensitive detection systems for nutrient disorders in the field can facilitate this task, and are therefore, highly desirable

Adaptive Catchment Management and Reservoir Operation

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ISBN: 9783038977384 / 9783038977391 Year: Pages: 498 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-739-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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Abstract

River catchments and reservoirs play a central role in water security, food supply, flood risk management, hydropower generation, and ecosystem services; however, they are now under increasing pressure from population growth, economic activities, and changing climate means and extremes in many parts of the world. Adaptive management of river catchments and reservoirs requires an in-depth understanding of the impacts of future uncertainties and thus the development of robust, sustainable solutions to meet the needs of various stakeholders and the environment. To tackle the huge challenges in moving towards adaptive catchment management, this book presents the latest developments in cutting-edge knowledge, novel methodologies, innovative management strategies, and case studies, focusing on the following themes: reservoir dynamics and impact analysis of dam construction, optimal reservoir operation, climate change impacts on hydrological processes and water management, and integrated catchment management.

Keywords

Siemianówka --- hydrology --- Narew River --- dam --- reservoir --- discharge --- flow regime --- reservoir flushing --- numerical simulation --- flushing efficiency --- Kurobe River --- two-dimensional bed evolution model --- sediment flushing of empty storage --- shaft spillway pipe --- sediment flushing efficiency --- sediment regime --- suspended sediment concentration --- vertical profiles of concentration --- Jingjiang River Reach --- Yangtze River --- CO2 --- reservoirs --- general regression neural network --- back propagation neural network --- climate change --- CMIP3 --- CMIP5 --- downscaling --- runoff response --- SWAT model --- stochastic linear programming --- Markov chain --- reliability --- vulnerability --- reservoir operation --- stochastic dynamic programming --- protection zone --- nutrient uptake --- NPP --- South-to-North Water Transfer Project --- Miyun Reservoir --- reservoir operation --- optimization --- SWAT --- HEC-ResPRM --- climate change --- CORDEX-Africa --- Tekeze basin --- long distance water diversion --- inverted siphon --- sensitivity analysis --- integrated supply system modeling --- sediment regime --- suspended sediment concentration --- vertical profiles of concentration --- the Jingjiang River Reach --- the Yangtze River --- reservoir operation --- multi-stage stochastic optimization --- TB-MPC --- flood control --- real-time control --- energy --- hydropower stations --- differential evolution algorithm --- optimal scheduling --- ?-constrained method --- drinking water resources --- water environmental capacity (WEC) --- Environmental Fluid Dynamics Code (EFDC) model --- the Huangshi Reservoir --- seasonal rainfall --- upper Chao Phraya River Basin --- El Niño/Southern Oscillation --- Indian Monsoon --- sea surface temperatures --- reverse regulation --- coupling model --- aftereffect --- accompanying progressive optimality algorithm --- Dokan Dam --- runoff --- sediment load --- SWAT --- natural flow regime --- multi-objective model --- uncertainty --- genetic algorithm --- land and water resources --- system dynamics --- modeling --- scenario analysis --- Heilongjiang --- tropical reservoir --- heating impact --- Langcang-Mekong River --- Kappa distribution --- parameter relation --- partial gauged basin --- power function --- ratio curve --- ungauged basin --- reservoir operation --- integrated surface water-groundwater model --- Heihe River Basin --- environmental flow --- irrigation --- design and operation of the multipurpose reservoir --- water deficit --- reservoir simulation model --- climate change --- multi-objective optimization NSGA II --- resilience and robustness --- costs and benefits --- water energy --- multi-agent of river basin --- game theory --- water resources allocation --- optimal flood control operation --- cascade reservoirs --- dynamic programming with progressive optimality algorithm (DP-POA) --- the upper Yangtze River Basin --- parameterization --- simulation --- optimization --- direct policy search --- hedging policy --- shortage ratio: Vulnerability --- NSGA-II --- lentic habitats --- bitterling --- mussel --- floodplain vertical shape index --- sediment management --- adaptive management --- catchment modelling --- integrated management --- reservoir operation

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