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Walkable Neighborhoods: The Link between Public Health, Urban Design, and Transportation

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039219308 9783039219315 Year: Pages: 234 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-931-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Transportation --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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Abstract

It is now widely recognized that individual-based motivational interventions alone are not sufficient to address the global pandemic of physical inactivity (lack of exercise and too much sitting time). There has been a growing interest in the effect the physically built environment can have on people’s active behaviors. The fundamental assumption is that surrounding physical environments can support active behaviors among a large number of people with long-term effects. This topic has received much attention over the last decade, mainly in the three fields of urban design, public health, and transportation. This Special Issue aims to provide multidisciplinary and evidence-based state-of-the-art research on how the locations where people live impact their active behaviors and health outcomes.

Keywords

urban design --- active living --- aging --- physical activity --- sedentary behavior --- age-friendly environments --- older adult --- physical activity --- social connectedness --- physical environment --- citizen science --- Discovery Tool --- built environment --- urban health --- urban form --- walking --- physical activity --- health promotion --- walkability --- neighborhood --- older adult --- chronic diseases --- body mass --- disease mapping --- geographic variation --- obese --- overweight --- spatial analysis --- walkability --- traffic safety --- walking --- cycling --- infrastructure --- active travel --- active transport --- neighbourhood --- scale --- built environment --- physical activity --- walking --- soft mobility --- walkable environment --- physical activity --- health outcomes --- active living --- street network configuration --- peripheral neighbourhoods --- pedestrian flow --- streetscape features --- Istanbul --- walkable neighborhood --- sitting --- elderly --- built environment --- non-communicable diseases --- Africa --- walkable environment --- physical activity --- sedentary behaviour --- neighbourhood --- walkability --- active living --- survey --- questionnaire --- mobility management --- public transport --- step counts --- city planning --- compact city --- neighborhood --- natural experiment --- built environment --- urban design --- policy evaluation --- active living --- liveability --- Australia --- walkability --- environment --- overweight --- obesity --- review

Sustainable Energy Systems Planning, Integration and Management

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783039280469 9783039280476 Year: Pages: 286 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-047-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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Energy systems worldwide are undergoing major transformation as a consequence of the transition towards the widespread use of clean and sustainable energy sources. Basically, this involves massive changes in technical and organizational levels together with tremendous technological upgrades in different sectors ranging from energy generation and transmission systems down to distribution systems. These actions generate huge science and engineering challenges and demands for expert knowledge in the field to create solutions for a sustainable energy system that is economically, environmentally, and socially viable while meeting high security requirements. This book covers these promising and dynamic areas of research and development, and presents contributions in sustainable energy systems planning, integration, and management. Moreover, the book elaborates on a variety of topics, ranging from design and planning of small- to large-scale energy systems to the operation and control of energy networks in different sectors, namely electricity, heat, ?and transport.

Keywords

Black Sea --- Romanian coastal environment --- wave energy --- numerical models --- SWAN --- renewable energy --- environment --- solid waste to energy plant --- FANP --- TOPSIS --- fuzzy logic --- MCDM --- smart logistics system --- smart box --- information platform --- renewable biomass energy --- agricultural pruning --- cuckoo search algorithm --- support vector machine --- ensemble empirical mode decomposition --- wind speed forecasting --- forecasting validity --- smart logistics system --- information platform --- pruning biomass --- performance evaluation --- product quality model --- product usability testing --- rural residential building --- solar energy --- heat transfer --- wind velocities --- field test and numerical simulation --- renewable energy --- load regulation --- datacenter --- smart grid --- demand response --- threshold value of daily operation hours --- intermittent heating --- configurations of internal wall --- heat storage and release --- hot summer and cold winter climate zone --- dual robust optimization --- risk aversion --- energy and environmental systems --- vehicular emissions --- multiple uncertainties --- photovoltaic systems --- meteorological variables --- electric power --- gradient descent --- sustainable development --- optimal chiller loading (OCL) --- uncertain cooling demand --- information gap decision theory (IGDT) --- mixed-integer non-linear programming problem (MINLP) --- novel method --- internal coverings --- neural networks --- energy --- thermal comfort --- control system --- resampling --- feature extraction --- non-intrusive load monitoring --- pure electric buses --- multi-type bus operating organization --- time-space network --- energy consumption --- public transport --- n/a

Multi-Objective and Multi-Attribute Optimisation for Sustainable Development Decision Aiding

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039211425 9783039211432 Year: Pages: 394 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-143-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Optimization is considered as a decision-making process for getting the most out of available resources for the best attainable results. Many real-world problems are multi-objective or multi-attribute problems that naturally involve several competing objectives that need to be optimized simultaneously, while respecting some constraints or involving selection among feasible discrete alternatives. In this Reprint of the Special Issue, 19 research papers co-authored by 88 researchers from 14 different countries explore aspects of multi-objective or multi-attribute modeling and optimization in crisp or uncertain environments by suggesting multiple-attribute decision-making (MADM) and multi-objective decision-making (MODM) approaches. The papers elaborate upon the approaches of state-of-the-art case studies in selected areas of applications related to sustainable development decision aiding in engineering and management, including construction, transportation, infrastructure development, production, and organization management.

Keywords

port scheduling --- berth-quay crane joint scheduling --- optimization study --- hybrid mathematical model --- multi-objective decision-making (MODM) --- sustainability --- vibration suppression --- single-cylinder engine --- multi-objective evolutionary algorithms --- dynamic analysis --- crank–slider --- ecological building --- clay blocks --- compacted clay --- straw bales --- cost calculation --- group decision making --- hesitant fuzzy set --- hospital evaluation --- linguistic hesitant fuzzy set and Standard variance --- bi-objective optimization --- heuristics --- discrete time/cost trade-off --- project scheduling --- Rough Hamy aggregator --- sustainable traffic --- Rough BWM --- Rough WASPAS --- construction --- roundabout --- optimization --- genetic algorithm --- artificial neural network --- apple --- drying --- rehydration --- renewable energy --- technology selection problem --- sustainable energy evaluation --- sustainable energy developments --- sustainable developments --- hierarchical SWARA --- MULTIMOORA --- multiple criteria decision making (MCDM) --- Multiple Attribute Decision Making (MADM) --- ranking --- healthcare facility --- location-allocation problem --- multiple objective optimization --- bi-level programming --- particle swarm optimization (PSO) --- cleaner production (CP) --- extended Tomada de Decisão Interativa Multicritério (TODIM) --- probabilistic linguistic term sets (PLTSs) --- hybrid multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) --- gold mines --- conceptual framework --- organizations --- sustainability --- sustainability hierarchy --- Total Interpretive Structural Modeling (TISM) --- sustainable transport --- public transport --- emission of pollutants --- travel times --- bus pass --- MCDM --- critical information infrastructures --- fuzzy --- AHP --- WSM --- WASPAS --- MCDM --- hybrid --- management --- grey --- SWARA --- TOPSIS-GM --- ARAS-G --- Geomean --- energy efficiency --- comfort of use of buildings --- historic buildings --- sustainable development --- surface transport --- innovation in transport --- policy measures --- sustainable transport policy --- multiple criteria decision aid --- hybrid expert system --- bat algorithm --- particle swarm optimization algorithm --- multi-purpose system --- water resource management --- project --- construction --- contractor --- multiple-criteria decision-making --- AHP --- sustainable solution --- choice --- expert --- building investment project --- risk --- assessment --- verbal analysis --- multiple-attribute decision-making (MADM) --- multi-objective decision-making (MODM) --- optimization --- engineering --- management --- sustainable development

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MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (3)


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CC by-nc-nd (3)


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english (3)


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2020 (2)

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