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Satellite Earth Observations and Their Impact on Society and Policy

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ISBN: 9789811037122 9789811037139 Year: Pages: 221 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-3713-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-24 15:48:14
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The result of a workshop bringing together an international advisory board of experts in science, satellite technologies, industry innovations, and public policy, this book addresses the current and future roles of satellite Earth observations in solving large-scale environmental problems. The book showcases the results of engaging distinct communities to enhance our ability to identify emerging problems and to administer international regimes created to solve them. It also reviews the work of the Policy and Earth Observation Innovation Cycle (PEOIC) project, an effort aimed at assessing the impact of satellite observations on environmental policy and to propose a mission going forward that would launch an “innovation cycle”. The achievements of such a mission would feed back to innovations in next-generation observation technology, thus contributing to global policy demand for policy-relevant information.

Polarimetric SAR Techniques and Applications

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ISBN: 9783038426165 9783038426172 Year: Pages: VI, 168 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-22 10:57:24
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Polarimetry allows sensitivity to the structural and geometric properties of the scene, making it possible a more accurate identification and classification than non-polarimetric systems. Then, polarimetry makes possible new applications, especially in quantitative extraction of bio and geophysical variables. Also, the combination of polarimetry and interferometry allows also to explore the vertical structure of semi-transparent media, like crops and forests. SAR polarimetry is an active field of research in Earth observation. Besides the development of applications, researchers have also focused in theory or physical modelling to make SAR polarimetry an operational technique. This book presents the state of the art in SAR polarimetry, from theory and physical modelling to final applications, but also the current and futures challenges. This book puts also the emphasis on studies for the exploitation of data provided by the new polarimetric space borne SAR sensors, which include additional frequency bands, interferometric capability, enlarged spatial coverage, high spatial resolution and/or shorter revisit times.

Evaluation of childrens' play. Tools and methods

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ISBN: 9783110610604 Year: Pages: 150 DOI: 10.1515/9783110610604 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-11 11:41:35
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This book is one of the outcomes of the COST Action TD139 “LUDI – Play for Children with Disabilities" (2014–2018), a multidisciplinary network of European researchers and practitioners devoted to the theme of play from different perspectives. This book contributes to the LUDI reflection about play, by reviewing the existing knowledge on play evaluation and by presenting tools and methodologies for play assessment.

La Main inutile

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ISBN: 9782357681019 DOI: 10.4000/books.eua.1227 Language: French
Publisher: Éditions Universitaires d’Avignon
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:31
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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« Belle mais inutile », m’a dit un jour un monsieur qui s’y connaissait en mains, prenant la mienne et la retournant pour regarder la paume. « Comment ça, inutile ? » ai-je demandé un peu vexée. Il a ri. « Oui, inutile, mais il n’y a rien de mal à ça… - Et comment ça devrait être, alors, une main utile ? » Il a pris la main de sa voisine. « Voilà, comme ça, comme celle-ci. Des doigts pas trop longs, chauds, une paume capable de porter des poids sans fatigue. Des ongles robustes, qui ne cassent pas au premier choc. Des mains qui ont un rythme, qui vont et qui viennent et se referment sur les objets sans hésiter. » C’est la vérité ! Il faut accepter ! (...) Mes mains sont inutiles !

La Terre et l’environnement observés depuis l’espace

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ISSN: 9782213678733 ISBN: 9782213678733 9782722602762 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Collège de France
Added to DOAB on : 2014-02-27 14:16:29
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Depuis quelques décennies, l’observation de la Terre depuis l’espace a profondément changé notre regard sur la planète et son environnement. Tout en fournissant une meilleure connaissance des différentes composantes du « système Terre » (globe solide, océans, atmosphère, glaces et terres émergées), l’observation spatiale permet aussi de suivre les changements globaux auxquels est soumise la planète sous l’effet des phénomènes naturels et des activités humaines. Les données collectées peuvent ...

Mental Practice - Clinical and Experimental Research in Imagery and Action Observation

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889198399 Year: Pages: 208 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-839-9 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Neurology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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There is now strong evidence demonstrating that the brain simulates action and other functions. Such action simulation can be evoked through conscious mental rehearsal of movement or imagery, but also through passive action observation watching movements in others. Furthermore, there is evidence to suggest that mental rehearsal of movement, or mental practice, can produce improvements normally attributed to practising actual movements. It is currently assumed that such improvements are due to neural activation associated with action simulation. However the neuroscience of mental practice efficacy is still poorly understood. The aim of this research topic is to clarify the underlying mechanisms of mental practice, bringing evidence from cognitive neuroscience, experimental neuropsychology, sport and movement science, and clinical neurology. It also attempts to address confusion regarding the concepts of imagery and observation, which has hampered the progression of mental practice research both scientifically and applied. As well as reviews, theoretical, and position articles, this research topic includes original neuroimaging, experimental, and patient research addressing, among others, the following issues. Neuroimaging studies provide strong evidence for action simulation, but the link to behavioural change and functional outcome is weak. What is the evidence that mental practice efficacy is driven by neuroplasticity processes evoked by action simulation? This research topic includes contributions on neural correlates and behaviour with regards to imagery and action observation. Much of the mental practice efficacy evidence comes from longstanding research within sport science. However, what does mental practice entail in these contexts, and to what extent is it compatible with the cognitive neuroscience perspective of action simulation? This research topic will include contributions that consider both evidence and concepts with regards to imagery and action observation, in an attempt to build an interdisciplinary consensus on the nature and application of mental practice. Mental practice is perceived as a promising motor rehabilitation technique, but critically there is lack of clarity or consensus on what mental practice treatment should entail. It is also not clear what are the most appropriate outcomes to measure imagery ability and cognitive or behavioural change following mental practice. A further important issue that needs consideration as part of this research topic is dosage, as it is currently unclear how much mental practice is appropriate and whether this depends on patient variables such as age, cognitive functioning, motor function, or pathophysiology.

The autonomous life?: Paradoxes of hierarchy and authority in the squatters movement in Amsterdam

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Book Series: Contemporary Anarchist Studies ISBN: 9781784997564 9781784997564 Year: Pages: 232 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Political Science --- Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-13 11:01:14
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This book is an ethnographic study of the internal dynamics of a subcultural community that defines itself as a social movement. While the majority of scholarly studies on this movement focus on its official face, on its front stage, this book concerns itself with the ideological and practical paradoxes at work within the micro-social dynamics of the backstage, an area that has so far been neglected in social movement studies. The central question is how hierarchy and authority function in a social movement subculture that disavows such concepts. The squatters’ movement, which defines itself primarily as anti-hierarchical and anti-authoritarian, is profoundly structured by the unresolved and perpetual contradiction between both public disavowal and simultaneous maintenance of hierarchy and authority within the movement. This study analyzes how this contradiction is then reproduced in different micro-social interactions, examining the methods by which people negotiate minute details of their daily lives as squatter activists in the face of a funhouse mirror of ideological expectations reflecting values from within the squatter community, that, in turn, often refract mainstream, middle class norms.

Données et études statistiques : jeunesse, sports et vie associative : Recueil des travaux et publications de la Mission statistique de 1999 à 2004

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ISBN: 9782865802401 DOI: 10.4000/books.insep.2114 Language: French
Publisher: INSEP-Éditions
Subject: Sports Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:36
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Cet ouvrage regroupe une série de publications de la « mission des études, de l'observation et des statistiques » du ministère de la Jeunesse, des Sports et de la Vie Associative, sur la période 1999 - 2004. • les numéros du bulletin « STAT-Info » ; • les numéros d'« INSEE première » rédigés par des membres de la mission ; • le dépliant : « Les chiffres-clés du sport » ; • des documents issus de travaux spécifiques. Ces publications abordent, sous l'angle des études statistiques, les différents thèmes qui sont du champ de compétence du ministère de la Jeunesse, des Sports et de la Vif Associative : • la pratique sportive ; • les licences sportives ; • l'économie du sport ; • les diplômes délivrés par le ministère ; • la vie associative.

The Use of Remote Sensing in Hydrology

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ISBN: 9783038429098 9783038429104 Year: Pages: X, 248 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-01 11:22:11
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Remotely sensed data are nowadays commonly used for regional/global monitoring of hydrological variables including soil moisture, rainfall, water levels, flood extent, evapotranspiration or land water storage, as well as the forcing, calibration and assimilation into hydrodynamic, hydrological and hydrometeorological models. In the years to come, recent and future satellite sensors, some of them specifically designed for hydrological purposes, will provide systematic observations of hydrological parameters (e.g., surface and sub-surface storage and flux) at high spatial and temporal resolutions. This will offer new applications for the hydrological community. This book presents reviews and recent advances of general interest regarding the use of remote sensing for hydrology. The chapters are related to any hydrological reservoir (e.g., surface storage, soil moisture, groundwater, etc.) or flux (e.g., rainfall, evapotranspiration, discharge, etc.), the integration of satellite data into hydrological models, and the improvements to hydrology that can be expected from future satellite missions.

Reaching to Grasp Cognition: Analyzing Motor Behavior to Investigate Social Interactions

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889456000 Year: Pages: 138 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-600-0 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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How humans plan and execute their actions has always been a fascinating topic for neuroscience and psychology. In particular, kinematics studies have contributed to shed light on how very basic actions (e.g. reaching-grasping) are affected by manipulating target properties, visually or linguistically presented stimuli, absence or presence of contextual information. Interestingly, recent studies have also shown how the social context in which actions take place and their relevance for human interactions can also affect the execution of very simple actions. This research topic aims to bring together researchers from psychology and neuroscience with a special focus on the use of kinematics analysis for the study of socially relevant aspects of cognition (e.g. action observation, competition/cooperation, complementary actions, coordination, shared emotions and so on).

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