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The Collapse of a Pastoral Economy - The Datoga of Central and Northern Tanzania from the 1830s to the 2000s

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ISBN: 9783863954017 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2019-1143 Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-15 11:21:02
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This research unravels the economic collapse of the Datoga pastoralists of central and northern Tanzania from the 1830s to the beginning of the 21st century. The research builds from the broader literature on continental African pastoralism during the past two centuries. Overall, the literature suggests that African pastoralism is collapsing due to changing political and environmental factors. My dissertation aims to provide a case study adding to the general trends of African pastoralism, while emphasizing the topic of competition as not only physical, but as something that is ethnically negotiated through historical and collective memories. There are two main questions that have guided this project: 1) How is ethnic space defined by the Datoga and their neighbours across different historical times? And 2) what are the origins of the conflicts and violence and how have they been narrated by the state throughout history? Examining archival sources and oral interviews it is clear that the Datoga have struggled through a competitive history of claims on territory against other neighbouring communities. The competitive encounters began with the Maasai entering the Serengeti in the 19th century, and intensified with the introduction of colonialism in Mbulu and Singida in the late 19th and 20th centuries. The fight for control of land and resources resulted in violent clashes with other groups. Often the Datoga were painted as murderers and impediments to development. Policies like the amalgamation measures of the British colonial administration in Mbulu or Ujamaa in post-colonial Tanzania aimed at confronting the “Datoga problem,” but were inadequate in neither addressing the Datoga issues of identity, nor providing a solution to their quest for land ownership and control.

Keywords

Datoga --- Tanzania --- pastoral economy

La fonction épiscopale à Liège au XIIIe et XIVe siècles : Études de politologie historique

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ISBN: 9791036516535 DOI: 10.4000/books.pulg.4295 Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Liège
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:43
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Corruption in South Africa's liberal democratic context

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ISBN: 9780620725262 Year: Pages: 362 DOI: 10.4102/aosis.2016.csaldc05 Language: English
Publisher: AOSIS
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:01:12
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This book is meant for academics in the fields of theology and ecclesial management, for business leaders and governmental authorities in the private and public domain. This collected work by mainly practical theologians reflects on the phenomenon of corruption in the liberal democracy of post-apartheid South Africa. Liberal democracy has considerable salience in the contemporary world. Not only is it the form that many of the world’s most powerful and influential nations approve of, but it is a political system that is being tried – and used – by many formerly developing countries. South Africa is described as predominantly Christian. In such a context corruption is not to be expected. However, it is strongly prevalent. It undermines the values of both democracy and Christianity. Not only does corruption promote a general lack of trust in institutions and leadership, but it stimulates a perpetual culture of corruption that invades all spheres of life. The research is based on a qualitative empirical study. Its aim is to stimulate discourse in theology and related disciplines. Data were collected by means of interviews with political, business, church, and labour union managers and leaders in South Africa’s Gauteng area, who have experienced corruption. This area is the hub of economic, executive political and public office activities in South Africa. Respondents were specifically asked how their experience of corruption was informed by their norms, which in turn were influenced by their religious convictions and cultural conventions. The book suggests strategies for redressing the current ‘culture of corruption’. Although the chapters represent different perspectives, the shared objective is to emphasise that corruption is unethical, to describe and explain why it is taking place and how the situation should appear. The explanation focuses on the negative consequence of corruption: it does not respect human dignity – the ‘otherness’ of others; it exacerbates poverty; it weakens religious values and norms; it is not conducive to social cohesion in the country. The authors also share the theological premise that God is present in this world. In the kingdom of God, believers are encouraged to participate in the ‘clean-up’ process which includes combating the phenomenon of corruption. This book roots theological research and reflection in the real life of both believers and non-believers who consider a ‘clean’ world without corruption as an absolute necessity for a country characterised by the ideals of liberal democracy. The book will stimulate on-going transdisciplinary research focusing on unethical lifestyles, and it will also encourage church leaders to engage with managers in other spheres of society, such as politics and economics in order to counter the evil of corrupt practices. The research outcomes are relevant not only in the South African context, but also globally.

L’élevage en Grèce (fin ve-fin ie s. a.C.) : L’apport des sources épigraphiques

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ISBN: 9782356132888 DOI: 10.4000/books.ausonius.7766 Language: French
Publisher: Ausonius Éditions
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:23
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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L'élevage occupait une place importante dans l'agriculture et la vie économique du monde grec. Les sources littéraires ont depuis longtemps été exploitées pour le montrer, mais elles laissent subsister dans notre compréhension du phénomène de larges zones d'ombre qu'un examen attentif des autres sources peut en partie réduire. Il s'agit d'abord de faire l'inventaire de la documentation épigraphique en reproduisant les textes, accompagnés de traductions et de commentaires. Ils permettent d'aborder certaines questions dans une seconde partie servant de synthèse. On voit par exemple que le bétail était largement pris en compte dans la fiscalité grecque ou que certains sanctuaires avaient constitué des élevages sacrés à caractère spéculatif. Surtout, une géographie de l'élevage grec se dessine montrant que le degré d'intégration du bétail à l'agriculture était différent selon les régions du monde grec. Dans certaines, on peut constater la mise en place d'un système agro-pastoral cohérent, alors qu'ailleurs, les troupeaux sont rejetés une partie de l'année au moins en marge de la zone vouée aux cultures.

Spirituality in diversity

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ISBN: 9781928523000 Year: Pages: 226 DOI: 10.4102/aosis.2019.BK156 Language: English
Publisher: AOSIS
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-13 04:45:29
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The purpose of this book is to introduce the special phenomenon of Spiritual Counselling, as it is practised by Christians in South East Asian countries in the last 50 years. Reference is also made to the current theory and practice of Spiritual Care and Counselling, especially as a practice of Christian churches in different countries, predominantly in Indonesia. Previously, it was noticed that there was a lack of knowledge on the above-mentioned field, at least in the European context, but also globally. The author is part of an academic exchange on the subject of Spiritual Counselling between the two regions described: Indonesia (India and Japan attached) and South Africa. The latter is looked at with special regard to Spiritual and/or Pastoral Counselling. The theological frame of reference is Public Theology. It lays foundations, explores and designs the social implications of religious work, especially in multi-religious societies. The book does not aim at giving a perfect survey of the current state of research in the field. It is based on encounters with colleagues, interviews and documents.

Pastoral poetry of the English Renaissance

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Book Series: The Manchester Spenser ISBN: 9780719096822 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101895
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-05 11:21:03
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Renaissance pastoral poetry is gaining new interest for its distinctive imaginative vein, its varied allusive content, and the theoretical implications of the genre. This is by far the biggest ever anthology of English Renaissance pastoral poetry, with 277 pieces spanning two centuries. Spenser, Sidney, Jonson and Drayton are amply represented alongside their many contemporaries. There is a wide range of pastoral lyrics, weightier allusive pieces, and translations from classical and vernacular pastoral poetry; also, more unusually, pastoral ballads and poems set in all kinds of prose works. Each piece has been freshly edited from the original sources, with full apparatus and commentary. This book will be complemented by a second volume, to be published in 2017, which includes a book-length introduction, textual notes and analytic indices.

Reformed theology today

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781928396307 Year: Pages: 241 DOI: 10.4102/aosis.2017.rtt47 Language: English
Publisher: AOSIS Grant: North West University; Pro-Reformando Trust
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-30 11:02:29
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This book is unique and of great importance for theologians from diverse traditions but who all share the relevance of the academic Reformed discourse. The book focuses on, and forms part of celebrating 500 years since the start of the Reformation during the 16th century. Its purpose is to commemorate the quincentenary anniversary of the Reformation in Europe and to indicate the way in which the rich legacy of this important period in the history of the church and society still influences globally the theological landscape in the fields of Practical Theology, Missiology and Ethics. Specific attention is given to the manner in which the core principles of the Reformation can be utilised for these disciplines and applied in a contemporary context. The Reformation changed the ecclesiastical landscape of the day and still provides the benchmark for theological principles and praxis in many Protestant denominations. This book illustrates and underscores the practical-theological legacy and importance of the Reformation for church and society. The collected works by various theologians reflect on the impact of Reformed Theology on their respective fields of expertise. The original research is based on literature studies and has not been published previously in any form. Its aim is to stimulate discourse in Theology and related disciplines. Although the chapters represent different perspectives, the collective aim is to propose the vast impact of the Reformational views as they relate to the current context. The target audience is Reformed theologians. This book focuses on ways in which the legacy of the Reformation addresses practical and relevant issues for 21st-century believers, scholars and churches. It explores inter alia important homiletical and liturgical aspects of the Reformation and contemplates the importance of continual reformation in this regard. Furthermore, it discusses a Reformed approach to apologetics, evaluates the driving forces behind the Reformation of the 16th century and its relevance to missions today as well as examines the sola Scriptura principle of the Reformation and provides a critical perspective on Prosperity Theology. Several pastoral themes take centre stage before various aspects of xenophobia and civil prejudice are being investigated – both being very relevant topics throughout the world today. The book also focuses on hermeneutics and ethics in a quest for a biblical ethical approach as well as congregational hymns in the Reformed churches of South Africa today. The research outcomes are relevant not only for the South African context, but also globally.

Keywords

scripture --- human --- theology --- christian --- life --- spirit --- africa --- preaching --- word --- theory --- pastoral --- theological --- practical --- church --- time --- bible --- world --- african --- care --- biblical --- christ --- luther --- reformed --- reformation --- liturgy --- calvin

Livelihood and Landscape Change in Africa: Future Trajectories for Improved Well-Being under a Changing Climate

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783039214693 9783039214709 Year: Pages: 246 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-470-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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This book is based on a Special Issue of the journal LAND that draws together a collection of 11 diverse articles at the nexus of climate change, landscapes, and livelihoods in rural Africa; all explore the links between livelihood and landscape change, including shifts in farming practices and natural resource use and management. The articles, which are all place-based case studies across nine African countries, cover three not necessarily mutually exclusive thematic areas, namely: smallholder farming livelihoods under new climate risk (five articles); long-term dynamics of livelihoods and landscape change and future trajectories (two articles); and natural resource management and governance under a changing climate, spanning forests, woodlands, and rangelands (four articles). The commonalities, key messages, and research gaps across the 11 articles are presented in a synthesis article. All the case studies pointed to the need for an integrated and in-depth understanding of the multiple drivers of landscape and livelihood change and how these interact with local histories, knowledge systems, cultures, complexities, and lived realities. Moreover, where there are interventions (such as new governance systems, REDD+ or climate smart agriculture), it is critical to interrogate what is required to ensure a fair and equitable distribution of emerging benefits.

Implementing Pediatric Integrative Medicine in Practice

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ISBN: 9783038977629 9783038977636 Year: Pages: 204 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-763-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Pediatrics --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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This Special Issue provides an overview of pediatric integrative medicine, an emerging field that blends conventional and evidence based complementary therapies with an emphasis on preventive health and wellbeing.

Keywords

burnout --- pediatrics --- residents --- preventive lifestyle behaviors --- resilience --- headache --- migraine --- integrative medicine --- complementary therapies --- pediatric --- mind-body --- clinic model --- multidisciplinary --- implementation --- mindful eating --- obesity --- adolescents --- Kneipp --- kindergarten --- PIMR --- pediatric integrative nursing --- program development --- pediatric blood and marrow transplant --- integrative medicine --- hypnosis --- mindfulness --- biofeedback --- acupuncture --- yoga --- guided imagery --- self-regulation --- complementary --- education --- pediatric integrative medicine --- vision --- clinical practice --- education --- advocacy --- complementary therapies --- qualitative --- mindfulness --- meditation --- chronic illness --- adolescents --- eHealth --- integrative medicine --- pediatrics --- clinical practice --- n/a --- infant --- premature --- pain --- acupuncture --- skin-to-skin contact --- sucrose --- massage --- musical therapy --- breastfeeding --- Integrative therapies --- art therapy --- music therapy --- yoga therapy --- acupuncture --- pastoral care --- creative arts therapy --- pediatrics --- opioid therapy --- weaning of opioids --- withdrawal --- assessment of withdrawal --- pediatric --- integrative medicine --- academic medicine --- multidisciplinary pain management strategies --- opioid reduction therapy --- non-pharmacological therapy --- cognitive behavioral therapy --- hypnosis --- mindfulness-based stress reduction --- acupuncture --- pain rehabilitation

Contemporary Nostalgia

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ISBN: 9783039215560 9783039215577 Year: Pages: 194 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-557-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Some of the most pressing contemporary issues (ecological crisis, migration and integration, fragmented worldviews, social media, fake news, extremist politics and terrorism) can be understood more profoundly through how they interact with both individual and collective forces of nostalgia. Nostalgia is politics, but these politics are also interwoven with media and culture. Notwithstanding how nostalgia is used or contextualized in terms of politics and social practices, commodification or personal development, its power is primarily situated within its efficacy as a governing, influential human emotion. The vast and luminous contributions to this special issue on contemporary nostalgia are all investigating the role different aesthetic media formats (film, music, literature, computer games) plays in nostalgic negotiations with style, history, migration, love, nationalism, diaspora, irony, modernity, colonial and postcolonial discourses, and adoption. Mutually, these essays stand out as important, original, critical contributions to the expanding field of nostalgia studies and offer a valued insight on our world.

Keywords

nostalgia --- railways --- modernity --- modernism --- American literature --- heritage cinema --- Hollywood --- reflective nostalgia --- restorative nostalgia --- metanostalgia --- nostalgia --- Lars Gustafsson --- poetry --- tropic reinvention --- landscape --- childhood --- imagery --- expatriation --- nostalgia --- Ian McEwan --- Atonement --- ethics --- responsibility --- nostalgia --- contemporary nostalgia --- nostalgic experience --- nostalgic narrative --- narrative modes --- narrative mediation --- reflective nostalgia --- idealisation --- first-person narrative --- Finland-Swedish literature --- Second World War --- North Africa Campaign --- Egypt --- cosmopolitanism --- imperial nostalgia --- colonial nostalgia --- collective memory --- nostalgia --- ostalgia --- Czech film --- Czech history --- normalisation --- post-communism --- Yugonostalgia --- post-Yugoslav music --- the concept of love --- commodification of feelings and memories --- émigré writers --- lost ideal --- nostalgia --- myths --- popular literature --- nostalgia --- video games --- independent style --- retro aesthetics --- historical recreation --- simulation --- nostalgic dystopias --- F. Scott Fitzgerald --- “The Rich Boy” --- Niklas Salmose --- nostalgia --- nostalgic strategies --- text-image relations --- Red Book Magazine --- F.R. Gruger --- illustrations --- advertisements --- media --- intermediality --- transnational adoption --- nostalgia --- motherhood --- autobiography --- Naumann --- Rickardsson --- nostalgia --- Richard Ford --- pastoral --- southern gothic --- grotesque --- memory --- partition --- nation-state --- Foucault --- heterotopia --- India --- Pakistan --- Partition fiction --- refugees --- Nubia --- nostalgic spaces --- displacement --- territory --- disembodied territoriality --- spatial production --- n/a

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