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Chronic Kidney Disease - from Pathophysiology to Clinical Improvements

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ISBN: 9789535138433 9789535138440 9789535140054 Year: Pages: 306 DOI: 10.5772/66239 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Urology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Known worldwide, chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a disease that affects up to 4% of the population with increasing figures also in the developing countries. Life expectancy of patients affected by CKD is shortened compared to the overall population, and only a minority of patients reach end-stage renal disease (ESRD) with the need for dialysis or renal transplantation; death overtakes dialysis. In the 13 chapters, this book sheds light on the different aspects related to pathophysiology and clinical aspects of CKD, providing interesting insights into not only inflammation and cardiovascular risk but also the interplay of hormones and the functional aspects of endothelial function. In addition, chapters dealing with genetic aspects of polycystic kidney disease and also the clinical handling of patients with CKD and peritoneal dialysis will be beneficial for the open-minded reader.

Temporomandibular Joint Pathology - Current Approaches and Understanding

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9789535138617 9789535138624 9789535140177 Year: Pages: 208 DOI: 10.5772/67019 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Pathology --- Surgery
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Dental practitioners face a large number of patients seeking help for pain and loss of function in their temporomandibular joint and related structures. This book consists of eight chapters by authors who would like to share their experiences and researches on pathological conditions related to the temporomandibular joint. The chapters mainly focus on disorders, diseases, and entities while shedding light on the diagnostic methods and management modalities.

Pathophysiology - Altered Physiological States

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ISBN: 9781789231809 9781789231816 Year: Pages: 224 DOI: 10.5772/65994 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Pathophysiology is the convergence of pathology (the discipline of observed changes in a diseased state) with physiology (the mechanisms of systems operation). It represents the functional changes that occur because of injury or disease. This volume provides state-of-the-art up-to-date literature reviews on pathophysiological processes in a number of disease states. The book is organised methodically in a head-to-toe systems approach examining aspects of neuropathophysiology, endocrine pathophysiology, structural biology, renal pathophysiology and genitourinary pathophysiology. This short volume on pathophysiology is intended for general medical and biomedical students at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels. In addition, it is a useful short update of recent advances in research and translational biology to those working in academia or healthcare science.

Histopathology - An Update

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ISBN: 9781789236866 9781789236873 Year: Pages: 166 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.69367 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Pathology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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This book, ""Histopathology-An Update"" is a comprehensive book that deals with the latest advances in the field of histopathology. This book will be of help to pathologists, clinicians and researchers in the latest update in histopathology of various organs.

Hypoxia and Anoxia

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ISBN: 9781789848281 9781789848298 Year: Pages: 144 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.73765 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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The molecular deprivation of oxygen is manifested by hypoxia, a deficiency of oxygen and anoxia, or the absence of oxygen supply to the tissues. This book entitled Hypoxia and Anoxia will cover a broad range of understanding on hypoxia and anoxia from molecular mechanisms to pathophysiology. Hypoxia and anoxia stimulate multiple systems through specific cell signal transduction pathways and regulate several transcriptional factors like HIF-1, REST to encode genes for VEGF, Epo, etc. This book will also highlight different types of hypoxia and anoxia along with their impact on apoptosis, cardiovascular pathophysiology, and glucose regulatory mechanisms. This book will be a ready reckoner to give a deep understanding of the oxygen-sensing environment in vivo for researchers, academicians, and clinicians throughout the world.

Fluid and Electrolyte Disorders

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ISBN: 9781789239218 9781789239225 9781838811815 Year: Pages: 136 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.72967 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Urology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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This book provides readers with all the tools needed to handle interesting clinical challenges in the field of fluid and electrolyte disorders. It aims to offer an up-to-date clinical text for medical residents, fellows, practicing physicians, and nephrologists in a simple and easy-to-understand format. It provides the right balance between basic science and practical clinical guidance. It discusses the current evidence regarding the physiology, basic fundamentals, clinical presentation, and management of these disorders and will help clinicians to handle these disorders effectively. And all chapters have been extensively revised and bound to include the latest developments in the field.

Biomarker

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ISBN: 9789535105770 9789535142966 Year: Pages: 404 DOI: 10.5772/2376 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Pathology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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Clinicians, scientists, and health care professionals use biomarkers or biological markers as a measure of a person’s present health condition or response to interventions. An ideal -biomarker should have the following criteria: (I) ability to detect fundamental features of the disease, (II) ability to differentiate from other closely related diseases, (III) ability to detect early stages and stages of progression, (IV) the method should be highly reliable, easy to perform and inexpensive, and (V) sample sources should be easily accessible from body. Most of the chapters in this book follow the basic principle of biomarkers.

Glaucoma - Intraocular Pressure and Aqueous Dynamics

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ISBN: 9789535128496 9789535128502 9789535141273 Year: Pages: 150 DOI: 10.5772/62698 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Ophthalmology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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Written for ophthalmology residents and practitioners, this book provides the most comprehensive resource covering all the major aspects of aqueous humor and intraocular pressure dynamics. In addition to chapters on the conventional and new technologies for intraocular pressure assessment, there is a novel chapter on the engineering perspectives of continuous monitoring of the intraocular pressure. Based on the newer insights in aqueous outflow, this text offers a rational approach to the medical and surgical management of glaucoma.

OCT - Applications in Ophthalmology

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Book Series: Biomedical Engineering ISSN: 26315343 ISBN: 9781789237542 9781789237559 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 200 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.74129 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Ophthalmology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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I am very proud and excited to introduce to you this book, which provides many interesting indications on how to better understand and handle the world of optical coherence tomography (OCT). Reading the chapters, you will be aware that this device is extremely important not just in the clinical practice of retinal diseases, but is also very useful as a surgical tool. Moreover, application of OCT has crossed the borders of the retina and is currently being applied to corneal diseases and glaucoma. I am confident you will find enough useful information to improve your practice using OCT and to provide a better quality of care for your patients.

Advances in the Diagnosis and Management of Uveitis

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781838805425 9781838805432 9781838807122 Year: Pages: 146 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.73886 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Ophthalmology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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Uveitis is the fifth cause of visual loss in the developed world, accounting for up to 20% of legal blindness. Visual loss due to uveitis currently has a significant impact on the productivity and quality of life of many patients worldwide. Therefore, advances in diagnostic techniques and therapeutic strategies are crucial for patients suffering from the disease. Improvements in our understanding of the pathogenic mechanisms, development of more accurate diagnostic tests, and better treatment alternatives come from the continuous efforts of researchers from all over the world who are committed to improving the standard of care of patients suffering from these potentially blinding diseases.This book focuses on the most recent advances in diagnostic techniques for primary and systemic-associated autoimmune and infectious uveitis, as well as new therapeutic strategies that have significantly reduced the rate of ocular complications and improved the visual outcome of patients suffering from these devastating disorders.

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