Search results: Found 10

Listing 1 - 10 of 10
Sort by
Tropical Forests Of Oceania. Anthropological Perspectives

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781925022728 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_578878 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2015-11-06 11:01:23
License: ANU Press

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The tropical forests of Oceania are an enduring source of concern for indigenous communities, for the migrants who move to them, for the states that encompass them within their borders, for the multilateral institutions and aid agencies, and for the non-governmental organisations that focus on their conservation. Grounded in the perspective of political ecology, contributors to this volume approach forests as socially alive spaces produced by a confluence of local histories and global circulations. In doing so, they collectively explore the multiple ways in which these forests come into view and therefore into being. Exploring the local dynamics within and around these forests provides an insight into regional issues that have global resonance. Intertwined as they are with cosmological beliefs and livelihoods, as sites of biodiversity and Western desire, these forests have been and are still being transformed by the interaction of foreign and local entities. Focusing on case studies from Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands and the Gambier Islands, this volume brings new perspectives on how Pacific Islanders continue to creatively engage with the various processes at play in and around their forests.

Heathen Earth: Trumpism and Political Ecology

Author:
ISBN: 9780998531885 Year: Pages: 158 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0170.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:33
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Heathen Earth: Trumpism and Political Ecology looks beyond the rising fortunes of authoritarian nationalism in a fossil-fueled late capitalist world to encounter its conditions. Trumpism represents an alternative to the forces undermining the very cosmology of the modern West from two opposing directions. The global economy, the pinnacle of modernization, has brought along a dark side of massive inequality, corrupt institutions, colonial violence, and environmental destruction, while global warming, the nadir of modernity, threatens to undo the foundations of all states and all markets. To the vertigo of placelessness, symptomatic of globalization, is added the ecological vertigo of landlessness. With reality slowly fragmenting, it is only too obvious in this light that Trumpism and other nationalist movements would attract massive hordes of supporters. Promising to expel foreigners and to restore unity and equality by taking power back from the global elites, while utterly denying the climate science that calls ordinary means of subsistence and consumption radically into question, Trumpism can be seen as an antidote to the toxic combination of global markets and global warming. The irony, of course, is that Trumpism only responds to these dangers by doubling down on the reckless expansionist logic that gave rise to them in the first place. This book, composed entirely between November 8, 2016 and January 20, 2017, examines Trumpism according to its regime of political representation (despotism), its political ontology (nativism), and its political ecology (geocide), while laying the groundwork for an alternative politics and a resistant, responsive ecology of the incompossible.

Virtuous Waters

Author:
ISBN: 9780520291737 9780520965393 Year: Pages: 226 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.48 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Anthropology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-09 11:01:52
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Virtuous Waters is a pathbreaking and innovative study of bathing, drinking and other everyday engagements with a wide range of waters across five centuries in Mexico. Casey Walsh uses political ecology to bring together an analysis of shifting scientific, religious and political understandings of waters and a material history of social formations, environments, and infrastructures. The book shows that while modern concepts and infrastructures have come to dominate both the hydrosphere and the scholarly literature on water, longstanding popular understandings and engagements with these heterogeneous liquids have been reproduced as part of the same process. Attention to these dynamics can help us comprehend and confront the water crisis that is coming to a head in the twenty-first century.

Building Green

Author:
ISBN: 9780520296008 9780520968721 Year: Pages: 222 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.42 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Environmental Technology --- Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-09 11:02:27
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Building Green explores the experience of environmental architects in Mumbai, one of the world’s most populous and population-dense urban areas and a city iconic for its massive informal settlements, extreme wealth asymmetries, and ecological stresses. Under these conditions, what does it mean to learn, and try to practice, so-called green design? By tracing the training and professional experiences of environmental architects in India’s first graduate degree program in Environmental Architecture, Rademacher shows how environmental architects forged sustainability concepts and practices and sought to make them meaningful through engaged architectural practice. The book’s focus on practitioners offers insights into the many roles that converge to produce this emergent, critically important form of urban expertise. At once activists, scientists, and designers, the environmental architects profiled in Building Green act as key agents of urban change whose efforts in practice are shaped by a complex urban development economy, layered political power relations, and a calculus of when, and how, their expert skills might be operationalized in service of a global urban future.

Der Palmölboom in Indonesien

Author:
Book Series: Edition Politik ISBN: 9783837647570 9783839447574 Year: DOI: 10.14361/9783839447574 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104772
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-16 11:21:03
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Was haben Handcreme, Tiefkühlpizza und Waschmittel gemeinsam? Richtig: Sie enthalten Palmöl – wie bereits die Hälfte aller Supermarktprodukte. Doch wodurch wurde der atemberaubende Palmölboom mit seinen verheerenden sozialen und ökologischen Folgen in den Produktionsländern ausgelöst? Alina Brad untersucht die politischen und ökonomischen Triebkräfte, die den Aufstieg Indonesiens zum weltweit führenden Palmölproduzenten ermöglichten. Ausgehend von den historischen und polit-ökonomischen Bedingungen entschlüsselt sie das komplexe Geflecht von Interessen und Konflikten um Landkontrolle und Inwertsetzung im indonesischen Palmölsektor.

Water Governance: Retheorizing Politics

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039215607 9783039215614 Year: Pages: 334 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-561-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This republished Special Issue highlights recent and emergent concepts and approaches to water governance that re-centers the political in relation to water-related decision making, use, and management. To do so at once is to focus on diverse ontologies, meanings and values of water, and related contestations regarding its use, or its importance for livelihoods, identity, or place-making. Building on insights from science and technology studies, feminist, and postcolonial approaches, we engage broadly with the ways that water-related decision making is often depoliticized and evacuated of political content or meaning—and to what effect. Key themes that emerged from the contributions include the politics of water infrastructure and insecurity; participatory politics and multi-scalar governance dynamics; politics related to emergent technologies of water (bottled or packaged water, and water desalination); and Indigenous water governance.

Keywords

water quality --- Indigenous water --- spatio-temporal --- hydrosocial --- water governance --- Belo Monte --- Brazil --- dams --- national interest --- hydropower --- depoliticization --- repoliticization --- energy policy --- international development --- decentralization --- political ecology --- integrated water resource management (IWRM) --- Lesotho --- Africa --- Anishinabek --- nibi (water) --- women --- governance --- giikendaaswin --- urban water infrastructure --- political ecology --- water governance --- water quality --- packaged drinking water (PDW) --- bottled water --- Jakarta --- Indonesia --- water management --- irrigation --- kitchen gardens --- participatory development --- Water Users’ Associations --- Central Asia --- Tajikistan --- water governance --- politics --- law --- decision-making processes --- governmentalities --- UNDRIP --- free --- prior and informed consent --- FPIC --- groundwater --- environmental flows --- environmental assessment --- community-based research --- drinking water --- hydrosocial --- Indigenous knowledge --- settler colonialism --- political ontology --- risk --- Two-Eyed Seeing --- Yukon --- Canada --- water security --- water ethics --- narrative ethics --- water justice --- orientation knowledge --- water governance --- water politics --- bottled water --- water governance --- urban water --- re-theorizing --- First Nations --- OECD --- water governance --- water justice --- water colonialism --- UNDRIP --- UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples --- water --- desalination --- legal geography --- mining --- Chile --- first nations --- Canada --- political ecology --- colonization --- water politics --- WEF Nexus --- PES --- scale politics --- environmental justice --- Latin America --- Colombia --- water politics --- religious difference --- infrastructure --- governance --- planning --- practices of mediation --- urban India --- social control --- participation --- water governance --- remunicipalization --- Cochabamba --- Bolivia --- water governance --- political ecology --- Indigenous water governance --- water rights --- water insecurity --- water justice --- politics --- water --- infrastructure --- informality --- Cairo --- Egypt --- power --- governance

Contested Knowledges: Water Conflicts on Large Dams and Mega-Hydraulic Development

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038978107 9783038978114 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-811-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Water acquisition, storage, allocation and distribution are intensely contested in our society, whether, for instance, such issues pertain to a conflict between upstream and downstream farmers located on a small stream or to a large dam located on the border of two nations. Water conflicts are mostly studied as disputes around access to water resources or the formulation of water laws and governance rules. However, explicitly or not, water conflicts nearly always also involve disputes among different philosophical views. The contributions to this edited volume have looked at the politics of contested knowledge as manifested in the conceptualisation, design, development, implementation and governance of large dams and mega-hydraulic infrastructure projects in various parts of the world. The special issue has explored the following core questions: Which philosophies and claims on mega-hydraulic projects are encountered, and how are they shaped, validated, negotiated and contested in concrete contexts? Whose knowledge counts and whose knowledge is downplayed in water development conflict situations, and how have different epistemic communities and cultural-political identities shaped practices of design, planning and construction of dams and mega-hydraulic projects? The contributions have also scrutinised how these epistemic communities interactively shape norms, rules, beliefs and values about water problems and solutions, including notions of justice, citizenship and progress that are subsequently to become embedded in material artefacts.

Keywords

hydroelectric development --- hydropower --- dam --- indigenous peoples --- first nations --- Canada --- Site C --- British Columbia --- environmental impacts --- socio-economic impacts --- hydropower --- Mekong River Basin --- political ecology --- STS --- public knowledge controversies --- large dams --- dam safety --- hazard risk --- environmental governance --- uncertainty --- knowledge politics --- marginalization --- political ecology --- Himalayas --- India --- hydropower development --- politicized collective identity --- territory --- collective action --- agonistic unity --- vernacular statecraft --- Dzumsa --- North Sikkim --- hydrosocial territory --- knowledge encounters --- hydraulic utopia --- modernity --- commensuration --- anti-dam movement --- Málaga --- Spain --- hiding hand --- A.O. Hirschman --- irrigation --- hydraulic projects --- San Lorenzo irrigation project --- Chixoy irrigation project --- Peru --- Guatemala --- megadams --- social construction of technology --- politics of the governed --- anti-dam resistance movements --- technological design --- contested knowledge --- Ecuador --- expectations --- hydroelectric megaprojects --- socio-technical imaginaries --- Ecuador --- energy policy --- large dams --- socioenvironmental impacts --- compensation measures --- knowledge systems --- commensuration --- negotiation --- territorial control --- Bolivia --- Jacques Lacan --- psychoanalysis --- fantasy --- mega-dam --- Inga --- DR Congo --- hydropolitics --- mega-hydraulic projects --- modernist traditions --- knowledge arenas --- manufactured ignorance --- depoliticization --- UnGovernance --- dehumanizing rationality --- multi-actor multi-scalar alliances --- co-creation --- power --- n/a

Feminist new materialisms: Activating Ethico-Politics Through Genealogies in Social Sciences

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039218080 9783039218097 Year: Pages: 116 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-809-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology --- Gender Studies
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

For the editors of this collection, new materialisms have always been the entanglement of epistemology, ontology, ethics, and politics. Looking back to the notion of “situated knowledges” (Haraway, 1988) that – among others – “planted the seed for feminist new materialism” (van der Tuin, 2015, 26) – one sees how those (at least) four planes are entangled (Rogowska-Stangret, 2018) in order to bring forth “response-able” (Haraway, 2008) research. New materialism is thus an ethico-onto-epistemological framework (Barad, 2007; Revelles-Benavente, 2018) that by activating its ethico-politics helps to diagnose, infer, and transform gendered, environmental, anthropocentric, social injustices from a multidimensional angle. Social injustices are a driving motivation to pursue research and are the reason why the editors and authors of this Special Issue cannot understand new materialism without feminism (in the lines of eds. Hinton & Teusch, 2015). Contemporary feminist researchers are providing new materialisms with a transversal approach, (Yuval-Davis 1997) that comes from many different disciplines without canonizing back again knowledge creation and production and in hope that they will not enter back into classifixations (van der Tuin, 2015). It is “situated” (Haraway, 1988) research “response-able” (Haraway, 2008) to material-discursive practices that iterate in a dynamic conceptualization of matter.

Religious Environmental Activism in Asia: Case Studies in Spiritual Ecology

Author:
ISBN: 9783039286461 / 9783039286478 Year: Pages: 194 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-647-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Throughout the world religious organizations are exploring and implementing into action ideas about the relevance of religion and spirituality in dealing with a growing multitude of environmental issues and problems. Religion and spirituality have the potential to be extremely influential for the better at many levels and in many ways through their intellectual, emotional, and activist components. This collection focuses on providing a set of captivating essays on the specifics of concrete cases of environmental activism involving most of the main Asian religions from several countries. Particular case studies are drawn from the religions of Animism, Buddhism, Daoism, Hinduism, Islam, and Jainism. They are from the countries of Bhutan, China, India, Indonesia, and Thailand. Thereby this set of case studies offers a very substantial and rich sampling of religious environmental activism in Asia. They are grounded in years of original field research on the subjects covered. Collectively these case studies reveal a fascinating and significant movement of environmental initiatives in engaged practical spiritual ecology in Asia. Accordingly, this collection should be of special interest to a diversity of scientists, academics, instructors, and students as well as communities and leaders from a wide variety of religions, environmentalism, and conservation.

Arid Land Systems: Sciences and Societies

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039213474 9783039213481 Year: Pages: 380 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-348-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:10:12
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Understanding deserts and drylands is essential, as arid landscapes cover >40% of the Earth and are home to two billion people. Today's problematic environment–human interaction needs contemporary knowledge to address dryland complexity. Physical dimensions in arid zones—land systems, climate and hazards, ecology—are linked with social processes that directly impact drylands, such as land management, livelihoods, and development. The challenges require integrated research that identifies systemic drivers across global arid regions. Measurement and monitoring, field investigation, remote sensing, and data analysis are effective tools to investigate natural dynamics. Equally, inquiry into how policy and practice affect landscape sustainability is key to mitigating detrimental activity in deserts. Relations between socio-economic forces and degradation, agro-pastoral rangeland use, drought and disaster and resource extraction reflect land interactions. Contemporary themes of food security, conflict, and conservation are interlinked in arid environments. This book unifies desert science, arid environments, and dryland development. The chapters identify land dynamics, address system risks and delineate human functions through original research in arid zones. Mixed methodologies highlight the vital links between social and environmental science in global deserts. The book engages with today's topical themes and presents novel analyses of arid land systems and societies.

Keywords

Central Asia --- landscape --- One Belt --- One Road --- Kazakhstan --- Kyrgyzstan --- infrastructure --- environment --- New Silk Road --- drylands --- wind erosion modelling --- drag partition --- aerodynamic roughness --- remote sensing --- computational fluid dynamics --- cellular automata --- remote sensing --- modelling --- coverage --- grass height --- Cuchillas de la Zarca --- Chobe --- forest resources --- ecosystem services --- non-linear change --- protected areas --- disturbance --- drought --- sustainable livelihoods --- ecotone --- dryland --- KAZA --- Southern Africa --- nomadic pastoralism --- spatial migration model --- Afar --- livestock --- fodder demand --- fodder supply --- Asian dust --- human health --- Mongolia --- Japan --- subarctic agriculture --- Greenland --- soil quality index --- farming at its limits --- air temperature increase --- increase of growing season --- dry lake beds --- dust storm emission --- remote sensing --- Gobi Desert region --- communal rangelands --- property rights --- environmental impacts --- policy implementation --- drylands --- arid region --- LUCC --- driving forces --- snow index --- SPOT VGT --- Kashgar Region --- degrading --- tamarind age --- regeneration --- invasive vine --- vegetation survey --- erosion --- rotational grazing --- continuous grazing --- grassland degradation --- case study of nomadic and settlement grazing system --- remote sensing --- Mongolian grassland --- arid area --- land use change --- soil carbon storage --- global carbon balance --- the Shiyang River Basin --- riparian ecosystems --- Sonoran desert --- remote sensing --- land cover/land use --- drip irrigation --- groundwater --- common-pool resource --- water rights --- local farming --- desert reclamation --- desertification --- river basin development --- political ecology --- water --- vegetation response to precipitation --- dust storm outbreak --- cross correlation analysis --- the Hovmoller diagram --- environmental regime shift --- Gobi desert of Mongolia --- climate hazard --- Asia --- drylands --- risk --- drought --- desert --- Central Asia --- Kyrgyzstan --- infrastructure --- environment --- mining --- social movements --- protest --- environmental justice --- subversive clientelism --- China --- Tibetan Plateau --- Sanjiangyuan region --- social–ecological systems --- pastoralism --- partnerships --- co-management --- national parks --- Belt and Road Initiative --- mountains of Central Asia --- pastoralism --- Ethiopia --- South Omo --- Nyangatom --- Jordan River Basin --- water productivity --- Jordan --- Israel --- Palestine --- agriculture --- agricultural water intensity --- decoupling --- water security --- institutional change --- ecosystem services --- economic valuation --- drylands --- absence --- afforestation --- charisma --- China --- conservation --- desertification --- Gobi --- Mongolia

Listing 1 - 10 of 10
Sort by