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Lietuvių tradicinis ir tautinis kostiumas : metodinė priemonė etnologijos specialybės studentams dėstomam kursui

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ISBN: 9789955125624 Year: Pages: 456 p.
Publisher: Vytautas Magnus University
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-05 08:28:18
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Abstract

The teaching aid, which is designed for the students, provides condensed knowledge about traditional Lithuanian peasant women and men‘s clothes from ancient times to the beginning of the 20th century as well as a short overview of resources, iconographic materials, research and terminology. The origin of national clothes, folk costumes and the development of its concept in Lithuania and Eastern Europe is being analyzed. Lithuanian traditional costume is discussed in order to reveal its regional originality, to show the diversity of clothes in the territory of the same ethnographic region and to trace the impact of confession, of other nations and social status on peasant‘s costume.

Keywords

Costume --- Peasant clothing

Paysans de l

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ISBN: 9791036549793 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.ifp.4897 Language: French
Publisher: Institut Français de Pondichéry
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:30
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Les paysans du Tiers monde, et de l’Inde en particulier, sont parfois présentés de manière caricaturale comme des rustres irrationnels, parfois au contraire comme capables de maximiser le profit aussi bien qu’un homme d’affaires occidental. Mais à chaque fois, on sous-estime la diversité des logiques paysannes. C’est ce que cherche à éviter cet ouvrage qui traite des trois échelles géographiques de la vie des agriculteurs de l’Inde du Sud : la région (le « système rural »), le village, l’exploitation agricole. Cependant, à chacun de ces niveaux apparaît une opposition entre les deux régions du Karnataka : l’une irriguée par un important barrage, l’autre vouée à une simple agriculture pluviale ; la première enrichie par la culture intensive de riz et surtout de canne à sucre, l’autre ne survivant que par l’émigration. De nombreux éléments révèlent les contraintes ou les atouts dont doivent tenir compte les paysans : la structure des castes encore si hiérarchisée, les différences de classes, mais aussi les problèmes du crédit, des marchés et du bétail, le rôle de l’administration indienne, tout autant que le « poids » de l’hindouisme, souvent exagéré. Loin de se cantonner au particulier, l’ouvrage propose une grille d’analyse générale des logiques paysannes du Tiers monde. Pris entre les contraintes du milieu naturel et les politiques de développement rural de l’État, l’agriculteur y apparaît pleinement rationnel dans ses stratégies, en fonction de logiques qui n’ont pas toutes pour but le profit financier.

Les attaches de l

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ISBN: 9791036549786 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.ifp.5028 Language: French
Publisher: Institut Français de Pondichéry
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:30
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Spectaculaire, l’essor des grandes villes indiennes n'est pas le résultat d’un exode rural qui viderait peu à peu les campagnes. Bien au contraire, la population villageoise continue de croître, et l’essentiel des migrations indiennes sont intra-rurales. Fruit d’une recherche de terrain conduite dans le sud du pays, ce livre éclaire, en des milieux divers, les logiques d’enracinement paysan et les multiples stratégies de mobilité, bien plus complexes que ne le suggèrent les modèles dominants du comportement migratoire. Territoires, ressources, idéologie et parenté dessinent ainsi sans déterminisme sommaire l’éventail des choix possibles, auxquels chaque famille ou presque est confrontée, dans un large cadre socio-économique en constante évolution.

Keywords

rural exodus --- India --- migration --- mobility --- peasant

Indian Villages

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ISBN: 9782940503643 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Graduate Institute Publications
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-09 11:02:38
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This book presents a unique testimony on the evolution of the Indian peasant's world over more than sixty years. Its originality lies in part in the unique trajectory of its author, Gilbert Étienne, an exceptional man, all at once scientific traveller, thinker of the North/South relationships and economist concerned by sociology and history inputs. In unfolding the story of his passionate relationship with India, the author offers a very personal look which takes into account not only crop di...

A Life Under Russian Serfdom

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ISBN: 9789637326158 9786155053955 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Central European University Press
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-19 15:18:48
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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This is a translation of one of very few Russian serfs' memoirs. Savva Purlevskii recollects his life in Russian serfdom and life of his grandparents, parents, and fellow villagers. He describes family and communal life and the serfs' daily interaction with landlords and authorities. Purlevskii came from an initially prosperous family that later became impoverished. Early in his childhood, he lost his father. Purlevskii did not have a chance to gain a formal education. He lived under serfdom ...

A Tale of Two Villages

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ISBN: 9789639776784 9789633860076 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Central European University Press
Subject: Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-19 15:18:48
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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This dramatic story of land and power from twentieth-century Eastern Europe is set in two extraordinary villages: a rebel village, where peasants fought the advent of Communism and became its first martyrs, and a model village turned forcibly into a town, Dictator Ceauşescu’s birthplace. The two villages capture among themselves nearly a century of dramatic transformation and social engineering, ending up with their charged heritage in the present European Union. ""One of Romania’s foremost s...

Employment, Poverty and Rights in India

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ISBN: 9781138479586 Year: Pages: 204 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Economics --- Sociology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-06 11:21:03
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In comparison to other social groups, India’s rural poor – and particularly Adivasis and Dalits - have seen little benefit from the country’s economic growth over the last three decades. Though economists and statisticians are able to model the form and extent of this inequality, their work is rarely concerned with identifying possible causes. Employment, Poverty and Rights in India analyses unemployment in India and explains why the issues of employment and unemployment should be the appropriate prism to understand the status of wellbeing in India. The author provides a historical analysis of policy interventions on behalf of the colonial and postcolonial state with regard to the alleviation of unemployment and poverty in India and in West Bengal in particular. Arguing that, as long as poverty - either as a concept or as an empirical condition - remains as a technical issue to be managed by governmental technologies, the ‘poor’ will be held responsible for their own fate and the extent of poverty will continue to increase. The book contends that rural unemployment in India is not just an economic issue but a political process that has consistently been shaped by various socio-economic, political and cultural factors since the colonial period. The analysis which depends mainly on ethnography extends to the implementation of the ‘New Rights Agenda’, such as the MGNREGA, at the rural margin. Challenging the dominant approach to poverty, this book will be of interest to scholars working in the fields of South Asian studies, Indian Political Economy, contemporary political theories, poverty studies, neo-liberalism, sociology and social anthropology as well as development studies.

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