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New Results and Advances in PGE Mineralogy in Ni-Cu-Cr-PGE Ore Systems

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ISBN: 9783039217168 9783039217175 Year: Pages: 228 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-717-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:39:37
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Abstract

The book (Special Issue) presents impressive new results related to a wide spectrum of occurrences of platinum-group minerals (PGM) and natural compounds enriched in platinum-group elements (PGE), which are associated with various complexes and deposits, such as Uralian-Alaskan-type complexes, layered intrusions and placers. The geographical locations of the involved deposits and complexes include, on a truly international scale, different areas of the Urals, Western and Eastern Sayans and Gornaya Shoria in Siberia, Southern Central Asian Orogenic Belt in China, Northern Michigan, USA, South Africa and Zimbabwe, etc. Of particular interest is the first description of a new species of PGM, thalhammerite (approved by the Commission on New Minerals, Nomenclature and Classification of the International Mineralogical Association), which is a new species of palladium-silver sulfobismuthide discovered in the Noril’sk region of Russia. Additionally, comprehensive reviews, on compositional variations in Pt–Fe alloy minerals and processes of transformations of PGM in exogenic environments, are presented which will also attract attention from international readers.

Keywords

platinum-group elements --- platinum-group minerals --- PGE alloys --- chromian spinel --- schemes of substitution --- Ti- and REE-rich inclusions --- Sisim placer zone --- Lysanskiy complex --- Eastern Sayans --- Russia --- platinum-group elements --- gold --- platinum-group minerals --- placer deposits --- ophiolite complexes --- western Sayans --- Russia --- thalhammerite --- platinum-group mineral --- Pd9Ag2Bi2S4 phase --- reflectance data --- X-ray-diffraction data --- crystal structure --- Komsomolsky mine --- Talnakh deposit --- Noril’sk region --- Russia --- chromitite --- platinum group minerals --- primary inclusions --- ophiolite --- Alaskan-type complex. --- Urals --- Russia --- Alaskan-type complex --- Central Asian Orogenic Belt --- PGM --- PGE mineralization --- Bushveld Complex --- South Africa --- Great Dyke --- Zimbabwe --- platinum-group minerals --- primary ores --- oxide ores --- placers --- allogenic --- authigenic --- Echo Lake --- Midcontinent --- palladium --- platinum --- magnetite --- gabbro --- platinum-group elements --- platinum-group minerals --- Pt–Fe alloys --- compositional variations --- element substitutions --- placer deposits --- ore mineralization --- ultramafic-mafic complexes --- Ural Platinum belt --- Ural-Alaskan massif --- Svetloborsky massif --- placer system --- platinum group elements --- platinum group minerals --- platiniferous tetra-auricupride --- Pt-for-Au substitution --- platinum --- gold --- ophiolite --- Bolshoy Khailyk placer --- western Sayans --- Russia --- platinum-group elements --- gold --- platinum-group minerals --- placer deposits --- micrometric inclusions --- Gornaya Shoria --- Siberia --- Russia --- n/a

Mineralogy and Geochemistry of Gems

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039280766 9783039280773 Year: Pages: 528 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-077-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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Gems have been used in the manufacture of jewellery and as ornaments since antiquity. Considering gems, recent statistics have shown that about 15 billion Euros are annually at stake. Nowadays, gemmology, i.e., the study of gem materials, is one of the most expanding fields in the earth sciences, positioned between academia and industry. As an applied science, in gemmology, the instruments used should be non- or microdestructive, and their cost should be reasonable both in terms of equipment and time consumption. Gemmology can also be used contribute to the development of pure science and in some cases, destructive techniques may have to be used. Taking into account the fact that gems are albeit rarely available for scientific research, this compilation of 20 articles by around 100 researchers from over 30 different institutions situated in 20 countries from around the globe, presented in the Special Issue entitled “Mineralogy and Geochemistry of Gems”, offers very good examples on the application of various methods for their study which will hopefully contribute to our better understanding of gem formation in general and will enhance scientific debates attracting more scientists from various disciplines to get involved in this field.

Keywords

danburite --- trace elements --- REE --- femtosecond LA-ICP-MS --- CHNS elemental analyzer --- pegmatites --- skarn --- gemstones --- placer --- heavy and light minerals --- landforms --- climate --- geodynamic setting --- green quartz --- prase --- amethyst --- color --- amphibole --- actinolite --- skarn --- Serifos --- Greece --- zircon --- xenocryst --- alkali basalt --- Ratanakiri Volcanic Province --- trace elements --- O-isotopes and Hf-isotopes --- U-Pb --- (U-Th)/He --- granitic pegmatite --- gem-quality tourmaline --- Adamello Massif --- Central Alps --- Italy --- ruby --- Mogok --- Mong Hsu --- New South Wales --- trace elements --- LA-ICP-MS analysis --- inclusions --- U–Pb age-dating --- genetic diversity --- geographic typing --- corundum --- blue sapphire --- meta-ultramafic rocks --- LA-ICP-MS --- Rb-Sr and Sm-Nd isotopy --- Ilmenogorsky complex --- Ural Mountains --- metasomatism --- corundum megacrysts --- ruby --- sapphire --- plumasite --- metamorphic-metasomatic origin --- Greece --- zircon megacrysts --- placer deposits --- rare earth elements (REE) --- carbonatite-dominant melts --- Central Highlands --- Vietnam --- hyperspectral photoluminescence imaging --- LA-ICP-MS --- rubies --- corundum --- in-situ oxygen isotopes --- Paranesti Greece --- Nestos Shear Zone --- Secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) --- emerald deposits --- classification --- typology --- metamorphism --- magmatism --- sedimentary --- alkaline metasomatism --- fluids --- stable and radiogenic isotopes --- genetic models --- exploration --- andradite --- demantoid --- gemstone --- Raman spectroscopy --- UV-Vis-NIR spectroscopy --- X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy --- gem-quality --- garnet --- gem-bearing pegmatite --- fluid inclusions --- P-T-X equilibria --- spodumene --- Ar/Ar dating --- blue sapphire --- anorthosites --- kyshtymites --- sapphire geochemistry --- Ilmenogorsky-Vishnevogorsky complex --- in situ LA-ICP-MS U-Pb zircon dating --- kyanite --- Mn-rich silicates --- Rhodope --- Thassos --- amphibolite facies --- metasomatism --- opal --- hyalite --- silica --- X-ray diffraction --- Raman --- Infrared --- 29Si nuclear magnetic resonance --- SEM --- provenance --- pearls --- freshwater --- saltwater --- LA-ICP-MS --- X-ray luminescence --- sapphires --- corundum --- in situ oxygen isotopes --- Orosmayo Argentina --- lamprophyre --- secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) --- carbonatite --- gemstones --- corundum --- beryl --- jadeitite --- garnet --- quartz varieties --- Greece --- emeralds --- LA-ICP-MS --- UV-Vis-NIR --- FTIR --- Raman --- PL --- n/a

New Mineral Species and Their Crystal Structures

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038976882 Year: Pages: 204 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-689-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 11:07:22
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Abstract

One last comment concerns the fundamental contributions of Fourier analysis to quantum physics: Quantum mechanics and quantum field theory.

Keywords

ariegilatite --- nabimusaite group --- new mineral --- crystal structure --- intercalated hexagonal antiperovskite --- CO3-group --- Raman --- pyrometamorphic rocks --- Hatrurim Complex --- tiberiobardiite --- chalcophyllite group --- copper --- silicate --- sulfate --- Cretaio --- Tuscany --- Italy --- oyonite --- lillianite homologous series --- sulfosalt --- copper --- antimony --- arsenic --- Oyon district --- Lima department --- Peru --- fiemmeite --- new oxalate mineral --- Val di Fiemme --- Trentino --- Italy --- sharyginite --- new mineral --- crystal structure --- Raman spectroscopy --- Bellerberg volcano --- Germany --- kurchatovite --- clinokurchatovite --- crystal structure --- borate --- polymorphism --- polytypism --- structural complexity --- structural combinatorics --- configurational entropy --- least-action principle --- barioferrite --- crystal structure --- single-crystal investigation --- Raman --- Hatrurim Complex --- Rusinovite --- Raman spectroscopy --- pyrometamorphism --- stacking faults --- Shadil-Khokh volcano --- Bellerberg volcano --- aurihydrargyrumite --- Au6Hg5 phase --- gold --- placer --- self-electrorefining --- Ehime --- Japan --- cerromojonite --- selenium --- copper --- lead --- mercury --- bismuth --- sou?ekite --- bournonite group --- El Dragón --- Bolivia --- nöggerathite-(Ce) --- new mineral --- zirconolite --- laachite --- sanidinite --- crystal structure --- alkaline volcanic rock --- Laacher See --- Eifel --- parafiniukite --- apatite supergroup --- hedyphane group --- manganese --- calcium --- phosphorus --- Szklary pegmatite --- Lower Silesia --- Poland --- thermaerogenite --- cuprospinel --- gahnite --- magnesioferrite --- CuAl2O4 --- CuFe2O4 --- copper oxide --- new mineral --- spinel supergroup --- fumarole sublimate --- Tolbachik volcano --- Kamchatka --- verneite --- new mineral --- crystal structure --- Hekla --- Vesuvius --- Eldfell --- aluminofluoride

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2020 (1)

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