Search results: Found 8

Listing 1 - 8 of 8
Sort by
27 Samhandling, Preparedness and Supply Chains (Book chapter)

Author:
ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 16 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch27 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:07
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

"Supply-chain preparedness means to design inter-organisational structures,
to organise supply-chain resources, and to plan and train to ensure efficient
response if this is called for. Acknowledging that supply chains are made up of
two or more organisations, and that interaction describes relations between two or
more actors, the purpose of this research is to explore whether the introduction of
the concept of interaction (samhandling) to supply-chain thinking adds to our understanding
of efficiency and the effectiveness of logistics preparedness.
We position our work along three dimensions: a profit – non-profit classification,
a descriptive – normative dichotomy, and a micro – macro continuum. Information
was retrieved both through semi-structured interviews and by studying secondary
sources. Interaction and preparedness is assessed through an empirical case: the
operation Atalanta. By applying interactional indicators, enablers and barriers to
relationship success can be studied at both micro, meso, and macro levels. Without
understanding the mechanisms leading to interactional competence, success (or
the lack thereof) in supply-chain preparedness is difficult to address properly. Thus,
managers need to assess the interactional constructs at all levels when planning and
training for preparedness."

17 Samhandling and Trust in Military Leadership Structures (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 20 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch17 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:08
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

"The purpose of this chapter is to discuss the importance of trust in military
samhandling. Trust serves as one of the main prerequisites for effective collaboration
(Kouzes & Posner, 2003). The Norwegian Armed Forces’ (NAF) core business is
the planning and execution of military operations (Forsvarsstaben, 2014). One of
the main tasks of the NAF is to plan for the unexpected and, ultimately, for war. The
chapter further discuss trust in military leadership, and leadership and situational
awareness. Leadership as a social interaction process that builds trust is discussed,
and samhandling is seen in a military context. A basic “trust-based model” of samhandling
is introduced and viewed in terms of internal and external framework factors.
The chapter concludes that trust is still quite an open concept, and that trust
is essential for the effective accomplishment of military missions. The basic trust
model is an attempt to underline understanding of the importance of trust in a
military planning and leadership context."

15 Competence for the Unforeseen (Book chapter)

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 34 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch15 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:08
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

"This study examines self-assessment of preparedness for unforeseen events
and how it varies between groups and individuals according to roles and functions
within an organization. The study has two objectives. The first is to analyse the relationship
between general self-efficacy, perceived competence in demanding situations and
social support, and based on this, to assess the efficiency of interaction (samhandling)
in organizations and preparedness for the unforeseen. The second aim is to examine
how these factors vary according to professional experience. A survey questionnaire
was completed during winter 2016/2017. All 624 respondents were male or female
employees of the Norwegian Armed Forces, based in different units, with different
levels of competence, and included commissioned and non-commissioned officers,
officer cadets and conscripts. The response rate was 77 percent, and a total of 810
personnel were approached. This study incorporates central concepts of individual
and social resources that could permit the prediction and understanding of resilient
behaviors in complex and demanding situations. Interaction was found to be the
most important predictor of preparedness for the unforeseen. This study also shows
that interaction combined with general self-efficacy and social support can account
for a considerable proportion of the variance in preparedness for the unforeseen. The
results indicate that it is possible to prepare for unforeseen events by implementing
measures that improve social factors in particular."

3 Is It Possible to Prevent Unforeseen Events? (Book chapter)

Author:
ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 20 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch3 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:09
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

"An unforeseen event may be defined as something that happens suddenly
and unexpectedly. Such events are seldom the result of an organisation’s operational
planning, but they can be side-effects of such planning. An unforeseen event may
have either positive or negative consequences. This chapter aims to discuss if it is
possible
to prevent unforeseen events. The major focus is on analysis and prevention
of unforeseen events with negative consequences, such as accidents, catastrophes
and acts of terror. Such events often take place in complex systems, and failures of
appropriate organisational interaction and communication among participants
with complementary competence in such systems may contribute to unforeseen
events. Risk-analysis methods and tools based on energy-barrier models, causal sequence
and process models, as well as information-processing models are presented
and their applicability to the prevention of unforeseen events is discussed. This also
includes the Bow-tie approach, as well as other approaches which take into consideration
organisational factors and social interaction (samhandling). The conclusion
is that unforeseen events can be prevented. However, in the aftermath of the implementation
of safety and security measures, it is not possible to know which events
they prevented, or to obtain knowledge about their efficiency. An additional strategy
for prevention of unforeseen events with negative consequences is proposed."

1 Samhandling Under Risk (SUR) (Book chapter)

Author:
ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 20 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch1 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:09
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

"The main objective of this chapter is to clarify some key and overall theoretical
and conceptual frameworks underlying the research project “Samhandling
Under Risk” (SUR), as discussed in the various chapters of this anthology. The overall
research question is: What are the basic structures of the concept of samhandling under
risk and how can samhandling be created when the conditions are unpredictable?
This chapter explains in particular the terms “samhandling” (SAM), “the Unforeseen”
(UN), “Risk” and “SUR structures”. Furthermore, these concepts are explored more
deeply in relation to each other, which also frames the main approach of the anthology.
As a basis, a specific understanding of “The Nature of the Unforeseen”, an expanded
and customized Bow-tie Model, as well as a clarification of the boundaries
enclosing the research field are compared to traditional risk analysis and training in
what is already known and in dealing with probable threats. Although the individual
studies reported in this anthology also have their own specific angles regarding these
concepts and models, they have nevertheless been based on these. The core focus is
also on learning in the light of organizational learning and SUR. The boundaries, challenges
and the anthology’s focus on learning are also expressed in the more general
and overall question: How can we as a society prepare ourselves for the unforeseen,
the events and threats at the outer reaches of what we have trained for? A more indepth
explanation about the background of this research project is also given in the
preface of the anthology."

19 Samhandling During Crisis Work (Book chapter)

Author:
ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 16 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch19 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:08
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

"Samhandling is considered as a key solution when asymmetry occurs. An
expectation of seamless samhandling can be a special challenge to High Reliability
Organizations
which have mechanistic traditions in common, i.e. an assumption of
linearity and routine-based work. In this chapter, a model to operationalize samhandling
is presented. This conceptual study is based on observational data from an
inter-organizational exercise. A full-scale exercise of a train accident on the Öresund
Bridge between Sweden and Denmark was observed. The overall goal of the exercise
was to effectively solve the situation. However, different routines contributed to
confusion and misunderstandings in the meeting on how to act. The exercise was
dominated by a focus on linearity within the internal organizations, which hindered
samhandling. In order to conceptualize samhandling, a three-level model is presented.
It consists of “sequential samhandling”, i.e. a simplified, assembly-line type work
process, “parallel samhandling”, i.e. carrying out tasks simultaneously, and “synchronous
samhandling”, i.e. tasks performed at the same time in a spontaneous and natural
way. A three-level samhandling model such as the one presented can be a useful
tool for managing disasters."

14 Samhandling Under Risk (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 17 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch14 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:08
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

"This chapter aims to examine how samhandling and concurrent learning
work together. “Concurrent learning” is a form of simultaneous learning, where
many learning processes related to samhandling take place at the same time. Samhandling
and concurrent learning are also functional processes, in the sense that
learning also occurs through daily interaction activities or actions. At the same time,
concurrent learning and samhandling are interdependent and they are, therefore, in
a sense part of the same process (hence concurrent learning). The chapter identifies
five factors identified as important to samhandling and concurrent learning. These
are: (1) Awareness of basic assumptions regarding people; relations and teamwork
are essential; (2) Space, (3) Giving of themselves, (4) Making processes transparent
and addressing problems as early as possible, and (5) Reflection as a key to samhandling
and concurrent learning. Samhandling and concurrent learning represent a
mindset, a way of working and a form of learning, which together help to meet and/
or develop the skills needed to tackle the challenges of flexible organizations."

New Advances on Zika Virus Research

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038977643 Year: Pages: 552 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-765-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Internal medicine --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 10:34:31
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-borne member of the Flaviviridae family that historically has been associated with mild febrile illness. However, the recent outbreaks in Brazil in 2015 and its rapid spread throughout South and Central America and the Caribbean, together with its association with severe neurological disorders—including fetal microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome in adults—have changed the historic perspective of ZIKV. Currently, ZIKV is considered an important public health concern that has the potential to affect millions of people worldwide. The significance of ZIKV in human health and the lack of approved vaccines and/or antiviral drugs to combat ZIKV infection have triggered a global effort to develop effective countermeasures to prevent and/or treat ZIKV infection. In this Special Issue of Viruses, we have assembled a collection of 32 research and review articles that cover the more recent advances on ZIKV molecular biology, replication and transmission, virus–host interactions, pathogenesis, epidemiology, vaccine development, antivirals, and viral diagnosis.

Keywords

Ziks virus --- silvestrol --- antiviral --- eIF4A --- hepatocytes --- flavivirus --- arbovirus --- Zika --- sexual transmission --- testis --- prostate --- Zika virus --- ZIKV --- rhesus macaques --- Non-human primates --- NHP --- infection --- natural history --- Asian-lineage --- African-lineage --- zika virus --- ZIKV–host interactions --- viral pathogenesis --- cell surface receptors --- antiviral responses --- viral counteraction --- cytopathic effects --- microcephaly --- ZIKV-associated neurologic disorders --- Zika virus --- serology --- flavivirus --- microsphere immunoassay --- validated --- optimised --- dengue virus --- ZIKV --- reporter virus --- cryptic promoter silencing --- full-length molecular clone --- subgenomic replicon --- plasmid toxicity --- Zika virus --- dengue viruses --- flavivirus --- ELISA --- indirect immunofluorescence --- plaque reduction neutralization test --- polymerase chain reaction --- cross-reactions --- Zika virus --- flavivirus --- infectious cDNA --- replication --- gene expression --- neuropathogenesis --- viral genetic variation --- host genetic variation --- flavivirus --- Zika virus --- therapy --- host-directed antivirals --- Aedes aegypti --- RNA-seq --- insecticide resistance --- Zika virus --- detoxification and immune system responses --- Zika virus --- mosquito-borne flavivirus --- emerging arbovirus --- outbreak control --- molecular diagnostics --- laboratory preparedness --- assay standardization --- external quality assessment --- EQA --- QCMD --- flavivirus --- eye --- zika virus --- blood-retinal barrier --- ocular --- innate response --- Zika virus --- pregnancy --- fetal infection --- congenital Zika syndrome --- Asian lineage --- Zika virus --- Full-length cDNA infectious clones --- Bacterial artificial chromosome --- NS2A protein --- Zika virus --- neural progenitor cells --- neurons --- Zika virus --- antivirals --- therapeutics --- research models and tools --- flavivirus --- Zika virus (ZIKV) --- reverse genetics --- infectious clone --- full-length molecular clone --- bacterial artificial chromosome --- replicon --- infectious RNA --- Zika virus --- flavivirus --- arbovirus --- sexual transmission --- host genetic variation --- immune response --- Zika virus --- flaviviruses --- vaccines --- virus like particles --- clinical trials --- ZIKV --- NS1 protein --- Zika virus --- diagnosis --- monoclonal antibodies --- ELISA --- zika virus --- placenta cells --- microglia cells --- siRNA --- TLR7/8 --- Zika --- viral evolution --- genetic variability --- Bayesian analyses --- Zika virus --- reverse genetics --- infectious cDNA --- Tet-inducible --- MR766 --- FSS13025 --- flavivirus --- ZIKV --- NS5 --- type I IFN antagonist --- point-of-care diagnostics --- isothermal nucleic acid amplification --- nucleic acid computation --- nucleic acid strand exchange --- zika virus --- mosquito --- mosquito surveillance --- multiplex nucleic acid detection --- boolean logic-processing nucleic acid probes --- Zika virus --- flavivirus --- astrocytomas --- dsRNA --- viral fitness --- antiviral --- heme-oxygenase 1 --- Zika virus --- viral replication --- Zika virus --- antiviral compounds --- neural cells --- viral replication --- flavivirus --- Zika virus --- viral persistence --- testicular cells --- testes --- Zika virus --- prM-E proteins --- viral pathogenicity --- virus attachment --- viral replication --- viral permissiveness --- viral survival --- apoptosis --- cytopathic effects --- mutagenesis --- chimeric viruses --- human brain glial cells --- Zika virus --- flavivirus --- microRNAs --- neurons --- neuroinflammation --- anti-viral immunity --- Zika virus --- dengue virus --- secondary infections --- cross-reactions --- IgA --- IgG avidity tests

Listing 1 - 8 of 8
Sort by