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Émotions et discours

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ISBN: 9782753506367 9782753546752 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Rennes
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-22 17:19:00
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Défini dans la Rhétorique et dans la Poétique d’Aristote comme un langage-action, le pathos est l’une des techniques d’argumentation destinée à produire la persuasion, cela en émouvant les récepteurs. Les critiques de cette raison pratique n’ont cessé de dénoncer sa dimension manipulatrice et démagogique, constatant son écart avec le raisonnement formel centré sur la vérité objective. Cependant, l’analyse des émotions dans la langue permet de reconnaître la problématique essentielle de la cul...

Wir sind nicht auf der Welt, um zu schweigen. Eine Einleitung in die Rhetorik

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ISBN: 9783110550672 Year: Pages: 382 DOI: 10.1515/9783110550672 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Education --- Media and communication --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-21 17:56:45
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This somewhat unconventional “introduction to rhetoric” does not engage in a historical or systematic survey. Rather, it explores the specific substantive concern of rhetoric: how does persuasive speech help to achieve cooperation based on understanding? In light of this question, the author describes the current status of rhetoric as a modern principle for establishing validity that is based on persuasion.

«Visse tutta una lunga vita a fare professione di pessimismo»: Michelstaedter vs Schopenhauer

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Book Series: Fuori Collana ISBN: 9788868870379 Year: Pages: 40 DOI: 10.6093/978-88-6887-037-9 Language: Italian
Publisher: FedOA - Federico II University Press
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-08 13:03:33
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This paper examines the meaning of Carlo Michelstaedter’s judgement on Arthur Schopenhauer, according to which Schopenhauer does not fully accept the consequences of his own system of thought but only makes a «profession of pessimism», in the light of Michelstaedter’s categories of «Persuasion» and «Rhetoric».

The Psychology of Magic and the Magic of Psychology

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889450084 Year: Pages: 175 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-008-4 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 16:16:44
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Magicians have dazzled audiences for many centuries; however, few researchers have studied how, let alone why, most tricks work. The psychology of magic is a nascent field of research that examines the underlying mechanisms that conjurers use to achieve enchanting phenomena, including sensory illusions, misdirection of attention, and the appearance of mind-control and nuanced persuasion. Most studies to date have focused on either the psychological principles involved in watching and performing magic or “neuromagic” - the neural correlates of such phenomena. Whereas performers sometimes question the contributions that modern science may offer to the advancement of the magical arts, the history of magic reveals that scientific discovery often charts new territories for magicians. In this research topic we sketch out the symbiotic relationship between psychological science and the art of magic. On the one hand, magic can inform psychology, with particular benefits for the cognitive, social, developmental, and transcultural components of behavioural science. Magicians have a large and robust set of effects that most researchers rarely exploit. Incorporating these effects into existing experimental, even clinical, paradigms paves the road to innovative trajectories in the study of human behaviour. For example, magic provides an elegant way to study the behaviour of participants who may believe they had made choices that they actually did not make. Moreover, magic fosters a more ecological approach to experimentation whereby scientists can probe participants in more natural environments compared to the traditional lab-based settings. Examining how magicians consistently influence spectators, for example, can elucidate important aspects in the study of persuasion, trust, decision-making, and even processes spanning authorship and agency. Magic thus offers a largely underused armamentarium for the behavioural scientist and clinician. On the other hand, psychological science can advance the art of magic. The psychology of deception, a relatively understudied field, explores the intentional creation of false beliefs and how people often go wrong. Understanding how to methodically exploit the tenuous twilight zone of human vulnerabilities – perceptual, logical, emotional, and temporal – becomes all the more revealing when top-down influences, including expectation, symbolic thinking, and framing, join the fray. Over the years, science has permitted magicians to concoct increasingly effective routines and to elicit heightened feelings of wonder from audiences. Furthermore, on occasion science leads to the creation of novel effects, or the refinement of existing ones, based on systematic methods. For example, by simulating a specific card routine using a series of computer stimuli, researchers have decomposed the effect to assess its essential elements. Other magic effects depend on meaningful psychological knowledge, such as which type of information is difficult to retain or what changes capture attention. Behavioural scientists measure and study these factors. By combining analytical findings with performer intuitions, psychological science begets effective magic. Whereas science strives on parsimony and independent replication of results, magic thrives on reproducing the same effect with multiple methods to obscure parsimony and minimise detection. This Research Topic explores the seemingly orthogonal approaches of scientists and magicians by highlighting the crosstalk as well as rapprochement between psychological science and the art of deception.

Keywords

Magic --- Psychology --- deception --- Misdirection --- persuasion --- Illusion --- wonder

Seductive Reasoning

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ISBN: 9781501707216 Year: Pages: 272 Language: English
Publisher: Cornell University Press
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-10-26 08:56:43
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Seductive Reasoning takes a provocative look at contemporary Anglo-American literary theory, calling into question the critical consensus on pluralism's nature and its status in literary studies. Drawing on the insights of Marxist and feminist critical theory and on the works of Althusser, Derrida, and Foucault, Rooney reads the pluralist’s invitation to join in a "dialogue" as a seductive gesture. Critics who respond find that they must seek to persuade all of their potential readers. Rooney examines pluralism as a form of logic in the work of E. D. Hirsch, as a form of ethics for Wayne Booth, as a rhetoric of persuasion in the books of Stanley Fish. For Paul de Man, Rooney argues, pluralism was a rhetoric of tropes just as it was, for Fredric Jameson, a form of politics.

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