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Subseafloor Biosphere Linked to Hydrothermal Systems: TAIGA Concept

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9784431548645 9784431548652 Year: Pages: 666 DOI: 10.1007/978-4-431-54865-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Oceanography --- Environmental Sciences --- Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2015-08-27 16:41:06
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This book is the comprehensive volume of the TAIGA (“a great river ” in Japanese) project. Supported by the Japanese government, the project examined the hypothesis that the subseafloor fluid advection system (subseafloor TAIGA) can be categorized into four types, TAIGAs of sulfur, hydrogen, carbon (methane), and iron, according to the most dominant reducing substance, and the chemolithoautotrophic bacteria/archaea that are inextricably associated with respective types of TAIGAs which are strongly affected by their geological background such as surrounding host rocks and tectonic settings. Sub-seafloor ecosystems are sustained by hydrothermal circulation or TAIGA that carry chemical energy to the chemosynthetic microbes living in an extreme environment. The results of the project have been summarized comprehensively in 50 chapters, and this book provides an overall introduction and relevant topics on the mid-ocean ridge system of the Indian Ocean and on the arc-backarc systems of the Southern Mariana Trough and Okinawa Trough.

Le golfe du Lion

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9782759203123 Year: Pages: 372 DOI: 10.35690/978-2-7592-0312-3 Language: French
Publisher: éditions Quae
Subject: Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-13 11:21:05
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The ORME programme (Observatoire régional méditerranéen de l'environnement) is a CNRS multidisciplinary research structure that studies the environment as a scientific object and centres its work on the Gulf of Lion, a land-sea system seen as a key zone in the Mediterranean.This takes stock of the multidisciplinary knowledge acquired of the system. It provides an overview of its vulnerability in the face of climate and manmade change. It demonstrates the necessity of integrated management of the "water" resource, in consultation with all the stakeholders involved, taking account of the interactions between man and nature.

Suite on "Spiritus Silvestre": For Symphony

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ISBN: 9780615747101 Year: Pages: 44 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0020.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Music
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:45
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Charles D. Keeling, climate science, oceanography, music

Oceanography and Marine Biology

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Oceanography and Marine Biology : An Annual Review ISBN: 9780429026379 Year: Pages: 434 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-11 11:21:03

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Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review remains one of the most cited sources in marine science and oceanography. The ever increasing interest in work in oceanography and marine biology and its relevance to global environmental issues, especially global climate change and its impacts, creates a demand for authoritative reviews summarizing the results of recent research. This volume covers topics that include resting cysts from coastal marine plankton, facilitation cascades in marine ecosystems, and the way that human activities are rapidly altering the sensory landscape and behaviour of marine animals.

For more than 50 years, OMBAR has been an essential reference for research workers and students in all fields of marine science. From Volume 57 a new international Editorial Board ensures global relevance, with editors from the UK, Ireland, Canada, Australia and Singapore. The series volumes find a place in the libraries of not only marine laboratories and institutes, but also universities.

Sea Level Rise and Coastal Infrastructure

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781789235463 9781789235470 Year: Pages: 238 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68572 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Oceanography
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Sea level rise and coastal erosion had drawn an increasing awareness recently as the repercussion of increase of sea level and coastal erosion would reshape the earth's system and induce a tremendous loss in ecological or economics cost. Governments are dedicated to meliorate the occurrence of these phenomena, or else all creations on the earth will suffer from the catastrophe. Global warming is one of the crucial factors resulting in the increase of sea level and coastal erosion. Remote sensing and geographic information systems (GIS) technologies are thoroughly adopted and applied to monitor the dynamic change of the nature system, such as coastal land use and land cover, sea level rise, and coastal infrastructure.

Coastal Environment, Disaster, and Infrastructure - A Case Study of China's Coastline

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781789843934 9781789843941 Year: Pages: 296 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.79950 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Oceanography
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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The coastal environment is deteriorating at an alarming rate and is currently a great societal concern. This book provides a selected collection of papers on coastal environmental change, coastal disasters, and coastal infrastructure due to global warming, with a focus on the coasts of the rapidly developing country China. What makes the book distinctly different from others is its diversity, reflecting the interdisciplinary nature of coastal problems. With contributions from over 30 authors, the book is a comprehensive account of diverse topics, such as coastal upwelling, estuarine processes, coastal pollution, sea level rise, meteorological and atmospheric problems, urbanization and the heat island effect, and coastal infrastructure, to name just a few, from theoretical study and phenomenological description, to methodological development. This book is expected to serve as a relatively comprehensive reference for coastal researchers, graduate students, as well as policymakers and coastal resource managers.

Morphodynamic Model for Predicting Beach Changes Based on Bagnold's Concept and Its Applications

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781789849455 9781789849462 Year: Pages: 208 DOI: 10.5772/66722 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Oceanography
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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The authors have developed models for predicting beach changes applicable to various problems on real coasts. One of them is the contour-line-change model to predict long-term beach changes caused by the imbalance in longshore sand transport, which is a kind of N-line model. Because the calculation of the nearshore current is not needed in this model, and the computational load is small, it has an advantage in the prediction of long-term topographic changes on an extensive coast. However, the handling of boundary conditions becomes difficult when offshore coastal structures are constructed in a complicated manner, and in this regard the so-called 3D model has an advantage. Taking this point into account, the authors developed a morphodynamic model (BG model) by applying the concept of the equilibrium slope and the energetics approach, in which depth changes on 2D horizontal grids are calculated.

Marine Carbon Biogeochemistry

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Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Earth System Sciences ISBN: 9783030108229 Year: Pages: 118 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-10822-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Geography --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:11
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This open access book discusses biogeochemical processes relevant to carbon and aims to provide readers, graduate students and researchers, with insight into the functioning of marine ecosystems. A carbon centric approach has been adopted, but other elements are included where relevant or needed. The book focuses on concepts and quantitative understanding of primary production, organic matter mineralization and sediment biogeochemistry. The impact of biogeochemical processes on inorganic carbon dynamics and organic matter transformation are also discussed.

Satellite Altimetry for Earth Sciences

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783038976806 / 9783038976813 Year: Pages: 484 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-681-3 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Physics (General) --- Geophysics and Geomagnetism
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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Satellite altimetry is a radar technique for measuring the topography of the Earth’s surface. It was initially designed for measuring the ocean’s topography, with reference to an ellipsoid, and for the determination of the marine geoid. Satellite altimetry has provided extremely valuable information on ocean science (e.g., circulation surface geostrophic currents, eddy structures, wave heights, and the propagation of oceanic Kelvin and Rossby waves). With more than 25 years of observations, it is also becoming vital to climate research, providing accurate measurements of sea level variations from regional to global scales. Altimetry has also demonstrated a strong potential for geophysical, cryospheric, and hydrological research and is now commonly used for the monitoring of Arctic and Antarctic ice sheet topography and of terrestrial surface water levels. This book aims to present reviews and recent advances of general interest in the use of radar altimetry in Earth sciences. Manuscripts are related to any aspect of radar altimetry technique or geophysical applications. We also encourage manuscripts resulting from the application of new altimetric technology (SAR, SARin, and Ka band) and improvements expected from missions to be launched in the near future (i.e., SWOT).

Keywords

satellite altimetry --- Envisat --- SARAL --- unsupervised classification --- K-medoids --- Greenland Sea --- Fram Strait --- upper layer thickness --- satellite altimeter --- two-layer ocean model --- South China Sea --- coastal altimetry --- sea surface height --- Jason-2 --- waveform retracking --- satellite altimetry --- inland water --- CryosSat-2 SAR --- Mekong Basin --- water level time series --- classification --- stack data --- altimetry --- Ka-band --- data processing --- calibration --- validation --- altimetry --- SAR --- calibration --- validation --- sea surface height --- coastal altimetry --- validation --- tide gauge --- altimetry --- Ka-band --- oceanography --- hydrology --- ice --- geodesy --- Jason-2 --- Hong Kong coast --- retracking --- X-TRACK --- ALES --- PISTACH --- radar altimetry --- coastal altimetry --- sea surface height --- topography of the intertidal zone --- ERS-2 --- ENVISAT --- SARAL --- CryoSat-2 --- altimetry --- water level --- discharge --- Sentinel-3 --- satellite altimetry --- microwave radiometer --- wet tropospheric correction --- wet path delay --- sensor calibration --- HY-2A --- waveform retracking --- range precision --- marine gravity --- radar altimetry --- waveform --- dielectric permittivity --- soil moisture --- satellite altimetry --- SWOT --- western Mediterranean Sea --- fine scale --- SWOT simulator --- ROMS model --- filtering --- storm surge --- satellite altimetry --- calibration --- numerical modelling --- FVCOM --- ocean tides --- coastal altimetry --- ALES retracker --- ocean geostrophy --- water volume transport --- satellite geodesy --- space gravity --- altimetry --- Argo --- Southern Ocean --- ACC --- lake level --- lake volume --- evaporation --- streamflow --- Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) --- altimetry --- Landsat --- Aral Sea --- altimetry --- water levels --- validation --- Inner Niger Delta --- altimetry --- orbit decay --- drifting orbit --- geodetic orbit --- leads --- satellite altimetry --- CryoSat-2 --- classification --- peakiness --- polar ocean

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