Search results: Found 2

Listing 1 - 2 of 2
Sort by
Pesticidal Plants: From Smallholder Use to Commercialisation

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039287888 / 9783039287895 Year: Pages: 184 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-789-5 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Plant Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The global biodiversity and climate emergencies demand transformative changes to human activities. For example, food production relies on synthetic, industrial and non-sustainable products for managing pests, weeds and diseases of crops. Sustainable farming requires approaches to managing these agricultural constraints that are more environmentally benign and work with rather than against nature. Increasing pressure on synthetic products has reinvigorated efforts to identify alternative pest management options, including plant-based solutions that are environmentally benign and can be tailored to different farmers’ needs, from commercial to small holder and subsistence farming. Botanical insecticides and pesticidal plants can offer a novel, effective and more sustainable alternative to synthetic products for controlling pests, diseases and weeds. This Special Issue reviews and reports the latest developments in plant-based pesticides from identification of bioactive plant chemicals, mechanisms of activity and validation of their use in horticulture and disease vector control. Other work reports applications in rice weeds, combination biopesticides and how chemistry varies spatially and influences the effectiveness of botanicals in different locations. Three reviews assess wider questions around the potential of plant-based pest management to address the global challenges of new, invasive and established crop pests and as-yet underexploited pesticidal plants.

Viticulture and Winemaking under Climate Change

Author:
ISBN: 9783039219742 9783039219759 Year: Pages: 294 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-975-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Meteorology and Climatology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-07 09:08:26
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The importance of viticulture and the winemaking socio-economic sector is acknowledged worldwide. The most renowned winemaking regions show very specific environmental characteristics, where climate usually plays a central role. Considering the strong influence of weather and climatic factors on grapevine yields and berry quality attributes, climate change may indeed significantly impact this crop. Recent trends already point to a pronounced increase in growing season mean temperatures, as well as changes in precipitation regimes, which have been influencing wine typicity across some of the most renowned winemaking regions worldwide. Moreover, several climate scenarios give evidence of enhanced stress conditions for grapevine growth until the end of the century. Although grapevines have high resilience, the clear evidence for significant climate change in the upcoming decades urges adaptation and mitigation measures to be taken by sector stakeholders. To provide hints on the abovementioned issues, we have edited a Special Issue entitled “Viticulture and Winemaking under Climate Change”. Contributions from different fields were considered, including crop and climate modeling, and potential adaptation measures against these threats. The current Special Issue allows for the expansion of scientific knowledge in these particular fields of research, as well as providing a path for future research.

Keywords

viticulture --- crop model --- phenology --- physiological processes --- climate --- micrometeorology --- microclimate --- climate change --- water limitation --- dry mass partitioning --- assimilation --- intercellular CO2 --- stomatal conductance --- leaf water potential --- Vitis vinifera L. --- production system --- S-ABA --- rate of anthocyanin accumulation --- CIRG --- bioactive compounds --- Botrytis cinerea --- low-input --- mechanical thinning --- viticultural training system --- yield formation --- leaf area --- table grapes --- photosynthesis --- berry composition --- phenolics --- natural hail --- grapevine --- phenology --- phenology modelling platform --- Touriga Franca --- Touriga Nacional --- climate change --- RCP4.5 --- EURO-CORDEX --- Douro wine region --- Portugal --- global warming --- technological and phenolic ripeness --- grape --- wine --- sensory analysis --- climate change --- elevated CO2 --- grapevine pest --- mealybug --- parasitoid --- FACE --- predawn water potential --- PRI --- remote sensing --- vineyards --- water status --- WI --- climate change --- Vitis vinifera L. --- general circulation model --- EURO-CORDEX --- phenological model --- grapevine --- Virtual Riesling --- climate change --- temperature --- plant architecture --- crop management --- modelling --- climate change --- viticulture --- adaptation --- temperature --- drought --- plant material --- rootstock --- training system --- phenology --- modeling --- Vitis vinifera --- autochthonous cultivar --- ’Uva Rey’ --- unmanned aerial vehicles --- vigour maps --- spatial variability --- normalized difference vegetation index --- crop water stress index --- crop surface model --- precision viticulture --- climate change --- multi-temporal analysis --- Vitis vinifera (L.) --- SO2 pads --- B. cinerea mold --- grape quality --- light micro-climates --- mitigation strategies --- kaolin --- irrigation --- Vitis vinifera L. --- grape berry tissues --- pulse amplitude modulated (PAM) fluorometry --- photosynthesis --- photosynthetic pigments --- viticulture --- winemaking --- climatic influence --- climate change --- adaptation measures

Listing 1 - 2 of 2
Sort by
Narrow your search

Publisher

MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (2)


License

CC by-nc-nd (2)


Language

eng (1)

english (1)


Year
From To Submit

2020 (1)

2019 (1)