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The triple bind of single-parent families

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ISBN: 9781447333654 Year: Pages: 504 Language: English
Publisher: Policy Press
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-09 11:01:46
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Epdf available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence. Single parents face a triple bind of inadequate resources, employment, and policies, which in combination further complicate their lives. This book - multi-disciplinary and comparative in design - shows evidence from over 40 countries, along with detailed case studies of Sweden, Iceland, Scotland, and the UK. It covers aspects of well-being that include poverty, good quality jobs, the middle class, wealth, health, children’s development and performance in school, and reflects on social justice. Leading international scholars challenge our current understanding of what works and draw policy lessons on how to improve the well-being of single parents and their children.

Les Lycéens dans la ville

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ISBN: 9782729709891 DOI: 10.4000/books.pul.7502 Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Lyon
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-04 12:20:45
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Cet ouvrage étudie des comportements de lycéens sous un angle nouveau : à partir de méthodes originales, il tente d'élucider comment se déroulent leurs journées dans le temps et dans l'espace. Permettant de mieux comprendre en quoi les déplacements et les activités quotidiennes des lycéens sont un apprentissage de la ville et de la vie, ce livre intéresse non seulement les adolescents et leurs éducateurs (parents, enseignants,...), mais aussi tous ceux qui travaillent à une meilleure connaissance des phénomènes urbains.

Repenser l’école : Une anthologie des débats sur l’éducation au Québec de 1945 au rapport Parent

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9791036504662 DOI: 10.4000/books.pum.13348 Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’Université de Montréal
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:43
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Parmi les réformes entreprises pendant la Révolution tranquille, la plus importante est sans doute celle qui a transformé de fond en comble le système d’éducation québécois, depuis le cours primaire jusqu’à l’université. Ce grand chantier n’aurait toutefois pu être mené aussi rondement si les années qui l’avaient précédé n’avaient donné lieu à un débat passionné sur l’éducation. Devant l’immobilisme du gouvernement Duplessis, de nombreuses voix se sont alors élevées pour proclamer la nécessité et l’urgence des réformes, et pour débattre de leur teneur. Cette anthologie témoigne de ce fécond bouillonnement d’idées, qui allait aboutir au Rapport Parent en 1965. Ces textes permettent, bien sûr, de juger du chemin parcouru, en rappelant une époque pas si lointaine où à peine 4 % des Québécois francophones obtenaient un diplôme universitaire, mais ils montrent également la profondeur historique de questions toujours actuelles : quelle formation donner aux enseignants ? comment démocratiser les structures scolaires ? et doit-on maintenir leur caractère confessionnel ? comment coordonner secteur privé et secteur public ? comment faire face aux défis de cette économie de plus en plus concentrée dans le secteur tertiaire, qu’on n’appelait pas encore l’ « économie du savoir » ? etc. Presque tous les intellectuels importants du Québec d’alors ont participé à ces débats. De nombreuses organisations ont tenu de même à faire valoir leur point de vue. Bref, c’est toute la société québécoise - de ses secteurs les plus réactionnaires jusqu’à ses plus progressistes - qui s’est sentie concernée, quand il s’est agi de repenser l’école.

Malaise à l’école : Les difficultés de l’action collective

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9782802804093 DOI: 10.4000/books.pusl.14414 Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’Université Saint-Louis
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-10 12:25:11
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Confrontée à l'indiscipline des élèves et au malaise croissant des enseignants, la direction d'une école secondaire fait appel à une équipe de sociologues pour l'aider à y voir plus clair et à trouver des solutions. Cet ouvrage présente l'histoire de cette intervention. On y trouvera une analyse des problèmes, effectuée à partir d'une série d'interviews et d'un travail d'autoanalyse mené, avec l'aide des chercheurs, par un groupe composé de membres de la direction, d'enseignants et de surveillants-éducateurs. À partir de ce cas concret, l'ouvrage propose des repères théoriques susceptibles d'aider tous ceux qui travaillent dans des institutions à mieux comprendre et aborder les problèmes auxquels ils sont confrontés. Ces apports théoriques portent notamment sur les différents niveaux d'analyse d'une expérience sociale, la marge de liberté de l'acteur social face aux règles et aux rôles, l'usage stratégique de la communication, les concepts de rapport social et d'acteur social et la dynamique du changement dans les organisations. Le lecteur intéressé par les méthodes de formation, d'intervention et de recherche-action pourra prendre connaissance d'une méthode axée sur l'autoanalyse en groupe qui est utilisée dans une visée sociologique. Cet ouvrage s'adresse principalement au monde de l'école (directeurs, enseignants, élèves, parents, ...). Par ses apports théoriques et méthodologiques transposables, il devrait également intéresser les responsables d'organisation, les éducateurs, les formateurs et les chercheurs.

Young Children and Their Parents

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ISBN: 9781780491431 Year: Pages: 369 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_497778 Language: English
Publisher: Karnac Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 32
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2014-08-26 11:01:11
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The book describes the psychoanalytic perspective of development of theparent-infant relationship in the first three years of life.The importance of the earliest experiences of the child in the interaction with the parents shape sthe emerging personality of the child. The book follows the life of a child from birth to the third year.

Soziale Beziehungen und Leistungsmotivation

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Book Series: Beiträge der Schweizer Bildungsforschung ISBN: 9783863882822 9783940755858 Year: Pages: 271 DOI: 10.3224/94075585 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-22 11:21:08
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The author deals empirically with the question of what role social relationships with parents and teachers play in motivating children and adolescents to learn and perform. In particular, the question of the long-term development of achievement motivation over a period of 20 years is at the centre of attention, partly determined by the prevailing social bond in adolescence to the persons referred to and the achievement motivation of the young people themselves.

Family, Bullying and Cyberbullying

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ISBN: 9783039210800 9783039210817 Year: Pages: 182 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-081-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Despite the significant decrease in bullying that has been reported in many countries during the last two decades, bullying continues to be a significant problem among young people. Given the increase of internet use among youth, researchers have started to pay attention to cyberspace, understanding that it may be a fertile ground for bullying behaviors, specifically, what is known as cyberbullying. “Family, Bullying and Cyberbullying” examines the association of several family variables with bullying in offline and online environments during childhood and adolescence. Contributors from the Americas, Canada, Asia, and Europe offer cutting-edge research on family dynamics, bystander behaviors, parents’ and educators’ perceptions, and bullying and cyberbullying prevention and intervention strategies of bullying for school and home. This book also provides an analysis of the current research on the influence of family in the electronic bullying. Research topics included in the book: 1) Parental education and bullying and cyberbullying; 2) Parental monitoring and cyberbullying; 3) Parental communication and feelings of affiliation; 4) Student and educator perspective on cyberbullying; 5) Parents’ responses to bullying; 6) Parental mediation and bystander behaviors; 7) Development of scales to measure cyberbullying and high internet risks. “Family, Bullying and Cyberbullying” is an essential resource for researchers, graduate students, families, and practitioners in social education, social work, teacher education, and psychology.

Religion and Politics: New Developments Worldwide

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ISBN: 9783039214297 9783039214303 Year: Pages: 194 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-430-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Religion and Politics: New Developments Worldwide features ten articles about recent developments in the interaction of Religion and Politics in various countries of Asia, Africa, Europe, and both North and South America. Most articles focus on one country, and including China, South Korea, India, Nigeria, Malaysia, France, and Cuba. Others address issues across regions such as Latin America, Southeast Asia, or the Middle East. The fifteen contributors are scholars from diverse disciplines as well as diverse regions of Asia, Europe, Africa, and the Americas. Subjects include the Indian government’s favoritism for Hinduism over rival religions; the way the Sikhs of India avoid the religion–politics divide; the way the Western media fails to fully understand the Chinese government’s policies on religious minorities; the aftermath of the Charlie Hebdo demonstrations in France; religious attitudes toward tax politics in South Korea as well as among Christians compared to Muslims; how to lessen the radicalization of Muslims in Southeast Asia; whether Nigeria should encourage its Muslims to be active in the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation; the spiritual role played by the permaculture movement in Cuba; and how the former tendency of scholars to polarize religion and politics is no longer viable, especially in Latin America.

Religion and Family Life

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ISBN: 9783038979289 9783038979296 Year: Pages: 246 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-929-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-09 17:16:14
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There has been increased interest among scholars in recent decades focused on the intersection of family and religion. Yet, there is still much that is not well-understood in this area. This aim of this special issue is to further explore the influence of religion on family life. In particular, this issue includes a collection of studies from leading scholars on religion and family life that focus on ways in which religion and spirituality may influence various aspects of family life including family processes, family structure, family formation, family dissolution, parenting, and family relationships. &nbsp;The studies included incorporate both qualitative and quantitative analyses, incorporate a number of different religious traditions, focus on religiosity among both adults and youth, and explore a number of important issues such as depression, intimacy, sexual behavior, lying, divorce, and faith transmission.

Evolution, Composition and Regulation of Supernumerary B Chromosomes

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783038977865 9783038977872 Year: Pages: 254 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-787-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:28
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Supernumerary B chromosomes (Bs) are dispensable genetic elements found in thousands of species of plants and animals, and some fungi. Since their discovery more than a century ago, they have been a source of puzzlement, as they only occur in some members of a population and are absent from others. When they do occur, they are often harmful, and in the absence of “selfishness”, based on mechanisms of mitotic and meiotic drive, there appears to be no obvious reason for their existence. Cytogeneticists have long wrestled with questions about the biological existence of these enigmatic elements, including their lack of any adaptive properties, apparent absence of functional genes, their origin, sequence organization, and co-evolution as nuclear parasites. Emerging new technologies are now enabling researchers to step up a gear, to look enthusiastically beyond the previous limits of the horizon, and to uncover the secrets of these “silent” chromosomes. This book provides a comprehensive guide to theoretical advancements in the field of B chromosome research in both animal and plant systems.

Keywords

repetitive elements --- RNA-Seq --- genomics --- evolution --- cytogenetics --- supernumerary elements --- extra chromosomes --- B chromosomes --- transmission --- drive --- host/parasite interaction --- supernumerary chromosomes --- karyotype evolution --- genome instability --- supernumerary chromosomes --- heterochromatin --- parent-of-origin effects --- paternal X chromosome --- maternal X chromosome --- controlling element --- teleost --- population analysis --- whole genome resequencing --- DNA copy number variation --- ribosomal DNA --- B chromosomes --- FISH (fluorescence in situ hybridisation) --- GISH (genomic in situ hybridisation) --- Prospero autumnale complex --- supernumerary chromosomal segments (SCS) evolution --- tandem repeats --- Drosophila --- supernumerary --- satellite DNA --- sSMC --- B chromosomes --- dot-like (micro) Bs --- karyotypic characteristics --- ?s --- B morphotypes --- Apodemus peninsulae --- maize B chromosome --- centromere --- inactivation --- reactivation --- de novo centromere formation --- epigenetics --- supernumerary chromosomes --- additional chromosomes --- chromosome polymorphism --- evolution --- B chromosomes --- karyotypes --- genome evolution --- interphase nucleus --- mammals --- genes --- repetitive DNA --- transcription of heterochromatin --- B chromosomes --- grasshoppers --- DNA composition --- repeat clusters --- euchromatin degradation --- microdissected DNA probes --- B chromosome --- satellite DNA --- mobile element --- organelle DNA --- chromosome evolution --- fluorescent in situ hybridization --- Orthoptera --- satellite DNA --- supernumerary chromosome --- RepeatExplorer --- supernumerary chromosomes --- B chromosomes --- next-generation sequencing --- coverage ratio analysis --- n/a --- B chromosome --- transmission --- origin --- drive --- n/a

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