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Livre blanc — Une Science ouverte dans une République numérique

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ISBN: 9782821868694 Year:
Publisher: OpenEdition Press
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-22 10:37:11
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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A l’heure où le projet de loi « pour une République numérique » propose l’insertion dans le Code de la recherche de dispositions relatives à l’open access, le Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS), aux côtés de ses partenaires dans le projet ISTEX ainsi que d’un grand nombre de chercheurs et d’acteurs du domaine de la recherche publique, propose par ce Livre blanc le fruit de ses réflexions et analyses. Depuis plusieurs années, la communauté scientifique de la recherche publique...

White Paper — Open Science in a Digital Republic

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ISBN: 9782821868700 Year:
Publisher: OpenEdition Press
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-30 15:12:45
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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At a time when the Digital Republic Bill is proposing to insert provisions relating to open access in the French Research Code, the French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), alongside its partners in the ISTEX project, as well as a large number of researchers and actors in the field of public research, are offering via this White Paper the results of their deliberations and analyses.For several years now, the scientific community involved in public research has been arguing for t...

Livre blanc — Une Science ouverte dans une République numérique — Guide stratégique

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ISBN: 9782821878426 Year:
Publisher: OpenEdition Press
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-28 11:25:38
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Ce guide stratégique a été construit pour jalonner et faciliter l’application de la loi « Pour une République numérique » : il est ainsi en phase avec les visées des initiateurs du Livre blanc « Une science ouverte dans une République numérique » qui ont tous souhaité associer clairement une vision nouvelle pour la recherche et une pratique qui la traduise dans les faits. Rapport complémentaire du Livre blanc, ce guide ambitionne un accompagnement des acteurs dans des démarches souvent compl...

White Paper — Open Science in a Digital Republic — Strategic Guide

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ISBN: 9782821878433 Year:
Publisher: OpenEdition Press
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-28 11:25:38
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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These Study Review and Proposals have been designed to structure and facilitate the implementation of the Act: they therefore concur with the positions adopted by the sponsors of the White Paper Open Science in a Digital Republic, who all clearly wish to associate this new vision for research with practices that will enable it to become a reality. As a supplementary report to the White Paper, these Guidelines aim to assist players in what are often complex procedures: researchers, technician...

Open

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ISBN: 9781911529002 9781911529019 9781911529026 9781911529033 Year: Pages: 302 DOI: 10.5334/bbc Language: English
Publisher: Ubiquity Press
Subject: Computer Science --- Science (General) --- Education --- Psychology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-08 11:01:35
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"Affordable education. Transparent science. Accessible scholarship. These ideals are slowly becoming a reality thanks to the open education, open science, and open access movements. Running separate—if parallel—courses, they all share a philosophy of equity, progress, and justice. This book shares the stories, motives, insights, and practical tips from global leaders in the open movement."

Fremde Galaxien und abstrakte Welten

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Book Series: Science Studies ISBN: 9783839443576 9783837643572 Year: Pages: 488 DOI: 10.14361/9783839443576 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-01 11:21:02
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How does open access change science as social practice? By answering that question, this innovative book provides sociology of science with a new subject: information infrastructure research.

Connecting the Knowledge Commons — From Projects to Sustainable Infrastructure : The 22nd International Conference on Electronic Publishing – Revised Selected Papers

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ISBN: 9791036538025 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.oep.8999 Language: English
Publisher: OpenEdition Press
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-04 12:33:21
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The question of sustainability in the open access movement has been widely debated, yet satisfactory answers have yet to be generated: How do we move from an approach entirely based on temporary projects to an approach based on community-based sustainable infrastructure? What kinds of social and technical infrastructures could support the Knowledge Commons? What values and services are being delivered, by which stakeholders, and for whom? What governance and financial models are possible? Given the global nature of scholarly communication, how do we ensure that the designs of the Commons are inclusive of voices from the global South? This volume collects nine selected papers presented at ELPUB2018 Conference in June 2018 in Toronto. Each paper was carefully selected, reviewed and edited to bring to an international audience the latest contributions from researchers and experts in the field. In addition to the technical issues related to interoperability of systems, research workflow, content preservation, and other services, the selected papers address the design and implementation of a community-based research communication infrastructure. ELPUB Conference has featured research results in various aspects of digital publishing for over two decades, involving a diverse international community of librarians, developers, publishers, entrepreneurs, administrators and researchers across the disciplines in the sciences and the humanities.

Open Access and the Library

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ISBN: 9783038977407 Year: Pages: 142 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-741-4 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 10:34:31
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Libraries are places of learning and knowledge creation. Over the last two decades, digital technology—and the changes that came with it—have accelerated this transformation to a point where evolution starts to become a revolution.The wider Open Science movement, and Open Access in particular, is one of these changes and is already having a profound impact. Under the subscription model, the role of libraries was to buy or license content on behalf of their users and then act as gatekeepers to regulate access on behalf of rights holders. In a world where all research is open, the role of the library is shifting from licensing and disseminating to facilitating and supporting the publishing process itself.This requires a fundamental shift in terms of structures, tasks, and skills. It also changes the idea of a library’s collection. Under the subscription model, contemporary collections largely equal content bought from publishers. Under an open model, the collection is more likely to be the content created by the users of the library (researchers, staff, students, etc.), content that is now curated by the library.Instead of selecting external content, libraries have to understand the content created by their own users and help them to make it publicly available—be it through a local repository, payment of article processing charges, or through advice and guidance. Arguably, this is an overly simplified model that leaves aside special collections and other areas. Even so, it highlights the changes that research libraries are undergoing, changes that are likely to accelerate as a result of initiatives such as Plan S.This Special Issue investigates some of the changes in today’s library services that relate to open access.

Urban Overheating - Progress on Mitigation Science and Engineering Applications

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ISBN: 9783038976363 Year: Pages: 350 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-637-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Meteorology and Climatology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 10:34:31
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The combination of global warming and urban sprawl is the origin of the most hazardous climate change effect detected at urban level: Urban Heat Island, representing the urban overheating respect to the countryside surrounding the city. This book includes 18 papers representing the state of the art of detection, assessment mitigation and adaption to urban overheating. Advanced methods, strategies and technologies are here analyzed including relevant issues as: the role of urban materials and fabrics on urban climate and their potential mitigation, the impact of greenery and vegetation to reduce urban temperatures and improve the thermal comfort, the role the urban geometry in the air temperature rise, the use of satellite and ground data to assess and quantify the urban overheating and develop mitigation solutions, calculation methods and application to predict and assess mitigation scenarios. The outcomes of the book are thus relevant for a wide multidisciplinary audience, including: environmental scientists and engineers, architect and urban planners, policy makers and students.

Keywords

heat health --- meteorological modeling --- urban climate --- urban-climate archipelago --- urban heat island --- urban heat island index --- Weather Research and Forecasting model (WRF) --- green area --- built-up area --- air temperature --- measurement --- calculation --- urbanization --- air and surface temperature measurements --- outdoor thermal comfort --- urban heat island --- surface cool island effect --- urban overheating --- urban microclimate --- mitigation strategies --- urban development --- park cool island --- urban cooling --- urban morphology --- micro-climate simulations --- ageing --- emissivity --- measurement --- solar reflectance --- solar reflectance index --- thermal emittance --- urban heat island --- land surface temperature --- “hot spots” --- “cold spots” --- MODIS downscaling --- overheating --- summer heat stress --- urban open space --- shading --- thermal comfort --- Physiologically Equivalent Temperature --- mitigation strategies --- cooling technologies --- cool materials --- WRF-Chem --- urban climate --- air quality --- urban heat island --- surface albedo --- climatic perception --- urban areas --- thermal comfort --- subtropical climate --- cool pavements --- road lighting --- urban heat island --- road surface --- material characterization --- luminance coefficient --- energy savings --- Euramet --- EMPIR 16NRM02 --- building energy performance --- energy simulation --- building retrofit --- multi-objective optimization --- genetic algorithm --- urban overheating --- cost-optimal analysis --- lifecycle analysis --- office buildings --- sustainability --- air temperature --- spectral analysis --- multifractal analysis --- structure functions analysis --- cool roofs --- fine-resolution meteorological modeling --- mobile temperature observations --- urban climate archipelago --- urban heat island --- urban vegetation --- urbanized WRF --- Weather Research and Forecasting model --- multiple linear regression --- urban heat island --- urban climatology --- urban energy balance --- air temperature --- land cover fraction --- urban morphology --- land surface temperature --- heat stress --- urban heat mitigation --- albedo --- cool facades --- spectral reflectance --- urban remote sensing --- empirical line method --- building scale --- local climate zone --- urban climate --- sky view factor --- morphological indicator --- open science --- GIS --- urban heat island --- urban overheating --- non-constructible parcels --- cool surfaces --- urban vegetation --- ENVI-met --- mitigation measures --- Beirut

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