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Spill og strategi i helsesektoren

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ISBN: 9788202616595 Year: Pages: 287 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.86 Language: Norwegian
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 11:21:07
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"The health sector is a complex and dynamic conglomerate of services at local, regional and national levels. How to balance different considerations between new medical-professional knowledge, controlling expenses and local interests are among the permanent challenges facing political bodies when planning and structuring the services. The book is based upon institutionalist organisation theories, referring back to classic texts as well as present-day analyses. By taking a long-term perspective, and analysing one Norwegian county as a case study, the author addresses questions about how conflicts on hospital structure seemingly have been solved, and how the introduction of new management forms have changed the sector. One of the issues is how, in a 40 years’ perspective, different interest groups have seen their influence over health services and management forms have changed. In contrast to hypotheses that medical doctors would see their influence becoming reduced, the analyses show how medical actors, in an alliance with management consultants, have become more influential when innovations in health work and eventually organisation models are introduced. Regional political bodies and local community interests have lost much of their former role in restructuring processes. At the end of the book, the author makes some hypotheses about how health services will develop in the interface between ideas of a centralised, modern, high tech hospital model on one hand, and local and home based services on the other. These developments will in a nearby future most likely restructure the health sector once more. "

Health Literacy in Context—Settings, Media, and Populations

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038974710 9783038974727 Year: Pages: 250 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-472-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Internal medicine --- Education --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-24 10:13:02
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To date, most published health literacy research has focused on assessing and improving personal skills and abilities. More recently, a better understanding has emerged of the extent to which these skills and abilities are mediated by environmental demands and situational complexities — the context in which health literacy is developed and applied. This has led to much greater attention being given to ways of reducing the situational demands and complexity in which an individual makes a health decision. This collection of papers examines current progress in understanding health literacy "in context", by improving our understanding of the mutual impact of a range of social, economic, environmental, and organisational influences on health literacy.These papers provide unique and original perspectives on the concept, distribution, and application of health literacy in very diverse populations, offering cultural insights and a clear indication of the impact of social and environmental context on health literacy. These perspectives include an examination of differing national policy responses to health literacy illustrating how policy and practice can (and should) respond to this more complete but complex understanding of health literacy. Other papers look at the application of new digital media and the creative harnessing of popular culture as routes to extend the reach and customisation of communications. These papers also illustrate good progress in the evolution of research in the contexts in which health literacy is developed and applied, as well as signaling some areas in which more research would be useful.

Implementing Responsible Research and Innovation

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Ethics ISBN: 9783030578503 Year: Pages: 120 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-54286-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Philosophy --- Science (General) --- Education --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-23 00:03:31
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This open access book offers a unique and practically oriented study of organisational and national conditions for implementing Responsible Research Innovation (RRI) policies and practices. It gives the reader a thorough understanding of the different aspects of RRI, and of barriers and drivers of implementation of RRI related policies. It shows how different organisational and national contexts provide unique challenges and opportunities for bringing RRI into practice. The book provides concrete examples and offers the reader both a theory-based understanding of the topic, as well as guidance for action. The target audience encompasses, in addition to RRI students and scholars in particular, all students and scholars in the field of Science and Technology Studies (STS). The book is also of interest to students and scholars in the fields of research ethics, philosophy of science, organisational governance in the research system and organisational theory more generally. Finally, the book is of use to practitioners in research conducting and funding organisations working to implement RRI.

Sustainable Development and Higher Education Institutions: Acting with a purpose

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039219049 9783039219056 Year: Pages: 320 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-905-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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Higher education institutions (HEIs) have a unique role and responsibility for the future and for driving the development of a sustainable society. HEIs are charged with the task of fostering sustainability in the leaders of tomorrow, developing solutions and methods for addressing a sustainable future and ensuring that knowledge is contributed to society. HEIs must also ensure that their everyday operations and practices are consistent with a sustainable future, and that they work toward holistically integrating sustainability into both the mission of a university and its daily tasks. This Special Issue builds on papers presented during the 2018 International Sustainable Campus Network Conference and also includes other contributions. The articles reflect the many aspects of sustainability in higher education institutions and illustrate innovation in approach, outcomes, and impact. The papers cover a range of perspectives on sustainability both on and around campuses. These include organization and management issues, networking and city partnership themes, and metrics and indicators related to sustainable development goals. The Special Issue also includes papers on education, student involvement, and gender issues. Select articles include results from surveys and desktop research; others depict approaches on experimentation, living labs, and action research.

Keywords

sustainability --- cities --- universities --- city–university partnerships --- sustainability solutions --- capacity-building --- water bottle refill stations --- campus sustainability --- willingness to pay --- contingent valuation method --- willingness to use --- SDGs --- agenda 2030 --- higher education --- responsible science --- grand challenges --- keyword search --- research database --- interdisciplinarity --- university cooperation --- sustainable development goals and universities --- community partnership --- higher education --- participatory action research --- prefigurative politics --- sustainability --- undergraduate --- equal opportunities --- academic career --- sustainable development --- gender --- age --- discrimination --- leaky pipeline --- sustainability --- university living lab --- management model --- smart city --- living lab --- sustainability --- sustainable energy --- sustainable environment --- wellbeing --- higher education institution --- networks --- sustainability --- collaboration --- interdisciplinarity --- transdisciplinarity --- learning --- innovation --- whole institution approach --- sustainable university --- public university --- macro-universities --- institutional design --- global south --- Mexico --- UNAM --- sustainability --- transportation --- sustainable modes of transportation --- university campus --- EMU --- sustainable development --- higher education --- impacts --- sustainability assessment --- sustainability assessment tools --- higher education institutions --- sustainability indicators --- sustainability reporting --- education for sustainable development (ESD) --- carbon footprint --- CO2 emissions --- air travel --- environmental footprint mitigation --- education for sustainable development --- academic organizational change --- transformative learning --- behavioral change --- SDGs --- regenerative approach --- university --- barriers to change --- change drivers --- critical case study --- education for sustainability (EfS) --- faculty empowerment --- higher education institutions --- organizational change --- sustainable development in higher education institutions (SD in HEI) --- sustainable development goals --- SDGs --- higher education institutions --- sustainability in higher education --- agent of change --- curriculum innovation --- sustainability course inventory --- student engagement --- area development --- campus development --- circularity --- circular economy --- sustainability --- cities´ decarbonization --- European Union --- zero carbon cities --- smart cities --- circular economy --- governance --- social innovation --- Higher Education Institutions --- Education for Sustainable Development --- Campus --- Sustainable Development Goals --- Research

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