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Peasants, Pilgrims, and Sacred Promises

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Book Series: Studia Fennica Folkloristica ISBN: 9789517463669 9789517465786 9789522227669 Year: Pages: 229 DOI: 10.21435/sff.11 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS
Subject: Ethnology --- Religion --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-09-27 11:01:26
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Lying on the border between eastern and western Christendom, Orthodox Karelia preserved its unique religious culture into the 19th and 20th centuries, when it was described and recorded by Finnish and Karelian folklore collectors. This colorful array of ritulas and beliefs involving nature spirits, saints, the dead, and pilgrimage to monasteries represented a unigue fusion of official Church ritual and doctrine and pre-Christian ethnic folk belief. This book undertakes a fascinating exploration into many aspects of Orthodox Karelian ritual life: beliefs in supernatural forces, folk models of illness, body concepts, divination, holy icons, the role of the ritual specialist and healer, the divide between nature and culture, images of forest, the cult of the dead, and the popular image of monasteries and holy hermits. It will appeal to anyone interested in popular religion, the cognitive study of religion, ritual studies, medical anthropology, and the folk traditions and symbolism of the Balto-Finnic peoples.

Keywords

pilgrimage --- karelia --- forest --- pre-christian --- illness --- death

Pilgrimage and Ambiguity: Sharing the Sacred

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9781907774997 Year: Pages: viii, 242 DOI: 10.26581/B.HOZA01 Language: English
Publisher: Sean Kingston Publishing Grant: The Centro Incontri Umani, Ascona
Subject: Ethnology --- Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-19 17:11:24
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‘Ambiguous sanctuaries’ are places in which the sacred is shared. These exist in almost all religions: tombs of saints, mausoleums, monasteries and shrines, a revered mountain peak, a majestic tree, a cave or special boulders in the river. This book examines this phenomenon in diverse parts of the world: in Europe, the Middle East, Asia and Brazil. What these ritual spaces share is the capacity to unsettle and challenge people’s experiences and understandings of reality, as well as to provoke the imagination, allowing universes of meanings to be interlinked.The spaces discussed reveal the many different ways the sacred can be shared. Different groups may once have visited sites that are nowadays linked to only one religion. The legacy of earlier religious movements is subtly echoed in the devotional forms, rituals, symbols or narratives (hagiographies) of the present, and the architectural settings in which they take place. In some pilgrimage sites, peoples of different faiths visit and take part in devotional acts and rituals – such as processing, offering candles, incenses and flowers – that are shared. The saints to whom a shrine is dedicated can also have a double identity. Such ambiguity has often been viewed through the lens of religious purity, and the exclusivity of orthodoxy, as confusion, showing a lack of coherence and authenticity. But the openness to interpretation of sacred spaces in this collection suggests a more positive analysis: that it may be through ambiguity transcending narrow confines that pilgrims experience the sanctity and power they seek.In the engaging and accessible essays that comprise Pilgrimage and Ambiguity the contributors consider the ambiguous forces that cohere in sacred spaces - forces that move us into the inspirational depths of human spirituality. In so doing, the essays bring us closer to a deeper appreciation of how ambiguity helps to define the human condition. This collection is one that will be read and debated for many years to come. Paul Stoller, West Chester University, Pennsylvania,2013 Anders Retzius Gold Medal Laureate in AnthropologyIn a time of religious polarization, this fine collection of essays recalls that ambiguity, ambivalence and shared experience characterize the sacred as it is encountered in pilgrimages. Readers will travel through the Mediterranean, India, Pakistan and China, but also Western Europe and Amazonia, to discover saintly landscapes full of multiple meanings. Alexandre Papas, Senior Research Fellow, National Centre for Scientific Research, Paris

Keywords

religion --- ambiguity --- sacred --- pilgrimage --- interfaith --- ritual

Mountain, Water, Rock, God

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ISBN: 9780520970151 9780520298026 Year: Pages: 280 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.61 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Religion --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:11
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In Mountain, Water, Rock, God, Luke Whitmore situates the disastrous flooding that fell on the Hindu Himalayan shrine of Kedarnath in 2013 within its broader religious and ecological contexts. For centuries, the enmeshing of Shiva with the Himalayan environment has animated how Hindus conceptualize and experience Kedarnath. The floods publicly affirmed the fundamentally Himalayan and Shiva-oriented character of this place. At the same time, the floods made it clear that the patterns of commercialization, development, and regulation of recent decades in Uttarakhand, patterns that arose in response to new statehood and an influx of middle-class pilgrims and tourists, were starkly out of place. People connected to Kedarnath today therefore understand both the floods and the recent short-sighted development that multiplied the impact of the floods both as the natural consequence of human fault and as an indication of a growing disconnect with the Himalayan environment and its resident divine powers. Whitmore explores the longer story of this powerful realm of Shiva through a holistic theoretical perspective that integrates phenomenological and systems-based approaches to the study of religion, pilgrimage, place, and ecology by thinking about Kedarnath as a place that is experienced as an ecosocial system characterized by complexity. He argues that close attention to places of religious significance offers a portable theoretical model for thinking through connections between ritual, narrative, climate change, tourism, religion, development, and disaster, and shows how these critical components of human life in the twenty-first century intersect in the human experience of place. 

Keywords

place --- Kedarnath --- Shiva --- ecology --- development --- disaster --- complexity --- pilgrimage --- tourism --- Hindu --- phenomenology --- Himalaya

The Hajj and Europe in the Age of Empire

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Book Series: Leiden Studies in Islam and Society ISBN: 9789004323346 9789004323353 Year: Pages: 286 DOI: 10.1163/9789004323353 Language: English
Publisher: Brill Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 336608
Subject: Sociology --- Religion --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-11 11:02:07
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"Killed the pilgrims and persecuted them with all kinds of cruelties": Portuguese Estado da India's encounters with the hajj in the sixteenth century / Mahmood Kooria -- "The infidel piloting the true believer": Thomas Cook and the business of the colonial hajj / Michael Christopher Low -- British colonial knowledge and the hajj in the Age of Empire / John Slight -- French policy and the hajj in late-nineteenth-century Algeria: Governor Cambon's reform attempts and Jules Gervais-Courtellemont's pilgrimage to Mecca / Aldo d'aAostini -- Heinrich Freiherr von Maltzan's "My pilgrimage to Mecca": a critical investigation / Ulrike Freitag -- Polish connections to the hajj in the nineteenth century: mystical and imaginary travels to Mecca and the Polish cultural tradition / Boguslaw R. Zagorski -- On his donkey to the mountain of 'Arafat: Dr. Van der Hoog and his hajj journey to Mecca / Umar Ryad -- "I have to disguise myself": orientalism, Gyula Germanus, and pilgrimage as cultural capital, 1935-1965 / Adam

Understanding Muslim Mobilities and Gender

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ISBN: 9783038427513 9783038427520 Year: Pages: 242 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-16 09:52:04
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Complex dynamics emerge around im/mobility that are related to social relations, identifications and power in many parts of the contemporary world. The manifold ways in which Muslims engage the possibilities of mobile lives show the tremendous creative potential of these practices. Coming from different disciplines and regional contexts, the contributors to this book investigate the myriad connections between Islamic concepts, Muslim practices, and gender and mobility theories. Their findings contribute to the mobility debate by revealing that im/mobile lives of people are deeply rooted in religious and/or gendered backgrounds and social structures and furthermore invite a critical rethinking of the concept of mobility itself.

Religion, Ritual and Ritualistic Objects

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ISBN: 9783038977520 9783038977537 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-753-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 09:16:44
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This is a volume about the life and power of ritual objects in their religious ritual settings. In this Special Issue, we see a wide range of contributions on material culture and ritual practices across religions. By focusing on the dynamic interrelations between objects, ritual, and belief, it explores how religion happens through symbolic materiality. The ritual objects presented in this volume include: masks worn in the Dogon dance; antique ecclesiastical silver objects carried around in festive processions and shown in shrines in the southern Andes; funerary photographs and films functioning as mnemonic objects for grieving children; a dented rock surface perceived to be the god’s footprint in the archaic place of pilgrimage, Gaya (India); a recovered manual of rituals (from Xiapu county) for Mani, the founder of Manichaeism, juxtaposed to a Manichaean painting from southern China; sacred stories and related sacred stones in the Alor–Pantar archipelago, Indonesia; lotus symbolism, indicating immortalizing plants in the mythic traditions of Egypt, the Levant, and Mesopotamia;

Religious Experience in the Hindu Tradition

Author:
ISBN: 9783039210503 / 9783039210510 Year: Pages: 196 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-051-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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This Special Issue of Religions brings together a talented group of international scholars who have studied and written on the Hindu tradition. The topic of religious experience is much debated in the field of Religious Studies, and here, we present studies of the Hindu religious experience explored from a variety of regions and perspectives. Our intention is to show that the religious experience has long been an important part of Hinduism, and should not be dismissed or considered as irrelevant. As a body of scholarship, these articles refine our understanding of the range and variety of religious experience in Hinduism. In addition to their substantive contributions, the authors also show important new directions in the study of the third-largest religion in the world, with over one billion followers.

Keywords

Hinduism --- renunciation --- Nirguna Bhakti --- devotion --- performance --- Sadhus --- India --- Indian Religions --- religious experience --- Ethnography --- tantra --- yantra --- Srividya --- Bengali home --- sacred domesticity --- shankh --- conch --- Lakshmi --- Manasa --- shongshar --- Indian music --- sacred sound --- Hinduism --- K?rtan --- Bhajan --- N?da-Brahman --- Dhrupad --- Khayal --- Bhakti --- Rasa --- Sang?ta --- R?ga --- T?la --- religious experience --- Erfahrung --- Erlebnis --- seeing --- being seen --- I --- not I --- S??khya --- Yoga --- puru?a --- prak?ti --- puru??rtha --- religious experience --- bhakti --- Tukaram --- Mahipati --- Mariyamman --- ammai --- poxes --- affliction --- Tamil --- religious experience --- Hinduism --- rain --- agricultural field --- goddess --- Hinduism --- religious experience --- Ramakrishna --- Vedanta --- pluralism --- Santmat --- Sants --- religious experience --- divine light and sound --- medieval Sant tradition --- moral conduct --- modern gurus --- ??nti --- dhy?n --- guru --- William James --- Yoga --- G?yatr? mantra --- Bhagavad G?t? --- Patañjali --- S??khya philosophy --- Gandhi --- Bhakti --- Ved?nta --- Yoga S?tra --- religious experience --- creativity --- modern Hinduism --- ??kta tantra --- tantric s?dhan? --- yoga --- ku??alin? --- ?akti --- arts & religions --- Tantric Studies --- ?r? Vidy? --- India --- Hinduism --- yoga --- tantra --- devotion --- meditation --- prayer --- saints --- brahman --- bh?va --- mah?bh?va --- bhakti --- trance --- sam?dhi --- mok?a --- dar?an --- bhakti --- anta?kara?a --- Yogas?tras --- sa?yama --- possession --- Balaji --- Ganges --- pilgrimage

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