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Pillars and Shadows: Statebuilding as peacebuilding in Solomon Islands

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9781921666797 Year: Pages: 197 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459442 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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This volume of the Peacebuilding Compared Project examines the sources of the armed conflict and coup in the Solomon Islands before and after the turn of the millennium. The Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands (RAMSI) has been an intensive peacekeeping operation, concentrating on building ‘core pillars’ of the modern state. It did not take adequate notice of a variety of shadow sources of power in the Solomon Islands, for example logging and business interests, that continue to undermine the state’s democratic foundations. At first RAMSI’s statebuilding was neither very responsive to local voices nor to root causes of the conflict, but it slowly changed tack to a more responsive form of peacebuilding. The craft of peace as learned in the Solomon Islands is about enabling spaces for dialogue that define where the mission should pull back to allow local actors to expand the horizons of their peacebuilding ambition.

Memorialisation Principles, Post-Civil War Reintegration and the Quest for Sustainable Peace in Nigeria

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ISBN: 9791092312508 DOI: 10.4000/books.ifra.1353 Language: English
Publisher: IFRA-Nigeria
Subject: History --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:50
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Mnemonic devices have remained integral to human learning processes through history, as man continues to grapple with his existential experiences. Such epistemological consideration considers knowledge as a universal experience of recall, whereby events, objects, texts and processes are commited to memory. However, threats to Nigeria’s sociopolitical life has been the reverse of this logic with the erasure of History from the curriculum of secondary schools until the recent attempts at its restoration. It is such neglect that prompted this study’s examination of the need to revive the consciousness of the importance of historical lessons in the consolidation of the country’s democracy by adopting a memorialisation policy. It conceptualizes memorialisation within the framework of creation of public memorials as important for national integration and peacebuilding through references to extant memory initiatives. It then proceeds to situate the eight principles of memorialisation - as proposed by Impunity Watch - within the global context while drawing from an array of literature within the humanities and social sciences. In relaying this to the Nigerian context, the paper focuses on relevant historical events and discussions around the Nigerian Civil War with the purpose of demonstrating how memorialisation can be adopted in facilitating peacebuilding efforts in Nigeria, as a means to address different secessionist bids in a sustainable manner.

Umstrittene Regierungsführung in Afghanistan

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Book Series: Global Studies ISBN: 9783837646924 9783839446928 Year: DOI: 9783839446928 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104825
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-03 11:21:08
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Seit 40 Jahren herrscht in Afghanistan Krieg. Bisher war die Frage der Machtverteilung, also die Definition der Hoheitsgebiete der einzelnen Elitefraktionen, nicht klar zu erkennen. Frangis Dadfar Spanta untersucht die unterschiedlichen Konfliktdynamiken, um dann Lösungsschritte für einen Friedenbildungsprozess vorzuschlagen. Anhand der unterschiedlichen Eliten aus Politik, Kultur, Wirtschaft, Medien, Bildung und Religion zeichnet sie die Patronage-Klientel-Netzwerke nach. Eine Besonderheit der Studie bilden Interviews mit Ashraf Ghani, Hamid Karzai, Abdullah Abdullah, Atta Noor sowie mit zwei Taliban-Repräsentanten. Die Untersuchung ist aufgrund ihrer theoretischen und methodischen Herangehensweise sowohl für Politik- und Sozialwissenschaftler_innen als auch für Anthropolog_innen lesenswert.

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