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The Plight of Older Workers: Labor Market Experience after Plant Closure in the Swiss Manufacturing Sector

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Book Series: Life Course Research and Social Policies ISSN: 2211-7776 ISBN: 9783319397528 9783319397542 Year: Pages: 195 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-39754-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Economics --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-14 10:13:43
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This open access book examines the economic, social, and psychological consequences of manufacturing plant closure at the individual level. Using an original data set of over 1,200 workers from Switzerland who lost their manufacturing jobs after the financial crisis of 2008, the author analyzes the determinants of reemployment, the sector of reemployment, and the change in wages over a two year period. In addition, coverage also explores how plant closure affects the social relationship between a displaced worker and his or her significant other, which includes a discussion of the coping strategies on the household level as well as how changes in a worker's social and occupational life affects overall satisfaction. Readers will discover that the burden of structural change disproportionately falls on the shoulders of workers aged 55 and older who often face substantial barriers when trying to return to employment. A larger portion of this group experience long-term unemployment and those who do manage to find a new job often suffer disproportionate wage loss.This result is intriguing in the context of the current demographic change and contradicts the common assumption that young and low-qualified individuals are at greatest risk of unemployment. Advanced age—and not low education—appears to be the primary obstacle to workers finding job satisfaction after being laid off because of market conditions.

Narrativas Mediáticas e Comunicação

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Book Series: Investigação ISBN: 9789892615578 Year: Pages: 416 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-1558-5 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-23 16:21:06
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Organizational narratives and the construction of the memory as a processo f organizational identity are transversal issues of this book. Researchers from diferent countries and universities such as Coimbra, São Paulo, Braga, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina and Sorbonne explore and to put in doubt the multiple phenomena of communication and organizational memory from multiple areas of knowledge as well: Organizational Communication, Geography, Communication Sciences and Information Science. Corporate museums, while processes of identity reinforcement and memory building are also a topic of debate and reflection. To complement, several cases, mainly corporate museums from Portugal and Brazil are also analyzed, comparing their strategies and narrative models, including the expographic languages, with the theoretical axes of reference.

19 Samhandling During Crisis Work (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 16 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch19 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:08
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"Samhandling is considered as a key solution when asymmetry occurs. An&#xD;expectation of seamless samhandling can be a special challenge to High Reliability&#xD;Organizations&#xD;which have mechanistic traditions in common, i.e. an assumption of&#xD;linearity and routine-based work. In this chapter, a model to operationalize samhandling&#xD;is presented. This conceptual study is based on observational data from an&#xD;inter-organizational exercise. A full-scale exercise of a train accident on the Öresund&#xD;Bridge between Sweden and Denmark was observed. The overall goal of the exercise&#xD;was to effectively solve the situation. However, different routines contributed to&#xD;confusion and misunderstandings in the meeting on how to act. The exercise was&#xD;dominated by a focus on linearity within the internal organizations, which hindered&#xD;samhandling. In order to conceptualize samhandling, a three-level model is presented.&#xD;It consists of “sequential samhandling”, i.e. a simplified, assembly-line type work&#xD;process, “parallel samhandling”, i.e. carrying out tasks simultaneously, and “synchronous&#xD;samhandling”, i.e. tasks performed at the same time in a spontaneous and natural&#xD;way. A three-level samhandling model such as the one presented can be a useful&#xD;tool for managing disasters."&#xD;

Socioeconomic and Environmental Implications of Agricultural Residue Burning: A Case Study of Punjab, India

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Environmental Science ISSN: 21915547 ISBN: 9788132221463 9788132220145 Year: Pages: 144 DOI: 10.1007/978-81-322-2014-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2015-07-20 15:26:18
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This book discusses the important issue of the socioeconomic and environmental impacts of agricultural residue burning, common in agricultural practices in many parts of the world. In particular, it focuses on the pollution caused by rice residue burning using primary survey data from Punjab, India. It discusses emerging solutions to agricultural waste burning that are cost-effective in terms of both money and time. The burning of agricultural residue causes severe pollution in land, water and air and contributes to increased ozone levels and climate change in the long term. However, appropriate assessments have not been undertaken so far to demonstrate the relevant impact of agriculture-based pollution, especially residue burning. This book addresses this gap in the literature. Punjab has been used as a case study as it is the chief granary of India, contributing to 27.2 percent of the Indian national produce of rice and 43.8 percent of wheat. It is presumed that the findings from this state will be useful not only for other agricultural areas in India, but across the world. This book, therefore, sensitizes policy makers, researchers and students about the impacts of air pollution caused by agricultural residue burning---a subject not much dealt in the literature---and provides a way forward.

Tavoitteena sujuva arki

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9789520306106 9789520306090 Year: Pages: 254 Language: Finnish
Publisher: Tampere University Press
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-30 11:02:29
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The growth of cultural diversity in Finnish social and health care workplaces challenges to develop not only ways of working and interaction but also organizational structures. Work communities as a whole are facing new challenges. The aim of this book is to help work communities develop well-functioning practices for intercultural work. Effective interaction between cultures provides the foundation not only for the well-being of staff and customers, but also for the financial success of the organization. The paper presents five action studies in the social and health care organization, which analyzed the abrasion points of everyday interaction, developed functional practices and corrective measures, and evaluated the effects of interventions. The aim of the project was to bring about structural reforms in support of inter-cultural work, since only the changes would become permanent.

The Organizational Aspects of Corporate and Organizational Crime

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ISBN: 9783038972587 9783038972594 Year: Pages: 152 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-259-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Economics --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2018-10-15 12:25:33
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ca. 200 words; this text will present the book in all promotional forms (e.g. flyers). Please describe the book in straightforward and consumer-friendly terms.

17 Samhandling and Trust in Military Leadership Structures (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 20 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch17 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:08
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"The purpose of this chapter is to discuss the importance of trust in military&#xD;samhandling. Trust serves as one of the main prerequisites for effective collaboration&#xD;(Kouzes & Posner, 2003). The Norwegian Armed Forces’ (NAF) core business is&#xD;the planning and execution of military operations (Forsvarsstaben, 2014). One of&#xD;the main tasks of the NAF is to plan for the unexpected and, ultimately, for war. The&#xD;chapter further discuss trust in military leadership, and leadership and situational&#xD;awareness. Leadership as a social interaction process that builds trust is discussed,&#xD;and samhandling is seen in a military context. A basic “trust-based model” of samhandling&#xD;is introduced and viewed in terms of internal and external framework factors.&#xD;The chapter concludes that trust is still quite an open concept, and that trust&#xD;is essential for the effective accomplishment of military missions. The basic trust&#xD;model is an attempt to underline understanding of the importance of trust in a&#xD;military planning and leadership context."&#xD;

15 Competence for the Unforeseen (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 34 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch15 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:08
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"This study examines self-assessment of preparedness for unforeseen events&#xD;and how it varies between groups and individuals according to roles and functions&#xD;within an organization. The study has two objectives. The first is to analyse the relationship&#xD;between general self-efficacy, perceived competence in demanding situations and&#xD;social support, and based on this, to assess the efficiency of interaction (samhandling)&#xD;in organizations and preparedness for the unforeseen. The second aim is to examine&#xD;how these factors vary according to professional experience. A survey questionnaire&#xD;was completed during winter 2016/2017. All 624 respondents were male or female&#xD;employees of the Norwegian Armed Forces, based in different units, with different&#xD;levels of competence, and included commissioned and non-commissioned officers,&#xD;officer cadets and conscripts. The response rate was 77 percent, and a total of 810&#xD;personnel were approached. This study incorporates central concepts of individual&#xD;and social resources that could permit the prediction and understanding of resilient&#xD;behaviors in complex and demanding situations. Interaction was found to be the&#xD;most important predictor of preparedness for the unforeseen. This study also shows&#xD;that interaction combined with general self-efficacy and social support can account&#xD;for a considerable proportion of the variance in preparedness for the unforeseen. The&#xD;results indicate that it is possible to prepare for unforeseen events by implementing&#xD;measures that improve social factors in particular."&#xD;

13 Interaction and Risk Management in Shared Leadership (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 18 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch13 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:09
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"The chapter presents a case from a government agency in Norway, where&#xD;two assistant directors share a leadership position and must interact extensively. The&#xD;main purpose is to highlight some benefits and challenges related to shared leadership&#xD;when it comes to risk prevention and handling unforeseen events. The analysis&#xD;is based on a relational perspective that emphasizes that successful interaction between&#xD;people requires complementary skills, conceptualized as relational skills. The&#xD;chapter concludes that the patterns of interaction and relational skills that develop&#xD;during shared leadership can help prevent undesirable events. This is partly because&#xD;shared leadership can provide increased capacity in identifying risks. Common&#xD;experiences in handling risks and unforeseen events may contribute to learning&#xD;that in turn provides the potential for further development of the interactional and&#xD;relational skills in shared leadership. At the same time, shared leadership entails&#xD;some risks that may impact on the prevention and handling of such events. For&#xD;instance, interactional challenges that may arise in a shared leadership may prevent&#xD;leaders from discovering potential hazards."&#xD;

8 The Relevance of Samhandling in Military Doctrines (Book chapter)

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 26 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch8 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:09
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"Military leaders are faced with high expectations when it comes to handling&#xD;unforeseen situations in joint military operations. This chapter aims to present&#xD;a nuanced professional and pedagogical discussion of how an increased awareness&#xD;of the concept of samhandling in the use of military doctrines may contribute to&#xD;the professionalization of military higher education. Different doctrines reflect different&#xD;theoretical decisions. They are given relevance in education as a way to illustrate&#xD;formal examples of what is preferred and what is rejected. As doctrines are&#xD;built on experiences from real-life scenarios, as well as on predictions and strategies&#xD;for possible change, they may serve as a way of balancing the branch-specific “hidden&#xD;curriculum”, i.e. an established culture with a set of current values, behavior and&#xD;thinking that have been developed over time in the organization. The findings in&#xD;the current case study indicate that military doctrines are regarded as important in&#xD;leadership training at the Norwegian Military Academy, especially when it comes&#xD;to understanding and guiding samhandling in unforeseen and risk-oriented situations.&#xD;However, at the same time, the terms used to describe samhandling in military&#xD;doctrines found relevant in education at the Norwegian Military Academy are numerous,&#xD;vague and somewhat overlapping. It seems crucial to raise awareness of the&#xD;underlying processes and the relational ambition level that forms the basis of the chosen&#xD;term. It is advantageous to reach a collective understanding of the kind of skills&#xD;that need to be developed and trained. Another benefit of such analysis is to provide a&#xD;basis for clarified learning goals and practical scenario development through exercises&#xD;and other teaching plans in leadership education, as well as the evaluation of this,&#xD;both in terms of learning outcomes and education as a whole."&#xD;

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