Search results: Found 9

Listing 1 - 9 of 9
Sort by
Pre-Field Screening Protocols for Heat-Tolerant Mutants in Rice

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783319773384 Year: Pages: 39 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-77338-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Botany
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:03
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access book presents simple, robust pre-field screening protocols that allow plant breeders to screen for enhanced tolerance to heat stress in rice. Two critical heat-sensitive stages in the lifecycle of the rice crop are targeted – the seedling and flowering stages – with screening based on simple phenotypic responses. The protocols are based on the use of a hydroponics system and/or pot experiments in a glasshouse in combination with a controlled growth chamber where the heat stress treatment is applied. The protocols are designed to be effective, simple, reproducible and user-friendly. The protocols will enable plant breeders to effectively reduce the number of plants from a few thousands to less than 100 candidate individual mutants or lines in a greenhouse/growth chamber, which can then be used for further testing and validation in the field conditions. The methods can also be used to classify rice genotypes according to their heat tolerance characteristics. Thus, different types of heat stress tolerance mechanisms can be identified, presenting opportunities for pyramiding different (mutant) sources of heat stress tolerance.

Linear Selection Indices in Modern Plant Breeding

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783319912233 Year: Pages: 256 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-91223-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Zoology --- Botany --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:15
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access book focuses on the linear selection index (LSI) theory and its statistical properties. It addresses the single-stage LSI theory by assuming that economic weights are fixed and known - or fixed, but unknown - to predict the net genetic merit in the phenotypic, marker and genomic context. Further, it shows how to combine the LSI theory with the independent culling method to develop the multistage selection index theory. The final two chapters present simulation results and SAS and R codes, respectively, to estimate the parameters and make selections using some of the LSIs described. It is essential reading for plant quantitative geneticists, but is also a valuable resource for animal breeders.

Low-Cost Methods for Molecular Characterization of Mutant Plants: Tissue Desiccation, DNA Extraction and Mutation Discovery: Protocols

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783319162584 9783319162591 Year: Pages: 35 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-16259-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Biotechnology --- Plant Sciences --- Manufactures --- Chemical Engineering --- Pharmacy and materia medica
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-12 17:07:01
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Open Access provided with a grant from the International Atomic Energy Agency.This book offers low-cost and rapid molecular assays for the characterization of mutant plant germplasm. Detailed protocols are provided for the desiccation of plant tissues; the extraction of high-quality DNA for downstream applications; the extraction of single-strand-specific nucleases for single nucleotide polymorphism; and small insertion/deletion discovery using standard agarose gel electrophoresis. The methods described can be applied in any laboratory equipped for basic molecular biology and do away with the need for expensive freezers and toxic organic compounds. With the appropriate validation of sample quality and longevity, they can provide sufficient DNA for a variety of molecular applications, such as marker studies and TILLING, at approximately one tenth of the cost per sample when compared to commercial kits.

Biotechnologies for Plant Mutation Breeding: Protocols

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783319450193 9783319450216 Year: Pages: 340 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-45021-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Manufactures --- Chemical Engineering --- Biotechnology --- Therapeutics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-08 13:33:36
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This book offers 19 detailed protocols on the use of induced mutations in crop breeding and functional genomics studies, which cover topics including chemical and physical mutagenesis, phenotypic screening methods, traditional TILLING and TILLING by sequencing, doubled haploidy, targeted genome editing, and low-cost methods for the molecular characterization of mutant plants that are suitable for laboratories in developing countries. The collection of protocols equips users with the techniques they need in order to start a program on mutation breeding or functional genomics using both forward and reverse-genetic approaches. Methods are provided for seed and vegetatively propagated crops (e.g. banana, barley, cassava, jatropha, rice) and can be adapted for use in other species.

Advances in Legume Research

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889456321 Year: Pages: 609 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-632-1 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Botany
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Legumes crops have an extraordinary importance for the agriculture and the environment. In a world urgently requiring more sustainable agriculture, food security and healthier diets the demand for legume crops is on the rise. The International Legume Society (http://ils.nsseme.com) organizes a triannual series of conferences with the goal to serve as a forum to discuss interdisciplinary progress on legume research. The Second International Legume Society Conference (ILS2) hosted in October 2016 at Troia, Portugal was the starting point for the Research Topic “Advances in Legume Research” in FiPS, that was also open to spontaneous submissions.

The Potato Crop

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783030286835 Year: Pages: 518 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-28683-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Chemical Technology --- Botany --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:17
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Life sciences; Agriculture; Nutrition   ; Plant breeding; Food—Biotechnology; Agricultural economics

The Brassicaceae Agri-Horticultural and Environmental Perspectives

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889456451 Year: Pages: 369 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-645-1 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Botany
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This Frontiers Research Topic "The Brassicaceae- Agri-Horticultural and Environmental Perspectives" is an effort to provide a common platform to agronomists, horticulturists, plant breeders, plant geneticists/molecular biologists, plant physiologists and environmental plant scientists exploring major insights into the role of important members of the plant family Brassicaceae (the mustard family, or Cruciferae) in agri-horticultural and environmental arenas.

Analysis of Sensory Properties in Foods

Author:
ISBN: 9783039214334 / 9783039214341 Year: Pages: 132 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-434-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Nutrition and Food Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The sensory properties of foods are the most important reason people eat the foods they eat. What those properties are and how we best measure those properties are critical to understanding food and eating behavior. Appearance, flavor, texture, and even the sounds of food can impart a desire to eat or cause us to dismiss the food as unappetizing, stale, or even inappropriate from a cultural standpoint. This Special Issue focuses on how sensory properties are measured, the specific sensory properties of various foods, and consumer behavior related to which properties might be most important in certain situations and how consumers use sensory attributes to make decisions about what they will eat. This Special Issue contains both research papers and review articles.

Plant Development and Organogenesis: From Basic Principles to Applied Research

Author:
ISBN: 9783039281268 / 9783039281275 Year: Pages: 246 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-127-5 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Plant Sciences --- Biology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The way plants grow and develop organs significantly impacts the overall performance and yield of crop plants. The basic knowledge now available in plant development has the potential to help breeders in generating plants with defined architectural features to improve productivity. Plant translational research effort has steadily increased over the last decade due to the huge increase in the availability of crop genomic resources and Arabidopsis-based sequence annotation systems. However, a consistent gap between fundamental and applied science has yet to be filled. One critical point often brought up is the unreadiness of developmental biologists on one side to foresee agricultural applications for their discoveries, and of the breeders to exploit gene function studies to apply to candidate gene approaches when advantageous on the other. In this book, both developmental biologists and breeders make a special effort to reconcile research on the basic principles of plant development and organogenesis with its applications to crop production and genetic improvement. Fundamental and applied science contributions intertwine and chase each other, giving the reader different but complementary perspectives from only apparently distant corners of the same world.

Keywords

wheat-rye hybrids --- genes of reproductive isolation --- stem apical meristem --- molecular marker --- Rht18 --- reduced height --- wheat --- semi-dwarf --- linkage map --- CLE --- CLV --- WUS --- stem cells --- meristem --- SAM --- signaling --- locule --- Arabidopsis --- auxin --- HD-Zip transcription factors --- light environment --- photoreceptors --- wounding --- root plasticity --- hydrogen peroxide --- protoxylem --- plant development and organogenesis --- proline biosynthesis --- RolD --- rol genes --- Vasculature --- Organogenesis --- Development --- Brassicaceae --- Asteraceae --- flowering time --- photoperiod --- vernalization --- ambient temperature --- gibberellins --- age --- plant breeding --- grass --- ligule --- organogenesis --- boundaries --- shoot meristem --- morphogenesis --- molecular regulation --- cell wall --- cytoskeleton --- Arabidopsis --- root --- stem cells --- root development --- differentiation --- ground tissue --- radial patterning --- proximodistal patterning --- Plant in vitro cultures --- somatic cell selection --- hairy roots --- rol genes --- Agrobacterium rhizogenes --- genetic transformation --- recalcitrant species --- KNOX transcription factors --- plant development --- tree phase change --- transformation --- morphogenic --- embryogenesis --- meristem formation --- organogenesis --- GRETCHEN HAGEN 3 (GH3) IAA-amido synthase group II --- root apical meristem --- auxin --- cytokinin --- lateral root cap --- auxin minimum --- auxin conjugation --- plant development and organogenesis --- translational research --- crop productivity --- genetic improvement --- Arabidopsis thaliana --- regulatory networks --- phytohormones --- rol genes --- plant cell and tissue culture

Listing 1 - 9 of 9
Sort by
Narrow your search
-->