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Die Landschaft Bukowina

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ISBN: 9783205784630 Year: Pages: 398 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437181 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4085
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:20
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Abstract

Bucovina was an integral part of Habsburg Empire since 1775. Starting from a pure political construction on the European map of power at the end of 18th century this small area developed into a well integrated Austrian crown land. A crown land, which succeeded to form a certain regional identity – conform to the Habsburg state ideology. Till the outbreak of First World War national rivalries played a certain role for regional politics in the county but were moderate in general. Especially this situation was grounded in a direct liaison of this small province situated on the Eastern slopes of Carpathians with Vienna as imperial centre. A development which aimed towards steadily improving inner consolidation and balance in comparison with the other crown lands of the Empire. Only the outcome of the First World War, as Bucovina became part of the Romanian kingdom, loosing its geo strategic position as a bridge between East and West, showed in its consequences the former importance of this organic exchange with Vienna, shaping the provinces society and cultural landscape.
The genesis of Bucovina region at the periphery of a European Empire from the end of 18th up to the beginning of 20th century as well as the structural persistence of the cultural landscape’s characteristics is centrally focussed in this study. The analyses of spatial processes as well as their genesis, shaped by a changing geopolitical situation, were of main interest for the research. Since the midst of 19th century a serious and existential national tension within the Bucovina was growing which could only partially be influenced by the province politics itself. A tension in between a search for a distinguished political position, the new idea of nation state and a overall-covering ideology of Commonness, a tension between growing regional identity, of beeing Bucovina and increasing national claims. The study tries to draw a knew, integral and less known picture of this variously shaped cultural landscape – apart from common nationalistic and segmented analyses.

The Interaction of Focus, Givenness, and Prosody: A Study of Italian Clause Structure

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Book Series: Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics ISBN: 9780198737926 Year: Pages: 352 DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198737926.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: University College London
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-21 11:01:13
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This book provides an in-depth investigation of contrastive focalization in Italian, showing that its syntactic expression is systematically affected by the syntactic expression of discourse-givenness. The proposed analysis disentangles the properties genuinely associated with contrastive focalization from those determined by the most productive operations affecting discourse given phrases at the right periphery, namely right dislocation and marginalization. On this basis, it shows that in the default case contrastive focalization occurs in situ and that instances of left-peripheral focalization only arise when focus obligatorily evacuates a larger right-dislocating phrase, giving rise to a distribution of leftward-moved foci that generalizes well beyond the cases examined in Rizzi (1997) and most literature since. In its final chapter, the book examines the syntax–prosody interface, showing how focalization in situ and other key properties follow from the prosodic constraints governing stress placement, thus reinterpreting and extending Zubizarreta’s (1998) analysis of p-movement and the role of prosody in shaping syntax. Overall, this book offers an evidence-backed radical departure from current views of focalization based on a fixed focus projection at the left periphery of the clause. It also provides the most comprehensive study of Italian marginalization and right dislocation available to date.

Ungleiche Entwicklung in Zentraleuropa

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ISBN: 9783205796381 Year: Pages: 538 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_575226 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 214
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-12 11:01:12
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The Habsburg crownland Galicia was one of the poorest region of the Habsburg Monarchy and could in the 19th century only rudimentarily catch up with industrialization and income growth of other regions. The book shows how over the long run the unequal transregional entanglements, in particular concerning commodity trade, alongside with the imperial economic policy restrained Galicia’s economic development between 1772 and 1914.

Land Squandering and Social Crisis in the Spanish City

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ISBN: 9783038979463 / 9783038979470 Year: Pages: 220 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-947-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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The last two decades have been marked by intense and accelerated economic, political, and cultural processes that have affected urban spaces. These changes have occurred in different parts of cities (traditional centers, edges, peripheries) and at different levels of the urban system (large and medium-sized cities and in their respective areas of influence). Possibly the clearest expression of the spatial effects on cities can be perceived in their morphological transformations, their territorial dimensions, or in their social problems. Until 2008, urban–territorial processes were a reflection of the logic and inconsistencies of an expansive economic context and of a structural context that favored the development of cities through concurrent processes and actors. As a result, the built land and amount of urbanized and built surfaces increased, together with processes of the expansion and modernization of cities. Since 2008, the expansive economic cycle has ended, and there have been diverse negative consequences. Notably, the construction sector has come to an abrupt halt. Access to credit has also been reduced, and unemployment has increased. The economic recession has caused sociodemographic and socioeconomic issues exemplified by housing vulnerability, with dispossession, evictions, a shortage of social housing, and energy poverty.

Keywords

counter-urbanization --- Extremadura --- urban expansion --- periurbanization --- rurbanization --- suburbanization --- illegal urbanization --- sharing economies --- urban conflicts --- Valencia --- Airbnb --- Uber --- foreclosure --- eviction --- economic crisis --- post-crisis --- housing vulnerability --- Spanish city --- housing bubble --- financialization --- holiday home --- housing market --- eco-neighborhood --- sustainable urban neighborhoods --- Madrid --- periphery --- urban regeneration --- social housing --- urban sustainability --- social-vulnerability --- urban segregation --- school choice --- educational level --- social inequalities --- neighbourhood effect --- dispersed urbanism --- residential strategies --- residential mobility --- economic crisis --- Barcelona Metropolitan Region --- social crisis --- land squandering --- urbanization --- night lights --- remote sensing --- land uses --- seasonality --- Suomi NPP VIIRS --- socio-environmental vulnerability --- Barcelona --- spatial analysis --- qualitative methodology --- vulnerable neighborhoods --- neoliberal urban policy --- residential mobility --- foreign immigration --- Cabanyal --- Valencia --- economic crisis --- urban sprawl --- consumption --- water --- Alicante --- urban sprawl --- medium-size cities --- expansive city planning --- urban geography --- urbanism --- urban growth --- medium-sized city --- suburbanization --- Spain --- urbanization process --- real estate bubble --- urban sprawl --- urban vulnerability --- residential segregation --- urban inequality --- Spain

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