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Ethical Programs: Hospitality and the Rhetorics of Software

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ISBN: 9780472072736 9780472052738 9780472900084 9780472121236 Year: Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-01 17:02:26
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Living in a networked world means never really getting to decide in any thoroughgoing way who or what enters your “space” (your laptop, your iPhone, your thermostat…your home). With this as a basic frame-of-reference, James J. Brown’s Ethical Programs examines and explores the rhetorical potential and problems of an hospitality ethos suited to a new era of hosts and guests. Brown reads a range of computational strategies and actors including the general principles underwriting the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP), which determines how packets of information can travel through the internet, to the Obama election campaign’s use of the power of protocols to reach voters, harvest their data, incentivize and, ultimately, shape their participation in the campaign. In demonstrating the kind of rhetorical spaces networked software establishes and the access it permits, prevents, and molds, Brown makes a major contribution to the emergent discourse of software studies as a major component of efforts in broad fields including media studies, rhetorical studies, and cultural studies.

The impact of the African Charter and the Maputo Protocol in selected African states

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ISBN: 9781920538477 Year: Pages: 331 Language: English
Publisher: Pretoria University Law Press (PULP)
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-09 12:02:30
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About the publicationThe year 2016 was declared by the African Union as the African ‘Year of Human Rights with Particular Focus on the Rights of Women’ to commemorate and celebrate significant milestones in the realisation of human rights on the African continent. The year marks the 35th anniversary of the adoption of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (African Charter), 30th year since coming into force of the African Charter and 10 years since the inauguration of the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights.Since its adoption, the African Charter has been supplemented by the Protocol on the Rights of Women in Africa (Maputo Protocol). All AU member states (with the exception of new comer South Sudan) are state parties to the African Charter, and 36 of them have accepted the Maputo Protocol.This book assesses the impact and effectiveness of the African Charter and the Maputo Protocol in 17 African countries, namely Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Côte d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mauritius, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda and Zimbabwe. The book is the result of research conducted by selected alumni of the Centre for Human Rights’ LLM in Human Rights and Democratisation in Africa programme.The Centre for Human Rights, which in 2016 is also celebrating 30 years of human rights education, intends to use this research as the basis for a continuously updated database on the impact of the African Charter and Maputo Protocol.Table of ContentsPrefaceIntroductionVictor Oluwasina AyeniBurkina FasoKounkinè Augustin SoméCameroonPolycarp Ngufor ForkumCôte d’IvoireKounkinè Augustin SoméArmand TanohEthiopiaMeskerem Geset TechaneThe GambiaSatang NabanehGhanaMichael Gyan NyarkoKenyaSaoyo Tabitha GriffithPaul OgendiLesothoSizakele HlatshwayoMalawiSarai Chisala-TempelhoffSeun Solomon BakareMauritiusMeskerem Geset TechaneRoopanand MahadewNigeriaVictor Oluwasina AyeniSierra LeoneAugustine Sorie MarrahSouth AfricaOfentse MotlhasediLinette du ToitSwazilandDumsani DlaminiSizakele HlatshwayoTanzaniaGrace Kamugisha KazobaCharles MmbandoUgandaAgaba Daphine KabagambeZimbabweTarisai MutangiConclusionVictor Oluwasina AyeniBibliographyQuestionnaire used for the study

Introduction to Access and Benefit-Sharing and the Nagoya Protocol: What DNA Barcoding Researchers Need to Know

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ISBN: 9789546429056 Year: Pages: 40 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3897/ab.e22579 Language: English
Publisher: Pensoft Publishers
Subject: Ecology --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-21 16:44:33
License: CC-BY-4.0

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The Global Taxonomy Initiative has provided training opportunities for Parties to apply DNA-sequence based species identification method as a tool for biodiversity management that requires rapid species identification. The method of DNA barcoding has invigorated taxonomic research and is now applied in a wide range of areas, including environmental assessment, food inspection, disease control and public education. DNA barcoding has proven to be a powerful tool for both taxonomists and all biodiversity stakeholders, including women and children, and indigenous peoples and local communities. On the other hand, DNA barcoding practices have raised concerns among the public. These concerns include expatriation of biological specimens, sharing of digital sequence information and associated data with potential value, risks of unapproved changes of research purpose or benefits to be shared. This e-book provides practical advice on international collaborations that comply with the Nagoya Protocol and relevant national laws and regulations.

Novel clinical applications of extracellular vesicles

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889196456 Year: Pages: 66 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-645-6 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Allergy and Immunology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-16 10:34:25
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During the last years, the research on extracellular vesicles (EVs) has raised giving new insights into pathophysiology of several diseases. EVs are membrane-bound particles secreted by almost all cell types. Depending on their biogenesis and size they include exosomes, microparticles / microvesicles and apoptotic bodies. Characteristically, EVs carry markers from the source cell membrane and contain genetic material, lipids and proteins inside. They are known to play a role in cell-to-cell communication and to produce genotypic and phenotypic modifications in the target cell including: antigen presentation, apoptosis induction, cellular activation, inhibition or differentiation. In particular, increasing concentrations of EVs have been found in many diseases such as cancer, autoimmune and cardiovascular diseases, among others. Most of the studies in EVs are focused on the characterization of EVs compounds, identifying mechanism of action, their potential use as biomarkers, and few of them investigate a therapeutic usage. However, there are some issues to be achieved on the path to their clinical application. This research topic offers a common place to discuss current and novel clinical applications of EVs pointing on future directions. We encouraged the submission of original articles, reviews, hypothesis, controversies, future perspectives and personal viewpoints on the following topics of interest, but not limited to: • Contribution of EVs to better understand the pathology of immunological diseases. • Standardization of isolation and quantification protocols in the daily clinical practice. • Possible applications of EVs as clinical biomarkers (diagnostic, prognostic and evolution marker). • Therapeutic role of EVs being vehicles of specific cargo: current clinical trials? • Novel immunological functions of EVs.

A Commentary on the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings

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Book Series: Elgar Commentaries series ISBN: 9781788111553 9781788111560 Year: Pages: 552 DOI: 10.4337/9781788111560 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-12-18 12:15:25
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This comprehensive Commentary provides the first fully up-to-date analysis and interpretation of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings. It offers a concise yet thorough article-by-article guide to the Convention’s anti-trafficking standards and corresponding human rights obligations.

The Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights: A Commentary

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781920538507 Year: Pages: 396 Language: English
Publisher: Pretoria University Law Press (PULP)
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-08 15:47:40
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On 10 December 2008, coinciding with the 60th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (OP-ICESCR). The Optional Protocol permits individuals or groups of individuals to submit complaints to the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights if they have exhausted domestic remedies and believe a ratifying State has violated their rights under the Covenant. It therefore effected an historic change in the UN human rights system in that it recognizes the equal status of claimants of economic, social and cultural rights and their right to access justice. The Protocol came into force on 5 May 2013, and the number of ratifications is steadily growing.This Commentary, the first and most comprehensive of its kind, offers rigorous scholarly commentary on the provisions of the OP-ICESCR, aimed at informing and encouraging research, reasoned argument, consistent interpretation and effective advocacy, adjudication and remedies under the Protocol. It provides a critical resource for both users of the Optional Protocol (applicants, lawyers, governments, the Committee) and a broader audience of scholars, students, national judiciaries and policy makers.The book is divided into three main sections that respectively address procedural issues, substantive interpretation, and remedies and enforcement. Each of the chapters highlights and discusses what is most innovative about the OP-ICESCR, as well as potential ambiguities and controversies. The Commentary makes a unique and critical contribution to legal scholarship and practice by laying the foundations for cutting-edge, authoritative jurisprudence. The chapters have benefited from a peer-review process, and an exchange and discussion among the authors and other experts.

Security in Distributed, Grid, Mobile, and Pervasive Computing

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ISBN: 9780849379253 Year: Pages: 440 DOI: 10.1201/9780849379253 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Computer Science --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-23 00:04:08
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This book addresses the increasing demand to guarantee privacy, integrity, and availability of resources in networks and distributed systems. It first reviews security issues and challenges in content distribution networks, describes key agreement protocols based on the Diffie-Hellman key exchange and key management protocols for complex distributed systems like the Internet, and discusses securing design patterns for distributed systems. The next section focuses on security in mobile computing and wireless networks. After a section on grid computing security, the book presents an overview of security solutions for pervasive healthcare systems and surveys wireless sensor network security.

Intelligent Sensor Networks

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ISBN: 9781439892824 Year: Pages: 674 DOI: 10.1201/b14300 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Computer Science --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-23 00:04:18
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In the last decade, wireless or wired sensor networks have attracted much attention. However, most designs target general sensor network issues including protocol stack (routing, MAC, etc.) and security issues. This book focuses on the close integration of sensing, networking, and smart signal processing via machine learning. Based on their world-class research, the authors present the fundamentals of intelligent sensor networks. They cover sensing and sampling, distributed signal processing, and intelligent signal learning. In addition, they present cutting-edge research results from leading experts.

Cybersecurity

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ISBN: 9781439846643 Year: Pages: 392 DOI: 10.1201/b11363 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Business and Management --- Computer Science --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-23 00:05:43
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The Internet has given rise to new opportunities for the public sector to improve efficiency and better serve constituents. But with an increasing reliance on the Internet, digital tools are also exposing the public sector to new risks. This accessible primer focuses on the convergence of globalization, connectivity, and the migration of public sector functions online. It examines emerging trends and strategies from around the world and offers practical guidance for addressing contemporary risks. It supplies an overview of relevant U.S. Federal cyber incident response policies and outlines an organizational framework for assessing risk.

Mind over brain, brain over mind: cognitive causes and consequences of controlling brain activity

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889194889 Year: Pages: 134 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-488-9 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Neurology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-07 11:22:02
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This Research Topic combines articles aiming to gain a better understanding on different factors that determine whether people are successful or not in controlling computerized devices with brain signals. Since decades, technological advancements in neuroscience allow the interpretation of brain signals and their translation into control messages (Brain-computer interface (BCI)). Moreover, the control of brain signals can be used to induce changes in cognition and behavior (Neurofeedback (NF)). However, the break-through of this technology for the broad population in real-world applications has not yet arrived. Various factors have been related to the individual success in controlling computerized devices with brain signals, but to date, no general theoretical framework is available. In this Research Topic, aspects of the training protocol such as instructions, task and feedback as well as cognitive and psychological traits such as motivation, mood, locus of control and empathy are investigated as determinants of BCI or NF performance. Moreover, the mechanisms and networks involved in gaining and maintaining control over brain activity as well as its prediction are addressed. Finally, as the ultimate goal of this research is to use BCI and NF for communication or control and therapy, respectively, novel applications for individuals with disabilities or disorders are discussed.

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