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The South Texas Health Status Review: A Health Disparities Roadmap

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319002323 9783319002330 Year: Pages: 138 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-00233-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Law --- Public Health --- Pharmacy and materia medica --- Manufactures --- Biotechnology
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-04 12:11:16
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This book is a roadmap of the exact health disparities that burden the health of South Texas residents, especially Hispanics, compared to the rest of Texas and nation. This type of knowledge has the potential to fuel and motivate researchers and public health leaders to create and shape interventions to reverse those health disparities. Most notably, focus on obesity and diabetes prevention efforts and modifiable risk factors—such as nutrition, reproductive factors and access to health care—has significant potential to reduce the burden of disease in South Texas communities.South Texas, a 38-county region that spans 45,000 square miles along the Texas-Mexico border northward to the area around metropolitan Bexar County (home to San Antonio), is home to 18% of the state’s population. Yet South Texas residents, who are 68% Hispanic, struggle with lower educational levels, less income and less access to health care—and, as a result, suffer from a wide variety of health disparities. To study the health status and identify the exact health disparities that exist in the region, researchers from The UT Health Science Center at San Antonio teamed with researchers from the Texas Department of State Health Services to develop the South Texas Health Status Review.The Review team analyzed a variety of the latest county, state and national data to compare South Texas’ incidence, prevalence and mortality rates for more than 35 health indicators—from cancers to chronic diseases like diabetes to communicable diseases like HIV/AIDS to maternal health and even environmental health—to the rest of Texas and the nation by age, sex, race/ethnicity and rural/urban location.​

Para-States and Medical Science: Making African Global Health

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Book Series: Critical Global Health: Evidence, Efficacy, Ethnography ISBN: 9780822357490 Year: Pages: 376 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_530530 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 077430, 081507
Subject: Public Health --- Medicine (General) --- Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2015-03-20 11:01:17
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In Para-States and Medical Science, P. Wenzel Geissler and the contributors examine how medicine and public health in Africa have been transformed as a result of economic and political liberalization and globalization, intertwined with epidemiological and technological changes. The resulting fragmented medical science landscape is shaped and sustained by transnational flows of expertise and resources. NGOs, universities, pharmaceutical companies and other nonstate actors now play a significant role in medical research and treatment. But as the contributors to this volume argue, these groups have not supplanted the primacy of the nation-state in Africa. Although not necessarily stable or responsive, national governments remain crucial in medical care, both as employers of health care professionals and as sources of regulation, access, and – albeit sometimes counterintuitively - trust for their people. “The state” has morphed into the “para-state” — not a monolithic and predictable source of sovereignty and governance, but a shifting, and at times ephemeral, figure. Tracing the emergence of the “global health” paradigm in Africa in the treatment of HIV, malaria, and leprosy, this book challenges familiar notions of African statehood as weak or illegitimate by elaborating complex new frameworks of governmentality that can be simultaneously functioning and dysfunctional.

Keywords

africa --- medicine --- public health

Undergraduate Education for Public Health in the United States

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889196111 Year: Pages: 81 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-611-1 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-16 10:34:25
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Undergraduate programs in public health are growing rapidly. At colleges and universities throughout the United States, both the number of programs and the number of students have expanded greatly in the past decade. In response to this trend, the Council for Education of Public Health (CEPH) has begun to accredit undergraduate public health programs, with the first programs approved in 2014. Around the country programs exhibit wide variation, from concentrations in liberal arts colleges to pre-clinical foundations at doctorate-granting universities to undergraduate programs in accredited schools of public health. Faculty, both new and seasoned, are fully aware of the need to integrate undergraduate education in public health with graduate education—but the roadmaps of exactly how to do so are still nascent. The purpose of this Research Topic is to gather articles describing this variation, with the intent that the collective body of work will facilitate analysis and discussion of what makes a quality education and builds a competent workforce.

Public Health Ethics: Cases Spanning the Globe

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Public Health Ethics Analysis ISSN: 2211-6680 ISBN: 9783319238470 Year: Volume: 3 Pages: 329 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-23847-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Biotechnology --- Medicine (General) --- Pharmacy and materia medica --- Manufactures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-16 18:55:44
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This Open Access book highlights the ethical issues and dilemmas that arise in the practice of public health. It is also a tool to support instruction, debate, and dialogue regarding public health ethics. Although the practice of public health has always included consideration of ethical issues, the field of public health ethics as a discipline is a relatively new and emerging area. There are few practical training resources for public health practitioners, especially resources which include discussion of realistic cases which are likely to arise in the practice of public health. This work discusses these issues on a case to case basis and helps create awareness and understanding of the ethics of public health care. The main audience for the casebook is public health practitioners, including front-line workers, field epidemiology trainers and trainees, managers, planners, and decision makers who have an interest in learning about how to integrate ethical analysis into their day to day public health practice. The casebook is also useful to schools of public health and public health students as well as to academic ethicists who can use the book to teach public health ethics and distinguish it from clinical and research ethics.

Keywords

Public Health --- Ethics

The Territory of Medical Research: Experimentation in Africa’s Smallest State (Book chapter)

Book title: Para-States and Medical Science: Making African Global Health

Author:
Book Series: Critical Global Health: Evidence, Efficacy, Ethnography ISBN: 9780822357353 9780822357490 Year: Pages: 376 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 077430, 081507
Subject: Public Health --- Medicine (General) --- Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:04
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In Para-States and Medical Science, P. Wenzel Geissler and the contributors examine how medicine and public health in Africa have been transformed as a result of economic and political liberalization and globalization, intertwined with epidemiological and technological changes. The resulting fragmented medical science landscape is shaped and sustained by transnational flows of expertise and resources. NGOs, universities, pharmaceutical companies and other nonstate actors now play a significant role in medical research and treatment. But as the contributors to this volume argue, these groups have not supplanted the primacy of the nation-state in Africa. Although not necessarily stable or responsive, national governments remain crucial in medical care, both as employers of health care professionals and as sources of regulation, access, and – albeit sometimes counterintuitively - trust for their people. “The state” has morphed into the “para-state” — not a monolithic and predictable source of sovereignty and governance, but a shifting, and at times ephemeral, figure. Tracing the emergence of the “global health” paradigm in Africa in the treatment of HIV, malaria, and leprosy, this book challenges familiar notions of African statehood as weak or illegitimate by elaborating complex new frameworks of governmentality that can be simultaneously functioning and dysfunctional.

Keywords

africa --- medicine --- public health

Introduction: A Life Science in Its African Para-State (Book chapter)

Book title: Para-States and Medical Science: Making African Global Health

Author:
Book Series: Critical Global Health: Evidence, Efficacy, Ethnography ISBN: 9780822357353 9780822357490 Year: Pages: 376 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 077430, 081507
Subject: Public Health --- Medicine (General) --- Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:04
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In Para-States and Medical Science, P. Wenzel Geissler and the contributors examine how medicine and public health in Africa have been transformed as a result of economic and political liberalization and globalization, intertwined with epidemiological and technological changes. The resulting fragmented medical science landscape is shaped and sustained by transnational flows of expertise and resources. NGOs, universities, pharmaceutical companies and other nonstate actors now play a significant role in medical research and treatment. But as the contributors to this volume argue, these groups have not supplanted the primacy of the nation-state in Africa. Although not necessarily stable or responsive, national governments remain crucial in medical care, both as employers of health care professionals and as sources of regulation, access, and – albeit sometimes counterintuitively - trust for their people. “The state” has morphed into the “para-state” — not a monolithic and predictable source of sovereignty and governance, but a shifting, and at times ephemeral, figure. Tracing the emergence of the “global health” paradigm in Africa in the treatment of HIV, malaria, and leprosy, this book challenges familiar notions of African statehood as weak or illegitimate by elaborating complex new frameworks of governmentality that can be simultaneously functioning and dysfunctional.

Keywords

africa --- medicine --- public health

What Future Remains? Remembering an African Place of Science (Book chapter)

Book title: Para-States and Medical Science: Making African Global Health

Author:
Book Series: Critical Global Health: Evidence, Efficacy, Ethnography ISBN: 9780822357353 9780822357490 Year: Pages: 376 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 077430, 081507
Subject: Public Health --- Medicine (General) --- Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:04
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Abstract

In Para-States and Medical Science, P. Wenzel Geissler and the contributors examine how medicine and public health in Africa have been transformed as a result of economic and political liberalization and globalization, intertwined with epidemiological and technological changes. The resulting fragmented medical science landscape is shaped and sustained by transnational flows of expertise and resources. NGOs, universities, pharmaceutical companies and other nonstate actors now play a significant role in medical research and treatment. But as the contributors to this volume argue, these groups have not supplanted the primacy of the nation-state in Africa. Although not necessarily stable or responsive, national governments remain crucial in medical care, both as employers of health care professionals and as sources of regulation, access, and – albeit sometimes counterintuitively - trust for their people. “The state” has morphed into the “para-state” — not a monolithic and predictable source of sovereignty and governance, but a shifting, and at times ephemeral, figure. Tracing the emergence of the “global health” paradigm in Africa in the treatment of HIV, malaria, and leprosy, this book challenges familiar notions of African statehood as weak or illegitimate by elaborating complex new frameworks of governmentality that can be simultaneously functioning and dysfunctional.

Keywords

africa --- medicine --- public health

Adolescent Psychiatry

Authors: ---
Book Series: Health, Medicine and Human Development ISBN: 9783110316568 9783110316612 Year: Pages: 260,00 DOI: 10.1515/9783110316612 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102367
Subject: Psychiatry
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 11:21:03
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Psychiatric disorders in adolescents are an important social problem relevant to almost all healthcare professionals. The prevalence of mood, anxiety, substance use and other psychiatric disorders among adolescents is high. However, medical professionals are not sufficiently trained about adolescent psychiatric disorders. Primary care providers correctly identify less than a fourth of youth with a depressive or anxiety disorder and many clinicians underestimate the importance of the problem of adolescent psychiatric illnesses and suicidal behavior. Multiple clinical, neurobiological, cultural and legal aspects of psychiatric disorders in adolescents are discussed in this book.

A Life Course Perspective on Health Trajectories and Transitions

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Life Course Research and Social Policies ISSN: 2211-7776 ISBN: 9783319204833 9783319204840 Year: Volume: 4 Pages: 213 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-20484-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Biotechnology --- Law --- Social Sciences --- Pharmacy and materia medica --- Manufactures
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-23 12:08:17
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This open access book examines health trajectories and health transitions at different stages of the life course, including childhood, adulthood and later life. It provides findings that assess the role of biological and social transitions on health status over time.The essays examine a wide range of health issues, including the consequences of military service on body mass index, childhood obesity and cardiovascular health, socio-economic inequalities in preventive health care use, depression and anxiety during the child rearing period, health trajectories and transitions in people with cystic fibrosis and oral health over the life course. The book addresses theoretical, empirical and methodological issues as well as examines different national contexts, which help to identify factors of vulnerability and potential resources that support resilience available for specific groups and/or populations.Health reflects the ability of individuals to adapt to their social environment. This book analyzes health as a dynamic experience. It examines how different aspects of individual health unfold over time as a result of aging but also in relation to changing socioeconomic conditions. It also offers readers potential insights into public policies that affect the health status of a population.

Stigmatization, discrimination and illness

Author:
ISBN: 9783863951085 Year: Pages: 119 Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Public Health --- Medicine (General) --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2013-12-26 16:26:34
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“She was given her own plate, her own cup, everything of her own, even when she just touched a cloth then nobody wanted to touch it again.” (Halima, HIV-seropositive) The book sheds light on the profound influence of an HIV-seropositive diagnosis on the lives of women and their social environment in the United Republic of Tanzania. The author, a medical doctor and social anthropologist, tells the story of six Tanzanian HIV-seropositive women, focusing on their negotiation and perception of illness and disease. Furthermore, the high levels of discrimination and stigmatization in the context of HIV-seropositivity that they experience are presented in detail, weaving together the impacts of an HIV-seropositive diagnosis with results analyzed both from a Medical Anthropology and Public Health perspective. Despite a new era of antiretroviral treatment, available in Tanzania free of cost, that has given cause for hope in a change in how the disease is perceived, the book impressively underlines that being HIV-seropositive remains a great challenge and heavy burden for women in Tanzania.

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