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"Helden und Denker" der Pädagogik im Spiegel ihrer Fachlexika von 1774 bis 1945

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ISBN: 9783863953577 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2018-1091 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-18 11:01:02

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Wer sind die Helden und Denker in Pädagogik und Erziehungswissenschaft, wer ihre Heldinnen und Denkerinnen? Welche Personen werden in den Nachschlagewerken der Disziplin – in ihren Wissensspeichern – mit eigenem Lemma vorgestellt? Welche Konjunkturen und Kanonisierungsprozesse lassen sich beobachten? Die vorliegende Arbeit untersucht die Personenlemmata in allen 29 deutschsprachigen, alphabetisch sortierten, allgemeinpädagogischen Fachlexika bis zur Mitte des 20. Jahrhunderts. In einem quantitativen Teil analysiert sie systematisch-vergleichend die Lexika und ihre Personenlemmata nach verschiedenen Kategorien. In einem qualitativen Teil werden für vier Personen – Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher, Wilhelm Rein und Helene Lange – sowie die Gruppe der ersten in Lexika genannten Frauen Wandel und Kontinuität in der lexikografischen Rezeption und Darstellung vertieft analysiert. Die Arbeit bietet eine Rekonstruktion des Wissens über Personen in den historischen Nachschlagewerken der Disziplin und Anschlussmöglichkeiten für aktuelle Forschung.

Keywords

lexicography --- lexicon --- pedagogy --- person

Cos’è il naturale : Natura, persona, agire morale

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ISBN: 9788878854437 DOI: 10.4000/books.res.971 Language: Italian
Publisher: Rosenberg & Sellier
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:52
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Il libro ripropone le lezioni tenute da Robert Spaemann nel corso del decimo ciclo della Scuola di Alta Formazione Filosofica, svoltosi a Torino dal 24 al 28 ottobre 2011. Nella versione che presentiamo ai lettori si alternano testi desunti direttamente dalla registrazione e saggi già precedentemente pubblicati, dalla cui lettura Spaemann effettivamente aveva preso le mosse per le sue lezioni, dalle quali vengono riportati dibattiti e chiarimenti avvenuti. Per comprendere la posizione di Spaemann giova soffermarsi in particolare sul primo capitolo, che non ha solo valore introduttivo, ma delinea in modo sintetico e assai efficace il nucleo centrale delle proposte teoriche del filosofo tedesco. Esplicito in Spaemann il riferimento alla tradizione classica, a partire da Aristotele, ma è nondimeno chiaro che un puro e semplice ritorno a quelle filosofie non può aver luogo senza un accurato confronto con gli sviluppi moderni della filosofia e delle scienze. Come osserva Spaemann, l’uomo della modernità ha rimosso il riferimento a una teleologia e abbandonato il concetto di vita, avendoli ritenuti punti di riferimento inservibili.

Keywords

art --- nature --- person --- philosophy

Dynamic Personality Science. Integrating Between-Person Stability and Within-Person Change

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889453450 Year: Pages: 155 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-345-0 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 16:16:45
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Personality can be understood from at least two perspectives. One focuses on stable, between-person differences, or traits. The other perspective focuses on within-person differences and dynamics, i.e., fluctuations in personality in response to situations and across time. This Research Topic reflects recent developments in personality research to integrate both trait and dynamic perspectives. An integrated view on personality recognizes both stability in between-person differences and within-person change. Contributors are drawn from research teams across Europe, North America and Australasia, and from basic and applied fields, including organizational, educational, and clinical. The studies reported provide new evidence in support of an integrative approach, highlight currently active areas of research and propose new directions of research. Current streams of research include the study of contingent units of personality and within-person processes underlying traits, the comparisons of findings based on within- vs. between-person data, the conceptualisation and operationalization of perceived and objective change in situation variables, the malleability of personality and the potential for personality interventions. Integrative approaches using within-person designs provide new, bottom-up insights into general principles of personality that explain differences between people while reflecting the complexities of within-person personality dynamics at the level of the individual.

Zum Problem der Kategorie der Person im Russischen

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Book Series: Slavistische Beitraege ISBN: 9783876903774 Year: Pages: 354 DOI: 10.3726/b12679 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:31:54
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Aus der Kritik an bisherigen Darstellungen heraus sollen in dieser Arbeit die Grenzen traditioneller Beschreibungsmethoden aufgezeigt und die Kategorie der Person auf funktional-semantischer Basis als eine Menge syntakto-morphologisch vermittelter semantisch-situativer Grundbedeutungen beschrieben werden.

Towards an embodied science of intersubjectivity: Widening the scope of social understanding research

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889195299 Year: Pages: 413 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-529-9 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-10 11:59:06
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An important amount of research effort in psychology and neuroscience over the past decades has focused on the problem of social cognition. This problem is understood as how we figure out other minds, relying only on indirect manifestations of other people's intentional states, which are assumed to be hidden, private and internal. Research on this question has mostly investigated how individual cognitive mechanisms achieve this task. A shift in the internalist assumptions regarding intentional states has expanded the research focus with hypotheses that explore the role of interactive phenomena and interpersonal histories and their implications for understanding individual cognitive processes. This interactive expansion of the conceptual and methodological toolkit for investigating social cognition, we now propose, can be followed by an expansion into wider and deeply-related research questions, beyond (but including) that of social cognition narrowly construed. Our social lives are populated by different kinds of cognitive and affective phenomena that are related to but not exhausted by the question of how we figure out other minds. These phenomena include acting and perceiving together, verbal and non-verbal engagement, experiences of (dis-)connection, management of relations in a group, joint meaning-making, intimacy, trust, conflict, negotiation, asymmetric relations, material mediation of social interaction, collective action, contextual engagement with socio-cultural norms, structures and roles, etc. These phenomena are often characterized by a strong participation by the cognitive agent in contrast with the spectatorial stance typical of social cognition research. We use the broader notion of embodied intersubjectivity to refer to this wider set of phenomena. This Research Topic aims to investigate relations between these different issues, to help lay strong foundations for a science of intersubjectivity – the social mind writ large. To contribute to this goal, we encouraged contributions in psychology, neuroscience, psychopathology, philosophy, and cognitive science that address this wider scope of intersubjectivity by extending the range of explanatory factors from purely individual to interactive, from observational to participatory.

Because of You: Understanding Second-Person Storytelling

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Book Series: Lettre ISBN: 9783839445372 Year: Pages: 256 DOI: 10.14361/9783839445372 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-28 11:21:02
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Second-person storytelling is a continually present and diverse technique in the history of literature that appears only once in the oeuvre of an author. Based on key narratives of the post-war period, Evgenia Iliopoulou approaches the phenomenon in an inductive way, starting out from the essentials of grammar and rhetoric, and aims to improve the general understanding of second-person narrative within literature. In its various forms and typologies, the second person amplifies and expands the limits of representation, thus remaining a narrative enigma: a small narrative gesture – with major narrative impact.

Der Eigen-Sinn des Bewußtseins

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Book Series: Sozialtheorie ISBN: 9783839401637 Year: Pages: 122 DOI: 10.14361/9783839401637 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-11 11:21:29
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Es ist kein Geheimnis, daß das, was wir so alltäglich Person, Bewußtsein, Psyche, Individuum etc. nennen, in den avancierten Theorien der Soziologie und der Philosophie zu verdunsten scheint. Immer deutlicher wird, daß das Bewußtsein, dem die Tradition einen Eigenwert zugeschrieben hatte, überformt wird durch soziale Prozesse. Es kann sich nicht selbst beobachten, ohne sich als individuelle Allgemeinheit zu entdecken. Der instruktive Essay von Peter Fuchs setzt sich mit diesem Problem auseinander. Er erkundet das Terrain der Bewußtseinsfrage - im Zusammenhang mit wichtigen Anrainerbegriffen wie eben Person, Psyche, Individuum - auf dem Niveau und mit den Mitteln der Systemtheorie, also einer der Theorien, die den Eigenwert des Bewußtseins massiv zu bedrohen scheinen. Der Begriff der individuellen Signatur und ihrer Gegenzeichnung wird in aller Vorläufigkeit herangezogen, um den Raum der Diskussion des Problems zu öffnen.

Rethinking Causality, Complexity and Evidence for the Unique Patient

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783030412395 Year: Pages: 241 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-41239-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-16 23:58:37
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This open access book is a unique resource for health professionals who are interested in understanding the philosophical foundations of their daily practice. It provides tools for untangling the motivations and rationality behind the way medicine and healthcare is studied, evaluated and practiced. In particular, it illustrates the impact that thinking about causation, complexity and evidence has on the clinical encounter. The book shows how medicine is grounded in philosophical assumptions that could at least be challenged. By engaging with ideas that have shaped the medical profession, clinicians are empowered to actively take part in setting the premises for their own practice and knowledge development. Written in an engaging and accessible style, with contributions from experienced clinicians, this book presents a new philosophical framework that takes causal complexity, individual variation and medical uniqueness as default expectations for health and illness.

Integrating Religion and Spirituality into Clinical Practice

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038429302 9783038429296 Year: Pages: X, 224 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-18 07:58:29
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The present Special Issue Book is a collection of scientific articles from the European Conferences of Religion, Spirituality and Health in 2014 (Malta) and 2016 (Gdansk). The overall theme is “Integrating Religion and Spirituality into Clinical Practice”. Studies are grouped under four main topics: Religion and Spirituality in Patient Care, Spirituality in Physical and Mental Disease, Health Care Professionals and Spirituality, and Faith-Based Services and Programs in Health Care. The chapters illustrate the broad range of topics presented.

Contemporary Natural Philosophy and Philosophies - Part 1

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ISBN: 9783038978220 9783038978237 Year: Pages: 350 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-823-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Modern information communication technology eradicates barriers of geographic distances, making the world globally interdependent, but this spatial globalization has not eliminated cultural fragmentation. The Two Cultures of C.P. Snow (that of science–technology and that of humanities) are drifting apart even faster than before, and they themselves crumble into increasingly specialized domains. Disintegrated knowledge has become subservient to the competition in technological and economic race leading in the direction chosen not by the reason, intellect, and shared value-based judgement, but rather by the whims of autocratic leaders or fashion controlled by marketers for the purposes of political or economic dominance. If we want to restore the authority of our best available knowledge and democratic values in guiding humanity, first we have to reintegrate scattered domains of human knowledge and values and offer an evolving and diverse vision of common reality unified by sound methodology. This collection of articles responds to the call from the journal Philosophies to build a new, networked world of knowledge with domain specialists from different disciplines interacting and connecting with other knowledge-and-values-producing and knowledge-and-values-consuming communities in an inclusive, extended, contemporary natural–philosophic manner. In this process of synthesis, scientific and philosophical investigations enrich each other—with sciences informing philosophies about the best current knowledge of the world, both natural and human-made—while philosophies scrutinize the ontological, epistemological, and methodological foundations of sciences, providing scientists with questions and conceptual analyses. This is all directed at extending and deepening our existing comprehension of the world, including ourselves, both as humans and as societies, and humankind.

Keywords

n/a --- compositional hierarchy --- development --- dissipative structures --- final cause --- internalism --- Second Law of thermodynamics --- subsumptive hierarchy --- agonism --- apophasis --- autocatalysis --- centripetality --- contingency --- endogenous selection --- heterogeneity --- indeterminacy --- process --- mathematics --- physics --- philosophical foundations --- natural philosophy --- the logic of nature --- ontology --- epistemology --- in the name of nature --- philosophy of information --- natural philosophy --- metaphysics --- physics --- problem of induction --- physicalism --- theoretical unity --- philosophy of science --- scientific method --- scientific progress --- pessimistic induction --- awareness --- cognition --- computation --- cybernetics --- differentiation --- fitness --- holographic encoding --- memory --- perception --- quantum information --- signal transduction --- spatial representation --- thermodynamics --- unitarity --- Leibniz --- monad --- internal quantum state --- relational biology --- reflexive psychology --- self --- induction --- naturalism --- evidence and justification --- epistemic norms --- induction and concept formation --- induction and discovery of laws --- natural philosophy --- R.M. Unger --- L. Smolin --- Aristotle --- F.W.J. Schelling --- Naturphilosophie --- A.N. Whitehead --- Ivor Leclerc --- dialectics --- discourse --- discursive space --- information --- knowledge --- humanistic management --- language --- natural philosophy --- subjective experience --- process --- dual aspects --- consciousness --- information-theory --- theoretical biology --- 1st-person and 3rd-person perspectives --- hylomorphism --- mind --- form --- matter --- neurodynamics --- natural philosophy --- philosophy of science --- Jungian psychology --- depth psychology --- analytical psychology --- phenomenological psychology --- evolutionary psychology --- active imagination --- Aristotle’s four causes --- aesthetics in science --- philosophy as a way of life --- common good --- contradiction --- ethics --- information --- logic --- naturalization --- realism --- science --- synthesis --- natural philosophy --- philosophy of nature --- naturalism --- unity of knowledge --- qualitative ontology --- intentionality --- dispositions --- qualia --- abduction --- agent-based reasoning --- creativity --- eco-cognitive model --- eco-cognitive openness --- fallacies --- errors of reasoning --- third-way reasoning --- naturalization of logic --- causality --- embodiment --- measurement --- regulation --- retrocausality --- second-person description --- symmetry breaking --- temporality --- natural philosophy --- cosmology --- emptiness --- vacuum --- void --- dark energy --- space flight --- exoplanet --- big freeze --- big crunch --- everyday lifeworld --- digitization --- computability --- complexity --- reverse mathematics --- quantum computing --- real computing --- theory of everything --- acategoriality --- state-space approach --- mental representation --- dual-aspect monism --- exceptional experiences --- intentionality --- mind-matter relations --- category theory --- memory evolutive system --- emergence --- emergentist reductionism --- anticipation --- creativity --- info-computational model

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